POLICY RELATED CONTRIBUTIONS
These documents were multi-authored, all anonymously. Most will soon be made available here as PDFs.
1994. Systematics Agenda 2000: Charting the Biosphere. Privately published by Systematics Agenda 2000.
1994. Systematics Agenda 2000: Charting the Biosphere. Technical Report. Privately published by Systematics Agenda 2000.
1995. United Nations Environment Programme. Global Biodiversity Assessment. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.
1996. DIVERSITAS: An International Programme of Biodiversity Science. Operational Plan. DIVESITAS, Paris.
1996. DIVERSITAS: An International Programme of Biodiversity Science. The Next Phase.
1997. Biodiversity, science, and the human prospect. Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, American Museum of Natural History.1998.
1998. Teaming with Life: Investing in Science to Understand and Use America’s Living Capital. President’s Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology, PCAST Panel on Biodiversity and Ecosystems
1999. The Global Taxonomy Initiative: Using Systematic Inventories to Meet Country and Regional Needs. GTI DIVERSITAS Report. American Museum of Natural History, New York.
2000. National Science Foundation. Assembling the Tree of Life: Research Needs in Phylogenetics and Phyloinformatics. Report of workshop, Yale University.
2002. Assembling the Tree of Life: Harnessing Life’s History to Benefit Science and Society. Color brochure produced for National Science Foundation. AMNH, privately printed.
2004. American Institute of Biological Sciences. Color brochure, privately printed.
1979. Phylogenetic analysis and paleontology (J. Cracraft and Niles Eldredge, eds). Columbia University Press, New York.
1991. Phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequences (M. M. Miyamoto and J. Cracraft, eds.). Oxford Univ. Press, New York.
1999. The Living Planet in Crisis: Biodiversity Science and Policy (J. Cracraft and F. Grifo, eds.). Columbia University Press, New York.
2004. Assembling the tree of life (J. Cracraft and M. J. Donoghue, eds.). Oxford Univ. Press, New York. 576 pp.
ARTICLES AND REVIEWS
Most of my articles and reviews are available as PDFs.
Cracraft, J. 1967b. The concept of adaptation in the study of human populations. Eugenics Quarterly 14:299.
Cracraft, J. 1970a. Mandible of Archaeopteryx provides an example of mosaic evolution. Nature 226:1268.
Cracraft, J. 1970c. [Review of] “Adaptations for locomotion and feeding in the Anhinga and Double-crested Cormorant” by O.T. Owre. Bird-Banding 41:165-167.
Cracraft, J. 1971a. Caenagnthiformes: Cretaceous birds convergent in jaw mechanism to dicynodont reptiles. Journal of Paleontology 45:805-809.
Cracraft, J. 1971d. Systematics and evolution of the Gruiformes (Class Aves). 2. Additional comments on the Bathornithidae, with descriptions of new species. American Museum Novitates No. 2449, pp. 1-14.
Cracraft, J. 1971g. [Review of] “A comparative study of the egg-white proteins of passerine birds” by C.G. Sibley. Bird-Banding 42:157-161.
Cracraft, J. 1973c. Vertebrate evolution and biogeography in the Old World tropics: implications of continental drift and palaeoclimatology. In Implications of continental drift to the earth sciences (D. H. Tarling and S. K. Runcorn, eds.), pp. 373-389. London: Academic Press.
Cracraft, J. 1975d. Size-shape patterns in moa hindlimbs: a multivariate analysis approach. American Zoologist 15:800 (abstract).
Cracraft, J. 1975e. [Review of] “Numerical taxonomy” by P.H.A. Sneath and R.R. Sokal. Journal of Geology 83:139.
Cracraft, J. 1976e. Avian evolution on southern continents: influences of paleogeography and paleoclimatology. In Proceedings 16th International Ornithological Congress 1974, pp. 40-52. Australian Academy of Sciences, Canberra.
Cracraft, J. 1977b. Phylogeny debated. Geotimes 22(11):16-17.
Cracraft, J. 1978c. Comparative biology and brain evolution. [Review of] “Evolution of brain and behavior in vertebrates” and “Evolution, brain, and behavior: persistent problems.” Systematic Zoology 27:260-264.
Cracraft, J. 1979b. Phylogenetic analysis, evolutionary models, and paleontology. Pp. 7-39 in Phylogenetic analysis and paleontology (J. Cracraft and N. Eldredge, eds.). Columbia Univ. Press, New York.
Cracraft, J. 1979c. Animal systematics. McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology.
Cracraft, J. 1980e. Avian phylogeny and intercontinental biogeographic patterns. Pp. 1302-1308 in Proceedings 17th International Ornithological Congress, Berlin, 1978. Deutsche Ornithologen-Gesellschaft, Berlin.
Cracraft, J. 1982c. The scientific response to creationism. Science, Technology, & Human Values 7:79-85.
Cracraft, J. 1983e. The significance of phylogenetic classifications for systematic and evolutionary biology. In Proceedings NATO Advanced Study Institute on Numerical Taxonomy, J. Felsenstein, ed. Springer-Verlag, pp. 1-17.
Cracraft, J. 1983f. Commentary on chapter “Biogeography: The unification and maturation of a science” by D. Simberloff. In Perspectives in ornithology, A.H. Brush and G.A. Clark, eds. Cambridge Univ. Press, New York, pp. 456-467.
Cracraft, J. 1983g. The scientific response to creationism. In Creationism, science, and the law: the Arkansas case, M.C. LaFollette (ed). Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, Cambridge, pp. 138-149.
Cracraft, J. 1984a. The significance of the data of systematics and paleontology for the evolution-creationism controversy. In Evolutionists confront creationists, F. Awbrey and W. Thwaites, eds. Proc. 63rd meetings AAAS (Pacific Division), vol. 1, pt. 3:189-205.
Cracraft, J. 1984d. Conceptual and methodological aspects of the study of evolutionary rates, with some comments on bradytely in birds. In Living fossils (N. Eldredge and S.M. Stanley, editors), pp. 95-104. Springer-Verlag, New York.
Cracraft, J. 1985a. [Review of] “Darwin’s universe: origins and crises in the history of life” by C. R. Pellegrino and J. A. Stoff. Bioscience 35:55.
Cracraft, J. 1985e. [Review of] “Beyond Neo-Darwinism” by M.-W. Ho and P. T. Saunders (eds.). Cladistics 1:300-303.
Cracraft, J. 1989b. Speciation and its ontology: the empirical consequences of alternative species concepts for understanding patterns and processes of differentiation. Pp. 28-59 in Speciation and its consequences (D. Otte and J. Endler, eds.). Sinauer Assoc., Sunderland, Ma.
Cracraft, J. and D. P. Mindell. 1989d. The early history of modern birds: a comparison of molecular and morphological evidence. Pp. 389-403 in The hierarchy of life: molecules and morphology in phylogenetic analysis (B. Fernholm, K. Bremer, and H. Jornvall, eds.). Elsevier, Amsterdam.
Cracraft, J. 1990b. The origin of evolutionary novelties: pattern and process at different hierarchical levels. Pp. 21-44 in Evolutionary Innovations (M. Nitecki, ed.). University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Cracraft, J. 1991b. Patterns of diversification within continental biotas: hierarchical congruence among the areas of endemism of Australian vertebrates. Australian Syst. Bot. 4:211-227. [also published simultaneously in Austral Biogeography (P. Y. Ladiges, C. J. Humphries, and L. W. Martinelli, eds.), CSIRO, Melbourne]
Willard, D. E., M. S. Foster, G. F. Barrowclough, R. W. Dickerman, P. F. Cannell, S. L. Coates, J. L. Cracraft, J. P. O’Neill. 1991d. The birds of Cerro de la Neblina, Territorio Federal Amazonas, Venezuela. Fieldiana (Zoology, N.S.) 65:1-80.
Cracraft, J. and K. Helm-Bychowski. 1991e. Parsimony and phylogenetic inference using DNA sequences. Pp. 184-220 in Phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequences (M. Miyamoto and J. Cracraft, eds.). Oxford Univ. Press, New York.
Miyamoto, M. M. and J. Cracraft. 1991f. Phylogenetic inference, DNA sequence analysis, and the future of molecular systematics. In Phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequences (M. Miyamoto and J. Cracraft, eds.). Oxford Univ. Press, New York.
Cracraft, J. 1991g. Birds through the ages. Pp. 23-26 in Encyclopedia of birds (J. Forshaw, ed.). Smithmark Publ. Inc., New York.
Cracraft, J. 1992a. Explaining patterns of biological diversity: integrating causation at different spatial and temporal scales. Pp. 59-76 in Systematics, ecology and the biodiversity crisis (N. Eldredge, ed.). Columbia Univ. Press, New York.
Cracraft, J. 1992c. [Review of] Phylogeny and classification of birds, by C. G. Sibley and J. Ahlquist. Mol. Biol. Evol. 9:182-186.
Cracraft, J. and K. Helm-Bychowski. 1993a. Recovering phylogenetic signal from DNA sequences: relationships with the corvine assemblage (Class Aves) as inferred from complete sequences of the mtDNA cytochrome b gene. Mol. Biol. Evol. 10: 1196-1214.
Cracraft, J. 1994b. [Review of] The Africa-South America Interchange, by W. George and R. Lavocat (eds.). Trends Ecol. Evol. 9:347-348.
Cracraft, J. 1995a. The urgency of building global capacity for biodiversity science. Biodiversity and Conservation 4: 463-475.
Nunn, G. and J. Cracraft. 1996a. Phylogenetic relationships among the major lineages of the birds-of-paradise (Paradisaeidae) using mitochondrial DNA gene sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 5: 445-459.
Cracraft, J. 1996c. [Review of] Biodiversity and Conservation in Tumbesian Ecuador and Peru, by B. J. Best and M. Kessler. Biodiversity and Conservation
Peters, R., D. Waller, B. Noon, S. Pickett, D. Murphy, R. Kiester, J. Cracraft, W. Kuhlman, T. Givnish, O. Houk, and W. J. Snape III. 1997a. Standard scientific procedures for implementing ecosystem management on public lands. In The Ecological Basis of Conservation: Heterogeneity, Ecosystems, and Biodiversity (S. Pickett, R. S. Ostfeld, M. Shachak, and G. E. Likens, eds.). Chapman & Hall, New York.
Lee, K., J. Feinstein, and J. Cracraft. 1997b. Phylogenetic relationships of the ratite birds: resolving conflicts between molecular and morphological data sets. In Avian Molecular Evolution and Systematics (D. P. Mindell, ed.). Academic Press, New York.
Cracraft, J. 1997c. Species concepts in systematics and conservation biology — an ornithological viewpoint. Pp. 325-339 in Species The Units of Biodiversity (M. F. Claridge, H. A. Dawah, and M. R. Wilson, eds.) Chapman and Hall, London.
Chevalier, J., J. Cracraft, F. Grifo, and C. Meine [authors alphabetically]. 1997e. Biodiversity, science, and the human prospect. Prepared for Center of Biodiversity and Conservation, American Museum of Natural History, New York, 30pp. [available: http://research.amnh.org/biodiversity/center/pubs/pubscbc.html]
Wheeler, Q and Cracraft, J. 1997g. Taxonomic preparedness: are we ready to meet the biodiversity challenge? Pp. 435-446 in Biodiversity II: Understanding and Protecting our Biological Resources ( M. Reaka-Kudla, D. Wilson, and E. O. Wilson, eds.). National Academy Press, Washington (Q. Wheeler and J. Cracraft).
Cracraft, J., J. Feinstein, J. Vaughn, and K. Helm-Bychowski. 1998c. Sorting out tigers (Panthera tigris): mitochondrial sequences, nuclear inserts, systematics, and conservation genetics. Animal Conservation 1: 139-150.
Cracraft, J. 1998d. Managing the biosphere: the essential role of systematic biology. Pp. 106-110 in Scientists on Biodiversity (Koebner, L., Sokolow, J. E. S., Grifo, F. T., and Simpson, S., eds.). American Museum of Natural History, New York.156pp.
Cracraft, J. 1998e. Birds through the ages. Pp. 23-26 in Encyclopedia of Birds (J. Forshaw, ed). AcademicPress, San Diego.
Cracraft, J. and F. Grifo. 1999a. The living planet in crisis: science, society and policy. In The Living Planet in Crisis: Biodiversity Science and Policy (J. Cracraft and F. Grifo, eds.). Columbia University Press, New York.
Cracraft, J. 1999b. Regional and global patterns of biodiversity loss and conservation capacity: predicting future trends and identifying needs. In The Living Planet in Crisis: Biodiversity Science and Policy (J. Cracraft and F. Grifo, eds.). Columbia University Press, New York.
Raven, P. H. and J. Cracraft. 1999c. Seeing the world as it really is: global stability and environmental change. In The Living Planet in Crisis: Biodiversity Science and Policy (J. Cracraft and F. Grifo, eds.). Columbia University Press, New York.
Cracraft, J. 1999e. Moving systematics into the international policy arena. ASC [Association of Systematic Collections] Newsletter 27(3-4): 10-11.
Cracraft, J. and J. Feinstein. 2000a. What is not a bird of paradise? Molecular and morphological evidence places Macgregoria in the Meliphagidae and the Cnemophilinae near the base of the corvoid tree. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. 267:233-241.
Cracraft, J. 2000c. Species concepts in theoretical and applied biology: a systematic debate with consequences. In Species Concepts: A Debate (Q. Wheeler and R. Meier, eds.). Columbia University Press, New York.
Cracraft, J. 2000d. Charting the biosphere: building global capacity for systematics science. Pp. 374-386 in Nature and Human Society: The Quest for a Sustainable World (P. H. Raven, ed.). National Academy Press, Washington, D. C.
Cracraft, J. and J. A. Clarke. 2001c. The basal clades of modern birds. Pp. 143156 In New perspectives on the origin and early evolution of birds: proceedings of the international symposium in honor of John H. Ostrom (Jacques Gauthier and Lawrence F. Gall, eds.). New Haven, CT.: Peabody Mus. Nat. Hist., Yale Univ.
Stanley, S. E. and J. Cracraft. 2002a. Higher level systematic analysis of birds: current problems and possible solutions. Pp. 31-43 In Molecular systematics and evolution: theory and practice (Rob DeSalle, Gonzalo Giribet, and Ward Wheeler, editors). Birkhauser-Verlag, Basal, Switzerland.
Cracraft, J., F. Keith Barker, and A Cibois. 2003a. Avian higher-level phylogenetics and the Howard and Moore checklist of birds. Pp. 16-21 in The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the birds of the world (E. C. Dickinson, ed.). Christopher Helm (A & C Black Publ.), London.
Cracraft, J., F. K. Barker, M. Braun, J. Harshman, G. J. Dyke, J. Feinstein, S. Stanley, A. Cibois, P. Schikler, P. Beresford, J. García-Moreno, M. D. Sorenson, T. Yuri, and D. P. Mindell. 2004d. Phylogenetic relationships among modern birds (Neornithes): toward an avian tree of life. Pp. 468-489 in Assembling the tree of life (J. Cracraft and M. J. Donoghue, eds.). Oxford Univ. Press, New York.
Cracraft, J. and M. J. Donoghue. 2004e. Assembling the tree of life: where we stand at the beginning of the 21st century. Pp. 553-561 in Assembling the tree of life (J. Cracraft and M. J. Donoghue, eds.). Oxford Univ. Press, New York.
Porzecanski, A. L. and J. Cracraft. 2005a. Cladistic Analysis of Distributions and Endemism (CADE): Using raw distributions of birds to unravel the biogeography of the South American aridlands. J. Biogeography 32:261-275.
Ribas, C. C., R. Gaban-Lima, C. Y. Miyaki, and J. Cracraft. 2005b. Historical biogeography and diversification within the Neotropical parrot genus Pionopsitta (Aves; Psittacidae). J. Biogeography 32:1409-1427.
Cracraft, J. and R. Bybee. 2005c. Evolutionary science and society: saving lives and promoting prosperity. Pp. 1-3 in Evolutionary Science and Society: Educating a New Generation (J. Cracraft and R. Bybee, eds.). Biological Sciences Curriculum Study, Colorado Springs, CO.
Cracraft, J. 2005d. An overview of the Tree of Life. Pp. 43-51 in Evolutionary Science and Society: Educating a New Generation (J. Cracraft and R. Bybee, eds.). Biological Sciences Curriculum Study, Colorado Springs, CO.
Bybee, R. and J. Cracraft. 2005e. Educating a new generation about evolutionary science and society. Pp. 201-202 in Evolutionary Science and Society: Educating a New Generation (J. Cracraft and R. Bybee, eds.). Biological Sciences Curriculum Study, Colorado Springs, CO.
Cracraft, J. 2006a. Reconstructing change in biological systems: are there commonalities between evolutionary biology and the humanities? Pp. 270-284 in Understanding Change: Models, Methodologies and Metaphors (A. Wimmer and R. Kössler, eds.). Houndmills, UK, Palgrave Macmillan.
Moyle, R. G., M. Lakim, J. Nais, F. H. Sheldon, and J. Cracraft. 2006b. Reconsideration of the phylogenetic relationships of the enigmatic Bornean Bristlehead (Pityriasis gymnocephala). Mol. Phylo. Evol. 39:893-898.
Ribas, C. C., R. G. Moyle, C. Y. Miyaki, and J. Cracraft. 2007b. The assembly of montane biotas: linking Andean tectonics and climatic oscillations to independent regimes of diversification in Pionus parrots. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. 274:2399-2408.