»  Publications

Publications

POLICY RELATED CONTRIBUTIONS

These documents were multi-authored, all anonymously. Most will soon be made available here as PDFs.

1991. Systematics Agenda 2000: Integrating biological diversity and societal needs. Syst. Zool. 40: 520-523; Syst. Bot. 16:758-761.

1994. Systematics Agenda 2000: Charting the Biosphere. Privately published by Systematics Agenda 2000.

1994. Systematics Agenda 2000: Charting the Biosphere. Technical Report. Privately published by Systematics Agenda 2000.

1995. United Nations Environment Programme. Global Biodiversity Assessment. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

1996. DIVERSITAS: An International Programme of Biodiversity Science. Operational Plan. DIVESITAS, Paris.

1996. DIVERSITAS: An International Programme of Biodiversity Science. The Next Phase.

1997. Biodiversity, science, and the human prospect. Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, American Museum of Natural History.1998.

1998. Teaming with Life: Investing in Science to Understand and Use America’s Living Capital. President’s Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology, PCAST Panel on Biodiversity and Ecosystems

1999. The Global Taxonomy Initiative: Using Systematic Inventories to Meet Country and Regional Needs. GTI DIVERSITAS Report. American Museum of Natural History, New York.

2000. National Science Foundation. Assembling the Tree of Life: Research Needs in Phylogenetics and Phyloinformatics. Report of workshop, Yale University.

2002. Assembling the Tree of Life: Harnessing Life’s History to Benefit Science and Society. Color brochure produced for National Science Foundation. AMNH, privately printed.

2004. American Institute of Biological Sciences. Color brochure, privately printed.

BOOKS

1979. Phylogenetic analysis and paleontology (J. Cracraft and Niles Eldredge, eds). Columbia University Press, New York.

1980. Phylogenetic patterns and the evolutionary process: method and theory in comparative biology. (N. Eldredge and J. Cracraft). Columbia Univ. Press, New York.

1991. Phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequences (M. M. Miyamoto and J. Cracraft, eds.). Oxford Univ. Press, New York.

1999. The Living Planet in Crisis: Biodiversity Science and Policy (J. Cracraft and F. Grifo, eds.). Columbia University Press, New York.

2004. Assembling the tree of life (J. Cracraft and M. J. Donoghue, eds.). Oxford Univ. Press, New York. 576 pp.

2005. Evolutionary science and society: educating a new generation (J. Cracraft and R. Bybee, eds.). Biological Sciences Curriculum Study, Colorado Springs, CO.

ARTICLES AND REVIEWS

Most of my articles and reviews are available as PDFs.

Cracraft, J. 1964. Observations on sun-bathing in the yellow-billed cuckoo. Wilson Bulletin 76:187.

Cracraft, J. 1967a. Comparative foraging behavior of Myiozetetes similis and M. granadensis in Costa Rica. Wilson Bulletin 79:115-116.

Cracraft, J. 1967b. The concept of adaptation in the study of human populations. Eugenics Quarterly 14:299.

Cracraft, J. 1967c. On the systematic position of the Boat-billed Heron. Auk 84:529-533.

Cracraft, J. 1967d. Comments on homology and analogy. Systematic Zoology 16:355-359.

Cracraft, J. 1968a. A review of the Bathornithidae (Aves: Gruiformes), with remarks on the relationships of the suborder Cariamae. American Museum Novitates No. 2326, pp. 1-46.

Cracraft, J. 1968b. Reallocation of the Eocene fossil Palaeophasianus meleagroides Shufeldt. Wilson Bulletin 80:281-285.

Cracraft, J. 1968c. The lacrimal-ectethmoid bone complex in birds: a single character analysis. American Midland Naturalist 80:316-359.

Cracraft, J. 1968d. First record of the turkey, Meleagris gallopavo, from thePleistocene of Mexico. Condor 70:274.

Cracraft, J. 1968e. The Whooping Crane (Grus americana) from the lower Pleistocene of Arizona. Wilson Bulletin 80:490.

Cracraft, J. 1969a. Notes of fossil hawks. Auk 86:353-354.

Cracraft, J. 1969b. Systematics and evolution of the Gruiformes (Class Aves). 1. The Eocene family Geranoididae and the early history of the Gruiformes. American Museum Novitates No. 2388, pp. 1-41.

Cracraft, J. and J. J. Morony. 1969c. A new fossil woodpecker from the Pliocene of Nebraska with a review of the fossil Picidae. American Museum Novitates No. 2400, pp. 1-8.

Cracraft, J. 1970a. Mandible of Archaeopteryx provides an example of mosaic evolution. Nature 226:1268.

Cracraft, J. 1970b. A new species of Telmabates (Phoenicopteriformes) from the lower Eocene of Patagonia. Condor 72:479-480.

Cracraft, J. 1970c. [Review of] “Adaptations for locomotion and feeding in the Anhinga and Double-crested Cormorant” by O.T. Owre. Bird-Banding 41:165-167.

Cracraft, J. 1971a. Caenagnthiformes: Cretaceous birds convergent in jaw mechanism to dicynodont reptiles. Journal of Paleontology 45:805-809.

Cracraft, J. 1971b. The relationships and evolution of the rollers: families Coraciidae, Brachypteraciidae, and Leptosomatidae. Auk 88:723-752.

Cracraft, J. 1971c. The humerus of the early Miocene cracid, Boreortalis laesslei Brodkorb. Wilson Bulletin 83:200-201.

Cracraft, J. 1971d. Systematics and evolution of the Gruiformes (Class Aves). 2. Additional comments on the Bathornithidae, with descriptions of new species. American Museum Novitates No. 2449, pp. 1-14.

Cracraft, J. 1971e. The functional morphology of the hind limb of the Domestic Pigeon, Columba livia. Bulletin American Museum Natural History 144:171-268.

Cracraft, J. 1971f. A new family of hoatzin-like birds (Order Opisthocomiformes) from the Eocene of South America. Ibis 113:229-233.

Cracraft, J. 1971g. [Review of] “A comparative study of the egg-white proteins of passerine birds” by C.G. Sibley. Bird-Banding 42:157-161.

Cracraft, J. 1972a. A new Cretaceous charadriiform family. Auk 89:36-46.

Cracraft, J. and P. V. Rich. 1972b. The systematics and evolution of the Cathartidae in the Old World Tertiary. Condor 74:272-283.

Cracraft, J. 1972c. The relationships of the higher taxa of birds: problems in phylogenetic reasoning. Condor 74:379-392.

Cracraft, J. 1972d. Continental drift and Australian avian biogeography. Emu 72:171-174.

Cracraft, J. 1972e. [Review of] “Darwin’s Islands/A natural history of the Galapagos” by I. Thornton. Auk 89:464-465.

Cracraft, J. 1973a. The systematics and evolution of the Gruiformes (Class Aves). 3. Phylogeny of the suborder Grues. Bulletin American Museum Natural History 151:1-127.

Cracraft, J. 1973b. Continental drift, palaeoclimatology, and the evolution and biogeography of birds. Journal of Zoology 169:455-545.

Cracraft, J. 1973c. Vertebrate evolution and biogeography in the Old World tropics: implications of continental drift and palaeoclimatology. In Implications of continental drift to the earth sciences (D. H. Tarling and S. K. Runcorn, eds.), pp. 373-389. London: Academic Press.

Cracraft, J. 1974a. Continental drift and vertebrate distribution. Annual Review Ecology and Systematics 5:215-261.

Cracraft, J. 1974b. Phylogenetic models and classification. Systematic Zoology 23:71-90.

Cracraft, J. 1974c. [Review of] “The philosophy of biology” by M. Ruse. Systematic Zoology 23:143-146.

Cracraft, J. 1974d. Phylogeny and evolution of the ratite birds. Ibis 116:494-521.

Cracraft, J. 1974e. [Review of] “Evolution of the rails of the South Atlantic Islands (Aves: Rallidae)” by S.L. Olson. Wilson Bulletin 86:484-485.

Cracraft, J. 1975a. Mesozoic dispersal of terrestrial faunas around the southern end of the world. Memoirs Museum National D’Histoire Naturelle (Paris). 88:29-54.

Cracraft, J. 1975b. Historical biogeography and earth history: perspectives for a future synthesis. Annals Missouri Botanical Garden 62:227-250.

Cracraft, J. 1975c. Paleontology and phylogenetics: a response to Bretsky. Systematic Zoology 24:119-120.

Cracraft, J. 1975d. Size-shape patterns in moa hindlimbs: a multivariate analysis approach. American Zoologist 15:800 (abstract).

Cracraft, J. 1975e. [Review of] “Numerical taxonomy” by P.H.A. Sneath and R.R. Sokal. Journal of Geology 83:139.

Cracraft, J. 1976a. The species of moas (Aves, Dinornithidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology No. 27:189-205.

Cracraft, J. 1976b. Covariation patterns in the postcranial skeleton of moas (Aves, Dinornithidae). Paleobiology 2:166-173.

Cracraft, J. 1976c. The hindlimb elements of the moas (Aves, Dinorniithidae): a multivariate assessment of size and shape. Journal of Morphology 150:495-526.

Cracraft, J. 1976d. [Review of] “Avian biology,” vols. 1-5 edited by D.S. Farner and J.R. King. Auk 93:856-860.

Cracraft, J. 1976e. Avian evolution on southern continents: influences of paleogeography and paleoclimatology. In Proceedings 16th International Ornithological Congress 1974, pp. 40-52. Australian Academy of Sciences, Canberra.

Helmi, C. and J. Cracraft. 1977a. The growth patterns of three hindlimb muscles in the chicken. Journal of Anatomy 123:615-635.

Cracraft, J. 1977b. Phylogeny debated. Geotimes 22(11):16-17.

Cracraft, J. 1977c. John Ostrom’s studies on Archaeopteryx, the origin of birds, and the evolution of avian flight. Wilson Bulletin 89:488-492.

Cracraft, J. 1978a. [Review of] “Mechanisms of feeding in the Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos L: Aves, Anseriformes)” by G.A. Zweers, A.F.C. Gerritsen, and P.J. Van Kranenburg-Voogd. Auk 95:436-437.

Cracraft, J. 1978b. Science, philosophy, and systematics. Systematic Zoology 27:213-216.

Cracraft, J. 1978c. Comparative biology and brain evolution. [Review of] “Evolution of brain and behavior in vertebrates” and “Evolution, brain, and behavior: persistent problems.” Systematic Zoology 27:260-264.

Eldredge, N. and J. Cracraft. 1979a. Introduction to the symposium. Pp. 1-5 in Phylogenetic anaysis and paleontology (J. Cracraft and N. Eldredge, eds.). Columbia Univ. Press, NY.

Cracraft, J. 1979b. Phylogenetic analysis, evolutionary models, and paleontology. Pp. 7-39 in Phylogenetic analysis and paleontology (J. Cracraft and N. Eldredge, eds.). Columbia Univ. Press, New York.

Cracraft, J. 1979c. Animal systematics. McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology.

Cracraft, J. 1979d. Paleobiogeography of vertebrates. Encyclopedia of paleontology, pp. 523-526 (R.W. Fairbridge and D. Jablonski, eds.). Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Stroudsburg, Pa.

Cracraft, J. 1980a. Phylogenetic theory and methodology in avian paleontology: a critical appraisal. Contributions to Science, Natural History Museum, Los Angeles County 330:9-16.

Cracraft, J. 1980b. [Review of] “The measurement of biological shape and shape change” by F.L. Bookstein. Systematic Zoology 29:102-104.

Cracraft, J. 1980c. Moas and the Maori. Natural History 89 (10):28-36.

Cracraft, J. 1980d. Biogeographic patterns of terrestrial vertebrates in the Southwest Pacific. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 31:353-369.

Cracraft, J. 1980e. Avian phylogeny and intercontinental biogeographic patterns. Pp. 1302-1308 in Proceedings 17th International Ornithological Congress, Berlin, 1978. Deutsche Ornithologen-Gesellschaft, Berlin.

Cracraft, J. 1981a. The use of functional and adaptive criteria in phylogenetic systematics. American Zoologist 21:21-36.

Cracraft, J. and S. F. Simpson. 1981b. The phylogenetic relationships of the Piciformes (Class Aves). Auk 98:481-494.

Cracraft, J. 1981c. [Review of] “The age of birds” by A. Feduccia. Systematic Zoology 30:219-221.

Cracraft, J. 1981d. Toward a phylogenetic classification of the Recent birds of the world. Auk 98:681-714.

Cracraft, J. 1981e. Pattern and process in paleobiology: the role of cladistic analysis in systematic paleontology. Paleobiology 7:456-468.

Cracraft, J. 1982a. Geographic differentiation, cladistics, and vicariance biogeography: reconstructing the tempo and mode of evolution. American Zoologist 22:411-424.

Cracraft, J. 1982b. Phylogenetic relationships and monophyly of loons, grebes, and hesperornithiforms, with comments on the early history of birds. Systematic Zoology 31:35-56

Cracraft, J. 1982c. The scientific response to creationism. Science, Technology, & Human Values 7:79-85.

Cracraft, J. 1982d. [Review of] “The evolving biosphere” ed. by P.L. Forey. Bioscience 32:349.

Cracraft, J. 1982e. Reflections on the Arkansas creation trail. Paleobiology 8:83-89.

Cracraft, J. 1982f. Phylogenetic relationships and transantarctic biogeography of some gruiform birds. Geobios (Lyon), Special Memoir No. 6:25-36.

Cracraft, J. 1982g. A nonequilibrium theory for the rate-control of speciation and extinction and the origin of macroevolutionary patterns. Systematic Zoology 31:348-365.

Cracraft, J. and R. J. Raikow. 1983a. Monophyly of the Piciformes: a reply to Olson. Auk 100:134-138.

Cracraft, J. 1983b. Species concepts and speciation analysis. Current Ornithology 1:159-187. [reprinted in The Units of Evolution, M. Ereshefsky, ed., MIT Press, Cambridge, 1992, pp. 93-120]

Cracraft, J. 1983c. Cladistic analysis and vicariance biogeography. American Scientist 71:273-281.

Cracraft, J. 1983d. What systematic method will ornithology adopt?--a reply to Olson (1982). Auk 100:233-236.

Cracraft, J. 1983e. The significance of phylogenetic classifications for systematic and evolutionary biology. In Proceedings NATO Advanced Study Institute on Numerical Taxonomy, J. Felsenstein, ed. Springer-Verlag, pp. 1-17.

Cracraft, J. 1983f. Commentary on chapter “Biogeography: The unification and maturation of a science” by D. Simberloff. In Perspectives in ornithology, A.H. Brush and G.A. Clark, eds. Cambridge Univ. Press, New York, pp. 456-467.

Cracraft, J. 1983g. The scientific response to creationism. In Creationism, science, and the law: the Arkansas case, M.C. LaFollette (ed). Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, Cambridge, pp. 138-149.

Cracraft, J. 1983h. Systematics, comparative biology, and the case against creationism. In Scientists confront creationism (L. R. Godfrey, ed.), pp. 163-191 (Chapter 10). Plenum Press, New York.

Cracraft, J. 1984a. The significance of the data of systematics and paleontology for the evolution-creationism controversy. In Evolutionists confront creationists, F. Awbrey and W. Thwaites, eds. Proc. 63rd meetings AAAS (Pacific Division), vol. 1, pt. 3:189-205.

Cracraft, J. 1984b. The terminology of allopatric speciation. Systematic Zoology 33:115-116.

Barrowclough, G. F. and J. Cracraft. 1984c. [Review of] “Check-list of North American birds, 6th edition.” Auk 101:628-632.

Cracraft, J. 1984d. Conceptual and methodological aspects of the study of evolutionary rates, with some comments on bradytely in birds. In Living fossils (N. Eldredge and S.M. Stanley, editors), pp. 95-104. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Cracraft, J. 1985a. [Review of] “Darwin’s universe: origins and crises in the history of life” by C. R. Pellegrino and J. A. Stoff. Bioscience 35:55.

Cracraft, J. 1985b. Historical biogeography and patterns of differentiation within the South American avifauna: areas of endemism. Amer. Ornithol.Union, Ornithol. Monogr. 36:49-84.

Cracraft, J. 1985c. Species selection, macroevolutionary analysis, and the “hierarchical theory” of evolution. Systematic Zoology 34:222-229.

Cracraft, J. 1985d. [Review of] “Catastrophes and earth history: the new uniformitarianism” by W. A. Berggren and J. A. Van Couvering (eds.). Bioscience 35:310-311.

Cracraft, J. 1985e. [Review of] “Beyond Neo-Darwinism” by M.-W. Ho and P. T. Saunders (eds.). Cladistics 1:300-303.

Funk, V. A. and J. Cracraft. 1985f. The implications of phylogenetic analysis for comparative biology: the thirtieth annual systematics symposium. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 72:591-595.

Cracraft, J. 1985g. Biological diversification and its causes. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 72:794-822.

Cracraft, J. 1985h. Monophyly and phylogenetic relationships of the Pelecaniformes: a numerical cladistic analysis. Auk 102:834-853.

Cracraft, J. 1985i. Early evolution of birds. Pp. 163-165 in A dictionary of birds (B. Campbell and D. Lack, eds.. Buteo Books, Vermilion, South Dakota.

Cracraft, J. 1985j. [Review of] “The Secular Ark. Studies in the History of Biogeography” by J. Browne. Auk 102:215-216.

Cracraft, J. 1986a. Origin and evolution of continental biotas: speciation and historical congruence within the Australian avifauna. Evolution 40:977-996.

Cracraft, J. 1986b. The origin and early diversification of birds. Paleobiology 12:383-399.

Cracraft, J. 1987a. DNA hybridization and avian phylogenetics. Evol. Biol. 21:47-96.

Cracraft, J. 1987b. Species concepts and the ontology of evolution. Biology and Philosophy, 2:329-346.

Cracraft, J. 1988a. Early evolution of birds. Nature 331:389-390.

Cracraft, J. 1988b. Deep-history biogeography: retrieving the historical pattern of evolving continental biotas. Syst. Zool. 37:396-427.

Cracraft, J. 1988c. From Malaysia to New Guinea: avifaunal assembly within a complex continent-island arc contact zone. Proc. 19th Internat. Ornithol. Congr. 2:2581-2593.

Cracraft, J. 1988d. The major clades of birds. In The phylogeny and classification of the tetrapods (M. J. Benton, ed.), vol 1, pp. 339-361. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Cracraft, J. and R. O. Prum. 1988e. Patterns and processes of diversification: speciation and historical congruence in some Neotropical birds. Evolution 42:603-620.

Cracraft, J. 1988f. Vicariance biogeography: theory, methods, and applications. Introduction to the symposium. Syst. Zool. 37:219-220.

Cracraft, J. 1989a. [Review of] Molecules and morphology in evolution: conflict or compromise? Cladistics 5:202-211.

Cracraft, J. 1989b. Speciation and its ontology: the empirical consequences of alternative species concepts for understanding patterns and processes of differentiation. Pp. 28-59 in Speciation and its consequences (D. Otte and J. Endler, eds.). Sinauer Assoc., Sunderland, Ma.

Cracraft, J. 1989c. Species as entities of biological theory. Pp. 31-52 in What the philosophy of biology is: the philosophy of David Hull (M. Ruse, ed.). Kluwer Academic Publ., Dordrecht.

Cracraft, J. and D. P. Mindell. 1989d. The early history of modern birds: a comparison of molecular and morphological evidence. Pp. 389-403 in The hierarchy of life: molecules and morphology in phylogenetic analysis (B. Fernholm, K. Bremer, and H. Jornvall, eds.). Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Cracraft, J. 1990a. [Review of] Prospects in systematics, D. L. Hawksworth (ed.). Amer. Zool. 30:397-398.

Cracraft, J. 1990b. The origin of evolutionary novelties: pattern and process at different hierarchical levels. Pp. 21-44 in Evolutionary Innovations (M. Nitecki, ed.). University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Cracraft, J. 1991a. [Review of] Process and pattern in evolution, by C. J. Avers. Bioscience 41:112-113.

Cracraft, J. 1991b. Patterns of diversification within continental biotas: hierarchical congruence among the areas of endemism of Australian vertebrates. Australian Syst. Bot. 4:211-227. [also published simultaneously in Austral Biogeography (P. Y. Ladiges, C. J. Humphries, and L. W. Martinelli, eds.), CSIRO, Melbourne]

Humphries, J., W. Fink, and J. Cracraft. 1991c. Testimony to the BBS Task Force looking to the 21st century. Syst. Zool. 40:380-383.

Willard, D. E., M. S. Foster, G. F. Barrowclough, R. W. Dickerman, P. F. Cannell, S. L. Coates, J. L. Cracraft, J. P. O’Neill. 1991d. The birds of Cerro de la Neblina, Territorio Federal Amazonas, Venezuela. Fieldiana (Zoology, N.S.) 65:1-80.

Cracraft, J. and K. Helm-Bychowski. 1991e. Parsimony and phylogenetic inference using DNA sequences. Pp. 184-220 in Phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequences (M. Miyamoto and J. Cracraft, eds.). Oxford Univ. Press, New York.

Miyamoto, M. M. and J. Cracraft. 1991f. Phylogenetic inference, DNA sequence analysis, and the future of molecular systematics. In Phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequences (M. Miyamoto and J. Cracraft, eds.). Oxford Univ. Press, New York.

Cracraft, J. 1991g. Birds through the ages. Pp. 23-26 in Encyclopedia of birds (J. Forshaw, ed.). Smithmark Publ. Inc., New York.

Cracraft, J. 1992a. Explaining patterns of biological diversity: integrating causation at different spatial and temporal scales. Pp. 59-76 in Systematics, ecology and the biodiversity crisis (N. Eldredge, ed.). Columbia Univ. Press, New York.

Cracraft, J. 1992b. [Review of] Evolution, by M. W. Strickberger. Bioscience 42:67-68.

Cracraft, J. 1992c. [Review of] Phylogeny and classification of birds, by C. G. Sibley and J. Ahlquist. Mol. Biol. Evol. 9:182-186.

Cracraft, J. 1992d. The species of the birds-of-paradise (Paradisaeidae): applying the phylogenetic species concept to a complex pattern of diversification. Cladistics 8:1-43.

Cracraft, J. 1992e. [Review of] The early evolution of Metazoa and the significance of problematic taxa, by A. M. Simonetta and S. C. Morris (eds.). Bioscience 42:877.

Cracraft, J. and K. Helm-Bychowski. 1993a. Recovering phylogenetic signal from DNA sequences: relationships with the corvine assemblage (Class Aves) as inferred from complete sequences of the mtDNA cytochrome b gene. Mol. Biol. Evol. 10: 1196-1214.

Cracraft, J. 1993b. [Review of] Natural selection: domains, levels and challenges, by G. C. Williams. Bioscience 43:641-642.

Cracraft, J. 1994a. Species diversity, biogeography, and the evolution of biotas. Amer. Zoologist 34:33-47.

Cracraft, J. 1994b. [Review of] The Africa-South America Interchange, by W. George and R. Lavocat (eds.). Trends Ecol. Evol. 9:347-348.

Cracraft, J. 1994c. Assessing the nation’s biological resources. Issues Sci. Technology 11(1): 38-42.

Cracraft, J. 1995a. The urgency of building global capacity for biodiversity science. Biodiversity and Conservation 4: 463-475.

Simpson, B. and J. Cracraft. 1995b. Systematics: the science of biodiversity. Bioscience 45:670-672.

Nunn, G. and J. Cracraft. 1996a. Phylogenetic relationships among the major lineages of the birds-of-paradise (Paradisaeidae) using mitochondrial DNA gene sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 5: 445-459.

*Cracraft, J. 1996b. Systematics, biodiversity science, and the conservation of the Earth’s biota. Verhandlungen Deutschen Zoologischen Gesellschaft 89(2): 41-47.

Cracraft, J. 1996c. [Review of] Biodiversity and Conservation in Tumbesian Ecuador and Peru, by B. J. Best and M. Kessler. Biodiversity and Conservation

Cracraft, J. 1996d. [Review of] The taxonomy and species of birds of Australia and its territories, by Leslie Christidis and Walter E. Boles. Auk 113:973-974.

Peters, R., D. Waller, B. Noon, S. Pickett, D. Murphy, R. Kiester, J. Cracraft, W. Kuhlman, T. Givnish, O. Houk, and W. J. Snape III. 1997a. Standard scientific procedures for implementing ecosystem management on public lands. In The Ecological Basis of Conservation: Heterogeneity, Ecosystems, and Biodiversity (S. Pickett, R. S. Ostfeld, M. Shachak, and G. E. Likens, eds.). Chapman & Hall, New York.

Lee, K., J. Feinstein, and J. Cracraft. 1997b. Phylogenetic relationships of the ratite birds: resolving conflicts between molecular and morphological data sets. In Avian Molecular Evolution and Systematics (D. P. Mindell, ed.). Academic Press, New York.

Cracraft, J. 1997c. Species concepts in systematics and conservation biology — an ornithological viewpoint. Pp. 325-339 in Species The Units of Biodiversity (M. F. Claridge, H. A. Dawah, and M. R. Wilson, eds.) Chapman and Hall, London.

Espinosa, A. and J. Cracraft. 1997d. Intergeneric relationships of the New World jays inferred from cytochrome b gene sequences. Condor 99:490-502.

Chevalier, J., J. Cracraft, F. Grifo, and C. Meine [authors alphabetically]. 1997e. Biodiversity, science, and the human prospect. Prepared for Center of Biodiversity and Conservation, American Museum of Natural History, New York, 30pp. [available: http://research.amnh.org/biodiversity/center/pubs/pubscbc.html]

Cracraft, J. 1997f. Review of Biodiversity and conservation in Tumbesian Ecuador and Peru. Biodiversity and Conservation 6: 1177-1178.

Wheeler, Q and Cracraft, J. 1997g. Taxonomic preparedness: are we ready to meet the biodiversity challenge? Pp. 435-446 in Biodiversity II: Understanding and Protecting our Biological Resources ( M. Reaka-Kudla, D. Wilson, and E. O. Wilson, eds.). National Academy Press, Washington (Q. Wheeler and J. Cracraft).

Cracraft, J. 1998a. Understanding rarity. [Review of] The Biology of Rarity: causes and Consequences of Rare-Common Differences, by W. E. Kunin and K. J. Gaston, eds. BioScience 48: 219-221.

Bates, J., S. J. Hackett and J. Cracraft. 1998b. Area-relationships in the Neotropical lowlands: an hypothesis based on raw distributions of passerine birds. J. Biogeography 25: 783-793.

Cracraft, J., J. Feinstein, J. Vaughn, and K. Helm-Bychowski. 1998c. Sorting out tigers (Panthera tigris): mitochondrial sequences, nuclear inserts, systematics, and conservation genetics. Animal Conservation 1: 139-150.

Cracraft, J. 1998d. Managing the biosphere: the essential role of systematic biology. Pp. 106-110 in Scientists on Biodiversity (Koebner, L., Sokolow, J. E. S., Grifo, F. T., and Simpson, S., eds.). American Museum of Natural History, New York.156pp.

Cracraft, J. 1998e. Birds through the ages. Pp. 23-26 in Encyclopedia of Birds (J. Forshaw, ed). AcademicPress, San Diego.

Cracraft, J. and F. Grifo. 1999a. The living planet in crisis: science, society and policy. In The Living Planet in Crisis: Biodiversity Science and Policy (J. Cracraft and F. Grifo, eds.). Columbia University Press, New York.

Cracraft, J. 1999b. Regional and global patterns of biodiversity loss and conservation capacity: predicting future trends and identifying needs. In The Living Planet in Crisis: Biodiversity Science and Policy (J. Cracraft and F. Grifo, eds.). Columbia University Press, New York.

Raven, P. H. and J. Cracraft. 1999c. Seeing the world as it really is: global stability and environmental change. In The Living Planet in Crisis: Biodiversity Science and Policy (J. Cracraft and F. Grifo, eds.). Columbia University Press, New York.

Beresford, P. and J. Cracraft. 1999d. Speciation in African forest robins (Stiphrornis): species limits, phylogenetic relationships, and molecular biogeography. Amer. Mus. Novitates 3270: 1-22.

Cracraft, J. 1999e. Moving systematics into the international policy arena. ASC [Association of Systematic Collections] Newsletter 27(3-4): 10-11.

Cracraft, J. and J. Feinstein. 2000a. What is not a bird of paradise? Molecular and morphological evidence places Macgregoria in the Meliphagidae and the Cnemophilinae near the base of the corvoid tree. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. 267:233-241.

Cracraft, J. 2000b. Tracking biogeographic history. [Review of: Panbiogeography: tracking the history of life]. Trends Ecol. Evol. 15:126-127.

Cracraft, J. 2000c. Species concepts in theoretical and applied biology: a systematic debate with consequences. In Species Concepts: A Debate (Q. Wheeler and R. Meier, eds.). Columbia University Press, New York.

Cracraft, J. 2000d. Charting the biosphere: building global capacity for systematics science. Pp. 374-386 in Nature and Human Society: The Quest for a Sustainable World (P. H. Raven, ed.). National Academy Press, Washington, D. C.

Cracraft, J. 2001a. Avian evolution, Gondwana biogeography, and the Cretaceous-Tertiary mass extinction event. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. 268B: 459-469.

Cracraft, J. 2001b. Gondwana genesis. Natural History 110 (10): 64-72.

Cracraft, J. and J. A. Clarke. 2001c. The basal clades of modern birds. Pp. 143156 In New perspectives on the origin and early evolution of birds: proceedings of the international symposium in honor of John H. Ostrom (Jacques Gauthier and Lawrence F. Gall, eds.). New Haven, CT.: Peabody Mus. Nat. Hist., Yale Univ.

Mikkelsen, P. and J. Cracraft. 2001d. Marine biodiversity and the need for systematic inventory. Bulletin of Marine Science 69: 525-534.

Stanley, S. E. and J. Cracraft. 2002a. Higher level systematic analysis of birds: current problems and possible solutions. Pp. 31-43 In Molecular systematics and evolution: theory and practice (Rob DeSalle, Gonzalo Giribet, and Ward Wheeler, editors). Birkhauser-Verlag, Basal, Switzerland.

Cracraft, J. 2002b. The seven great questions of systematic biology: an essential foundation for conservation and the sustainable use of biodiversity. Ann. Missouri Bot. Garden 89:127-144.

Cracraft, J., F. Keith Barker, and A Cibois. 2003a. Avian higher-level phylogenetics and the Howard and Moore checklist of birds. Pp. 16-21 in The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the birds of the world (E. C. Dickinson, ed.). Christopher Helm (A & C Black Publ.), London.

Cracraft, J. 2004a. The new creationism and its threat to science literacy and education. BioScience 54:3 (editorial).

Cibois, A. and J. Cracraft. 2004b. Assessing the passerine “Tapestry”: phylogenetic relationships of the Muscicapoidea inferred from nuclear DNA sequences. Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 32: 2006264-273.

Donoghue, M. J. and J. Cracraft. 2004c. Introduction: charting the Tree of Life. Pp. 1-4 in Assembling the tree of life (J. Cracraft and M. J. Donoghue, eds.). Oxford Univ. Press, New York.

Cracraft, J., F. K. Barker, M. Braun, J. Harshman, G. J. Dyke, J. Feinstein, S. Stanley, A. Cibois, P. Schikler, P. Beresford, J. García-Moreno, M. D. Sorenson, T. Yuri, and D. P. Mindell. 2004d. Phylogenetic relationships among modern birds (Neornithes): toward an avian tree of life. Pp. 468-489 in Assembling the tree of life (J. Cracraft and M. J. Donoghue, eds.). Oxford Univ. Press, New York.

Cracraft, J. and M. J. Donoghue. 2004e. Assembling the tree of life: where we stand at the beginning of the 21st century. Pp. 553-561 in Assembling the tree of life (J. Cracraft and M. J. Donoghue, eds.). Oxford Univ. Press, New York.

Barker, F. K., A. Cibois, P. Schikler, J. Feinstein, and J. Cracraft. 2004f. Phylogeny and diversification of the largest avian radiation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 101:11040-11045.

Feinstein, J. F. and J. Cracraft. 2004g. Solving a sequencing problem in the vertebrate mitochondrial control region using phylogenetic comparisons. DNA Sequence 15:374-377.

Cracraft, J. 2004h. A new AIBS for the age of biology [editorial]. BioScience 54:979.

Porzecanski, A. L. and J. Cracraft. 2005a. Cladistic Analysis of Distributions and Endemism (CADE): Using raw distributions of birds to unravel the biogeography of the South American aridlands. J. Biogeography 32:261-275.

Ribas, C. C., R. Gaban-Lima, C. Y. Miyaki, and J. Cracraft. 2005b. Historical biogeography and diversification within the Neotropical parrot genus Pionopsitta (Aves; Psittacidae). J. Biogeography 32:1409-1427.

Cracraft, J. and R. Bybee. 2005c. Evolutionary science and society: saving lives and promoting prosperity. Pp. 1-3 in Evolutionary Science and Society: Educating a New Generation (J. Cracraft and R. Bybee, eds.). Biological Sciences Curriculum Study, Colorado Springs, CO.

Cracraft, J. 2005d. An overview of the Tree of Life. Pp. 43-51 in Evolutionary Science and Society: Educating a New Generation (J. Cracraft and R. Bybee, eds.). Biological Sciences Curriculum Study, Colorado Springs, CO.

Bybee, R. and J. Cracraft. 2005e. Educating a new generation about evolutionary science and society. Pp. 201-202 in Evolutionary Science and Society: Educating a New Generation (J. Cracraft and R. Bybee, eds.). Biological Sciences Curriculum Study, Colorado Springs, CO.

Cracraft, J. 2005f. Phylogeny and evo-devo: characters, homology, and the historical analysis of the evolution of development. Zoology 108:345-356.

Cracraft, J. 2006a. Reconstructing change in biological systems: are there commonalities between evolutionary biology and the humanities? Pp. 270-284 in Understanding Change: Models, Methodologies and Metaphors (A. Wimmer and R. Kössler, eds.). Houndmills, UK, Palgrave Macmillan.

Moyle, R. G., M. Lakim, J. Nais, F. H. Sheldon, and J. Cracraft. 2006b. Reconsideration of the phylogenetic relationships of the enigmatic Bornean Bristlehead (Pityriasis gymnocephala). Mol. Phylo. Evol. 39:893-898.

Moyle, R. G., R. Terry Chesser, R. O. Prum, P.Schikler, and J. Cracraft. 2006c. Phylogeny and evolutionary history of Old World suboscine birds (Aves: Eurylaimides). Amer. Mus. Novitates 3544:1-22.

Reddy, S. and J. Cracraft. 2007a. Old World shrike-babblers (Pteruthius) belong with New World vireos (Vireonidae). Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 44:1352-1357.

Ribas, C. C., R. G. Moyle, C. Y. Miyaki, and J. Cracraft. 2007b. The assembly of montane biotas: linking Andean tectonics and climatic oscillations to independent regimes of diversification in Pionus parrots. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. 274:2399-2408.

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