Order Coleoptera

     Family Staphylinidae - Rove Beetles
     Author - Dr. Vladimir Gusarov

This is one of the largest families of beetles, with more than three thousand North American species.  Most rove beetles can be recognized by having very short elytra which usually cover only the first two abdominal tergites; the rest of the abdomen is exposed beyond the apices of the elytra. This makes the body more flexible and allows the beetle to move easily in porous substrates. In most species the hind wings are well developed and, when at rest, are folded under the elytra. The smallest staphylinids are less than 1 mm, and the largest are about 25 mm in length.

These beetles are very abundant in most terrestrial habitats, but prefer humid situations. They are often collected in decaying material, particularly forest litter, dung or carrion. They also occur under stones and other objects on the ground, along the shores of  streams and the seashore, in soil, fungi, and in the nests of birds, mammals, ants, and termites. Most species are predaceous, but there are some which feed on rotting plant material, fungal spores or mycelium, algae and pollen.

Rove Beetles  (Staphylinidae) of Black Rock Forest (for more information - click here)
Brathinus varicornis LeConte, 1852
Arpedium schwarzi Fauvel, 1878
Oxyporus rufipennis LeConte, 1863
Nudobius cephalus (Say, 1834)
Lithocharodes longicollis (LeConte, 1863)
Neohypnus beckeri Smetana, 1982
Erichsonius parcus (Horn, 1884)
Erichsonius patella (Horn, 1884)
Erichsonius rosellus Frank, 1975
Gabrius fallaciosus (Horn, 1884)
Gabrius ovaliceps (Fall, 1930)
Hesperus apicalis (Say, 1830)
Philonthus cyanipennis (Fabricius, 1792)
Bisnius blandus (Gravenhorst, 1806)
Laetulonthus laetulus (Say, 1834)
Ontholestes cingulatus (Gravenhorst, 1802)
Platydracus violaceus (Gravenhorst, 1802)
Platydracus cinnamopterus (Gravenhorst, 1802)
Acylophorus caseyi Leng, 1920
Hemiquedius ferox (LeConte, 1878)
Bryoporus rufescens LeConte, 1863
Carphacis intrusus (Horn, 1877)
Coproporus ventriculus (Say, 1834)
Lordithon cinctus (Gravenhorst, 1802)
Lordithon facilis (Casey, 1884)
Lordithon thoracicus venustus (Melsheimer, 1846)
Mycetoporus consors LeConte, 1863
Sepedophilus cinctulus (Erichson, 1839)
Sepedophilus littoreus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Tachyporus nimbicola Campbell, 1979
Nitidotachinus scrutator (Gemminger & Harold, 1868)
Tachinus fimbriatus Gravenhorst, 1802
Tachinus fumipennis (Say, 1834)
Tachinus luridus Erichson, 1840
Tachinus minimus Campbell, 1973
Tachinus tachyporoides Horn, 1877
Deinopsis rapida Casey, 1911
Leptusa brevicollis Casey, 1893
Leptusa nanula Casey, 1893
Atheta maeklini Fenyes, 1920
Atheta modesta (Melsheimer, 1846)
Atheta phrenetica (Casey, 1910)
Atheta prudhoensis (Lohse, 1990)


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© American Museum of Natural History,  June 01, 2002
This page is maintained by Vladimir Ovtsharenko, Andrei Tanasevitch & Vladimir Gusarov