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Running log of changes and additions

I attempt to summarize here what work I have done on ASW starting with the online version of 6.0. This log will not include error corrections and the like and I cannot promise that there will not be errors of omission or commission inasmuch as this log is not being constructed automatically and focuses on publications rather than on particular changes and fixes.

14 June 2016: Modified the range statement of, and added a comment under Siphonops paulensis (Sophonopidae) to reflect the publication of  Mott, Correia, Almeida, Lisboa, and Guarnieri, 2016, Check List, 12 (3: 1884): 1–4, who provided a dot map and new records for the species, including one from north of the Amazon at Oriximiná, Pará, Brazil. 

14 June 2016: Modified the range statement of, and added a comment under Rhinella achavali (Bufonidae) to reflect the publication of Saito, Kunz, and Ambrozio-Assis, 2016, Check List, 12 (3: 1887): 1–4, who reported a specimen from Santa Catarina, Brazil, and mapped the range. 

14 June 2016: Modified the range statement of, and added a comment under Hyalinobatrachium iaspidiense (Centrolenidae) to reflect the publication of  Silva e Silva and Costa-Campos, 2016, Check List, 12 (2: 1849): 1-3, wo reported on the species in Amapá, Brazil, and mapped and discussed the range. 

14 June 2016: Modified the range statement of, and added a comment under Osteocephalus castaneicola (Hylidae) to reflect the publication by Silva, Ramalho, Matos, Silva, and Machado, 2016, Check List, 12 (1: 1826): 1–3, who provided the first record for Acre, Brazil, and who discussed the range. 

14 June 2016: Modified the range statement of, and added a comment under Niceforonia adenobrachia (Craugastoridae) to reflect the publication by  Buitrago-González, López-Guzmán, and Vargas-Salinas, 2016, Check List, 12(1: 1845): 1–3, who provided a record from El Porvenir, municipality of Córdoba, Quindio, Colombia, on the western slope of the Central Andes. 

14 June 2016: Transferred Pedostibes kempi (Bufonidae) to Bufoides, and placed Rentapia rugosus into the synonymy of Rentapia everettii following the results of Chandramouli and Amarasinghe, 2016, Herpetologica, 7: 137–147. 

14 June 2016: Added a comment under Pristimantis eremitus (Craugastoridae) noting the publication of Hutter, Liu, Kell, Lyons, and Guayasamin, 2016, Herpetologica, 72: 13–22, who discussed natural history, call, distribution, and conservation. 

14 June 2016: Added a comment under Salamandra atra (Salamandridae) noting the publication of  Razpet, Šunje, Kalamujić, Tulić, Pojskić, Stanković, Krizmanić, and Marić, 2016, Herpetol. J., 26: 109–117, who reported on molecular phylogeography of the populations in western montane Balkans. 

14 June 2016: Added a comment under Alsodes neuquensis (Alsodidae) noting the publication of Barrasso, Alcalde, Blotto, and Basso, 2016, Herpetol. J., 26: 21–31, who described the larva in comparison with Alsodes gargola

14 June 2016: Added a comment under Ichthyosaura alpestris (Salamandridae) noting the publication of Arntzen, King, Denoël, Martínez-Solano, and Wallis: 49–56, discussed the origin of introduced populations in southern France and New Zealand as elucidated by mtDNA analysis.

14 June 2016: Added comments under Leptolalax aereus (Megophryidae), Leptolalax eos, Leptolalax minimus, Leptolalax pluvialis, Microhyla marmorata (Microhylidae), Odorrana morafkai (Ranidae), and Rhacophorus rhodopus (Rhacophoridae) to reflects the report of a collection from Xuan Lien Nature Reserve, Thanh Hoa Province, Vietnam, reported on by Pham, Nguyen, Hoang, and Ziegler, 2016, Herpetol. Notes, 9: 31–41. 

14 June 2016: Added a comment under Dendropsophus elegans (Hylidae) to note the publication of Muniz, Moura, Moraes, Galindo, Chaves, Kokubum, and Moura, 2016, Herpetol. Notes, 9: 99–102, who reported on the advertisement call. 

14 June 2016: Added comments under Ceratophrys joazeirensis (Ceratophryidae) and Siphonops paulensis (Siphonopidae), noting the first state records from Alagoas, Brazil, by Almeida, Nascimento, Torquato, Lisboa, Tiburcio, Palmeira, Lima, and Mott, 2016, Herpetol. Notes, 9: 123–140. 

14 June 2016: Modified the range statement for Ecnomiohyla miliaria (Hylidae) based on the paper by Valencia-Zuleta, Jaramillo-Martinez, Cardona-Botero, and Castro-Herrera, 2016, Herpetol. Notes, 9: 23–26, who provided the frist record of this species from Colombia (El Salto, Municipality of Buenaventura, Valle del Cauca Department). 

13 June 2016: Modified the range statement for Macrogenioglottus alipioi (Odontophrynidae) to reflect the range extension to Pernambuco, Brazil, by Sobrinho, Santos, Melo, Santos, and Moura, 2016, Herpetol. Notes, 9: 103–104.

13 June 2016: Modified the range statement for Agalychnis terranova (Phyllomedusidae) and added a comment to reflect the publication of Palacios-Rodríguez, Rengifo-Mosquera, and Lynch, 2016, Herpetol. Notes, 9: 109–111, who provided the first report from the Pacific lowlands of Colombia.  

13 June 2016: Added Pristimantis tinguichaca (Craugastoridae), named by Brito-M., Ojala-Barbour, Batallas-R., and Almendáriz C., 2016, J. Herpetol., 50: 338, known only from Tinguichaca, located in cloud forest in the Cordillera Oriental of the Andes in Sangay National Park, Morona Santiago Province, Ecuador between 2750 and 2830 m elevation. 

13 June 2016: Added comments under Hypsiboas prasinus (Hylidae) and Hypsiboas caingua, noting the reports of calls by Batista, Gambale, Lourenço-de-Moraes, Campos, and Bastos, 2015, North-West. J. Zool., 11: 253–261, as well as a range extension of the latter to the state of Paraná, Brazil.  

13 June 2016: Added comments to the records of Pseudopaludicola (Leptodactylidae), Pseudopaludicola canga, Pseudopaludicola parnaiba, Pseudopaludicola facurae, and Pseudopaludicola hylaeaustralis noting the publication of Carvalho, Teixeira, Borges-Martins, and Giaretta, 2015, North-West. J. Zool., 11: 262–273, who provided acoustic information on these species and discussed their mutual diagnosability, casting strong doubt on the diagnosabilit of Pseudopaludicola canga from Pseudopaludicola parnaiba. 

13 June 2016: Added a comment under Pseudopaludicola (Leptodactylidae) noting the publication of Cardozo, Boeris, Ferro, Borteiro, Kolenc, Suárez, Netto, Brusquetti, and Baldo, 2016, Salamandra, 52: 11–22, who reported on karyological evolution within the genus. 

13 June 2016: Added comments under Sylvirana spinulosa (Ranidae), Occidozyga martensii, Limnonectes bannaensis (Dicroglossidae), and Microhyla heymonsi (Microhylidae) noting the report on the herpetofauna of Bai Tu National Park, Quang Ninh Province, northeastern Vietnam, by Gawor, Pham, Nguyen, Nguyen, Schmitz, and Ziegler, 2016, Salamandra, 52: 23–41. 

12 June 2016: Added Triturus anatolicus (Salamandridae), named by Wielstra and Arntzen, 2016, Zootaxa, 4109: 73–80, from northern Anatolia, Turkey; previous confused with Triturus ivanbureschi, requiring the modification of the range statement of the latter. 

12 June 2016: Added Osteocephalus camufatus (Hylidae), named by Jungfer, Verdade, Faivovich, and Rodrigues, 2016, Zootaxa, 4114: 171–181, from the Rio Abacaxis, a southern tributary of the Amazonas in the state of Amazonas, Brazil.

12 June 2016: Added a comment under Afrixalus clarkei (Hyperoliidae) and modified the range statement for that species to include the new records for southwestern Ethiopia provided by Mertens, Jocqué, Geeraert, and De Beenhouwer, 2016, ZooKeys, 565: 141–146. 

12 June 2016: Added Pristimantis pluvialis (Craugastoridae), named by Shepack, von May, Ttito, and Catenazzi, 2016, ZooKeys, 594: 143–164, from the region of Manu National Park, Peru. 

12 June 2016: Added Pristimantis llanganati (Craugastoridae) and Pristimantis yanezi, both named by Navarrete, Venegas, and Ron, 2016, ZooKeys, 593: 139–162, from Llanganates National Park in Ecuador. 

12 June 2016: Added Mantophryne insignis (Microhylidae), named by Günther and Richards, 2016, Zoosyst. Evol., 92: 111–118, from Woodlark Island, Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. 

12 June 2016: Added a comment under Triturus dobrogicus (Salamandridae) noting the publication of Wielstra, Vörös, and Arntzen, 2016, Amphibia-Reptilia, 37: 167–177, who discussed the evidence and rejected the recognition of two subspecies within this lineage. 

12 June 2016: Added Pristimantis dorado (Craugastoridae), name by Rivera-Correa, Lamadrid-Feris, and Crawford, 2016, Amphibia-Reptilia, 37: 153–166, from  the the buffer zone of Chingaza National Park and Farallones de Gachalá, Municipio de Medina, Departamento de Cundinamarca, Colombia, 2650 m elevation. 

11 June 2016: Replaced Dryopsophus Fitzinger, 1843, with Ranoidea Tschudi, 1838 (Hylidae). This makes for rather extensive changes in species names in Australia, but, although I generally do not like getting this far out ahead of publication, I do not want the name Dryopsophus to get any traction in the secondary literature. The statement by Duellman, Marion, and Hedges, 2016, Zootaxa, 4104: 37, that Ranoidea is a junior synonym of Litoria and possibly suppressed (the statement is not clear) is in error. 

7 June 2016: Added a comment under Hemidactyliinae (Plethodontidae) noting the publication of Rovito and Parra-Olea, 2016, Copeia, 2016: 222–232, who summarized current understanding of bolitoglossine biogeography in the Neotropics. 

7 June 2016: Added a comment and modified the range statement to reflect the publication of  Malagoli, Mângia, and Haddad, 2016, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 11: 18–24, who reported on the advertisement call, range, and natural history of Proceratophrys pombali (Odontophrynidae). 

28 May 2016: Added comments under Microhyla butleri (Microhylidae), Microhyla, and Kaloula, noting the publication of Yong, Song, Lim, Eamsobhana, and Tan, 2016, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 66: 243–253 who reported on a complete mt genome of Microhyla butleri and a small, but data-dense tree ofm exemplar microhylids. 

8 May 2016: Added Dendropsophus mapinguari (Hylidae, Dendropsophus leucophyllatus group), named by Peloso, Orrico, Haddad, Lima, and Sturaro, 2016, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 11: 66–80, from Amazonas, Brazil. A phylogenetic tree for the Dendropsophus leucophyllatus group was provided. 

5 May 2016: Modified comments under Pyxicephalidae, Nothophryne, and Nothophryne broadleyi to reflect the publication of Bittencourt-Silva, Conradie, Siu-Ting, Tolley, Channing, Cunningham, Farooq, Menegon, and Loader, 2016, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol.: 89–102, who reported on molecular phylogenetics within the family, placement of Nothophryne within it, and who noted substantial cryptic species diversity within the single nominal species as well as substantially increasing the known range. 

5 May 2016: Modified the range statements of Amietia desaegeri (Pyxicephalidae), Amietia lubrica, and Amietia wittei, and noted issues of systematics in the species of the Albertine rift, to render this catalog parallel with the study of Larson, Castro, Behangana, and Greenbaum, 2016, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 99: 168–181, who reported on the phylogenetics and taxonomy of species in this region of Africa, identifying 6 unnamed (or likely unnamed) species found in: 1) Kibara Mountains, 1157–1428 m elevation, Katanga Province, Dem. Rep. Congo; 2) Itombwe Plateau, 1965–2848 m elevation, South Kivu, Dem. Rep. Congo; 3) eastern montane Dem. Rep. Congo, 811–2289 m elevation; 4) west and south of Itombwe Plateau in South Kivu and Katanga Provinces, 744-1324 m elevation, Dem. Rep. Congo; 5) montane glassland in the Marunga Plateau and Kibara Mountains, 1428_2037 m elevation, South Kivu Province, Dem. Rep. Congo; 6) Lendu Pleateau of the southern part of Virunga National Park, 823–2088 m elevation, Dem. Rep. Congo. 

27 April 2016: Added a comment under Salamandra algira (Salamandridae), noting the study of Merabet, Sanchez, Dahmana, Bogaerts, Donaire-Barroso, Steinfartz, Joger, Vences, and Karar, 2016, Amphibia-Reptilia, 37: 1–8, who reported on molecular phylogeography in Algeria. 

25 April 2016:  Kok, Russo, Ratz, and Aubret, 2016, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 10(1: Special Section): 5– 12, noted that populations of Stefania ginesi (Hemiphractidae) from Abakapá-tepui and Amurí-tepui , and populations of Stefania satelles from Murisipán-tepui, Upuigma-tepui, and Angasima-tepui, Venezuela, represent unnamed species. 

25 April 2016: Added Pseudocallulops foja (Asterophryinae, Microhylidae), named by Günther, Richards, and Tjaturadi, 2016, Russ. J. Herpetol., 23: 63–69, from the foothills of the Foja Mountains, Papua Province (New Guinea), Indonesia (02°2213 S 138°1245 E; 500 m elevation).

21 April 2016: Added a comment and modified the range statement of Ensatina eschscholtzii to reflect the collection record of Valdéz-Villavicencio, Peralta-García, and Hollingsworth, 2016, Check List, 11(3): 1–3, who reported a coastal population in the San Quintín volcanic field , Baja California del Sur, Mexico. 

21 April 2016: Added Pristimantis iiap (Craugastoridae), named by Padial, Gagliardi-Urrutia, Chaparro, and Gutiérrez, 2016, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 83: 207–218, from a campsite on the Sepahua River, between Quebrada Zungaro and Quebrada Esther, Distrito Sepahua, Provincia Atayala, Departamento Ucayali, Peru. 

21 April 2016: Added Microhyla laterite (Microhylidae), named by Seshadri, Singal, Priti, Ravikanth, Vidisha, Saurabh, Pratik, and Gururaja, 2016, PLoS One,  11(3: e0149727): 1–18, from the Udupi District of Karnataka, India.

21 April 2016: Added Leptolalax tengchongensis (Megophryidae), named by Yang, Wang, Chen, and Rao, 2016, Zootaxa, 4088: 379–394, from Mount Gaoligongshan of western Yunnan Province, China. 

21 April 2016: Added Pachytriton wuguanfui (Salamandridae), named by Yuan, Zhang, and Che, 2016, Zootaxa, 4085: 219–232, from Mt. Gupo, Hezhou city, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. 

21 April 2016: Added Odorrana mutschmanni (Ranidae), named by Pham, Nguyen, Le, Bonkowski, and Ziegler, 2016, Zootaxa, 4084: 421–435, from "the karst forest near Coong Village (22°42.712’N, 106°40.075’E, at an elevation of 447 m), Duc Quang Commune, Ha Lang District, Cao Bang Province, Vietnam". Presumably also to be found in similar habitats in adjacent China. 

21 April 2016: Added Ansonia smeagol (Bufonidae), named by Davis, Grismer, Klabacka, Muin, Quah, Anuar, Wood, and Sites, 2016, Zootaxa, 4103: 137–153, from Titiwangsa Mountain Range in West Malaysia. 

21 April 2016: Added comments under Scinax composseabrai (Hylidae), Scinax eurydice, Scinax pachycrus, and Scinax cf. x-signatus noting the publication of Novaes and Zina, 2016, Zootaxa, 4084: 258–266, who reported on the advertisement calls. 

20 April 2016: Added comments under Plethodon cinereus (Plethontidae) and Plethodon electromorphus referencing the publication of  Lehtinen, Steratore, Eyre, Cassagnol, Stern, and Edgington, 2016, Copeia, 2016: 132–139, who presented evidence of widespread hybridization between these two species to the point that the authors suggested that the populations were merging. 

20 April 2016: Removed Sclerophrys pusilla (Bufonidae) from the synonymy of Sclerophrys maculata and redelimited the ranges of both, following the revision of Poynton, Loader, Conradie, Rödel, and Liedtke, 2016, Zootaxa, 4098: 73–94. 

20 April 2016: Modified the range statement for Pseudis cardosoi (Hylidae) to include Parana, Brazil, as noted by Conte, Nomura, Machado, Kwet, Lingnau, and Rossa-Feres, 2010, Biota Neotrop., São Paulo, 10: 201-224. 

18 April 2016: Partitioned Rhinella marina (Bufonidae) into two species following Acevedo-Rincón, Lampo, and Cipriani, 2016, Zootaxa, 4103: 574–586. Rhinella marina is restricted to South America east of the Venezuelan and main Andes and Rhinella horribilis is found from South Texas (USA) and southern Sonora south along lowlands to extreme northwestern Venezuela and Chocoan Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. Fortunately for those who deal with these things, it seems that all of the introduction world-wide can be documented as originating from within the range of Rhinella marina, not Rhinella horribilis

18 April 2016: This catalogue was brought into line with the study by Duellman, Marion, and Hedges, 2016, Zootaxa, 4104: 1–109, one completely derived from a concatenated dataset of GenBank sequences developed by other studies (the backbone constructed of 2 mtDNA sequences, with several other additional genes added, presumably with a considerable amoung of missing data). (All in all this approach by Duellman is remarkable given his previous statement (Duellman, 2015, Marsupial Frogs: 400): "The deposition of sequences in GenBank provides the scientific community with access to genomic data on more and more species. . . . . Perhaps the most distressing aspect of GenBank is that it gives unscrupulous investigators the opportunity to mine other scientists' hard-gotten data for their own analyses, which the former group of individual publish and on which classifications are based, without these investigators gathering any data of their e.g., Pyron and Wiens, 2011". Given that the bulk of Duellman et al.'s data in this case are derived from work by others, one has to marvel at the charge. Regardless, analysis of these data provided the source of many novel and in some cases unnecessary changes that will irritate others working on the group (e.g., the partitions of Hyla and Pseudacris likely will not last, nor will the recognition of the likely paraphyletic former Hyla bistincta group as Sarcohyla, otherwise treated by other authors as part of the monophyletic Plectrohyla,  as other workers attack the problem). The subfamilies of Hylidae as families (Hylidae, Pelodryadidae, Phyllomedusidae), recognized Acridinae (new), Hylinae (redelimited), Pseudinae (resurrected), Dendropsophinae (new rank), Lophyohylinae (new rank), Scinaxinae (new), Cophomantinae (new rank), and added new genera for the western species of Pseudacris (now Hyliola), Rheohyla (new), Dryophytes (for the predominantly North American clade of Hyla), Colomascirtus named for a subset of former Hyloscirtus, Callimedusa named within Phyllomedusidae and Pelodryadidae divided into two subfamilies, Pelobiinae and Pelodryadinae, one for one fragment of Litoria and the other for Nyctimystes plus a fragment of former Litoria, now Dryopsophus. The paper presents a sweeping revision of the former hylids. The phylogenetic analysis is large, based on maximum-likelihood optimization on static-aligned sequences, which suggests that substantial modifications should be expected. Morphology is included descriptively but as presented is frequently non-diagnostic. Hyla aurata (the type species of Scinax) was apparently placed in Ololygon in error as both Scinax and Ololygon were recognized. 

2 April 2016: Added a comment under Pseudotriton ruber (Plethodontidae) to reflect the publication of Folt, Garrison, Guyer, Rodriguez, and Bond, 2016, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 98: 97–110, who reported on molecular phylogeography, retaining subspecies as arbitrary descriptors of geographic variation but not evolutionary entities. 

30 March 2016: Added a comment and modified the range statement of Eleutherodactylus planirostris (Eleutherodactylidae) to reflect the publication of Dillman and Gibbons, 2016, Herpetol. Rev., 47: 76–77, who reported this introduced species from the vicinity of Charleston, South Carolina, extending its range up the coastal plain from Savannah, Georgia. 

28 March 2016: Added Limnonectes longchuanensis (Dicroglossidae), named from Longchuan, Yunnan, China, but also reported from adjacent Myanmar by Suwannapoom, Yuan, Chen, Hou, Zhao, Wang, Nguyen, Murphy, Sullivan, McLeod, and Che, 2016, Zootaxa, 4093: 181–200. Comments added under Limnonectes nameyi, Limnonectes fujianensis, and the distribution statement of Limnonectes taylori to include Yunnan, China, as well as Laos, and central Vietnam. 

19 March 2016: Added comments in synonymies dealing with the types (and putative types) in the MDUG, of Hylodes augusti, Ambystoma altamirani, Ambystoma velasci, Sierdeon dumerilii queretaroensis, Hemitriton asper, and Hylodes alfredi, published by  Flores-Villela, Ríos-Muñoz, Magaña-Cota, and Quezadas-Tapia, 2016, Zootaxa, 4092: 33–54, .

15 March 2016: Added Psychrophrynella chirihampatu (Craugastoridae), named by Catenazzi and Ttito, 2016, PeerJ, DOI 10.7717/peerj.1807: 1–22, from the Japumato Valley, 2550 to 3180 m elevation, Distrito Paucartambo, Provincia Paucartambo, Región Cusco, Peru. 

5 March 2016: Added Fejervarya dhaka (Dicroglossidae), from Dhaka City, Bangladesh, named by Howlader, Nair, and Merilä, 2016, PLoS One, 11(3): e0149597: 1–23, as Zakerana dhaka (apparently in ignorance of the synonymy of Zakerana with Fejervarya by Dinesh, Vijayakumar, Channakeshavamurthy, Torsekar, Kulkarni, and Shanker, 2015, Zootaxa, 3999: 79). 

4 March 2016: Added Hypsiboas diabolicus (Hylidae) named by  Fouquet, Martinez, Zeidler, Courtois, Gaucher, Blanc, Lima, Souza, Rodrigues, and Kok, 2016, Zootaxa, 4084: 79–104, from French Guiana and adjacent Brazil. The paper also delimits at least 5  other unnamed species as well as noting the need for redelimitation of Hypsiboas geographicus

4 March 2016: Added Allobates bacurau (Allobatidae), named by Simões, 2016, Zootaxa, 4083: 504 from Estrada do Miriti, in the outskirts of the city of Manicoré, on the right bank of the Madeira River, State of Amazonas, Brazil.

4 March 2016: Added a comment under Brachycephalus nodoterga (Brachycephalidae) and modified the range statement to reflect the publication of Clemente-Carvalho, Perez, Tonhatti, Condez, Sawaya, Haddad, and Reis, 2016, BioOne, 50: 169–178, who discussed the identity of the population on the Ilha de São Sebastião within a larger discussion of morphological and molecular distance among populations with reference to biogeography.

3 March 2016: Added Raorchestes honnametti (Rhacophoridae) from the Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Tiger Reserve of the Western Ghats of extreme southern Karnataka, India. Named by Gururaja,Priti, Roshmi, and Aravind in Priti, Roshmi, Ramya, Sudhira, Ravikanth, Aravind, and Gururaja, 2016, PLoS One, 11(3): e0149382: 1–21. 

23 February 2016: Added Amazophryne javierbustamantei, named by Rojas-Zamora, Chaparro, Carvalho, Ávila, Farias, Hrbek, and Gordo, 2016, ZooKeys, 563: 43–71, from Madre de Dios, Peru, and who reported on molecular phylogenetics of the species in the genus, noting two unnamed species. 

18 February 2016: Added  i (Brachycephalidae), a member of what formerly was called Psyllophryne, named by Condez, Monteiro, Comitti, Garcia, Amaral, and Haddad, 2016, Zootaxa, 4083: 40–56, from Município de São Francisco do Sul, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, and found in the states of São Paulo, Paraná, and Santa Catarina, Brazil, and it is apparently widely distributed, occurring from the sea level up to 1000 m. 

13 February 2016: Added a comment under Plethodontidae referencing the paper by Shen, Liang, Chen, Mao, Wake, and Zhang, 2016, Syst. Biol., 65: 66–81, who provided an historical biogeography, rejecting the out-of-Appalachia hypothsis, of the entire family based on a large multilocus dataset. 

12 February 2016: Added a comment under Rhinella (Bufonidae) and under relevant species to reflect the molecular phylogenetic study of Pereyra, Baldo, Blotto, Iglesias, Thomé, Haddad, Barrio-Amorós, Ibáñez, and Faivovich, 2016, Cladistics, 32: 36–53, who found the group monophyletic and commented on the position of Rhinella sternosignata (not in the Rhinella granulosa group) as well as the distribution of morphological, karyological, chromosomal, and behavioral characteristics on the resultant tree. 

12 February 2016: Added a comment under Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Bufonidae) noting the study of Wogan, Stuart, Iskandar, and McGuire, 2016, Biol. Lett., 12 (Art. 20150807): 1–5, who demonstrated that the nominal species (studied east of Bangladesh) is composed of three deeply divergent genetic lineages. 

10 February 2016: Placed Ichthyophis husaini (Ichthyophiidae) into the synonymy of Ichthyophis garoensis to reflect the publication of Kamei and Biju, 2016, Zootaxa, 4079: 140–150, who studied the holotypes and relevant specimens and found them to represent the same species. 

2 February 2016: Made a considerable number of changes extending from the publication of Yan, Jiang, Jin, Suwannapoom, Li, Vindum, Brown, and Che, 2016, Zool. Res., Kunming, 37: 7–14: A) Liurananinae is resurrected from the synonymy of Dicroglossinae and recognized as a subfamily of Ceratobatrachidae to contain the sole genus Liurana, which contains three species (L. alpina, L. medogensis, and L. xizangensis) most recently considered member of Limnonectes. This has big effects on the overall range of Ceratobatrachidae, extending into the Himalayan region of China. B) Ingerana tasanae was found to be a member of Alcalus, which extends this otherwise Philippine/Sunda taxon to western and peninsular Thailand and adjacent Myanmar. 

2 February 2016: Added Scutiger spinosus (Megophryidae), named from 62K, Medog, Xizang (= Tibet) China, by Jiang, Wang, Li, and Che in Jiang, Wang, Zou, Yan, Li, and Che, 2016, Zool. Res., Kunming, 37: 21–30. The authors also referred a specimen of nominal Scutiger nyingchiensis from Arunachal Pradesh, India, to the new species. 

2 February 2016: Added Amolops nyingchiensis (Ranidae) named from Gedang, Medog, Nyinchi Prefecture, China, by Jiang, Wang, Xie, Jiang, and Che in Jiang, Wang, Xie, Zou, Liu, Jiang, Li, and Che, 2016, Zool. Res., Kunming, 37: 31–40, who also doubted the records of Amolops monticola from China, implying that most or all are referrable to Amolops aniquiaoensis.

28 January 2016: Added Kurixalus wangi and Kurixalus beryllinirus (Rhacophoridae), named by Wu, Huang, Tsai, Li, Jhang, and Wu, 2016, ZooKeys, 557: 121–153, from Taiwan. 

21 January 2016: Added the new genus Blythophryne (Bufonidae) and Blythophryne beryet, the only species, named by Chandramouli, Vasudevan, Harikrishnan, Dutta, Janani, Sharma, Das, and Aggarwal, 2016, ZooKeys, 555: 57–90, from the Andaman Islands of India. 

20 January 2016: To bring the catalogue into congruence with the publication of Chan, Grismer, Zachariah, Brown, and Abraham, 2016, PLoS One, 11(1): e0145903: 1–13, Pedostibes (Bufonidae) is partitioned to resolve the previously recognized polyphyly of the genus. The Indian species, P. tuberculosus and P. kempii, are retained in Pedostibes and the Malayan Peninsula/Sunda Shelf species are placed in the new genus Rentapia (R. hosii, R. rugosa, and R. everetti). 

20 January 2016: Added Frankixalus (Rhacophoridae), a new genus for Philautus jerdonii, named by Biju, Senevirathne, Garg, Mahony, Kamei, Thomas, Shouche, Raxworthy, Meegaskumbura, and Van Bocxlaer, 2016, PLoS One, 11(1): e0145727: 1–17, which turns out to be phylogenetically distant from Philautus (or Polypedates, within which the species was originally named.) 

18 January 2016: Transferred Nyctimystes rueppeli (Hylidae) out of the monophyletic Nyctimystes and into the paraphyletic Litoria based on the publication of Menzies and Riyanto, 2015, Alytes, 32: 17–22. The world awaits the definitive partition of "Litoria" planned by Steve Donnellan. 

18 January 2016: Added a comment and modified the range statement of the Craugastor rupinius (Craugastoridae) to reflect the first record for Honduras (Cerro Montecristo) provided by Townsend, Firneno, Escoto, Flores-Girón, Medina-Flores, and Oyuela, 2015, Alytes, 32: 55–58. 

18 January 2016: Added a comment under Indosylvirana sreeni (Ranidae) noting the publication of Ganesh and Arumugam, 2015, Alytes, 32: 59–65, who reported on natural history and the range of the species. 

18 January 2016: Added a comment under Bufo bufo (Bufonidae) noting the publication by Waser, Schweizer, Schmidt, and Hertwig, 2015, Amphibia-Reptilia, 36: 425–436, who reported on molecular phylogeography in Switzerland and post-glacial colonization.

18 January 2016: Added a comment under Pelophylax saharicus (Ranidae) noting the publication of Lansari, Vences, Hauswaldt, Hendrix, Donaire-Barroso, Bouazza, Joger, El Mouden, and Slimani, 2015, Amphibia-Reptilia, 36: 437–443, who discussed the mtDNA haplotype differences in populations north and south of the Atlas Massif in Morocco. 

18 January 2016: Added comments under Gracixalus gracilipes (Rhacophoridae), Gracixalus quangi, and Gracixalus supercornutus referencing the publication of Rowley, Dau, Hoang, Nguyen, Le, and Altig, 2015, Amphibia-Reptilia, 36: 277–285, who provided information on larval morphology and discussed the advertisement calls. 

18 January 2016: Added Pristimantis stictus (Craugastoridae), named by González-Durán, 2016, Zootaxa, 4066: 421–437, from high elevations Caldas, Colombia, and also added a comment under Pristimantis noting the table of morphological comparison of members of the Pristimantis leptolophus species group. 

18 January 2016: Added a comment under Salamandra salamandra (Salamandridae) referencing the publication of Najbar, Babik, Najbar, and Ogielska, 2015, Amphibia-Reptilia, 36: 301–311, who discussed genetic structure and differentiation in the Carpathian Mountains of Poland. 

18 January 2016: Added a comment under Ceratophrys joazeirensis (Ceratophryidae), noting the publication of Jorge, Sales, Kokubum, and Freire, 2015, Phyllomedusa, 14: 147–156, who reported on natural history and discussed the range, including providing a dot map. 

18 January 2016: Added a comment under Scinax cruentommus (Hylidae) noting the publication of Carvalho, Teixeira, Duellman, and Giaretta, 2015, Phyllomedusa, 14: 139–146, who reported on the range (usefull dot map) and redescribed the advertisment call. 

18 January 2016: Added a comment under Scinax cardosoi (Hylidae) referencing the publication of Carvalho, Borges-Martins, and Giaretta, 2015, Phyllomedusa, 14: 127–137, who reported on vocalizations with comments on the advertisement call in the Scinax ruber clade.  

18 January 2016: Added comments under Hyperolius castaneus (Hyperoliidae) and Hyperolius jackie, referencing the publication of Lehr, Dehling, Greenbaum, and Sinsch, 2015, ZooKeys, 546: 125–152, who reported on embryogeneis and larval morphology. 

18 January 2016: Added a comment under Ischnocnema penaxavantinho (Brachycephalidae) referencing the paper by Bastos, Signorelli, Nomura, and Morais, 2015, Herpetol. Bull., 132: 22–24, who provided the range extension to Goiás, Brazil, as well as notes on its vocalizations. 

18 January 2016: Added a comments under Bokermannohyla flavopicta (Hylidae) and Bokermannohyla oxente, referencing the publication by Magalhães, Mercês, Santana, Juncá, Napoli, and Garda, 2015, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 10: 211–218, who provided description of larval morphology of the former and comparative oral cavity aanatomy of the latter. 

18 January 2016: Added a comment under Bokermannohyla flavopicta (Hylidae) referencing the publication of  Rocha, Thompson, Leite, and Garcia, 2016, Zootaxa, 4061: 277–280, who reported on the advertisement call, comparing it to available calls in the Bokermannohyla pseudopseudis group. 

18 January 2016: Added Scinax haddadorum (Hylidae), a member of the Scinax ruber clade, named by Araujo-Vieira, Valdujo, and Faivovich, 2016, Zootaxa, 4061: 261–273, from the Municipality of Barra do Garças, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. 

18 January 2016: Added Hyloscirtus diabolus (Hylidae), named by Rivera-Correa, García-Burneo, and Grant, 2016, Zootaxa, 4061: 29–40, from two cloud-forest localities, separated by 100 km on the highlands on the eastern slope of the Corillera Central in the northern Peruvian Andes (provinces of Chachapoyas and Pedro Ruiz Gallo, Department of Amazonas. The authors also discussed the state of phylogenetic inquiry into the genus. 

18 January 2016: Added Microhyla mihintalei (Microhylidae), named by Wijayathilaka, Garg, Senevirathne, Karunarathna, Biju, and Meegaskumbura, 2016, Zootaxa, 4066: 4, named from Anuradhapura, Anuradhapura Sri Lanka. Records of Microhyla rubra from Sri Lanka now apply to this species. 

11 January 2016: Added Choerophryne roedeli and Oreophryne choerophrynoides (Microhylidae), named from the Fak Fak Mountains of western New Guinea (West Papua Province, Indonesia) by Günther, 2015, Vert. Zool., Dresden, 65: 357–370. 

11 January 2016: Moved all Amietophrynus (Bufonidae) into Sclerophrys, and Amietophrynus rangeri to Sclerophrys capensis, to bring the catalog into line with the publication of  Ohler and Dubois, 2016, PeerJ, 4(e1553): 1–13, who redescribed the holotype of Sclerophrys capensis Tschudi, 1838, identified it as what heretofore was called Amietophrynus/Bufo rangeri and noted that Sclerophrys is a senior synonym of Amietophrynus

7 January 2016: Added Leptolalax isos, named by Rowley, Stuart, Neang, Hoang, Dau, Nguyen, and Emmett, 2015, Zootaxa, 4039: 401–417, from Kon Ka Kinh National Park, Gia Lai Province, Vietnam. Reported from mid-high elevations (ca. 650–1100 m) in the western and southern slopes of the Kon Tum Plateau of central Vietnam and adjacent northeastern Cambodia.  

3 January 2016: Added Craugastor metriosistus (Craugastoridae), named by Ospina-Sarria, Angarita-Sierra, and Pedroza-Banda, 2015, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 10: 169, from the Department of César, Colombia, in the Magdalena Valley. Previously this species had been confused with Craugastor raniformis, which now is not included in the Magdalena Valley fauna. These authors also discussed identificatory features of the Craugastor fitzingeri group. 

3 January 2016: Added comments and range statements for Ecnomiohyla echinata, Ecnomiohyla minera, Ecnomiohyla salvaje, and Ecnomiohyla valancifer (Hylidae), the species of Nuclear Central America, to bring the records here into agreement with the review of these species by Mendelson, Eichenbaum, and Campbell, 2015, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 10: 187–194. 

29 December 2015: Modified the range statement of Indirana gundia (Ranixalidae) to reflect three new localities in northern Kerala, India, noted by Jesmina and George, 2015, Biodiversity Data J., 3: e5825: 1–3. 

28 December 2015: Added Tylototriton himalayanus (Salamandridae) from the Illam District of Nepal (type locality) and Darjeeling District of adjacent India, named by Khatiwada, Wang, Ghimire, Vasudevan, Paudel, and Jiang, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 245–256. 

28 December 2015: Added comments throughout under the species found in Iran and modified the range statements where necessary to bring the catalogue into line with  Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Rajabizadeh, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 257–290, who reported on distribution, taxonomy, and conservation status of the species of amphibians and reptiles in Iran.

27 December 2015: Added Tepuihyla obscura (Hylidae) from the Chimantá Massif of southeastern Venezuela, named by Kok, Ratz, Tegelaar, Aubret, and Means, 2015, Salamandra, 51: 283–314. These authors also placed Tepuihyla rimarum into the synonymy of Tepuihyla rodriguezi. 

26 December 2015: Added Guibemantis (Guibemantis) diphonus named by Vences, Jovanovic, Safarek, Glaw, and Köhler, 2015, Zootaxa, 4059: 570, from Manombo Special Reserve, Fianarantsoa Province, southeastern Madagascar. 

25 December 2015: Added a comment under Anura noting the publication of  Frazão, Silva, and Russo, 2015, PLoS One, 10(11): e0143926: 1–18, who provided a Maximum-likelihood and Bayesian analysis of 12 genes of anuran families that confirms in many cases and discomfirms other earlier results and provided a detailed biogeographic hypothesis for extant frogs groups, indicating two major groups, their Atlanticanura and Indianura that conform to deep structure phylogeny hypothesized to correlate with the breakup of Gondwanaland.  

24 December 2015: Added a comment under Leptodactylus plaumanni (Leptodactylidae) to note the publication of Grosso, 2015, Cuad. Herpetol., 29: 117–129, who reported on larval morphology and commented on the use of larval characters in phylogenetic inference in Leptodactylus

24 December 2015: Added a comment under Aneides lugubris (Plethodontidae) noting the publication of Reilly, Corl, and Wake, 2015, BMC Evol. Biol., 15 (241): 1–17, who reported on molecular phylogeography and suggested that it is composed of at least two and possibly three distinct species, which they chose not to name. 

24 December 2015: Added comments under Hyla arborea and Hyla intermedia (Hylidae) noting introgressive hybridization of an introduced population of Hyla intermedia with Hyla arborea in western Switzerland, discussed by Dufresnes, Dubey, Ghali, Canestrelli, and Perrin, 2015, Conserv. Genet., 16: 1507–1513. 

24 December 2015: Added a comment under Lissotriton boscai (Salamandridae) to reflect the publication of Teixeira, Martínez-Solano, Buckley, Tarroso, García-París, and Ferrand de Almeida, 2015, Contrib. Zool., Leiden, 84: 193–215, which reported on molecular phylogeography and provided a detailed range map. 

24 December 2015: Added Melanophryniscus xanthostomus, Melanophryniscus milanoi, and Melanophryniscus biancae (Bufonidae), all phytotelm breeders named by Bornschein, Firkowski, Baldo, Ribeiro, Belmonte-Lopes, Corrêa, Morato, and Pie, 2015, PLoS One, 10 (12): e0142791: 1–35, from the state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. 

23 December 2015: Added Sphaenorhynchus canga (Hylidae), named by Araujo-Vieira, Lacerda, Pezzuti, Leite, Assis, and Cruz, 2015, Zootaxa, 4059: 96–114, from the southernmost part of the Espinhaço Range of Minas Geraisl. The authors also provided a very useful table of comparison of larval morphology among the species of Sphaenorhynchus

23 December 2015: Added Clinotarsus penelope, named by Grosjean, Bordoloi, Chuaynkern, Chakravarty, and Ohler, 2015, Zootaxa, 4058: 484, from peninsular Thailand. Records of Clinotarsus alticola from peninsular Thailand and Myanmar are presumed to refer to this species. 

23 December 2015: Added Choerophryne epirrhina and Choerophryne grylloides, named by Iannella, Oliver, and Richards, 2015, Zootaxa, 4058: 333 from an un-named camp in upper Sepik River basin, West Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea (4°39.185’S, 141°43.448’E), at, respectively 850 and 900 m elevation. This locality is in primary foothill rainforest on the northern side of Papua New Guinea's central cordillera. 

23 December 2015: Modified the record for Pseudopaludicola falcipes (Leptodactylidae) based on the publication of Langone, Lavilla, de Sá, and Cardozo, 2015, Zootaxa, 4058: 145–150, discussed the types, mapped the range restricting the range to southern Brazil, all of Uruguay, and northeastern Argentina, and addressed a number of misidentification in previous publications. 

23 December 2015: Brought the catalog into agreement with the recent revision of Theloderma by Poyarkov, Orlov, Moiseeva, Pawangkhanant, Ruangsuwan, Vassilieva, Galoyan, Nguyen, and Gogoleva, 2015, Russ. J. Herpetol., 22: 241–280. This involved the synonymy of Nyctixalus as a subgenus, the recognition of Stelladerma as a subgenus for Theloderma stellatum and relatives, including a new species Theloderma vietnamense, the resurrection of the name Theloderma albopunctatum for the non-Malayan and Sunda populations of Theloderma asperum, and the formulation of species groups for the species in the subgenus Theloderma. Theloderma chuyangsinense is placed into the synonymy of Theloderma palliatum and Theloderma bambusicola is placed into the synonymy of Theloderma laeve.

23 December 2015: Reformed Xenopus to conform to the results of a substantial revision of the genus by Evans, Carter, Greenbaum, Gvoždík, Kelley, McLaughlin, Pauwels, Portik, Stanley, Tinsley, Tobias, and Blackburn, 2015, PLoS One, 10(12): e0142823: 1–51. This involved redelimitation of the species groups of the subgenus Xenopus (now reformulated as the X. amieti, X. laevis, and X. muelleri groups), resurrection of one former synonym of X. (Silurana) tropicalis (X. calcaratus, type locality in Cameroon), naming of six new species, one in the subgenus Silurana (X. mellotropicalis, type locality in Gabon), and four in the subgenus Xenopus, X. amieti group (X. allofraseri, type locality on Bioko I., Equatorial Guinea; X. eysoole, type locality in Cameroon; X. kobeli, type locality in Cameroon; X. parafraseri, type locality in Cameroon) and one in the X. muelleri group (X. fischbergi, type locality in Nigeria), and substantial restriction of the ranges of X. tropicalis and X. epitropicalis), and extensive discussion of life history, phylogenetics, karytotypes, vocalizations, ranges, and origin by polyploid lineages. 

2 December 2015: Added a comment under Salamandrina (Salamandridae) noting the publication of Ventura, Ciofi, Natali, and Mattoccia, 2015, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 63: 170–173, who reported on microsatellite differentiation between Salamandrina terdigitata and Salamandrina perspicillata

1 December 2015: Added Dendropsophus counani (Hylidae), named from the Guianas by Fouquet, Orrico, Ernst, Blanc, Martinez, Vacher, Rodrigues, Ouboter, Jairam, and Ron, 2015, Zootaxa, 4052: 39–64, a species which had previous been confused as a Guianan component of Dendropsophus brevifrons, which has had its range restated to take this new species into account.  

27 November 2015: Added Platymantis (Lupacolus) quezoni (Ceratobatrachidae), from Luzon Island, named by Brown, De Layola, Lorenzo, Diesmos, and Diesmos, 2015, Zootaxa, 4048: 191–210. 

27 November 2015: Removed Raorchestes hassanensis (Rhacophoridae) from the synonymy of Raorchestes flaviventris and placed Raorchestes emeraldi into the synonymy of Raorchestes flaviventris, following the evidence of Abraham, Zachariah, and Cyriac, 2015, Zootaxa, 4048: 90–100. 

27 November 2015: Added Ghatixalus magnus (Rhacophoridae) from the Western Ghats of Kerala, India, south of the Palakkad Gap, named by Abraham, Mathew, Cyriac, Zachariah, Raju, and Zachariah, 2015, Zootaxa, 4048: 101–113, who also restricted the range of Ghatixalus variabilis to north of the Palakkad Gap. 

27 November 2015: Added Chiropterotriton cieloensis and Chiropterotriton infernalis (Plethodontidae), both from Tamaulipas, Mexico, and previously confused with Chiropterotriton multidentatus, named by Rovito and Parra-Olea, 2015, Zootaxa, 4048: 57–74.  

27 November 2015: Added comments under Bokermannohyla caramaschii and Bokermannohyla diamantina (Hylidae) to note the publication of Pezzuti, Santos, Martins, Leite, Garcia, and Faivovich, 2015, Zootaxa, 4048: 151–173, who reported on larval morphology. 

27 November 2015: Added a comment under Nanorana parkeri (Dicroglossidae) to reflect the report on a whole-genome by  Sun, Xiong, Xiang, Liu, Zhou, Tu, Zhong, Wang, Wu, Zhang, Zhu, Yang, Chen, Li, Zhou, Feng, Huang, Zhang, Irwin, Hillis, Murphy, Yang, Che, Wang, and Zhang, 2015, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA: E1257–E1262. 

27 November 2015: Added Pristimantis limoncochensis, Pristimantis omeiviridis, and Pristimantis enigmaticus (Craugastoridae), all partitioned from Pristimantis acuminatus by Ortega-Andrade, Rojas-Soto, Valencia, Espinosa de los Monteros, Morrone, Ron, and Cannatella, 2015, PLoS One, 10(11): e0143392: 1–43. 

13 November 2015: Added comments under Nyctibatrachus kempholeyensis, Nyctibatrachus jog, and Nyctibatrachus kumbara (Nyctibatrachidae) regarding the morphometric comparison of larvae published by Priti, Gururaja, and Ravikanth, 2015, FrogLog, 23: 44–45. 

5 November 2015: Added a comment under Hypsiboas atlanticus (Hylidae) noting the publication of Camarugi, Röhr, and Juncá, 2015, Herpetologica, 71: 243–251, who reported on microhabitat variation in calls. 

5 November 2015: Added a comment under Ranitomeya imitator (Dendrobatidae) noting the publication of Twomey, Mayer, and Summers, 2015, Herpetologica, 71: 252–259, who reported on intraspecific call variation. 

5 November 2015: Added Physalaemus atim (Leptodactylidae), named by Brasileiro and Haddad, 2015, Herpetologica, 71: 280–288, from the Município de Campo Limpo de Goiás, Goiás State, Brazil. 

5 November 2015: Added Scinax montivagus (Hylidae), named by Juncá, Napoli, Nunes, Mercês, and Abreu, 2015, Herpetologica, 71: 299–309, from the Serra do Espinhaço, Bahia, Brazil. 

5 Novemeber 2015: Added Rhombophryne ornata and Rhombophryne tany (Microhylidae), named by Scherz, Ruthensteiner, Vieites, Vences, and Glaw, 2015, Herpetologica, 71: 310–321, from the Tsaratanana Massif on the border between the Antsiranana and Mahajanga provinces, northern Madagascar. 

5 November 2015: Added Vitreorana franciscana (Centrolenidae), named by Santana, Barros, Pontes, and Feio, 2015, Herpetologica, 71: 289–298, from the state of Minas Gerais in southeastern Brazil.

2 November 2015: Added Boophis boppa (Mantellidae), named by Hutter, Lambert, Cobb, Andriampenomanana, and Vences: 531–537, named from Ranomafana National Park in the southern central east of Madagascar. 

20 October 2015: Added notes and modified the range statements for Bolitoglossa leandrae and Bolitoglossa tamaense (Plethodontidae) to reflect localities for Táchira state, Venezuela, published by Barrio-Amorós, Chacón-Ortiz, and Rojas-Runjaic, 2015, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 9 (2, e101): 95–99.

20 October 2015: Added a range extension for Noblella lynchi (Craugastoridae) to the Cordillera Central in northern Peru by  Rodríguez, 2015, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 9 (1, e99): 12–14. 

20 October 2015: Added Phrynopus valquii (Andean highlands of the La Libertidae region) and Phrynopus daemon (Craugastoridae) (Cordillera de Carpish, Huanuco region) from Peru, named by Chávez, Santa Cruz, Rodríguez, and Lehr, 2015, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 9(1, e105): 15–25. 

19 October 2015: Added Cophixalus rajampatensis (Microhylidae) and Cophixalus salawatiensis from, respectively, 1) Waigeo and Batranta Islands and 2) Salawati Island, all in the the Raja Ampaty Island group off of western New Guinea (Indonesia), and named by Günther, Richards, Tjaturadi, and Krey, 2015, Zoosyst. Evol., 92: 199–213. 

17 October 2015: Added a note under Nannophrys marmorata (Dicroglossidae) noting the publication of  Senevirathne and Meegaskumbura, 2015, Zootaxa, 4032: 241–245, who reported on osteology. 

17 October 2015: Added a note and modified the range statement for Hylodes meridionalis (Hylodidae) based on the publication of Noguiera-Costa and Wachlevski, 2015, Zootaxa, 4032: 199–202, who reported on larval morphology and provided a record for Santa Catarina, Brazil. 

16 October 2015: Added a note and modified the range statement of Elachistocleis helianneae (Microhylidae) based on the publication of Costa-Campos and Freire, 2015, Check List, 11 (no. 5, art. 1747): 1–3, who provided a record for Amapa, Brazil, and mapped the known range. 

16 October 2015: Added a note and modified the range statement of Brachycephalus nodoterga (Brachycephalidae) to reflect the publication of Abegg, Ortiz, Rocha, and Condez, 2015, Check List, 11 (no. 5, art. 1769): 1–3, who provided a record for north of Osasco, São Roque mountains, São Paul, Brazil. 

16 October 2015: Added a note and modified the range statement of Xenohyla eugenioi (Hylidae) based on the publication of  Almeida, Andrade, Caramaschi, and Dias, 2015, Check List, 11(no. 5, art. 1744): 1–3, who provided the first record outside of Bahia, in the municipality of Pedra Mole, Sergipe, Brazil, 423 km range extension from the type locality in Bahia, Brazil. 

16 October 2015: Added Phrynobatrachus mayokoensis and Phrynobatrachus hortsti (Phrynobatrachidae) from, respectively, Rep. Congo and Rep. Congo and Gabon (Gabon records previously assigned to Phrynobatrachus ruthbeatae), named by Rödel, Burger, Zassi-Boulou, Emmrich, Penner, and Barej, 2015, Zootaxa, 4032: 55–80. 

16 October 2015: Added a note and modified the distribution statement for Scinax arduous (Hylidae) based on the publication of Lacerda, Ferreira, Souza, Silva, and Feio, 2015, Zootaxa, 4021: 401–417, who reported on the range, variation, diagnosis, call, ecology, and larvae. 

16 October 2015: Added a note that Gehara, Crawford, Orrico, Rodriguez, Lötters, Fouquet, Barrientos, Brusquetti, De la Riva, Ernst, Gagliardi-Urrutia, Glaw, Guayasamin, Hölting, Jansen, Kok, Kwet, Lingnau, Lyra, Moravec, Pombal, Rojas-Runjaic, Schulze, Señaris, Solé, Rodrigues, Twomey, Haddad, Vences, and Köhler, 2014, PLoS One, 9(9): e103958. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0103958: 1–12, suggested on the basis of 2 mitochondrial genes that Dendropsophus minutus (Hylidae) is a complex of species.  

13 October 2015: Added a note and extended the range statement to include central Sonora, Mexico (in the rio Sonora drainage) based on the range extension to the municipality of Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico, published by Valdéz-Villavicencio, Peralta-García, and Hollingsworth, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 379. 

13 October 2015: Added a note and modified the range statement for Lithobates areolatus (Ranidae), to reflect the record for Sumter County, Alabama, USA, provided by Holt, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 378–379. 

13 October 2015: Added a note under Leptopelis mackayi (Arthroleptidae) and modified the range statement to including Dem. Rep. Congo (Orientale Province) extending from the publicaiton by Greenbaum, Hughes, Kasumba, and Masudi, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 378, provided a record for Orientale Province, Dem. Rep. Congo. 

13 October 2015: Added a note under Hyalinobatrachium mondolfii (Centrolenidae) noting a range extension to extreme northern Pará, Brazil, by Oliveira, Hernández-Ruz, and Carvalho, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 377–378. 

13 October 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement for Dendropsophus haddadi (Hylidae) to reflect the range extension to Sergipe, Brazil, by Almeida, Lima, Mattos, and Dias, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 377. 

13 October 2015. Added a comment and extended the range statement for Craugastor lauraster (Craugastoridae) to include southwestern Nicaragua to reflect the publication of Sunyer, Obando, Rovito, and Papenfuss, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 376. 

13 October 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement for Glyphoglossus flavus (Microhylidae) to include Brunei, as noted by Sah and Grafe, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 376. 

9 October 2015: Added comments to a number of species accounts for Mozambique extending from the publication of Portik, Mulungu, Sequeira, and McEntee, 2013, Herpetol. Rev., 44: 394–406, who reported on suveys in the Serra Jeci and Namuli Massifs of Mozambique. This provided the first record of Amietophrynus maculatus (Bufonidae) and Afrixalus brachycnemis (Hyperoliidae) for Mozamque.  

8 October 2015: Added Meristogenys penrissenensis (Ranidae), named by Shimada, Matsui, Nishikawa, and Eto, 2015, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 32: 474–484, from the northern slope of Mount Penrissen, Padawan, Kuching Division, western Sarawak, East Malaysia (Borneo). The authors also presented a Bayesian tree of mtDNA tree (454 bp) that suggests that Meristogenys jerboa is composed of at least two species

8 October 2015: Resurrected Hyperolius papyri (from South Sudan) with its synonym Hyperolius viridiflavus pachydermus (Hyperoliidae) following the publication of Dehling, 2015, Herpetozoa, Wien, 28: 39–47, who examined the types of Rappia papyri, found it to be a distinct species in the Hyperolius nasutus group. He also noted that the types of Hyperolius pachydermus are conspecific with that species, and explained how a number of names previous considered synonyms of Hyperolius viridiflavus pachydermus are not conspecific with Hyperolius papyri, but remain in the synonymy of Hyperolius viridiflavus. 

8 October 2015: Resurrected Rana holtzi and added a comment under Rana macrocnemis (Ranidae), to reflect the publication of Afsar, Afsar, and Arikan, 2015, Herpetozoa, Wien, 28: 15–27, who reviewed the taxonomic history of this group, noting conclusions I had missed, and provided species assignment to a population in southeastern Turkey whose identification had been questioned. 

8 October 2015: Added a comment under and a line in the synonymy of Lyciasalamandra atifi (Salamandridae) to note the discussion of geographic variation and naming of a subspecies, Lyciasalamandra atifi bayrami by Yildiz and Akman, 2015, Herpetozoa, Wien, 28: 3–13. 

8 October 2015: Added a comment under Scinax iquitorum (Hylidae) noting a record from Acre, Brazil, published by Machado, Machado, Paiva, and Moravec, 2015, Herpetozoa, Wien, 27: 189–190. 

8 October 2015: Added a comment under Ambystoma leorae (Ambystomatidae) noting the publication of Monroy-Vilchis, Zarco-González, Domínguez-Vega, and Sunny, 2015, Herpetozoa, Wien, 27: 166–168, discussed new records, natural history, and threat status of the species. 

8 October 2015: Added comments and modified range statements for Babina lini and Sylvirana menglaensis (Ranidae) to reflect the publication of Le, Pham, Nguyen, Ziegler, and Nguyen, 2014, Russ. J. Herpetol., 21: 315–321, who provided explicit records from Dien Bien and Son La provinces in northwestern Vietnam and provided accounts including morphological, acoustic, and ecological observations. 

8 October 2015: Added a comment under Hyla japonica (Hylidae) to reference the publication of Litvinchuk, Schepina, Munkhbaatar, Munkhbayar, Borkin, Kazakov, and Skorinov, 2014, Russ. J. Herpetol., 21: 303–314, who discussed range and conservation status in Mongolia and Transbaikalia (Russia). 

8 October 2015: Added comments under Rhacophorus (Rhacophoridae), Rhacophorus robertingeri, Rhocophorus exechopygus, Rhacophorus vampyrus, Rhacophorus duboisi, Rhacop[horus omeimontis (regarding the status of Rhacophorus pingbianensis), and Rhacophorus rhodopus, to note comments on phylogeny and taxonomy extending from the publication of  Nguyen, Matsui, Eto, and Orlov, 2014, Russ. J. Herpetol., 21: 274–280, who addressed the species of Rhacophorus in Vietnam via a relatively short fragment (ca. 450 bp) of mtDNA. 

8 October 2015: Added comments under Polypedates discantus (Rhacophoridae), Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Bufonidae), and Kaloula pulchra (Microhylidae) noting records from the Phi Phi Archipelago of peninsular Thailand, reported by Milto, 2014, Russ. J. Herpetol., 21: 271. 

8 October 2015: Added a comment under and modified the range statement of Lissotriton lantzi (Salamandridae) to reflect the study of Skorinov, Doronin, Kidov, Tuniyev, and Litvinchuk, 2014, Russ. J. Herpetol., 21: 251–268, who reported on the distribution and conservation status and who suggested that the species is extinct in Turkey, Azerbaijan, and Armenia. 

7 October 2015: Added Chiromantis nauli (Rhacophoridae) and Chiromantis baladika from, respectively, North and West Sumatra, and Chiromantis trilaksonoi, from Java, all in Indonesia, named by Riyanto and Kurniati, 2014, Russ. J. Herpetol., 21: 65–73. 

7 October 2015: Added Megophrys latidactyla from Pu Mat National Park, Nghe An Province, northern Vietnam, named by Orlov, Poyarkov, and Nguyen, 2015, Russ. J. Herpetol., 22: 206–218, who provided an identification key and extensive comments on characteristics of the species of Vietnam and explicitly addressed the apparent paraphyly of the genus. 

6 October 2015: Added comments to the relevant taxa noting accounts, photographs, and spot maps for the amphibians of Mongolia in Terbish, Munkhbayar, and Munkhbaatar, 2013, Guide Amph. Rept. Mongolia: 1–80. 

24 September 2015: Added Hydrophylax bahuvistara (Ranidae), partitioned from Hydrophylax malabaricus for the the northern Western Ghats, India, population by Padhye, Jadhav, Modak, Nameer, and Dahanukar, 2015, J. Threatened Taxa, 7: 7744–7760. 

24 September 2015: Added comments under Diasporus gularis and Diasporus tinker (Eleutherodactylidae) noting the report on advertisement calls by Toro-Sánchez and Bernal-Bautista, 2015, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 10: 116–120. 

23 September 2015: Added Cardioglossa annulata and Cardioglossa congolia (Arthroleptidae), from, respectively Niari Department of the Republic of Congo and Bandulu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo, both named in the paper by Hirschfeld, Blackburn, Burger, Greenbaum, Zassi-Boulou, and Rödel, 2015, Afr. J. Herpetol., 64: 81–102. The authors also recognized the former subspecies Cardioglossa nigromaculata inornata as a distinct species, Cardioglossa inornata. 

22 September 2015: Added Liuixalus shiwandashan and Liuixalus jinxiuensis (Rhacophoridae), named by Li, Mo, Xie, and Jiang in Qin, Mo, Jiang, Cai, Xie, Jiang, Murphy, Li, and Wang, 2015, PLoS One, 10(8): e0136134. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0136134: 1–17, from, respectively, Mt. Shiwanda, Guangxi, China, and Mt. Dayao, Jinxiu, Guangxi, China. 

18 September 2015: Added a comment under Ikakogi tayrona (Centrolenidae) noting the publication by Vargas-Salinas, Bravo-Valencia, and Amézquita, 2015, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 10: 65–70, who reported on the advertisement call. 

17 September 2015: Added a comment under Rhinella major (Bufonidae) noting the study of Bernardes, Carvalho, and Giaretta, 2015, Zootaxa, 4012: 375–378, who reported on the advertisement call and its intraspecific variation. 

17 September 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement of Pristimantis divnae (Craugastoridae) to reflect the publication by Chaparro, Condori, Mamani, and Deichmann, 2015, Check List, 11(5:1728): 1–4, who discussed the range, provided a new locality and a new elevation record (980 m). 

13 September 2015: Added a comment to the Hyla andersonii (Hylidae) record to reflect the study of Warwick, Travis, and Lemmon, 2015, Mol. Ecol., 24: 3281–3298, who reported on molecular and acoustic geographic variation within the species. 

12 September 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement for Lissotriton vulgaris (Salamandridae) to reflect the publication of Tingley, Weeks, Smart, van Rooyen, Woolnough, and McCarthy, 2015, Biol. Invasions, 17: 31–37, who reported an introduced population in Victoria, southeastern Australia. 

12 September 2015: Added a comment under Xenopus laevis (Pipidae) and modified the range statement to comply with information in Measey, Rödder, Green, Kobayashi, Lillo, Lobos, Rebelo, and Thirion, 2012, Biol. Invasions, 14: 2255–2270, who discussed potential range and ongoing introductions worldwide. 

11 September 2015: Added a comment under Lithobates catesbeianus (Ranidae) noting the discussion of the introduced range in Europe by Ficetola, Coïc, Detaint, Berroneau, Lorvelec, and Miaud, 2007, Biol. Invasions, 9 : 767–772. 

11 September 2015: Added a comment under Lithobates catesbeianus (Ranidae) noting the discussion of this invasive species in Argentina by Akmentins and Cardozo, 2010, Biol. Invasions, 12: 735–737. 

11 September 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement for Eleutherodactylus johnstonei (Eleutherodactylidae) to reflect the publication of Ernst, Massemin, and Kowarik, 2011, Biol. Invasions, 13: 1767–1777, who discussed the introduced population in French Guiana and briefly mentioned the countries and territories of its introduction. 

7 September 2015: Employed the taxonomic novelties published by Rovito, Parra-Olea, Recuero, and Wake, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 175: 167–188: Pseudoeurycea partitioned into Pseudoeurycea, Ixalotriton, Isthmura (the former Pseudoeurycea bellii group), and Aquiloeurycea (new genus for the former Pseudoeurycea cephalica group). The authors discussed the moleular phylogenetics of the overall group and its biogeography as well as recognizing Isthmura sierraoccidentalis as distinct, formerly considered a subspecies of Isthmura bellii. 

30 August 2015: Added comments under Niceforonia adenobrachia, Pristimantis simoterus, and Pristimantis uranobates (all Craugastoridae) to reflect the publication of  Romero-Garcia, Clavijo-Garzon, and Bernal-Bautista, 20115, Zootaxa, 4007: 298–300, who reported on their advertisement calls. 

30 August 2015: Added Hyloscirtus mashpi (Hylidae), named by Guayasamin, Rivera-Correa, Arteaga-Navarro, Culebras, Bustamante, Pyron, Peñafiel, Morochz, and Hutter, 2015, Neotropical Biodiversity, 1: 2–21,from the Reserva de Biodiversidad Mashpi, Riachuelo Laguna,Pichincha province, Ecuador, and who also provided a ML analysis of static-aligned mtDNA sequences of the species in the genus. 

30 August 2015: Added Limnonectes sinuatodorsalis (Dicroglossidae), a member of the Limnonectes kuhlii complex, named by Matsui, 2015, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 34: 121 "Long Api, Krayan, East Kalimantan, Indonesia, and also known from nearby Pa Ramapuh, Bario, Kelabit Highlands of Sarawak, Malaysia. 

30 August 2015: Added a comment under Parapelophryne (Bufonidae) reflecting the publication of Matsui, Eto, Lau, Liu, and Nishikawa, 2015, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 34: 182–187, who suggested on the basis of a Bayesian and ML analysis (2 kb of mtDNA sequences, statically aligned), that Parapelophryne is the sister taxon of Bufo

30 August 2015: Added Leptobrachella juliandringi (Megophryidae), named by Eto, Matsui, and Nishikawa, 2015, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 34: 130, from Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak, Malaysia. 

30 August 2015: Added a comment under Scutiger boulengeri (Megophryidae) and modified the range statement to reflect the publicaiton of Subba, Ravikanth, and Aravind, 2015, J. Threat. Taxa, 7: 7655–7663, who provided a record for Sikkim, India, at 5270 m elevation, and discussed the range of this species and its distinctiveness from Scutiger sikkimensis

24 August 2015: Added Aglyptodactylus chorus (Mantellidae) from northeastern lowland rainforests in the Maroantsetra region of Madagascar and Aglyptodactylus australis from Andohahela rainforest in southeastern Madagascar, named by Köhler, Glaw, Pabijan, and Vences, 2015, Zootaxa, 4006: 401–438. These authors also resurrected Aglyptodactylus inguinalis (Günther, 1877) from the synonymy of Aglyptodactylus madagascariensis, found in lowlands along most of the east coast of Madagascar, from Marojejy in the north southward to Tolagnaro. 

24 August 2015: Added Tylototriton podichthys (Salamandridae), named by Phimmachak, Aowphol, and Stuart, 2015, Zootaxa, 4006: 285–310, from Nam Madao Village, Phoukhoun District, Luang Phabang Province, Laos. The authors also extended the ranges of Tylototriton panhai and Tylototriton anguliceps into Laos and provided brief accounts of the four species found in Laos. 

23 August 2015: Added Rhinella sebbeni (Bufonidae) and Rhinella gildae, members of the Rhinella margaritifera group, named by Vaz-Silva, Maciel, Bastos, and Pombal, 2015, Herpetologica, 71: 212–222, from, respectively, Goiania municipality, Goias, and São Pedro da Água Branca municipality, Maranhão, all in Brazil. 

23 August 2015: Added Pulchrana guttmani (Ranidae), named by Brown, 2015, Herpetologica, 71: 223–233, as Hylarana guttmani, from Mount Bula, southern Mindanao Island, Philippines. Because this description was in press when the revision and partition of Hylarana by Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 90: 176–192, appeared, I (DRF) have transferred this species to Pulchrana, where it would have arrived had Oliver et al. addressed it. 

23 August 2015: Added Cryptotriton xucaneborum (Plethodontidae), from the Sierra de Xucaneb, Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, named by Rovito, Vázquez-Almazán, Papenfuss, Parra-Olea, and Wake, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 175: 150–166, who also reported on the molecular (2 mt and 4 nuDNA genes, aligned statically and analysed under Bayesian and ML optimality criteria) and morphological phylogenetics and biogeography of the genus. 

19 August 2015: Added two subfamilies to Hemiphractidae, Cryptobatrachidae and Hemiphractinae, and reformulated the species groups of Gastrotheca to reflect the publication of Castroviejo-Fisher, Padial, De la Riva, Pombal, Silva, Rojas-Runjaic, Medina-Méndez, and Frost, 2015, Zootaxa, 4004: 1–72, who provided a phylogenetic analysis based on molecular and morphological evidence.

18 August 2015: Added Brachycephalus quiririensis (Brachycephalidae), named by Pie and Ribeiro, 2015, PeerJ, 3(e1179): 1–9, from the Serra do Quiriri, (26° 01′ 17″ S, 48° 59′ 47″ W at 1,263 m a.s.l.), municipality of Campo Alegre, state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil". Urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act: A58C8AC5-6C38-447E-B2B2-3BED619FEFC8. 

16 August 2015: Added comments where relevant and redelimited the range statements of Duttaphrynus and Amietophrynus to comply with the results of  Portik and Papenfuss, 2015, BMC Evol. Biol., 15 (152): 1–19, who provided a molecular phylogeny of bufonids that does not reject the current generic taxonomy, but suggested that Pedostibes as currently understood is nonmonophyletic, noted an unnamed species in Africa that likely is not referrable to any of the currently named genera, and required the transfer of "Bufo" tihamicus and "Bufo" pentoni to Amietophrynus and the transfer of "Bufo" dodsoni from Duttaphrynus to Amietophrynus. In addition "Bufo" scorteccii of Yemen is removed from the synonymy of Amietophrynus arabicus and the status of nominal Bufotes variabilis from Arabia is questioned. An important paper. 

16 August 2015: Added a comment under Mantella aurantiaca (Mantellidae) noting the publication of Piludu, Dubos, Razafimanahaka, Razafindraibe, Randrianantoandro, and Jenkins, 2015, Herpetol. Notes, 8: 119–123, who reported on its distribution, threats, and conservation. 

16 August 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement for Chthonerpeton noctinectes (Typhlonectidae) to reflect the publication of  Napoli, Soeiro, Trevisan, and Silva, 2015, Herpetol. Notes, 8: 43–45, who provided a second locality record in Bahia, Brazil, and discussed the range. 

15 August 2015: Added comments under Euparkerella (Craugastoridae), Euparkerella brasiliensis, and Euparkerella cochranae to reflect the publication of Fusinatto, Alexandrino, Haddad, Brunes, Rocha, and Sequeira, 2013, PLoS One, 8(11: e79504): 1–12, who reported on cryptic diversity. 

15 August 2015: Added a comment under Andrias davidianus (Cryptobranchidae) to reflect the publication of Pierson, Yan, Wang, and Papenfuss, 2014, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 8: 1–6, who were unable to locate individuals of this species in Qinghai, China, and suggested that degradation of stream quality in that region had either resulted in the near or complete extirpation of that disjunct population. 

15 August 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement for Leptodactylus furnarius (Leptodactylidae) to reflect the publication of Fariña, Villalba, Boeris, Krauczuk, Ferro, and Baldo, 2001, Cuad. Herpetol., 15: 49–50, who provided a number of new records in Argentina. 

15 August 2015: Added a comment under Physalaemus cuqui (Leptodactylidae) and modified the range statement to reflect the publication of Pérez Iglesias and Natale, 2013, Cuad. Herpetol., 27: 173–176, who provided a record for the province of Santiago del Estero, Argentina, and discussed the overall range. 

15 August 2015: Added a comment under Elachistocleis skotograster (Microhylidae) and modified its range statement to reflect the publication of Schaefer, Kehr, and Duré, 2012, Cuad. Herpetol., 26: 49–53, who reported the species in the province of Formosa, Argentina, and discussed the overall range. 

13 August 2015: Added Noblella madreselva (Craugastoridae), named by Catenazzi, Uscapi, and von May, 2015, ZooKeys, 516: 71–84, from 12° 49′ 59.6″ S; 72° 48′ 07.7″ W (WGS84), Madre Selva, 2330–2370 m, Distrito Santa Ana, Provincia La Convención, Región Cusco, Peru. 

13 August 2015: Added a comment under Chiasmocleis schubarti (Microhylidae) noting the description of the larva by Santos, Pezzuti, Leite, and Garcia, 2015, Zootaxa, 4000: 137–140.

13 August 2015: Added a comment under Babina holsti (Ranidae) noting the publication of  Kakehashi, Igawa, and Sumida, 2015, Conserv. Genetics, 16: 987–1000, who reported on conservation genetics of the species. 

13 August 2015: Added a comment under Argenteohyla siemersi (Hylidae) noting that Zaracho and Areta, 2008, FACENA, 24: 49–57, reported on the advertisement call of Argenteohyla siemersi pederseni and noted that call differences from the nominal subspecies, Argenteohyla siemersi siemersi, suggest that they may represent distinct species. 

13 August 2015: Added a comment under Lithobates catesbeianus (Ranidae) referencing the expanding range in Tuscany, Italy, noted by  Vannini, Bruni, Cantini, Tricarico, and Inghilesi, 2015, Italian J. Zool., 82: 416–424, noted an expanded range in Tuscany, Italy. 

13 August 2015: Added a comment under Lissotriton vulgaris (Salamandridae) referencing the publication by Sos and Hegyeli, 2015, North-West. J. Zool., 11: 34–40, who discussed the range of Lissotriton vulgaris ampelensis in Romania. 

11 August 2015: Added Odorrana fengkaiensis (Ranidae), named by Wang, Lau, Yang, Chen, Liu, Pang, and Liu, 2015, Zootaxa, 3999: 235–254, from Fengkai County, Guangdong Province, China, and who also provided the the records for China (Yunnan and Guangxi) of Odorrana bacboensis. 

8 August 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement in the Pseudopaludicola giarettai (Leptodactylidae) record to conform to the publication of  Carvalho, Borges-Martins, Teixeira, Godinho, and Giaretta, 2015, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 55: 245–254, who discussed acoustic and morphological intraspecific variation as well as providing new geographic localities and distribution map. 

8 August 2015: Added Pristimantis paquishae (Craugastoridae), named by Brito-M., Batallas-R., and Velalcázar, 2014, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 54: 435–446, from"Paquisha Alto (78°28’54.1”W; 03°54’05.1”S, 2300 m), Zamora Chinchipe, Ecuador.  

6 August 2015: Added a comment and modified the distribution statements in the account for Phyllomedusa ecuatoriana (Hylidae) based on the publication of Brito-M., Almendáriz C., and Batallas-R., 2014, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 54: 419–433, who provided a detailed account of systematics, life history, larval morphology, and advertisement call for this species as well as providing records from the Cordillera del Condor in Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador.  

6 August 2015: Added a comment under Dendropsophus microps (Hylidae) noting the publication of Forti, Márquez, and Bertoluci, 2015, Zoologia, Curitiba, 32: 187–194, who reported on call differences between two populations in southeastern Brazil. 

6 August 2015: Added a comment under and modified the range statement for Anotheca spinosa (Hylidae) based on the record from southeastern Puebla, Mexico, published by Luría-Manzano, Aguilar-López, Canseco-Márquez, and Gutiérrez-Mayén, 2014, Rev. Mexicana Biodiversidad, 85: 1286–1288. 

6 August 2015: Added a comment under Phyllodytes wuchereri (Hylidae) noting the publication by Magalhães, Juncá, and Garda, 2015, Salamandra, 51: 83–90, who reported on larval morphology and vocalizations. 

6 August 2015: Added under comments under Dendropsophus anataliasiasi, Dendopsophus cachimo, and Dendropsophus rubicundulus noting that Teixeira and Giaretta, 2015, Salamandra, 51: 137–146, described their advertisement calls. 

6 August 2015: Added comments under Xenopus fraseri (Pipidae) and Xenopus andrei and modified the range statement of the latter based on the publication by Ernst, Schmitz, Wagner, Branquima, and Hölting, 2015, Salamandra, 51: 147–155, who discussed the ranges, as well as previous records that are questionable due to the great morphological similarity of Xenopus andrei and Xenopus fraseri. 

5 August 2015: Added a comment under and modified the range statement for Proceratophrys caramaschii (Odontophrynidae) based on the publication of Nunes, Loebmann, Cruz, and Haddad, 2015, Salamandra, 51: 103–110, who provided an account dealing with the range, call, reproductive data, and color pattern variation. 

5 August 2015: Added a comment under Amolops cremnobatus (Ranidae) noting the range extension to Thanh Hoa Province, Vietnam, by Pham, Dogra, Gawor, Rauhaus, Kloeble, Nguyen, and Ziegler, 2015, Salamandra, 51: 111–120, who also provided an extended tadpole description and staging. 

5 August 2015: Added a comment under Physalaemus albifrons (Leptodactylidae) referencing the redescription of the advertisement call by Pederassi, Lima, Caramaschi, Souza, Santos, and Silva, Zootaxa, 3994: 449–450, redescribed the advertisement call. 

5 August 2015: Added Indirana salelkari, named by Modak, Dahanukar, Gosavi, and Padhye, 2015, J. Threatened Taxa, 7: 7495, from the Tanshikar Spice Farm in Neturlim (15.095° N, 74.211° E; elevation 78m), Sanguem Taluk, South Goa District, Goa, India. The authors also provided a molecular tree of Indirana

2 August 2015: Added Bryophryne bakersfield (Craugastoridae), named by Chaparro, Padial, Gutiérrez, and De la Riva, 2015, Zootaxa, 3994: 94–108, named from the Distrito de Echarate, Provincia de La Convención, Departamento Cusco, Peru. 

known from four close localities at elevations of 3506–3651 m on the Amazonian versant of the Cordillera Oriental of the Peruvian Andes, Departamento Cusco, southern Peru, in wet puna and the upper limits of elfin forest. 

27 July 2015: Added Rhombophryns longicrus (Microhylidae) named by Scherz, Rakotoarison, Hawlitschek, Vences, and Glaw, 2015, Zoosyst. Evol., 91: 105–114, named from the the Sorata Massif, northern Madagascar.

27 July 2015: Partitioned nominal Odontobatrachus natator (Odontobatrachidae) into a restricted Odontobatrachus natator (Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Guinea), Odontobatrachus arndti (Guinea, Liberia, and Ivory Coast), Odontobatrachus ziama (eastern Guinea), Odontobatrachus foua (western Guinea), and Odontobatrachus smithi (western Guinea), based on the revision by Barej, Schmitz, Penner, Doumbia, Sandberger-Loua, Hirschfeld, Brede, Emmrich, Kouamé, Hillers, Gonwouo, Nopper, Adeba, Bangoura, Gage, Anderson, and Rödel, 2015, Zoosyst. Evol., 91: 115–149.  

27 July 2015: Added a comment under Odontobatrachus natator (Odontobarachidae) referencing the paper by Barej, Penner, Schmitz, and Rödel, 2015, BMC Evol. Biol., 15(67): 1-16 (+ 23 pp of supplementary data), who provided molecular evidence that this nominal taxon is composed of at least 5 species of which 4 are unnamed.

24 July 2015: Added Liuixalus feii (Rhacophoridae), named by Yang, Rao, and Wang, 2015, Zootaxa, 3990: 247–258, from Heishiding Nature Reserve, Fengkai County, Guangdong Province, China, and suggested to be the sister taxon of Liuixalus calcarius

23 July 2015: Added Cornufer paepkei (originally Platymantis paepkei, clearly having gone to press prior to the generic revision of Richards, Oliver, and Brown, 2015, in Telnov, ed., Biodiversity Biogeograph. Nat. Conserv. Wallacea New Guinea, 2, 2: 123–133) and (also now in CornuferPlatymantis cryptotis yapeni, both named by Günther, 2015, Vert. Zool., Dresden, 65: 101–116, both named from Papua Province (New Guinea), Indonesia. 

23 July 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement for Litoria mucro (Hylidae) to reflect the publication of Günther, 2015 "2014", Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Bremen, 47: 225–231, who provided records from Yapen Island, Papua Province, Indonesia (first record for the country), and provided a considerable amount of biological and life-history data. 

23 July 2015: Added Cornufer custos (originally named Platymantis custos prior to the generic revision of  Brown, Siler, Richards, Diesmos, and Cannatella, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 174: 130–168), named by Richards, Oliver, and Brown, 2015, in Telnov, ed., Biodiversity Biogeograph. Nat. Conserv. Wallacea New Guinea, 2, 2: 123–133, from Manus Island in the Admiralty Island, Papua New Guinea. 

22 July 2015: Substantially completed the taxonomic changes extending from the revision of Ceratobatrachidae by Brown, Siler, Richards, Diesmos, and Cannatella, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 174: 130–168, involving a substantial revision of Platymantis including the recognition of the genus Cornufer (with synonyms Ceratobatrachus, Discodeles, and Palmatorappia) within the subfamily Ceratobatrachinae as well as recognition of the new genus Alcalus (Alcalinae) for species formerly wrongly assigned to Ingerana. A system of subgenera was also provided for both Platymantis and Cornufer

21 July 2015: Added a comment under Hypsiboas prasinus (Hylidae) noting the publication of Delgado and Haddad, 2015, Herpetologica, 71: 88–95, who reported on its vocal repertoire and calling activity. 

12 July 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement for Theloderma phrynoderma (Rhacophoridae) based on the publication of  Dever, Nguyen, and Wilkinson, 2015, Copeia, 103: 402–415, who reported new specimens from southern Myanmar (Tanintharyi Nature Reserve (Yephyu Township, Dawei District, Tanintharyi Division) near the Thailand border, redescribed the morphology, and provided an estimate of its phylogenetic placement via DNA analysis.

12 July 2015: Added a number of comments noting a collection of amphibians and reptiles from West Malaysia from the Mount Tebu region published by Sumarli, Grismer, Anuar, Muin, and Quah, 2015, Check List, 11(4, Art. 1679): 1–16, who reported briefly on their morphology and habitat.

11 July 2015: Added a comment to the Phyllomedusa iheringii (Hylidae) record noting the publication by Iop, Lipinski, Madalozzo, Maragno, Cechin, and Santos, 2015, Acta Herpetol. Firenze, 10: 67–72, who redescribed the external morphology of the adult and larva. 

10 July 2015: Added a comment in the synonymy of Pleurodema bibroni (Leptodactylidae) reflecting the note by Ferraro, 2015, Acta Herpetol., Firenze, 10: 63–66, who discussed a specimen (representing a specimen of Pleurodema thaul) previously considered a type specimen of this species, something rejected by this author. 

10 July 2015: Added comments and modified the range statement (where required) for Dendropsophus joannae, Dendropsophus marmoratus, Dendropsophus salli, Scinax ictericus, Scinax iquitorum, Scinax pedromedinae (Hylidae), and Teratohyla midas (Centrolenidae) based on the publication of  Melo-Sampaio and Souza, 2015, Check List, 11 (Art. 1681): 1–6, who provided a number of records from Acre, Brazil, and briefly discussed the ranges of these species. 

10 July 2015: Added comments and modified the range statements for members of the Pachytriton brevipes complex (Salamandridae) (Pachytriton brevipes, P. feii, P. granulosus, and P. xanthospilos), and placed Pachytriton changi as a nomen inquirenda following the publication of Wu and Murphy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 92: 108–117, iwho reported on the systematics, biogeography, and ranges of the species in the this group. 

9 July 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement for Scinax nasicus (Hylidae) based on the publication of Pederassi, Lima, and Souza, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 214, who provided a record for Porto Real, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and briefly summarized the range in Brazil. 

9 July 2015: Noted a range extension of Rhinella amboroensis (Bufonidae) by  Sosa, Schalk, Braga, and Pinto-Ledezma, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 214, to Verdecillo, Province of Manuel Maria Caballero, Santa Cruz, Bolivia. 

9 July 2015: Added Piaui (Brazil) to the range of Pseudopaludicola pocoto (Leptodactylidae) based on the publication of  Silva, Lima, Santos, Souza, and Pederassi, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 213, who provided a record for Fronteiras, Piauí, Brazil, and briefly discussed the range.  

9 July 2015: Added Peru to the range of Pristimantis orphnolaimis (Craugastoridae) based on the publication of  Wray, Graham, Torres Pacaya, Bartlett, and Ishimatsu, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 213, who provided a record from the Santa Cruz Forest Reserve, Provincia Maynas, Departament de Loreto, Peru, 100 m elevation. 

9 July 2015: Added a comment under Adenomera thomei (Leptodactylidae) based on the publication of . Filogonio and Canelas, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 213, provided a record (as Leptodactylus thomei) for Minas Gerais (Fazenda Coqueria, Municipality of Periquito), and briefly discussed the range.

9 July 2015: Added a comment under Leptodactylus fuscus (Leptodactylidae) based on the publication of Melo-Sampaio, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 212–213, who provided a record for Acre, Brazil. 

9 July 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement for Kaloula pulchra (Microhylidae) based on the publication of Sy and Malabana, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 212, who provided an introduction record for Marinduque Island, Philippines, and who brief discussed the range in that country. 

8 July 2015: Added a comment under Gastrotheca fissipes (Hemiphractidae) and modified the range statement of that species based on the publication of Xavier and Dias, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 212, who provided a record for Sergipe, Brazil. 

8 July 2015: Added a comment under, and modified the range statement for, Eleutherodactylus planirostris (Eleutherodactylidae), extending from the publication of  Sy and Salgo, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 212, who provided a record for Cebu Island, Philippines. 

8 July 2015: Added a comment under, and modified the range statement for, Allobates trilineatus (Aromobatidae), extending from the publication of Melo-Sampaio, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 210–211, who provided the first record from Brazil, in the state of Acre. 

8 July 2015: Added comments and modified range statements for Ambystoma rosaceum (Ambystomatidae) and Hyla bistincta (Hylidae) extending from the publication of Luja and Grünwald, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 223, who provided the first records for the state of Nayarit, western Mexico. 

8 July 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement of Bradytriton silus (Plethodontidae) extending from the publication of Bouzid, Rovito, and Sanchez-Solís, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 186–187, who reported the first record for Mexico, (200 km to the northwest of the type locality at San Francisco Jimbal, in Chiapas, Mexico, near the Tabasco border). 

8 July 2015: Added a comment under Phytotriades auratus (Hylidae) and modified its range statement, extending from the publication of Rivas-Fuenmayor and de Freitas S., 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 153–157, who reported the species from Venezuela (Cerro Humo, Península de Paria, Sucre, 1250 m elevation), and discussed its distribution, conservation, and biogeography. 

8 July 2015: Added Chthonerpeton tremembe (Typhlonectidae), named by Maciel, Leite, Silva-Leite, Leite, and Cascon, 2015, J. Herpetol., 49: 308–313, named from Lagoa do Ferreira, 2° 50′ 59″ S, 41° 48′ 29″ W, elevation 5 m, Municipality of Ilha Grande, State of Piauí, Brazil. 

8 July 2015: Placed Rana kunyuensis (Ranidae) into the synonymy of Rana coreana based on the publication of  Zhou, Yang, Li, Min, Fong, Dong, and Zhou, 2015, J. Herpetol., 49: 302–306. 

7 July 2015: Added a comment under Scinax melanodactylus (Hylidae) referencing the work of Abreu, Napoli, Trevisan, Camardelli, Dória, and Silva, 2015, Zootaxa, 3981: 430–436, who reported on larval morphology.  

7 July 2015: Added comments under Odorrana aureola (Ranidae) and Limnonectes isanensis (Dicroglossidae) referencing the work of Ampai, Rujirawan, Arkajag, McLeod, and Aowphol, 2015, Zootaxa, 3981: 508–520, who reported on the larval morphology of these two species. 

7 July 2015: Added a comment under Xenopus longipes (Pipidae) referencing the report by Tapley, Michaels, and Doherty-Bone, 2015, Zootaxa, 3981: 597–600, on larval morphology. 

4 July 2015: Added a comment under Trachycephalus atlas (Hylidae) referencing the study of Barreto, Ramos, Mercês, Napoli, Garda, and Juncá, 2015, Zootaxa, 3980: 597–600, who reported on the larval oral cavity and external morphology. 

4 July 2015: Added Allobates tapajos (Aromobatidae) from southern Pará, Brazil, named by Lima, Simões, and Kaefer, 2015, Zootaxa, 3980: 501–525.  

3 July 2015: Adopted the revision of former Hylarana (Ranidae) by Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 90: 176–192. This entailed the recognition of the new genera Abavorana and Indosylvirana, the re-recognition of Chalcorana, Amnirana, Sylvirana, Hydrophylax, and Papurana, as well as a much-reduced Hylarana. Good to see the continued effort directed at this tropical Africa to Australian group which is making for tractable generic groups. 

25 June 2015: Added a comment under Incilius nebulifer (Bufonidae) noting the review of its literature and biology by Mendelson, Kinsey, and Murphy, 2015, Zootaxa, 3974: 517–537. 

21 June 2015: Added a comment under Hyalinobatrachium orientale (Centrolenidae) referencing Jowers, Lehtinen, Downie, Georgiadis, and Murphy, Mitochondrial DNA, 26: 613–618, who suggested on the basis of mtDNA analysis that the Venezuela and Tobago populations diverged ca. 3 mybp when sea level was much lower. 

19 June 2015: Added Surinam to the range statements of Allobates sumtuosus (Aromobatidae), Hyalinobatrachium kawense (Centrolenidae), Chiasmocleis haddadi (Microhylidae), based on the publication of  Fouquet, Vacher, Kadosoe, Jairam, and Ouboter, 2015, Herpetol. Notes, 8: 63–68. 

19 June 2015: Added comments where relevant to the publication by Lemos-Espinal and Smith, 2015, Check List, 11(1642): 1–11, on the herpetofauna of amphibians and reptiles of Hidalgo, Mexico. 

19 June 2015: Added a comment and a provisional modification of the range statement of Microcaecilia albiceps (Siphonopidae) to reflect the range extension of Microcaecilia (as Microcaecilia sp.) to Loreto, Peru, published by López-Rojas and Graham, 2015, Herpetol. Notes, 8: 55–57, who noted possibility that this record may apply to that species or, more likely, to an unnamed species. 

19 June 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement of Scolecomorphus kirkii (Scolecomorphidae) based on the publication of Farooq and Conradie, 2015, Herpetol. Notes, 8: 59–62, who provided a second record for northern Mozambique and discussed the range. 

19 June 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement of Cochranella mache (Centrolenidae) based on the publication of Jaramillo-Martinez, Valencia-Zuleta, Cardona-Botero, Castro-Herrera, and Cisneros-Heredia, 2015, Herpetol. Notes, 8: 161–163, who provided records from Chocó, Antioquia, and Valle del Cauca, Colombia, and who suggested that records of Cochranella euknemos from Colombia might be confused with Cochranella mache, restricting in discussion the range of that species in Colombia to the departments of Antioquia and Chocó. 

19 June 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement of Adenomera saci (Leptodactylidae) based on the publication of  Araújo, Santos, Lima, Andrade, and Weber, Herpetol. Notes, 8: 183–185, who provided a record for the Brazilian state of Maranhão and mapped the range. 

19 June 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement of Mertensophryne anotis (Bufonidae) based on the publication by Farooq, Liedtke, Bittencourt-Silva, Conradie, and Loader, 2015, Herpetol. Notes, 8: 305–307, who provided a record from Taratibu, Quirimbas National Park, in northeastern Mozambique, which they authors suggested likely represented a widely disjunct population which should be investigated further to evaluate whether it is taxonomically distinct.  

19 June 2015: Added a comment under and modified the range statement of Pseudopaludicola pocoto (Leptodactylidae) based on the record published by  Andrade, Barros, Oliveira, Juncá, and Magalhães, 2015, Herpetol. Notes, 8: 227–229, who reported the species from Sítio Santa Luzia, municipality of Carlos Chagas, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. 

19 June 2015: Added a comment under Laliostoma labrosum (Mantellidae) referencing the publication of Pabijan, Brown, Chan, Rakotondravony, Raselimanana, Yoder, Glaw, and Vences, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 92: 11–24, who reported on molecular phylogeography. 

18 June 2015: Added comments where relevant extending from the publication of  Irisarri, San Mauro, Abascal, Ohler, Vences, and Zardoya, 2012, BMC Genomics, 13(626): 1–19, who discussed the comparative evolutionary change rates of mtDNA and nuDNA on the template of a tree of anurans. 

18 June 2015: Added comments where relevant extending from the publication by Zhang, Liang, Hillis, Wake, and Cannatella, 2013, Mol. Biol. Evol., 30: 1899–1915, who provided a phylogenetic analysis near-complete mtDNA genomes of representatives of the frog families, estimating times of divergence, and discussing the literature in some detail leading up to their publication. 

18 June 2015: Added comments under Litoria jungguy, Litoria nannotis, Litoria rheocola, Litoria serrata, and Litoria dayi (Hylidae) extending from the publication by Bell, MacKenzie, Hickerson, Chavarría, Cunningham, Williams, and Moritz, 2012, Proc. R. Soc. London, B, Biol. Sci., 279: 991–999, who reported on molecular phylogeography and biogeography. 

18 June 2015: Added comments under Hyperolius thomensis, Hyperolius molleri, and Hyperolius cinnamomeoventris (Hyperoliidae) extending from the publications of  Bell, Drewes, Channing, Gvoždík, Kielgast, Lötters, Stuart, and Zamudio, 2015, J. Biogeograph., 42: 65–75, and Bell, Drewes, and Zamudio, 2015, Evolution, 69: 904–915, who reported on island biogeography (Sāo Tome and Principe) and diversification. 

17 June 2015: Added Euparkerella cryptica (Craugastoridae), from the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, named by Hepp, Carvalho-e-Silva, Carvalho-e-Silva, and Folly, 2015, Zootaxa, 3973: 251–270, who also reported on the advertisement calls of this species and Euparkerella brasiliensis, Euparkerella cochranae, Euparkerella robusta, and Euparkerella tridactyla, as well as providing an identification key to the species in the genus. 

16 June 2015: Added a comment under Dermatonotus muelleri (Microhylidae) referencing the publication by Giaretta, Vo, Herche, Tang, and Gridi-Papp, 2015, Zootaxa, 3972: 595–598, who discussed the advertisement call. 

14 June 2015: Added Eleutherodactylus (Euhyas) beguei (Eleutherodactylidae), named by Díaz and Hedges, 2015, Solenodon, 12: 124–135, from Humboldt National Park, at 678 m elevation, Municipality of Yateras, Guantánamo Province, Cuba. 

14 June 2015: Added Eleutherodactylus ligiae and Eleutherodactylus neiba (Eleutherodactylidae), named by Incháustegui, Díaz, and Marte, 2015, Solenodon, 12: 136–149, from the Dominican Republic. 

11 June 2015: Added a comment under Chaltenobatrachus grandisonae (Batrachylidae), noting the publication by Díaz-Páez, Alveal, Cisternas-Medina, and Ortiz, 2015, Check List, 11: 1–3, who provided records from Chilean Patagonia and discussed the range. 

5 June 2015: Added seven species of the Brachycephalus pernix species group, named by Ribeiro, Bornschein, Belmonte-Lopes, Firkowski, Morato, and Pie, 2015, PeerJ, 3 (e1011): 1–35, from southern Brazil in the states of Paraná and Santa Catarina: Brachycephalus auroguttatus, Brachycephalus boticario, Brachycephalus fuscolineatus, Brachycephalus leopardus, Brachycephalus mariaeterezae, Brachycephalus olivaceus, and Brachycephalus verrucosus

4 June 2015: Added a note under Duttaphrynus atukoralei (Bufonidae) noting the description of larval morphology by Bopage, Wewelwala, Krvavac, and Jovanovic, 2015, Zootaxa, 3964: 498–500. 

31 May 2015: Added many comments and adjustments for ranges of the species of frogs found in Kerala, South India, this extending from the useful fieldguide:  Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala, which provides a fair amount of original field observations and discussion of ranges. 

27 May 2015: Added a comment under and modified the range statement of Raorchestes tuberohumerus (Rhacophoridae) extending from the publication of  Padhye, Jadhav, Sulakhe, and Dahanukar, 2015, J. Threat. Taxa, 7: 7211–7222, who discussed sexual dimorphism and predicted the range in the Western Ghats of southern India. 

25 May 2015: Added a comment under Buergeria japonica (Rhacophoridae) referencing the publication of Tominaga, Matsui, Eto, and Ota, 2015, Zool. Sci., Kyoto, 32: 240–247, who reported on molecular biogeography. 

24 May 2015: Added comments under Lissotriton kosswigi and Lissotriton vulgaris schmidtleri (Salamandridae) regarding their documented ranges in Turkey extending from the publication by  Wielstra, Bozkurt, and Olgun, 2015, ZooKeys, 484: 11–23, who provided a map and discussed the species ranges. 

24 May 2015: Added a comment and adjust the range statement of Agalychnis psilopygion (Hylidae) based on the publication of Palacios-Rodríguez, Quesada-Mosquera, and Rengifo-Mosquera, 2013, Rev. Biodivers. Neotrop., 3: 123–126, who provided a record for southern Chocó, Colombia, and mapped the species. 

24 May 2015: Added a comment and adjusted the range statement for Dendropsophus bogerti (Hylidae) based on the publication of  Palacios-Rodríguez, Rengifo-Mosquera, and Echavarría-Renteria, 2013, Rev. Biodivers. Neotrop., 3: 127–130, who provided a record from Chocó, Colombia, and discussed and mapped the range. 

24 May 2015: Added a comment and adjusted the range statement for Oedipina taylori (Plethodontidae) based on the range extension to northeastern El Salvador published by  Morán-Hidalgo, Henríquez, and Ruballo-Marroquín, 2013, Rev. Biodivers. Neotrop., 3: 69–74. 

24 May 2015: Added a comment to the Plectrohyla guatemalensis (Hylidae) record noting the range extension in Chalatenango Department, El Salvador published by Morán-Hidalgo and Ruballo-Marroquín, 2012, Rev. Biodivers. Neotrop., 2: 126–130. 

23 May 2015: Added a bunch of species to the amphibian fauna of Colombia through the courtesy of Paul Gutiérrez who provided me with literature that I had missed. Sánchez, 2013, Zootaxa, 3637 : 569–591: Allobates paleovarzensis (Aromobatidae), Hyloxalus bocagei and Hyloxalus infraguttatus (Dendrobatidae); Acevedo-Rincón, Franco-Pallares, and Silva-Pérez, 2014, Rev. Biodivers. Neotrop., 4: 162–169: Pristimantis gryllus, Pristimantis melanoproctus, and Pristimantis mondolfi (Craugastoridae); Lynch, 2005, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 29: 581–588: Pristimantis peruvianus (Craugastoridae); Lynch and Suárez-Mayorga, 2004, in Rangel-Ch. (ed.), Colombia Diversidad Biótica IV: 633–667, and Romero-Martínez and Lynch, 2012, in Rangel-Ch. (ed.), Colombia Diversidad Biótica XII: 677–701: Colostethus latinasus (Dendrobatidae); Peloso, Sturaro, Forlani, Gaucher, Motta, and Wheeler, 2014, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 386: 1–112: Chiasmocleis hudsoni (Microhylidae). 

23 May 2015: Added Phyllomedusa rustica from Água Doce municipality, Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil, named by Bruschi, Lucas, Garcia, and Recco-Pimentel, 2014, PLoS One, 9 (8: e105608): 1–13. The species is a member of the Phyllomedusa hypochondrialis species group. 

18 May 2015: Added Pseudophilautus dilmah (Rhacophoridae) from the Kandy District, Central Province, Sri Lanka, named by Wickramasinghe, Bandara, Vidanapathirana, Tennakoon, Samarakoon, and Wickramasinghe, 2015, J. Threatened Taxa, 7: 7089–7110. 

18 May 2015: Added a comment and adjusted the range statement for Duttaphrynus scaber (Bufonidae), based on the publication of  Padhye, Pandit, Patil, Gaikwad, Dahanukar, and Shouche, 2013, J. Threatened Taxa, 5: 4579–4585, who reported specimens from Gujarat and Maharashtra in western India and also reported on its advertisement call. 

18 May 2015: Added comments and, where necessary, modified range statements, based on the publication of  Mathew and Nameer, 2012, J. Threatened Taxa, 4: 3205–3214, who reported the rhacophorid frog species from the Parambikulam Tiger Reserve, Palghat District, Kerala, South India. The species records affected were: Polypedates occidentalis, Pseudophilautus kani, Raorchestes akroparallagi, Raorchestes anili, Raorchestes jayarami, Raorchestes marki, Raorchestes ponmudi, Rhacophorus calcadensis, Rhacophorus malabaricus, and Rhacophorus pseudomalabaricus. 

17 May 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement of Raorchestes resplendens (Rhacophoridae) based on the publication of Josph, Mathew, and Nameer, 2012, J. Threatened Taxa, 4: 3082–3084. 

17 May 2015: Added comments under Kaloula assamensis (Microhylidae), Rhacophorus taeniatus, and Chiromantis dudhwaensis (Rhacophoridae) extending from the review of the herpetofauna of the Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh, India, by Das, Basu, Converse, and Choudhury, 2012, J. Threatened Taxa, 4: 2553–2568. These authors likely detected an unnamed species of Kaloula, noted calling sites for Rhacophorus taeniatus, and provided a second locality for Chiromantis dudhwaensis, both localities of which are so close to the Nepal border that this species should be searched for in that country.  

17 May 2015: Added a comment under Hylarana malabarica (Ranidae) referencing the publication of Padhye, Jadhav, Diwekar, and Dahanukar, 2012, J. Threatened Taxa, 4: 2343–2352, who reported on genetic and morphometric variation within the Western Ghats of India and delimited at least four distinct clusters of populations that may be cryptic species. 

17 May 2015: Added a note under Sooglossidae referencing the publication of Gerlach, 2011, J. Threat. Taxa, 3: 2153–2166, reported on the susceptibility of the species in this family to climate change and discussed habitat and provided range maps for the species.

17 May 2015: Added a note and modified the range statement for Barbourula kalimantanensis (Bombinatoridae) based on the publication of Arifin, Iskandar, Bickford, Brown, Meier, and Kutty, 2011, Zootaxa, 2744: 1981–1989, who reported on biology, genetic variation, range, habitat, and conservation status of this lungless species. 

16 May 2015: Added a note under Leiopelma (Leiopelmatidae) referencing the publication of  Carr, McLenachan, Waddell, Gemmell, and Penny, 2015, J. Biogeograph., 42:1066–1076, who reported on divergence dates within th genus, suggesting that the basal split within Leiopelma (Leiopelmatidae) was ca. 65 mypb and from Ascaphus (Ascaphidae), around 150 mybp, data that do not support an Oligocene drowning of New Zealand.  

15 May 2015: Corrected the type locality of Ischnocnema paranaensis (Brachycephalidae) following the publication of Bornschein, Maurício, and Pie, 2015, Zootaxa, 3957: 249–250. 

15 May 2015: Added Hyperolius burgessi, Hyperolius davenporti, and Hyperolius ukwiva (Hyperoliidae) from Tanzania, named by Loader, Lawson, Portik, and Menegon, 2015, BMC Res. Notes, 8 (Art. 167): 1–16, who restricted nominal Hyperolius spinigularis with which these species were formerly confused, to Mozambique and Malawi. The authors also provided a key to the spiny-throated reed frogs.  

15 May 2015: Added a comment noting the report of the complete mtDNA genome of Kaloula borealis (Microhylidae) by Hwang and Lee, 2012, Mitochondrial DNA, 23: 301–302. 

15 May 2015: Added a note regarding the report of the complete mtDNA genome of Megophrys shapingensis (Megophryidae) by Xiang, Wang, Jiang, Li, and Xie, 2013, Mitochondrial DNA, 24: 43–45. 

15 May 2015: Added a note regarding the report of the complete mtDNA genome of Bufo tibetanus (= Bufo gargarizans) by Wang, Wang, Yue, Zhang, and Liu, 2013, Mitochondrial DNA, 24: 186–188,. 

15 May 2015: Added a note regarding the complete mtDNA genome of Quasipaa boulengeri (Dicroglossidae) by Shan, Xia, Zheng, Zou, and Zeng, 2014, Mitochondrial DNA, 25: 83–84. 

15 May 2015: Added a note and adjusted the range statement for Cruziohyla craspedopus (Hylidae) based on the publication of Bitar, Silva, Silva, and Pinheiro, 2015, Check List, 11 (Art. 1574): 1–3, who provided a record from Pará, Brazil, and discussed the range. 

15 May 2015: Added a note and adjusted the range statement for Fritziana fissilis (Hemiphractidae) based on the publication of Franz and Mello, 2015, Check List, 11 (Art. 1594): 1–4, who reported Fritziana aff. fissilis from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, and discussed the taxonomic issue and range of the entire nominal species. 

15 May 2015: Added a note and adjusted the range statement for Ambystoma rosaceum (Ambystomatidae) based on the publication of  Carbajal-Márquez, Quintero-Díaz, and Chávez-Floriano, 2015, Check List, 11 (Art. 1597): 1–4, wo provided a record for Aguascalientes, Mexico, and discussed the range. 

15 May 2015: Added a note and adjusted the range statment for Pristimantis myersi (Craugastoridae) based on the publication of Rojas-Runjaic and Guayasamin, 2015, Check List, 11 (Art. 1542): 1–4, reported specimens from northern Ecuador in the provinces of Sucumbíos and Imbabura, and mapped the entire range of the species. 

15 May 2015: Added a note and adjusted the range statement for Hyalinobatrachium mondolfi (Centrolenidae) based on the publication of Venâncio, Souza, and Kokubum, 2014, Check List, 10: 1184–1186, who provided a range extension to Acre, Brazil, and a spot distribution map for the entire range. 

15 May 2015: Added a note and adjusted the range statement for Adelastes hylonomos (Microhylidae) based on the publication of Almeida, Carvalho, Gordo, Rojas-Zamora, and Menin, 2014, Check List, 10: 1226–1228, who provided the first Brazilian record and also reported on the advertisement call. 

15 May 2015: Added a note to the record of Chiasmocleis lacrimae (Microhylidae) reporting the publication of Luiz, Pires, Ferrarini, and Sawaya, 2014, Check List, 10: 1243–1245, who provided a range extension (as Chiasmocleis carvalhoi, then the correct name for the species) in São Paulo state, Brazil, and a range map for the species. 

14 May 2015: Added a note and modified the range statement for Osteocephalus castaneicola (Hylidae) based on the publication of Meneghelli and Entiauspe, 2014, Check List, 10: 957–959, who provided a record for Rondônia, Brazil, and who provided an updated range map.  

14 May 2015: Added a note and modified the range statement for Hypsiboas lanciformis (Hylidae) based on the publication of  Costa-Campos, Gama, Galeno, Silva, Corrêa, Almeida, and Santiago, 2014, Check List, 10: 960–961, who provided a record for Amapa, Brazil, and provided a range map. 

14 May 2015: Added a note under Scinax fuscomarginatus (Hylidae) citing the range extension (as Scinax pusillus) to Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, by Melo, Signorelli, Santos, Pinto, Fava, Bastos, and Nomura, 2014, Check List, 10: 965–967. 

14 May 2015: Added a note and modified the range statement for Hypsiboas caingua (Hylidae) based on the publication of Rocha and Giasson, 2014, Check List, 10: 583–584, who provided a record for Santa Catarina, Brazil, and discussed the range. 

14 May 2015: Added a note under Ctenophryne geayi (Microhylidae) noting the report of a record from the state of Maranhão, Brazil, by Freitas, Dias, Farias, Oliveira e Sousa, Vieira, Moura, and Uhlig, 2014, Check List, 10: 585–587. 

14 May 2015: Added a note and adjusted the range statement of Lithodytes lineatus (Leptodactylidae) extending from the publication by Freitas, Farias, Oliveira e Sousa, Vieira, Moura, and Dias, 2014, Check List, 10615–617, who provided a record for Maranhão, northeastern Brazil, and mapped the species. 

14 May 2015: Added a note and adjusted the range statement for Colostethus ruthveni (Dendrobatidae) extending from the publication by Granda-Rodríguez, Saboyá-Acosta, del Portillo-Mozo, and Renjifo, 2014, Check List, 10: 674–676, who provided a range extension and mapped the known localities of this species as well as providing photographs.  

14 May 2015: Added a note and adjusted the range statement for Hylodes lateristrigatus (Hylodidae) extending from the publication by Vrcibradic, Oliveira, and Rocha, 2014, Check List, 10: 677–678, who provided a record for southern Espírito Santo, Brazil, and discussed the range. 

14 May 2015: Added notes and adjusted the range statements for Eleutherodactylus leprus (Eleutherodactylidae), Exerodonta abdivita (Hylidae), and Gastrophryne elegans (Microhylidae) extending from the publication by Ramírez-González, Lara-Brenis, and Mijangos-Arrazola, 2014, Check List, 10: 679–681, who provided a number of new records of amphibians from northern Oaxaca, Mexico. 

14 May 2015: Added a note and adjusted the range statement for Atelopus eusebianus (Bufonidae) extending from the publication by Hernández-Córdoba, Cardona-Botero, and Castro-Herrera, 2014, Check List, 10: 682–683, who provided a record for Valle del Cauca, Colombia, and mapped the range of the species. 

13 May 2015: Added a note and adjusted the range statement for Rhinella scitula (Bufonidae) reflecting the new records and range map provided by Sugai, Souza, Landgref, and Sczesny-Moraes, 2014, Check List, 10: 694–696.

13 May 2015: Noted the reports of Hypsiboas geographicus (Hylidae) and Physalaemus centralis (Leptodactylidae) from coastal ecosystems in the state of Maranhão, Brazil, by Matavelli, Campos, and Andrade, 2014, Check List, 10: 702–705.

13 May 2015: Ecnomiohyla bailarina (Hylidae) was reported from the southeastern Caribbean foothills of Costa Rica by Kubicki and Salazar, 2015, Mesoam. Herpetol., 2: 76–86. This represents a 750 km range extension to the west from the type locality in Darién, Panama, and an addition to the fauna of Costa Rica. 

11 May 2015: Added Limnonectes lauhachindai (Dicroglossidae) from Ubon Ratchathani Province, Thailand, named by Aowphol, Rujirawan, Taksintum, Chuaynkern, and Stuart, 2015, Zootaxa, 3956: 258–270. 

8 May 2015: Added a citation under Rana arvalis (Ranidae) noting the study of genetic diversity of this species in western Siberia by Zhigileva, Kirina, and Burakova, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 569–574. 

8 May 2015: Added a citation to Oyamaguchi, Okubo, and Pollinger, 2015, Amphibia-Reptilia, 36: 83–86, who reported on polymorphic microsatellite loci of potential use for population studies in Dendropsophus minutus (Hylidae). 

8 May 2015: Added a citation to Nicolas, Grandcolas, Braux, Jourdan, Malau, Couloux, and Ohler, 2015, Amphibia-Reptilia, 36: 65–81, who  reported on molecular relations among Australia, New Zealand, Wallis I., and New Caledonia populations of Litoria aurea (Hylidae) that favor human introduction. 

7 May 2015: Added a note under Lissotriton vulgaris (Salamandridae) citing the publication by Pabijan, Zielinski, Dudek, Chloupek, Sotiropoulos, Liana, and Babik, 2015, J. Biogeograph., 42: 671–683, reporting on mtDNA biogeography which identified Pleistocene refugia. 

6 May 2015: Added a note under Leptopelis grandiceps (Arthroleptidae) noting that Penske, Gvoždík, Menegon, Loader, and Müller, 2015, Herpetol. J., London, 25: 61–64, described the tadpole of a closely related population (as Leptopelis cf. grandiceps) from the Uluguru Mountains and suggested that it might represent a distinct species. 

6 May 2015: Noted under Hylinae (Hylidae) the publication by Brunetti, Hermida, Luna, Barsotti, Jared, Antoniazzi, Rivera-Correa, Berneck, and Faivovich, 2015, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 114: 12–34, where they reported on the diversity of mental and lateral glands in members of the hyline tribe Cophomantini. 

6 May 2015: Added comments under Pelophylax ridibundus and Pelophylax lessonae (Ranidae) regarding the documentation of a hybridogenetic system (producing Pelophylax kl. esculenta) in western Slovakia by Mikulíček, Kautman, Kautman, and Pruvost, 2014, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 53: 124–132. 

5 May 2015: Added a comment under Leptodactylus (Leptodactylidae) noting the publication of Miranda, Maciel, Tepedino, and Sebben, 2014, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 53: 55–66, in which they provided a detailed study of internal features of the larvae and provided a phylogenetic hypothesis based on those data. 

5 May 2015: Added a comment under Atelopus carrikeri (Bufonidae), noting the publication by Rueda-Solano, Vargas-Salinas, and Rivera-Correa, 2015, Salamandra, 51: 25–32, which reported on larval morphology and microhabitat. 

5 May 2015: Added Crossodactylus franciscanus (Hylodidae) from Brazil and placed Crossodactylus bokermanni into the synonymy of Crossodactylus trachystomus, all extending from the publication of Pimenta, Caramaschi, and Cruz, 2015, Zootaxa, 3955: 65–82. 

21 April 2015: Added Gegeneophis tejaswini (Indotyphlidae), named by Kotharambath, Wilkinson, Oommen, and Gower, 2015, Zootaxa, 3948: 60–70, named from Kasaragod District, Kerala, India.

21 April 2015: Added from Pristimantis nubisilva, Pristimantis geminus, Pristimantis hoogmoedi, Pristimantis longicorpus, and Pristimantis pariagnomus, all from he cloud forests of the mountains on the Peninsula de Paria, Sucre, Venezuela, all named by Kaiser, Barrio-Amorós, Rivas-Fuenmayor, Steinlein, and Schmid, 2015, J. Threatened Taxa, 7: 7047–7088. 

19 April 2015: Added Limnonectes nguyenorum (Dicroglossidae), from northern Vietnam, named by McLeod, Kurlbaum, and Hoang, 2015, Zootaxa, 3947: 210, who also mapped the species ranges of this species, and Limnonectes bannaensis and Limnonectes taylori requiring the revision of the range statements for those species.  

19 April 2015: Transferred the species of Andinophryne (Bufonidae) into Rhaebo, following Ron, Mueses-Cisneros, Gutiérrez-Cárdenas, Rojas-Rivera, Lynch, Rocha, and Galarza, 2015, Zootaxa, 3947: 347–366, who provided molecular evidence for the change but also discussed the morphology and provided accounts for the species formerly known as Andinophryne atelopoides, Andinophryne colomai, and Andinophryne olallai. These authors also confirmed the polyphyly of Pedostibes but did not apply a formal remedy. 

19 April 2015: Added Rhacophorus indonesiensis (Rhacophoridae), named from Sumatra, Indonesia, by  Hamidy and Kurniati, 2015, Zootaxa, 3947: 49–66. 

13 April 2015: Added many comments under the species found in southern Florida, extending from the summary of biology, life history, and conservation status information provided by Meshaka and Lane, 2015, Herpetol. Conserv. Biol., 10 (Monogr. 5): 1–353

12 April 2015: Added Strauchophryne Borkin and Litvinchuk, 2013, Trudy Zool. Inst. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 317: 531 (type species: Bufo raddei Strauch, 1876, by original designation) to the synonymy of Strauchbufo Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012 (Bufonidae), an objective synonym as they share the same type species.  

9 April 2015: Added Amazophrynella amazonicola and Amazophrynella matses (Bufonidae), named by  Rojas-Zamora, Carvalho, Ávila, Farias, Gordo, and Hrbek, 2015, Zootaxa, 3946: 79–103, from the Department of Loreto, Peru. With the naming of these species and recognition of a likely unnamed species from western Amazonia by these same authors, it no longer remains clear that populations other than from the type locality of Amazophrynella minuta can be assigned to that species. 

9 April 2015: Added a comment under Dendropsophus branneri (Hylidae) regarding the report on larval morphology by Abreu, Juncá, Souza, and Napoli, 2015, Zootaxa, 3946: 296–300. 

8 April 2015: Added a comment under Crossodactylus aeneus (Hylodidae) regarding the report on larval morphology and ecology by Silva-Soares, Nogueira-Costa, Borges, Weber, and Rocha, 2015, Herpetologica, 71: 46–57. 

8 April 2015: Added Hylodes japi (Hylodidae), named by Sá, Canedo, Lyra, and Haddad, 2015, Herpetologica, 71: 58–71, from the Serra do Japi, Município de Jundiaí, State of São Paulo, Brazil, and who described the breeding behavior.

5 April 2015: Added a substantial number of comments extending from the work of Li, Wang, Nian, Litvinchuk, Wang, Li, Rao, and Klaus, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 87: 80–90, who reported on phylogenetics and biogeography of Holarctic Hyla, confirming that the Hyla japonica group colonized Asia by way of the Bering Land Bridge, and recognizing the Hyla chinensis group, separate from the Hyla arborea group. 

4 April 2015: Added Gracixalus seesom from Thompa Phun National Park in northern Thailand on the Myanmar border, named by Matsui, Khonsue, Panha, and Eto, 2015, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 32: 204–210. These authors doubted that reports of Gracixalus carinensis from Vietnam are conspecific with the Myanmar type series. 

4 April 2015: Added three species of Cophyla (Cophylinae, Microhylidae) from northern Madagascar (Cophyla maharipeo, Cophyla noromalalae, and Cophyla puellarum), named by Rakotoarison, Crottini, Müller, Rödel, Glaw, and Vences, 2015, Zootaxa, 3937: 61–89, who revised the species of the genus and who suggested that several new species await naming. 

1 April 2015: Added a comment under Hypsiboas punctata (Hylidae) relating to the report by Brunetti, Taboada, and Faivovich, J. Herpetol., 49: 46–52, on the extended vocal repertoire of this species. 

1 April 2015: Added a comment under Melanophryniscus cupreuscapularis (Bufonidae) relating to the report by  Duré, Schaefer, and Kehr, 2015, J. Herpetol., 49: 53–59, on the acoustic reprertoire of this species.

1 April 2015: Added a comment under Bufonidae relating to the publication by Brandvain, Pauly, May, and Turelli, 2014, Genetics, 197: 743–747, where they constrained the paraphyletic "Bufo" by excluding all genera that render it paraphyletic, then reported on relative branch lengths of within the tree and tested whether these were correlated with F1 viability. 

1 April 2015: Added comments to the Anaxyrus microscaphus and Anaxyrus woodhousii (Bufonidae) records extending from the work by  Sullivan, Wooten, Schwaner, Sullivan, and Takahashi, 2015, J. Herpetol., 49: 150–156, who reported on hybridization between these two species along the Agua Fria River of central Arizona, USA, on the basis of morphology and mtDNA.

1 April 2015: Added Cryptobranchus guildayi Holman, 1977 (Cryptobranchidae), to the synonymy of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, following Bredehoeft and Schubert, 2015, J. Herpetol., 49: 157–160.

1 April 2015: Modified range statements and added comments to the records of Amolops vitreus (Ranidae) and Megophrys daweimontis (Megophryidae) based on records from northwestern Vietnam provided by Le, Pham, Nguyen, Ziegler, and Nguyen, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6:  66–72. 

31 March 2015: Added many citations to comments for the USA and Canadian fauna, noting the accounts of larval morphology and biology by Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada.  

30 March 2015: Added Microhyla nilphamariensis (Microhylidae), a member of the Microhyla ornata complex, named from Bangladesh by Howlader, Nair, Gopalan, and Merilä, 2015, PLoS One, 10(3): e0119825: 1–18. The publication also provides a molecular tree of members of the genus based on ca. 440 bp of mtDNA. 

27 March 2015: Placed Bokermannohyla feioi into the synonymy of Bokermannohyla nanuzae (Hylidae) and modified the range statement accordingly, extending from the publication of Walker, Lourenço, Pimenta, and Nascimento, 2015, Zootaxa, 3937: 161–178, who made the synonymy and who reported on morphological variation, advertisement call, and larval morphology of Bokermannohyla nanuzae

24 March 2015: Modified the geographic statement for Pipa carvalhoi (Pipidae) extending from the publication by Jorge, Freire, and Kokubum, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 57, who provided the first record from Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, and commented on the range. 

24 March 2015: Modified the geographic statement for Phrynobatrachus ogoensis (Phrynobatrachidae) extending from the publication by Kessler and Zimkus, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 57, who provided the first record away from the type locality (Lambarene), 175 km to the east at Ramba Village, Gabon. 

24 March 2015: Added a comment and modified the statement of geography for the Eleutherodactylus planirostris (Eleutherodactylidae) record noting the record from Negros, Philippines, by Sy, Martyr, and Diesmos, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 56. 

24 March 2015: Added a comment and modified the statement of geography for the Eleutherodactylus planirostris (Eleutherodactylidae) record noting the record from Luzon, Philippines, by Sy, Martyr, Achacoso, and Diesmos, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 56. 

24 March 2015: Added a comment to the Pseudacris maculata (Hylidae) record, noting that Rogic, Tessier, Nöel, Gendron, Branchaud, and Lapointe, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 1–7, confirmed the identity of the populations in southern Quebec, Canada, via study of mtDNA and call recording responses. 

23 March 2015: Added Rhacophorus malkmusi (Rhacophoridae), previously confused with Rhacophorus gauni, from Sabah, Malaysia, named by Dehling, 2015, Salamandra, 51: 1–11. 

23 March 2015: Added a remarkable species of the Pristimantis myersi group (Craugastoridae), able to change its skin texture: Pristimantis mutabilis from Pichincha and Imbabure provinces in Ecuador and named by Guayasamin, Krynak, Krynak, Culebras, and Hutter, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 173: 913–928. 

19 March 2015: Added a number of comments and added lectotype designations extending from the type specimen catalogue for the Port Elizabeth Museum, South Africa, by Conradie, Branch, and Watson, 2015, Zootaxa, 3936: 42–70.

16 March 2015: Added a comment under Rhinella inopina (Bufonidae) regarding the report of the advertisement call by Andrade, Rocha, Victor, and Vaz-Silva, 2015, Zootaxa, 3931: 448–450.

16 March 2015: Added comments and where necessary adjusted range statements extending from the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, provided by  McCranie, 2015, Zootaxa, 3931: 352–386. The author doubted the Honduran record of Triprion petasatus (Hylidae) and added to the list of species occurring in Honduras Ptychohyla euthysanota (Hylidae), Bolitoglossa odonnelli (Plethodontidae), and Oedipina chortiorum (Plethodontidae).  

16 March 2015: Added comments to records of Afrixalus nigeriensis (Hyperoliidae), Phrynobatrachus phyllophilus (Phrynobatrachidae) and Hylarana occidentalis (Ranidae) extending from the publication of Kouamé, Konan, Adepo-Gourène, Gourène, and Rödel, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 657–665, who reported on the amphibians of Yakassé-Mé village forest, in southeastern Ivory Coast. 

16 March 2015: Added a comment and adjusted the range statement of Osornophryne percrassa (Bufonidae), extending from the publication of  Loaiza-Piedrahíta, Cuartas-Villa, Pérez, Marín-Castaño, and Daza-R., 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 673–674, who provided a record from the municipality of Sonsón, Department of Antioquia, Colombia, extending the range 73 km to the north. 

15 March 2015: Added a comment to the Cochranella nola (Centrolenidae) record, extending from the note by Lujan, Venegas, and Echevarría, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 607–608, who reported the species from Bahuaja Sonene National Park, Puno, southeastern Peru, previously known only from Bolivia. 

14 March 2015: Added a comment under Plethodon cinereus (Plethodontidae) referencing the study by Moore and Ouellet, 2015, Global Change Biol., 21: 566–571, who provided evidence that there is no relation between color morph frequency and climate change in this species. 

12 March 2015: Added Leptolalax pyrrhops (Megophryidae) from Loc Bac forest on the western part of the Langbian Plateau in the southern Annamite Mountains, Lam Dong Province, Vietnam, named by Poyarkov, Rowley, Gogoleva, Vassilieva, Galoyan, and Orlov, 2015, Zootaxa, 3931: 221–252, who also provided a Bayesian tree of species that supports the subgenera Lalos and Leptolalax as monophyletic sister taxa. 

11 March 2015: Reformulated the synonymies and ranges of the Xenopus laevis group of species by the recognition of Xenopus poweri and the redelimition of species ranges of Xenopus laevis, Xenopus poweri, Xenopus victorianus (including former Xenopus laevis bunyaniensis), and Xenopus petersii (including former Xenopus laevis sudanensis) (Pipidae) by Furman, Bewick, Harrison, Greenbaum, Gvoždík, Kusamba, and Evans, 2015, Mol. Ecol., 24: 909–925. 

10 March 2015: Modified range statements for Pristimantis esmeraldas and Strabomantis necerus (Craugastoridae), based on the range extensions of these species from Ecuador to Valle del Cauca Department, Colombia, by Ospina-Sarria, Velásquez-Trujillo, and Bolívar-García, 2015, Herpetol. Notes, 8: 27–30.  

9 March 2015: Added a comment under Batrachyla taeniata (Batrachylidae) referencing the article by  Correa-Quezada, Cisternas, Velásquez, Lobos, and San Martín-Órdenes, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 703–706, who provided range extensions in Chile and mapped and discussed the range in that country. 

9 March 2015: Added a comment under Salamandra atra referencing the documentation of the geographic isolation of Salamandra atra aurorae from Salamandra atra pasubiensis (Salamandridae) by Romanazzi and Bonato, 2014, Amphibia-Reptilia, 35: 123–128;

6 March 2015: Added Anomaloglossus tepequem and Anomaloglossus apiau (Aromobatidae) from tepui-like highlands in the state of Roraima, Brazil, named by Fouquet, Souza, Nunes, Kok, Curcio, Carvalho, Grant, and Rodrigues, 2015, Zootaxa, 3926: 191–210. 

4 March 2015: Modified the range statement and added a comment for Corythomantis greeningi (Hylidae) referencing the paper by Silva, Hoffmann, and Santana, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 717720, who provided a western record for the District of Taquaruçu, Palmas Municipality, central Tocantins, Brazil. 

4 March 2015: Extended the range of Scinax constrictus (Hylidae) to the Municipality of Limeira do Oeste, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, based on the publication of  Neves, Pereira, Rocha, Vasques, and Santos, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 745–746. 

4 March 2015: Added a range extension for Leptodactylus mystaceus (Leptodactylidae) from Silvânia National Forest (SNF), Silvânia county, Goiás state, Brazil, noted by Morais, Márquez, Siqueira, and Bastos, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 763–765. 

4 March 2015: Added a commented and modified the range state of Hypsiboas pardalis (Hylidae) extending from the paper by Mattedi and Pontes, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 791–795, who provided a range extension to the Muncipality of Sooretama, Espírito Santo, Brazil, corrected misidentifications, and  discussed and mapped the range including a possible record without detailed locality data from Goiás.  

3 March 2015: Added a comment under Neurergus crocatus (Hynobiidae) noting the first records of this species in northwestern Iran in 150 years by Najafi-Majd and Kaya, 2013, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 6: 36–41.

3 March 2015: Added a comment under Atelopus varius (Bufonidae) regarding populations in western Panama persisting in the presence of chytrid fungus, documented by Perez, Richards-Zawacki, Krohn, Robak, Griffith, Ross, Gratwicke, Ibáñez, and Voyles, 2014, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 8: 30–35.  

3 March 2015: Added comments under the respective species regarding the comparison of iris color pattern in Glandirana rugosa and Glandirana susurra (Ranidae) by Shimada, 2015, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 34: 80–84. 

3 March 2015: Placed Tylototriton daweishanensis into the synonymy of Tylototriton yangi (Salamandridae) on the basis of the study by Nishikawa, Rao, Matsui, and Eto, 2015, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 34: 67–74. 

3 March 2015: Added to comments under Megophrys kuatunensis and Megophrys huangshanensis (Megophryidae) that Xiong, Matsui, Nishikawa, and Jiang, 2015, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 34: 51–59, reported on the advertisement calls.  

3 March 2015: Added a comment to Limnonectes leporinus (Dicroglossidae) extending from the publication by Matsui, Nishimura, Eto, Kuraishi, Hamidy, Nishikawa, and Sudin, 2015, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 34: 28–37, wo reported on mtDNA diversification within Borneo, finding relatively low levels. 

3 March 2015: Added a comment to Cynops pyrrhogaster (Salamandridae) extending from the publication of  Tominaga, Matsui, and Kokuryo, 2015, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 34: 19–27, who confirmed the existence of multiple lineages in Japan, and who discussed biogeography of the Izu Peninsular of Honshu. 

3 March 2015: Added a comment to Hynobius dunni (Hynobiidae) extending from the publication by  Sugawara, Nagano, Sueyoshi, and Hayashi, 2015, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 34: 1–11, who discussed low genetic differentiation within the isolated populations on Kyushu, Japan. 

3 March 2015: Added Tylototriton anguliceps (Salamandridae), named by Le, Nguyen, Nishikawa, Nguyen, Pham, Matsui, Bernardes, and Nguyen, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 34: 45, from northeastern Thailand and northwestern Vietnam. 

2 March 2015: Added a range extension of Andinophryne olallai (Bufonidae) by Lynch, Kohn, Ayala-Varela, Hamitlon, and Ron, 2014, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 9(1)(Special Section): 1–7, to Río Manduriacu, Imbabura Province, Ecuador, discussed the conservation status of the species, and suggested that the previously reported specimen(s) from the Reserva Natural Río Ñambi (Municipio de Barbacoas, Nariño, Colombia) represent an unnamed species. 

1 March 2015: Added a range extension Spea multiplicata (Scaphiopodidae) to Nayarit, Mexico, by Luja, Ahumada-Carrillo, Ponce-Campos, and Figueroa-Esquivel, 2014, Check List, 10: 1336–1341, who provided a checklist of the amphibians of the state of Nayarit. 

27 February 2015: Added Stumpffia kibomena (Microhylidae: Cophylinae), named by Glaw, Vallan, Andreone, Edmonds, Dolch, and Vences, 2015, Zootaxa, 3925: 120–128, named from near Andasibe, central-eastern Madagascar. 

27 February 2015: Added relevant comments and modified the synonymies of Amietia vertebralis and Amietia hymenopus (Pyxicephalidae) by Channing, 2015, Zootaxa, 3926: 271–280, who sorted through their very difficult taxonomic history. 

25 February 2015: Added relevant comments extending from the maximum-likelihood analysis of 12S mtDNA of Theloderma (Rhacophoridae) by Nguyen, Matsui, and Eto, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 85: 59–64, who confirmed the exclusion of "Theloderma" moloch from Theloderma

19 February 2014: Added Hyalinobatrachium dianae (Centrolenidae), named by Kubicki, Salazar, and Puschendorf, 2015, Zootaxa, 3920: 69–84. Known currently only from three sites along the Caribbean foothills of Costa Rica, 400 to 900 m elevation. 

17 February 2014: Added Ichthyophis chaloensis (from Cha Lo, Quang Binh Province, Vietnam), Ichthyophis catlocensis (from Cat Tien National Park, Lam Dong Province, southern Vietnam), and Ichthyophis cardomomensis (from the Cardomom Mountains of Cambodia) (Ichthyophiidae), named by Geissler, Poyarkov, Grismer, Nguyen, An, Neang, Kupfer, Ziegler, Böhme, and Müller, 2015, Org. Divers. Evol., 15: 143–174, in their review of the unstriped forms of Ichthyophis in Indochina. The paper was widely available as an electronic preprint in 2014, but not published under the rules of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature until February 2015. 

15 February 2014: Funny how science reporting is not substantially more complete that other news sources. In an unheralded but more meaty paper than the relatively brief naming of the species, the paper by Kusrini, Rowley, Khairunnisa, Shea, and Altig, 2015, PLoS One,  10(1): e116154: 1–9, details the reproductive biology and larval morphology of Limnonectes larvaepartus (Dicroglossidae), which gives birth to developed exotrophic larvae. 

11 February 2014: Added a comment under Chimerella mariaelenae (Centrolenidae) noting the report on larval morphology by Terán-Valdez and Guayasamin, 2014, CienciAmérica,  Quito, 3: 17–22. 

7 February 2015: Added Euphlyctis kalasgramensis (Dicroglossidae) Howlader, Nair, Gopalan, and Merilä, 2015, PLoS One, E 10(2)—e0116666: 1–13, who named the form Bangladesh population of Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis (previous identified as a distinct species by Alam, Igawa, Khan, Islam, Kuramoto, Matsui, Kurabayashi, and Sumida, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 48: 515–527). The range limits of this species are unknown but clearly extend into adjacent India. 

6 February 2015: Added Alsodes cantillanensis (Alsodidae), named by Charrier, Correa-Quezada, Castro, and Méndez-Torres, 2015, Zootaxa, 3915: 540–550, from central Chile in the coastal range at Quebrada Infiernillo, Fundo San Juan de Piche, Altos de Cantillana. 

3 February 2015: Added a range extension for Vitreorana uranoscopa (Centrolenidae) to the Serra Bonita, Espírito Santo, Brazil, by Dias, Medeiros, Nova, and Solé, 2014, ZooKeys, 449: 105–130, who reported on the amphibian fauna of that mountain. 

3 February 2015: Added a comment under Atelopus muisca (Bufonidae) regarding the osteology description of this species by Hoyos, Medina, and Schoch, 2015, Zootaxa, 3905: 119–130. 

3 February 2015: Added a comment under Bokermannohyla lucianae (Hylidae) regarding the report on larval morphology by Mercês, Camurugi, Barreto, Solé, and Juncá, 2015, Zootaxa, 3904: 298–300. 

3 February 2015: Added relevant comments under Sphaenorhynchus (Hylidae) and Sphaenorhynchus caramaschii regarding comparative larval morphology with special reference to Sphaenorhynchus by Araujo-Vieira, Tacioli, and Faivovich, 2015, Zootaxa, 3904: 270–282. 

3 February 2015: Added a comment that Mercês, Magalhães, Amado, Juncá, and Garda, 2015, Zootaxa, 3911: 589–592, reported on the larval morphology of Leptodactylus oreomantis (Leptodactylidae). 

3 February 2015:  Added Telmatobius ventriflavum (Telmatobiidae), named by Catenazzi, Vargas García, and Lehr, 2015, ZooKeys, 480: 81–95, from the upper drainage of the Huaytará river, 3900 m, Provincia Huaytará, Región Huancavelica, Peru. 

2 February 2015: Modified the range statement and added a comment noting the documentation of advertisement call and morphological variation of Bokermannohyla juiju (Hylidae) by Taucce, Pinheiro, Leite, and Garcia, 2015, Zootaxa, 3915: 99–110. 

2 February 2015: Added Scinax rupestris (Hylidae) from the mountains in the Chapada dos Veadeiros region, northern state of Goiás, Central Brazil; named by Araujo-Vieira, Brandão, and Faria, 2015, Zootaxa, 3915: 52–66. 

2 February 2015: Added Eleutherodactylus (Syrrhophus) wixarika and Eleutherodactylus (Syrrhophus) grunwaldi from, respectively, the Sierra Huichola of northern Jalisco, and the Sierra de Manantlán in Colima and Jalisco, Mexico, named by Reyes-Velasco, Ahumada-Carrillo, Burkhardt, and Devitt, 2015, Zootaxa, 3914: 301–317. 

25 January 2015: Added a citation to the record of Eleutherodactylus riparius (Eleutherodactylidae) to range extension to Cayo Cinco Leguas, Camagüey, Cuba, provided by Iturriaga and González, 2014, Herpetol. Rev., 45: 653. 

24 January 2015: Added a citation to the Eleutherodactylus planirostris (Eleutherodactylidae) record noting a range extension within Honduras by McCranie and Gutsche, 2014, Herpetol. Rev., 45: 653. 

24 January 2015: Added a citation to the Eleutherodactylus planirostris (Eleutherodactylidae) record noting a range extension of this invasive species in southern Mississippi, USA, and its ecology by Mann, Mann, Winstead, and Lu, 2014, Herpetol. Rev., 45: 652. 

24 January 2015: Added a citation to the Eleutherodactylus marnockii (Eleutherodactylidae) record extending from the article by Owen, Marshall, and Davis, 2014, Herpetol. Rev., 45: 652, who provided substantial range extensions in the mountains (Sierra Vieja and Davis Mts.) of Presidio County, Texas, seemingly well isolated from the larger range segment to the east on the Stockton and Edwards Plateaus.  

24 January 2015: Added a citation under Agalychnis dacnicolor (Hylidae) noting a range extension within Guerrero, Mexico, by Hernández-Ríos and García-Padilla, Herpetol. Rev., 45: 651. 

24 January 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement for Pseudoeurycea bellii (Plethodontidae) based on Quintero-Díaz, Sigala-Rodríguez, and Carbajal-Márquez, 2014, Herpetol. Rev., 45: 651, who provided a range extension within southern Zacatecas, Mexico, and briefly characterized the range. 

24 January 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement for Paramesotriton hongkongensis (Salamandridae) based on the publication of Jono, Nishikawa, Ding, and Tang, 2014, Herpetol. Rev., 651: 651, provided a range extension to Longyandong Forest Park in Dongguan, Guangdong, China, and briefly discussed the documented range. 

24 January 2015: Added a comment to the Notophthalmus viridescens (Salamandridae) extending from the publication by Carbajal-Márquez, Quintero-Díaz, and Martínez de la Vega, 2014, Herpetol. Rev., 45: 650, who provided a range extension in San Luis Potosí, Mexico, and discussed the range and possible extirpation of the population at Agua Blanca, San Luis Potosí, Mexico. 

24 January 2015: Added relevant comments to Microhyla (Microhylidae) and the species of Southeast Asia extending from the study of Manthey and Denzer, 2014, Sauria, Berlin, 36: 3–21, which provided a range correction of Microhyla annectens, convinced me to return Microhyla fowleri to the synonymy of Microhyla berdmorei, and provided morphology and color notes for other species and a useful small dataset comparing nominal Microhyla achatina and Microhyla palmipes, suggesting that there may be taxonomic problems on the island of Java. 

22 January 2015: Added Limnonectes deinodon (Dicroglossidae) from peninsular Malaysia and, likely, adjacent Thailand, named by Dehling, 2014, Sauria, Berlin, 36: 17–30, from Gunung Lawit, Terengganu State, Malaysia. This is a member of the Limnonectes kuhlii group, previously confused with Limnonectes khasianus (or its synonym Limnonectes laticeps). Recognition of this species isolates records of nominal Limnonectes khasianus on Sumatra far from those on the mainland. 

22 January 2015: Added citations to comments under the Adenomus (Bufonidae) record and both species, Adenomus kandianus and Adenomus kelaartii, extending from the revison of the genus by Meegaskumbura, Senevirathne, Wijayathilaka, Jayawardena, Bandara, Manamendra-Arachchi, and Pethiyagoda, 2015, Zootaxa, 3911: 245–261, and synonymy of Adenomus dasi with Adenomus kandianus

15 January 2015: Added a number of citations in relevant comments extending from the report on the comparative chondricranial and hyobranchial larval morphology among Rhinella abei, Rhinella crucifer, Rhinella granulosa, Rhinella henseli, Rhinella hoogmoedi, Rhinella icterica, Rhinella jimi, Rhinella ornata, Rhinella pombali, Rhinella pygmaea, and Rhinella schneideri (Bufonidae) by Oliveira, Weber, and Napoli, Herpetol. J., 24: 229–236. 

14 January 2015: Added comments to the Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis and Euphlyctis mudigere (Dicroglossidae) records extending from the study by Khajeh, Mohammadi, Ghorbani, Meshkani, Rastegar-Pouyani, and Torkamanzehi, 2014, Acta Herpetol., Firenze, 9: 159–166, who reported on mtDNA differentiation across the range of Euphlyctis from southeastern Iran to Pakistan to South India and Sri Lanka and suggested that populations of nominal Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis in South India and Sri Lanka should likely be referred to Eyphlyctis mudigere

14 January 2015: Added a comment regarding the study of landscape genetics of Rhyacotriton variegatus (Rhyacotritonidae) reported by Emel and Storfer, 2015, Conserv. Genet., 16: 209–221. 

14 January 2015: Added a comment extending from the third in a series of papers (Reilly and Wake, 2015, J. Biogeograph., 42: 280–291) concurring with their earlier papers about lineage recognition (although including new information on biogeography) and that by Rissler and Apodaca, 2007, Syst. Biol., 56: 924–942. Surprisingly, species are delimited but no taxonomic remedy is taken, nearly 8 years after the initial discoveries were made. Regardless, on the basis of the paper by Rissler and Apodoca (2007) and their statement that they intended to formulate a taxonomy in another paper I attached the available names to three of the lineages: Aneides flavipunctatus, Aneides iecanus, and Aneides niger. More will need to be named. 

14 January 2015: Added relevant comments extending from the study by Díaz-Rodríguez, Gonçalves, Sequeira, Sousa-Neves, Tejedo, Ferrand de Almeida, and Martínez-Solano, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 83: 224–241, who reported on molecular phylogeography within nominal Pelodytes punctatus and reported four lineages which they regarded as candidate species. Their geographic ranges are: a) the western Iberian Peninsula, along the Atlantic coast and part of central Portugal; b) central and eastern Spain; and (c) northeastern Spain to northwestern France; and d) southeastern France and northwestern Italy. The authors confirmed that these four lineages taken together are the sister taxon of Pelodytes ibericus

14 January 2015: Added a comment extending from the work of Zhou, Zhang, Zheng, Yu, and Yang, 2009, Gene, 447: 86–96, who reported on the complete mtDNA genome of Paa spinosa (Dicroglossidae). 

14 January 2015: Added a comment extending from the work of Yu, Zhang, and Zheng, 2012, Mitochondrial DNA, 23: 423–425, who reported on the complete mtDNA genome of Babina adenopleura (Ranidae).

14 January 2015: Added a citation to the comment under Hoplobatrachus rugulosus (Dicroglossidae) extending from Yu, Zhang, and Zheng, 2012, Mitochondrial DNA, 23: 336–337, who reported on the complete mtDNA genome of this species. 

14 January 2015: Added a citation to the comment of Lithobates catesbeianus (Ranidae) extending form the report on the complete mtDNA genome of this species by Lin, Tao, Fang, Wang, and Zhang, 2014, Mitochondrial DNA, 25: 447–448. 

13 January 2015: Added several comments extending from the report on the herpetofauna of the Yécora region of eastern Sonora into Chihuahua by Enderson, Van Devender, and Bezy, 2014, Check List, 10: 913–926. Of particular interest are comments on life history of Eleutherodactylus interorbitalis (Eleutherodactylidae), the sympatry of Craugastor tarahumaraensis and Craugastor augusti (Craugastoridae) and comments on systematics regarding Lithobates magnaocularis and Lithobates yavapaiensis as well as Lithobates lemosespinali and Lithobates chiricahuensis (Ranidae). 

13 January 2015: Added Microcaecilia butantan (Siphonopidae) named by Wilkinson, Antoniazzi, and Jared, 2015, Zootaxa, 3905: 425–431, from Pará, Brazil. 

12 January 2015: Added a number of citations to comments in Pacific Basin frogs extending from the brief accounts provided by Zug, 2013, Rept. Amph. Pacific Is.

10 January 2015: Added a citation extending from the study of landscape genetics and potential range modeling of Pseudoeurycea leprosa (Plethodontidae) in the Trans-volcanic Belt of Mexico by Velo-Antón, Parra, Parra-Olea, and Zamudio, 2013, Mol. Ecol., 22: 3261–3278. 

10 January 2015: Added a citation regarding records of Eleutherodactylus planirostris (Eleutherodactylidae) from Honduras by Solis, Darinel Lainez, and Bardales Salmeron, 2014, Mesoam. Herpetol., 1: 292. 

9 January 2015: Insert citations into relevant comments and adjusted range statements extending from the work by  Rivalta González, Rodríguez Schettino, Mancina, and Iturriaga, 2014, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Ser. , 145: 1–48, who provided dot maps and specific localities for all amphibian species found in Cuba.

9 January 2015: Completed the first pass through Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 1–472, which provides accounts, range maps, and photographs of all salamander species on the planet. This required that I add hundreds of comments in the relevant taxon accounts. The volume provides a substantial literature review, picking up much that I had so far missed. However, it is not always clear how taxonomic conclusions were reached and monophyly, the standard of group formulation in systematics for the last 35 years, is not canonical in this volume so monophyly should not be assumed by the reader with respect to taxon formulation or content in this volume. I found the reading to be difficult (beyond the language barrier for me) because it is not systematics in a scientific sense, but just a naming exercise. Having said that, there are many observations on the literature and of animals in life in the wild and captivity that will be of great interest to anyone interested in salamanders. 

7 January 2015: Completed inserting comments and modifying range statements of Bolitoglossa equatoriana, Bolitoglossa peruviana, and Bolitoglossa paraensis (Plethodontidae) exteding from the paper by Elmer, Bonett, Wake, and Lougheed, 2013, BMC Evol. Biol., 13(59): 1–16, who discussed the biogeography and phylogeny of South American salamanders with the documentation of up to nine unnamed species. 

5 January 2015: Added Bolitoglossa tenebrosa (Plethodontidae), a cryptic species segregated from Bolitoglossa meliana, named from the Sierra de las Minas in the Departments of Baja Verapaz and Zacapa, in Guatemala, by Vázquez-Almazán and Rovito, 2014, J. Herpetol., 48: 518–524. Recognition of this species restricts Bolitoglossa meliana to the Sierra de Chuacus in the Departments of Quiche and Baja Verapaz, Guatemala. Given that the type and only known specimen of Bolitoglosa tzultacaj is a subadult female with a regenerated tail, it is not clear how this species, from the same mountain range, can be adequately diagnosed from that species (DRF). 

2 January 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement of Tylototriton vietnamensis (Salamandridae), extending from the study by Bernardes, Rödder, Nguyen, Pham, Nguyen, and Ziegler, 2013, J. Nat. Hist., London, 47: 1161–1175, on the habitat and potential distribution of this species. 

2 January 2015: Added a comment and modified the range statement of Xenopus pygmaeus (Pipidae) extending from the report of the species from northwestern Zambia by  Wagner, Wilms, Rödder, and Schmitz, 2013, Salamandra, 49: 206–210.

2 January 2015: Added a comments and modified the range statement of Ptychadena nana (Ptychadenidae) extending from the report by Böhme and Rödder, 2011, North-west. J. Zool., 7: 322–324, of an additional specimen from the same mountain range as the holotype (Arussi Mountains) but did not report on when it was collected or by whom which leaves questions about the fate of this species given that it has otherwise only been known from the holotype which was collected over 90 years ago. The authors also discussed a possible unnamed species in Bale National Park, Ethiopia. 

2 January 2015: Added comments to the relevant records extending from the report on distress calls of Bokermannohyla circumdata and Bokermannohyla nanuzae (Hylidae) by Pereira, Silva, Pirani, and Mângia, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 521–524. 

2 January 2015: Added a comment and updated the range statement for Pristimantis divnae (Craugastoridae) based on the range extension to Bahuaja Sonene National Park, Puno Province, Amazonas region of southeastern Peru by Lujan and Venegas, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 481–482. 

2 January 2015: Added a comment and updated the range statement for Cruziohyla craspedopus (Hylidae) provided by Venâncio, Moura, Brito, Melo, and Souza, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 479–480.

2 January 2015: Added a comment and modified the range for Incilius mccoyi (Bufonidae), based on a number of records reported for Madrean Durango, Mexico, by Streicher, Reyes-Velasco, Cox, Campbell, and Flores-Villela, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 207–210.

2 January 2015: Added a comment regarding the range extension to the state of Tocantins, Brazil, of Lithodytes lineatus (Leptodactylidae) by Cintra, Silva, and Silva, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 179–184. 

2 January 2015: Added a comment regarding range extensions and documentation of Vitreorana uranoscopa (Centrolenidae) in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, provided by Machado, Bühler, Abadie, Santos, and Santos, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 443–446. 

2 January 2015: Added a comment regarding the report of Dendropsophus elegans (Hylidae) on an inselberg in Espírito Santo, Brazil, by Mageski, Ferreira, Zocca, Teixeira, and Rödder, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 363–365. 

2 January 2015: Adjusted the range statement and added a comment to the Physalaemus centralis (Leptodactylidae) record extending from the range extension to Piauí, Brazil, and range map provided by Vasconcelos, Sousa, Leite, and Andrade, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 325–327. 

2 January 2015:  Beraún, Durán, and Venegas, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 281–285, provided new records for Pristimantis corrugatus, Pristimantis schultei, and Pristimantis wagteri (Craugastoridae) from northern Peru, and discussed the ranges of these species.  

2 January 2015: Added a note extending from the report on the release call of Hypsiboas goianus (Hylidae) by Dias, Bastos, Siqueira, and Morais, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 215–217. 

1 January 2015: Completed the addition of many citations in comments extending from Harper, Measey, Patrick, Menegon, and Vonesh, 2010, Field Guide Amph. E. Arc Mts. Tanzania and Kenya: 1–320, provided brief accounts in English and Swahili and, where available, provided photographs for the species covered in the region of the guide. 

31 December 2014: Added Limnonectes larvaepartus (Dicroglossidae), a species from Sulawesi, Indonesia, with internal fertilization and live birth of tadpoles, named by Iskandar, Evans, and McGuire, 2014, PLoS One, 9(12), e115884: 1–14.

31 December 2014: Added Rhinella casconi (Bufonidae) from the state of Ceará, Brazil, a species previously confused with Rhinella crucifer and named by Roberto, Brito, and Thomé, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9: 190–199. 

31 December 2014: Added a number of comments to relevant species records extending from the phylogenetic analysis of Ceratophryidae by Faivovich, Nicoli, Blotto, Pereyra, Baldo, Barrionuevo, Fabrezi, Wild, and Haddad, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9: 207–227. 

31 December 2014: Added Chiropterotriton miquihuanus (Plethodontidae) named from near Miquihuana, southwestern Tamualipas, Mexico, by Campbell, Streicher, Cox, and Brodie, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol.: 228–234. Given the history of nominal species being found to be composites, these authors also provide a useful table of comparative morphology of the species. 

30 December 2014: Added a comment under Xenopus muelleri (Pipidae) extending from the study by Mechkarska, Ahmed, Coquet, Leprince, Jouenne, Vaudry, King, and Conlon, 2011, Peptides, 32: 1502–1508, who suggested on the basis of skin peptide analysis that the West African population of nominal Xenopus muelleri is an unnamed species distinct from Xenopus muelleri and phylogenetically closer to Xenopus borealis

29 December 2014: Added Paramesotriton qixilingensis (Salamandridae) named by Yuan, Zhao, Jiang, Hou, He, Murphy, and Che, 2014, Asian Herpetol. Res., 5: 72, who also provided a key to the species and an ND2 molecular tree of relationships. This corrects an earlier entry (20 July 2014) where I misspelled the species name.  

29 December 2014: Added relevant comments extending from the discussion of the Nyctimystes papua (Hylidae) species group by Menzies, 2014, Alytes, 31: 69–70, who additionally placed Nyctimystes oktediensis into the synonymy of Nyctimystes disruptus

29 December 2014: Added Rana neba (Ranidae), a close relative of Rana tagoi, named by Ryuzaki, Hasegawa, and Kuramoto, 2014, Alytes, 31: 49–58, found within 40 km of Mount Chausu on Honshu, Japan. 

29 December 2014: Added Kaloula latidisca (Microhylidae) from northern Peninsular Mayasia, a member of the Kaloula baleata complex.  Chan, Grismer, and Brown, 2014, Zootaxa, 3900: 569–580, named the species and provided molecular evidence from Blackburn, Siler, Diesmos, McGuire, Cannatella, and Brown, 2013, Evolution, 67: 2631–2646, that nominal Kaloula baleata is a species complex of which Chan et al. (2014) named the northern Peninsular Malaysia population as Kaloula latidisca, but implied that the populations from a) southern Peninsular Malaysia; b) Borneo; c) Palawan; and d) Sulawesi likely will be found to be be distinct species, with Kaloula baleata sensu stricto restricted to Java.

29 December 2014: Added Kurixalus motokawai (Rhacophoridae) from the Central Highlands of Vietnam, a species very similar to Kurixalus banaensis, and requiring the range verification of the latter. Named and placed in the Kurixalus banaensis species group along with Kurixalus viridescens and Kurixalus banaensis by Nguyen, Matsui, and Eto, 2014, Russ. J. Herpetol., 21: 295–302,. 

28 December 2014: Added citations to comments in the Triturus (Salamandridae) and the relevant seven species regarding the report on the features of contact/hybrid zones by Arntzen, Wielstra, and Wallis, 2014, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 113: 604–622, among the species Triturus cristatus, Triturus carnifex, Triturus dobrogicus, Triturus ivanbureschi, Triturus macedonicus, Triturus marmoratus, and Triturus pygmaeus.

28 December 2014: Added a citation to the comment in the Lissotriton meridionalis (Salamandridae) record to reflect the molecular phylogeography study of Maura, Salvi, Bologna, Nascetti, and Canestrelli, 2014, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 113: 590–603, who treated the taxon as a subspecies of Lissotriton vulgaris without discussion.  

28 December 2014: Modified ranges and added citations in the relevant comments extending from the new records of Leptolalax eos (Megophryidae) and Hylarana cubitalis (Ranidae) from northwestern Vietnam by Pham, Le, Nguyen, Ziegler, and Nguyen, 2014, Russ. J. Herpetol., 21: 195–200. 

27 December 2014: Added comments to synonymies extending from the report on the amphibian types the Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano, by Blackburn and Scali, 2014, Herpetol. Monogr., 28: 40: 24–45. This paper represents the kind of heavy lifting, rarely celebrated but deeply important, that systematic herpetology needs more of (DRF). 

26 December 2014: Modified the range statement and added a comment extending from the range extension to Putumayo, Colombia, by Perdomo-Castillo and Mueses-Cisneros, 2014, Herpetotropicos, Mérida, 10: 33–35. 

26 December 2014: Modified the range statement and added a comment extending from the report by Gabadage, de Silva, Botejue, Bahir, Surasinghe, Madawala, Amarasinghe, and Karunarathna, 2014, Herpetotropicos, Mérida, 10: 37–49, on the third known locality for Adenomus kandianus (Bufonidae), and in which the authors provided a detailed redescription of the holotype as well as of new specimens. 

26 December 2014: Added a range and elevation extension for Cryptobatrachus boulengeri (Hemiphractidae) provided by Rueda-Solano and Vargas-Salinas, 2014, Herpetotropicos, Mérida, 10: 51–52. 

26 December 2014: Added comments extending from the study by  San Mauro, Gower, Müller, Loader, Zardoya, Nussbaum, and Wilkinson, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 73: 177–189, who reported on a mitogenomic phylogeny of caecilians (Gymnophiona) and the evolution of life-histories in the order. As usual, great, interesting stuff. 

26 December 2014: Added comments extending from the study by Fakharzaeh, Darvish, Kami, Ghasemzadeh, and Rastegar-Pouyani, 2014, As. Herpetol. Res., 5: 168–178, who reported on karyology of the Bufotes viridis complex in the southern part of Iran, showing karyotypic differences between Bufotes luristanicus, Bufotes surdus, and Bufotes variabilis (all as Bufo). 

26 December 2014: Added Lyciasalamandra antalyana gocmeni (Salamandridae) to the synonymy of the species and modified the range as noted by Akman and Godmann, 2014, Amphibia-Reptilia, 50: 125–132, who named the population. 

26 December 2014: Added comments relating to the paper by Batista, Hertz, Köhler, Mebert, and Vesely, 2014, Salamandra, 50: 155–171, where they present molecular data for the existence of three lineages in the Pristimantis caryophyllaceus complex (Craugastoridae), one of which bears the name Pristimantis educatoris. While the authors note the deep phylogenetic structure, they also point to confusing morphological variation and on this basis, opt to consider the three lineages, at least parapatric, to form one nominal species and place Pristimantis educatoris in the synonymy of Pristimantis caryophyllaceus. All this represents, however, is a return under new terminology (e.g., "Molecular Operational Taxonomic Units", "Deep Conspecific Lineages") to an older notion of polytypic (e.g., multilineage) species which was found to be an impediment to phylogenetic inquiry. Also, due to the evidentiary confusion in morphology noted by the authors, rather than submerge Pristimantis educatoris, I (DRF) retain it in this catalogue and note that nominal Pristimantis caryophyllaceus remains composed of at least two phylogenetic lineages that represent a paraphyletic assemblage with respect to Pristimantis educatoris. 

25 December 2014: Added comment about the introduced population of Eleutherodactylus johnstonei (Eleutherodactylidae) from São Paulo, Brazil, documented by Melo, Lyra, Brischi, Geraldi, and Haddad, 2014, Salamandra, 50: 177–180. 

25 December 2014: Added comment extending from paper by Nali and Prado, 2014, Amphibia-Reptilia, 50: 181–184, who reported on the fight call of Bokermannohyla ibitiguara (Hylidae). 

25 December 2014: Added Platypelis karenae (Microhylidae: Cophylinae), name by Rosa, Crottini, Noël, Rabibisoa, Raxworthy, and Andreone, 2014, Salamandra, 50: 201–214, from the Réserve Naturelle Intégrale N. 1 de Betampona, one of the last low-altitude rainforest fragments of eastern Madagascar. .

25 December 2014: Added comment extending from the study by Galindo-Uribe, Sunyer, Hauswaldt, Amézquita, Pröhl, and Vences, 2014, Salamandra, 50: 225–235, who reported on color-pattern variation and phylogeography of Oophaga pumilio (Dendrobatidae).  

25 December 2014: Comments added extending from the paper by  Faggioni, Zamudio, Souza, and Prado, 2014, Amphibia-Reptilia, 35: 405–412, characterizing microsatellite markers for Leptodactylus bufonius and Leptodactylus chaquensis (Leptodactylidae). 

24 December 2014: Comments added extending from the dot distribution map of the species of Triturus (Salamandridae) provided by  Wielstra, Sillero, Vörös, and Arntzen, 2014, Amphibia-Reptilia, 35: 376–381.

24 December 2014: Comments added to the relevant taxon records regarding the study of Nali, Zamudio, and Prado, 2014, Amphibia-Reptilia, 35: 355–360, who characterized 22 polymorphic microsatellite markers for Bokermannohyla ibitiguara, Bokermannohyla alverengai, Bokermannohyla circumdata, and Bokermannohyla hylax (Hylidae). 

24 December 2014: Comments added extending from the study of  Li, Zhang, Wu, Xue, Yan, and Wu, 2014, Amphibia-Reptilia, 35: 331–343, who reported on the molecular phylogenetics of Ranidae and Dicroglossidae on the basis of 23 examplars and 13 mtDNA protein-coding genes. 

24 December 2014: Comments added extending from the study by  Vences, de Pous, Nicolas, Díaz-Rodríguez, Donaire-Barroso, Hugemann, Hauswaldt, Amat, Barnestein, Bogaerts, Bouazza, Carranza, Galán, de la Vega, Joger, Lansari, El Mouden, Ohler, Sanuy, Slimani, and Tejedo, 2014, Amphibia-Reptilia, 35: 305–320, who reported on molecular phylogenetics of Discoglossus (Alytidae) of the eastern Mediterranean region. 

24 December 2014: Added comment extending from the study of  Gambale, Signorelli, and Bastos, 2014, Amphibia-Reptilia, 35: 271–281, who reported on individual variation in advertisement calls in Scinax constrictus (Hylidae).  

24 December 2014: Added relevent comments to the paper by Arias and Chaves, 2014, Mesoam. Herpetol., 1: 176–180, who discussed and corrected the type localities of Craugastor gulosus, Craugastor megacephalus, Craugastor melanostictus, Craugastor podiciferus, Diasporus hylaeformis, Pristimantis cerasinus (Craugastoridae), Incilius fastidiosus, Incilius epioticus (Bufonidae), and Isthmohyla pictipes (Hylidae).

24 December 2014: Added Pristimantis jaguensis (Craugastoridae), named by Rivera-Prieto, Rivera-Correa, and Daza-R., 2014, Zootaxa, 3900: 223–242, from the vicinity of Embalse San Lorenzo, Antioquia, Colombia, between 1000 and 1200 m elevation. 

14 December 2014: Added relevant comment to Lithobates capito (Ranidae) regarding the mtDNA phylogeography stufy of Richter, O'Neill, Nunziata, Rumments, Gustin, Young, and Crother, 2014, Copeia, 2014: 231–237. 

14 December 2014: Added Echinotriton maxiquadratus (Salamandridae), named by Hou, Wu, Yang, Zheng, Yuan, and Li, 2014, Zootaxa, 3895: , from "a mountain in southern China". The authors' attempt to prevent commercial collecting by not providing the explicit details of the type locality says everything about the state of amphibian conservation in China. 

14 December 2014: Nine species of Raorchestes (Rhacophoridae) named from the Western Ghats of South India by Vijayakumar, Dinesh, Prabhu, and Shanker, 2014, Zootaxa, 3893: 451–488: Raorchestes archeos, Raorchestes aureus, Raorchestes blandus, Raorchestes echinatus, Raorchestes emeraldi, Raorchestes flaviocularis, Raorchestes indigo, Raorchestes leucolatus, and Raorchestes primarrumpfi. 

12 December 2014: Pristimantis achuar (Craugastoridae) placed as a synonym of Pristimantis luscombei and Pristimantis miktos named from Amazonian Ecuador by Ortega-Andrade and Venegas, 2014, Zootaxa, 3895: 31–57. 

8 December 2014: Allobates magnussoni (Aromobatidae) added, named by Lima, Simões, and Kaefer, 2014, Zootaxa, 3889: , from the Tapajós River basin of Pará, Brazil. 

4 December 2014: Scinax melanodactylus (Hylidae) added, named by Lourenço, Luna, and Pombal, 2014, Zootaxa, 3889: 259–276, from the coast of Alagoas, Sergipe, Bahia, and northern Espírito Santo, Brazil. Previously confused with Scinax agilis, which has left the latter with a poorly delimited range along the coastal region. 

4 December 2014: Psychrophrynella teqta (Craugastoridae) added, named by De la Riva and Burrowes, 2014, Zootaxa, 3887: 459–470, from Pablo Amaya, Provincia Larecaja, Departament La Paz, Bolivia.

12 November 2014: Transferred Hyla leucotaenia Burmeister, 1861 (nomen oblitum) to the synonymy of Scinax squalirostris (Hylidae) per the discussion provided by  Pinheiro, Faivovich, Langone, and Kwet, 2014, Zootaxa, 3884: 179–184. 

12 November 2014: Added Dendropsophus ozzyi (Hylidae) from Amazonas and Para, Brazil, named by Orrico, Peloso, Sturaro, Silva, Neckel-Oliveira, Gordo, Faivovich, and Haddad, 2014, Zootaxa, 3881: 341–361. 

6 November 2014: Added comments to the species account of USA frogs extending from the volume by Elliot, Gerhardt, and Davidson, 2009, Frogs and Toads of N. Am., which provided brief accounts, photos, and a CD containing all advertisement calls of frogs in this fauna. 

6 November 2014: Added Tylototriton shanorum (Salamandridae), previously confused with Tylototriton verrucosus, named by Nishikawa, Matsui, and Rao, 2014, Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc., 60: 9–22, from Myanmar. These authors also discussed briefly a population in Nepal, likely an unnamed species, also previously confused with Tylototriton verrucosus

5 November 2014: Added a comment to the record for Ptychadena uzungwensis (Ptychadenidae) extending from the description of larval morphology from the southern Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania, by Müller and Larson, 2014, J. Herpetol., 48: 284–290. 

5 November 2014: Modified the range statement and added a comment extending from the discussion of a population of Taricha rivularis (Salamandridae) from Santa Clara County, California, USA, by Reilly, Portik, Koo, and Wake, 2014, J. Herpetol., 48: 371–379.

5 November 2014: Added comment extending from the report by Nali and Prado, 2014, J. Herpetol., 48: 407–414, on the social aspects of call variation in Bokermannohyla ibitiguara (Hylidae). 

5 November 2014: Added comment extending from the report of advertisement call and larval morphology of Paratelmatobius gaigeae (Leptodactylidae) by Domenico, Haddad, and Zaher, 2014, J. Herpetol., 48: 430–433. 

5 November 2014: Added Leptolalax marmoratus (Megophryidae) from southwestern Sarawak, Malaysia (Borneo), named by Matsui, Zainudin, and Nishikawa, 2014, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 31: 773–779. 

4 November 2014: Added comments extending from the report on larval morphology of Rhinella azarai (Bufonidae) and other members of the Rhinella granulosa group by Blotto, Pereyra, and Baldo, 2014, J. Herpetol., 48: 434–438. 

4 November 2014: Added Bolitoglossa (Eladinea) chucantiensis (Plethodontidae), from Panama, a member of the Bolitoglossa adspersa group, named by Batista, Köhler, Mebert, and Vesely, 2014, Mesoam. Herpetol., 1: 97–121. 

4 November 2014: Solis, Wilson, and Townsend, 2014, Mesoam. Herpetol., 1: 125, commented on the taxonomic status of Craugastor loki (Craugastoridae) in Nicaragua. 

4 November 2014: Added a large number of range extensions for Nicaragua, provided by  Sunyer, Martínez-Fonseca, Salazar-Saavedra, Galindo-Uribe, and Obando, 2014, Mesoam. Herpetol., 1: 164–175.

4 November 2014: Added comment extending from the review of color phenotypes of Plethodon cinereus (Plethodontidae) and their distribution of these by Moore and Ouellet, 2014, Canadian Field Nat., 128: 250–259. 

2 November 2014: Added Limnonectes utara and Limnonectes selatan (Dicroglossidae) from Peninsular Malaysia, formerly confused with Limnonectes kuhlii, although not particularly closely related to that Javan species, both named by Matsui, Belabut, and Ahmad, 2014, Zootaxa, 3881: 75–93. 

2 November 2014: Added a substantial number of comments to all Leptodactylus (Leptodactylidae) accounts to reflect the large revision of the genus by de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 1–123, which provided a phylogenetic tree for the species, redelimitation of the species groups, and considerable numbers of revisions of range. 

1 November 2014: Added a range extension to Bahia, Brazil, and report of the advertisement call of Dendropsophus studerae (Hylidae) by Napoli, Abreu, Cruz, Herrera, Petersen, and Klein, 2014, Zootaxa, 3878: 593–596. 

1 November 2014: Added Rhacophorus bengkuluensis (Rhacophoridae), named by Streicher, Hamidy, Harvey, Anders, Shaney, Kurniawan, and Smith, 2014, Zootaxa, 3878: 351–365 , from southwestern Sumatra, Indonesia. 

1 November 2014: Added comments extending from observations by Shahriza and Ibrahim, 2014, Check List, 10: 253–259, of the frog fauna of the Ulu Paip Recreational Forest in Kedah, West Malaysia.

31 October 2014: Added many comments and changes to type designations extending from the revision of South Indian and Sri Lankan Hylarana by Biju, Garg, Mahony, Wijayathilaka, Senevirathne, and Meegaskumbura, 2014, Contr. Zool., Amsterdam, 83: 269–335. Hylarana intermedius was removed from the synonymy of Hylarana temporalis and along with the newly named species, Hylarana doni and Hylarana urbis placed with Hylarana aurantiaca in the Hylarana aurantiaca group. Hylarana montana was resurrected from the synonymy of Hylarana temporalis, and along with the newly named species Hylarana sreeni, Hylarana indica, Hylarana caesari, and Hylarana magna, included with Hylarana flavescens in the Hylarana flavescens group. Hylarana serndipi was named and placed with Hylarana temporalis (which was restricted to Sri Lanka) in the Hylarana temporalis group. Hylarana gracilis and Hylarana malabarica were included in the Hylarana malabarica group. 

31 October 2014: Added Lithobates kauffeldi (originally Rana kauffeldi), named by Feinberg, Newman, Watkins-Colwell, Schlesinger, Zarate, Curry, Shaffer, and Burger, 2014, PLoS, 9 (10)(e108213): 1–15, for populations previously confused with Lithobates pipiens in New Jersey and New York, USA. 

27 September 2014: Added Indirana chiravasi (Ranixalidae) named from the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, India, by Padhye, Modak, and Dahanukar, 2014, J. Threatened Taxa, 6: 6295. Holotype: BNHS 5888, male, by original designation. Type locality: "Amboli, Sindhudurg District, Maharashtra, India". 

27 September 2014: Finally finished adding all of the relevant comments extending from the hundreds of individually authored species accounts found in Lannoo, 2005, Amph. Declines, one of the most information-rich volumes on amphibian biology and conservation I have ever read and clearly the source-book for much that has been published subsequently on similar topics. Because each account was separately authored it took me an overly long time to get it all cited in the relevant accounts. I regret the tardiness. 

25 September 2014: Added Brachytarsophrys popei (Megophryidae) from southern China, named by Zhao, Yang, Chen, Chen, and Wang, 2014, Asian Herpetol. Res., 5: 150–160. 

25 September 2014: Added comments extending from the publication of Pansonato, Mudrek, Simioni, Martins, and Strüssmann, 2014, Adv. Zool., 2014(Art. 563165): 1–13, on the acoustic and morphological variation of Pseudopaludicola mysticalis and the taxonomic status of Pseudopaludicola serrana (Leptodactylidae). 

24 September 2014: Added Andinobates geminisae (Dendrobatidae), named by Batista, Jaramillo, Ponce, and Crawford, 2014, Zootaxa, 3866: 333–352, from Panama. 

24 September 2014: Added two recently named species, Onychodactylus fuscus and Onychodactylus intermedius (Hynobiidae), named from Honshu, Japan, by Yoshikawa and Matsui, 2014, Zootaxa, 3866: 53–78. 

23 September 2014: Added a comment extending from the publication of Zhang, Cashins, Philips, and Burridge, 2014, Aust. J. Zool., 62: 238–245, who noted a lack of phylogeographic structuring in Litoria burrowsi (Hylidae). 

22 September 2014: Added comments to relevant taxon records regarding the study of Galvis-Peñuela, Sánchez-Pacheco, Ospina-Sarria, Anganoy-Criollo, Gil, and Rada, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9: 154–169, who described larval ontogeny and external morphology of Hypsiboas heilprini, Osteopilus dominicensis, Osteopilus pulchrilineatus, and Osteopilis vastus. 

22 September 2014: Added a comment under Vitreorana uranoscopa, noting the study of Zaracho, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9: 83–89, where the  advertisement call was redescribed and new information on natural history provided. 

22 September 2014: Added a comment under Discoglossus (Alytidae) regarding the study of novel polymorphic microsatellite loci in Discoglossus, with special reference to Discoglossus galganoi and Discoglossus jeanneae, by Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Salvi, Geffen, Gafny, and Martínez-Solano, 2014, Herpetol. J., 24:  261–265. 

22 September 2014: Added Nyctimystes myolae and Nyctimystes ocrestes (Hylidae), members of the Nyctimystes narinosus group, named by Menzies, 2014, Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust., 138: 135–143. 

22 September 2014: Added a comment under Scinax squalirostris (Hylidae) extending from the study of geographic variation in call structure by  Faria, Signorelli, Morais, Bastos, and Maciel, 2013, North-West. J. Zool., Romania, 9: 329–336, who noted that the population from Cristalina municipality (state of Goiás, Brazil) was sufficiently distinctive in terms of call structure that it might be a different species. 

22 September 2014: Range statement modified to reflect the range extension of Rhinella ocellata (Bufonidae) to northeastern Maranhão, Brazil, by Matavelli, Campos, Silva, and Andrade, 2014, Check List, 10: 432–433. 

22 September 2014: Range statement modified to reflect Rojas-Runjaic, Camargo-Siliet, Bolaños, Mora, Aular, and García, 2014, Check List, 10: 392–394, who discussed the range of Agalychnis medinae (Hylidae) and provided a record for the Sierra de Aroa, Yaracuy, Venezuela. 

22 September 2014: Range statements and comments modified in response to the publication on the range of Elachistocleims muiraquitan (Microhylidae) (including reidentifications of published records nominally of Elachistocleis ovalis and Elachistocleis bicolor) by Allen, von May, Villacampa-Ortega, Burdekin, and Whitworth, 2014, Check List, 10: 388–391. 

22 September 2014:  Arruda, Peixoto, Guimarães, Lacerda, and Feio, 2014, Check List, 10: 395–396, discussed and mapped the range of Rhinella inopina (Bufonidae) and provided new records for the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. 

22 September 2014: Santana, Franco, Rocha, Freitas, De-Carvalho, and Faria, 2014, Check List, 10: 407–408, discussed and mapped the range of Pipa carvalhoi (Pipidae) and provided a record for the state of Sergipe, Brazil. 

22 September 2014: Added a comment regarding the range extension to Amapá, Brazil, of Scinax garbei (Hylidae) noted by Silva e Silva and Costa-Campos, 2014, Check List, 10: 448–449. 

21 September 2014:  Trein, Lima, Ulandowski, and Morato, 2014, Check List, 10: 417–418, provided a range extension of Pleurodema bibroni (Leptodactylidae) to Paraná, Brazil. 

21 September 2014:  Méndez-Narváez, Ortiz-Navia, and Bolívar-García, Check List, 10: 409–410, reported Hypsiboas pugnax and Scinax ruber (Hylidae) in the Cauca Valley in the Departamento de Valle de Cauca, Colombia. 

21 September 2014: Added comments regarding the introgression of Ambystoma barbouri mtDNA into Ambystoma texanum as detailed by Denton, Kenyon, Greenwald, and Gibbs, 2014, Mol. Ecol., 23: 2811–2824. 

21 September 2014: Added a comment to the Hyla arborea record relating to the study by Dufresnes, Wassef, Ghali, Brelsford, Stöck, Lymberakis, Crnobrnja-Isailovic, and Perrin, 2014, Mol. Ecol., 22: 5669–5684, of the molecular phylogeography and its application to conservation. 

21 September 2014: Added comments where relevant extending from the study of  Moskwik, 2014, J. Biogeograph., 41: 1957–1966, who documented significant elevational range changes since the 1940s of Desmognathus organi, Plethodon jordani, Plethodon cylindraceus, Plethodon metcalfi, Plethodon montanus, Plethodon shermani, Plethodon teyahalee, and Plethodon yonahlossee. 

21 September 2014: Catullo, Lanfear, Doughty, and Keogh, 2014, J. Biogeograph., 41: 659–672, reported on a multi-locus phylogeny and biogeography of the Uperoleia (Myobatrachidae) of northern Australia. 

21 September 2014: Roberts and Daly, 2014, Salamandra, 50: 18–26, reported on a faunal assessment from Nosy Komba, between Nosy Be and the mainland, noting records for Cophyla phyllodactyla, Stumpffia pygmaea, Blommersia wittei, Boophis tephraeomystax, Mantella ebenaui, and Mantidactylus ulcerosus. 

21 September 2014: Guimarães, Peixoto, Lacerda, and Feio, 2014, Salamandra, 50: 99–104, reported on the larval morphology of Scinax cosenzai (Hylidae). 

21 September 2014: Haad, Vera Candioti, and Baldo, 2014, Herpetologica, 70: 184–197, reported on the larvae of Rhinella rumbolli (Bufonidae). 

20 September 2014: Resurrected Fritziana ulei from the synonymy of Fritziana fissilis as suggested by Folly, Hepp, Carvalho-e-Silva, and Duellman, 2014, Zoologia, Curitiba, 31: 393–399, who provided an identification key to Fritziana

20 September 2014: Revised range statements of the species of Hydrolaetare (Leptodactylidae) on the basis of the study byFerrão, Fraga, Simões, and Lima, 2014, Salamandra, 50: 77–84, who discussed habitat, range, and identification of the species. 

20 September 2014: Added comments (including type registration numbers) and changes extending from the Museu de História Natural da Universidade do Porto in Portugal by Ceríaco, Blackburn, Marques, and Calado, 2014, Alytes, 31: 13–36. 

19 September 2014: Added comment extending from study by Behbahani, Nokhbatolfoghahai, and Esmaeili, 2014, Iranian J. Anim. Biosyst., 10: 11–28, of developmental patterns that found significant differences among populations of Pelophylax ridibundus in Fars Province, Iran,

19 September 2014: Added Limnonectes cintalubang (Dicroglossidae), named by Matsui, Nishikawa, and Eto, 2014, Raffles Bull. Zool., Singapore, 62: 679–687, from Sarawak, Malaysia (Borneo). 

18 September 2014: Placed Pelophylax bergeri into the synonymy of Pelophylax lessonae (Ranidae) on the basis of overlooked literature. 

18 September 2014: Added comment regarding the report of Bufo spinosus (Bufonidae) on Jersey (U.K.) by  Arntzen, Wilkinson, Butôt, and Martínez-Solano, 2014, Herpetol. J., 24: 209–216.

18 September 2014: Added comment regarding the study of reproductive biology of Geobatrachus walkeri (Craugastoridae) by Pacheco-Florez and Ramírez-Pinilla, 2014, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 62: 183-199. 

18 September 2014: Added comment relevant to the introduction of Pelophylax shqipericus (Ranidae) into Italy, reported by Domeneghetti, Bruni, Fasola, and Bellati, 2013, Acta Herpetol., Firenza, 8: 171–176. 

18 September 2014: Added citation to Salazar-Zúñiga and García-Rodríguez, 2014, Phyllomedusa, Belo Horizonte, 13: 67–70, who reported on the advertisement call of Craugastor noblei (Craugastoridae). 

18 September 2014: Added citation to the discussion of molecular phylogenetics of Rana tagoi and Rana sakuraii by Eto and Matsui, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 79: 231–239. 

18 September 2014: Added relevant comments extending from the study of molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of Uperoleia (Myobatrachidae) by Catullo and Keogh, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 79: 106–117. 

16 September 2014: Added relevant comments extending from study of the molecular phylogenetics of Alytes (Alytidae) by  Maia-Carvalho, Gonçalves, Ferrand de Almeida, and Martínez-Solano, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 79: 270–278. 

16 September 2014: Added comments extending from the study of molecular phylogenetics and lineage recognition in Pseudacris (Hylidae) by Barrow, Ralicki, Emme, and Lemmon, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 75: 78–90. 

16 September 2014: Added Chiasmocleis quilombola (Microhylidae: Gastrophryninae) named from Espírito Santo, Brazil, by Tonini, Forlani, and de Sá, 2014, ZooKeys, 428: 109–132. 

16 September 2014: Added Boophis ankarafensis (Mantellidae) named by Penny, Andreone, Crottini, Holderied, Rakotozafy, Schwitzer, and Rosa, 2014, ZooKeys, 435: 111–132, from Madagascar. 

16 September 2014: Added comments relevant to the study of mitochondrial introgression and evolution in the Hyla eximia group (Hylidae) by Bryson, Smith, Nieto-Montes de Oca, García-Vázquez, and Riddle, 2014, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 172: 103–116. 

16 September 2014: Added comments relevant to Lambertz, Hartmann, Walsh, Geissler, and McLeod, 2014, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 172: 117–132, who compared the head ornamentation of Limnonectes abanus, Limnonectes gyldenstolpei, Limnonectes macrognathus, and Limnonectes plicatellus and who suggested that the name Elachoglossa be restricted to this clade. 

16 September 2014: Added comments to Zhou, Qiu, Fang, Yang, Zhao, Fang, Zheng, and Liu, 2014, Zool. Res., Kunming, 35: 42–50, who reported on call characteristics of the following from China: Megophrys boettgeri (Megophryidae), Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Bufonidae), Microhyla ornata (Microhylidae),  Limnonectes fujianensis (Dicroglossidae), Babina adenopleura (Ranidae), Odorrana schmackeri (Ranidae), Hylarana guentheri (Ranidae). 

16 September 2014: Added Pseudopaludicola atragula (Leptodactylidae), named from the state of São Paulo, Brazil, by Pansonato, Mudrek, Veiga-Menoncello, Rossa-Feres, Martins, and Strüssmann, 2014, Zootaxa, 3861: 249–264. 

13 September 2014: Added Rhombophryne vaventy (Microhylidae: Cophylinae), previously confused with Rhombophryne serratopalpebrosa, named by Scherz, Ruthensteiner, Vences, and Glaw, 2014, Zootaxa, 3860: 547–560. These authors also noted a possibly new species from Ambolokopatrika and suggested that Rhombophryne serratopalpebrosa is known reliably only from the Marojejy massif in northeastern Madagascar 

12 September 2014: Added Rana uenoi (Ranidae), the former Japan and Korea component of Rana dybowskii. Named by Matsui, 2014, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 31:  613–620. 

11 September 2014: Relevant comment added under Craugastor augusti (Craugastoridae) noting the conclusions of Streicher, Devitt, Goldberg, Malone, Blackmon, and Fujita, 2014, Mol. Ecol., 23: 3273–3291. These authors document details of diversification of lineages within the nominal species. 

4 September 2014: Record added for Vitreorana baliomma (Centrolenidae), a new species name by Pontes, Caramaschi, and Pombal, 2014, Herpetologica, 70: 298–308, from Bahia, Brazil. 

4 September 2014: Nguyen, Le, Nguyen, Matsui, and Nguyen, 2014, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 33: 112–120, provided a record of Theloderma petilus (Rhacophoridae) in northwestern Vietnam and confirmed the placement of this species in Theloderma via molecular evidence. 

28 August 2014: Added Limnonectes hikidai (Dicroglossidae), named by Matsui and Nishikawa, 2014, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 33: 35–147, for populations in Borneo formerly incorrectly identified as Limnonectes khasianus/laticeps. 

28 August 2014: Placed Limnonectes laticeps into the synonymy of Limnonectes khasianus (Dicroglossidae), following Ohler and Deuti, 2013, Zoosystema, 35: 415–423. 

27 August 2014: Added Kurixalus viridescens (Rhacophoridae) from southern Vietnam, named by Nguyen, Matsui, and Duc, 2014, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 33: 101–111. 

25 August 2014: Added relevant comments and four new species (Centrolene charapita, Chimerella corleone, Cochranella guayasamini, and Hyalinobatrachium anachoretus) (Centrolenidae) from Twomey, Delia, and Castroviejo-Fisher, 2014, Zootaxa, 3851: 1–87, who reviewed the species of Centrolenidae from northern Peru as well as providing a recent estimate of the phylogeny within the family. 

14 August 2014: Added the first record for Mexico (Chiapas) of Gymnopis syntrema (Dermophiidae), reported by González-Hernández, Hernández-Ordóñez, Cervantez-López, and Reynoso-Rosales, 2014, Rev. Mex. Biodivers., 85: 645-649. 

7 August 2014: New species Crossodactylus werneri and Crossodactylus timbuhy are added (both from Brazil), Crossodactylus boulengeri removed from the synonymy of Crossodactylus dispar which is redelimited and its range restricted to Brazil (the previous record for Argentina being tentatively assigned to Crossodactylus schmidti), all from a revision of the Crossodactylus dispar complex (Hylodidae) by Pimenta, Cruz, and Caramaschi, 2014, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 45: 1–30, who also note considerable declines in the species over the last 40 years. 

5 August 2014: Comment added relating to the discovery by Ohler and Dubois, 2014, Zootaxa, 3838: 590–594, that Dicroglossidae Anderson, 1871, is not an available name but a subsequent misspelling of Discoglossidae. The authors suggest employing the name in use until they can petition the ICZN for a ruling to save it. Sigh. 

5 August 2014: Added Adelophryne glandulatus (Eleutherodactylidae) named from Brazil by Lourenço-de-Moraes, Ferreira, Fouquet, and Bastos, 2014, Zootaxa, 3846: 351. 

5 August 2014: Added a comment relating to the description of larval morphology of Odontophrynus barrioi by González, Galvani, Sanabria, Barrasso, Alcalde, and Quiroga, 2014, Acta Herpetol., Firenze, 9: 15–23. 

25 July 2014: Added Scinax madeirae, removed from the synonymy of Scinax fuscomarginatus, and placed into the same synonymy Scinax parkeri, Scinax trilineatus, Scinax lutzorum, and Scinax pusillus, all the result of a detailed review of Scinax fuscomarginatus by Brusquetti, Jansen, Barrio-Amorós, Segalla, and Haddad, 2014, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 171: 783–821. 

25 July 2014: Added citation to Sáez, Fibla, Correa-Quezada, Sallaberry-Ayerza, Salinas, Veloso, Mella, Iturra-Constant, and Méndez, 2014, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 171: 769–782, who reported on the molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of Telmatobius (Telmatobiidae) in Chile and adjacent Bolivia. 

21 July 2014: Added citation to McCranie and Valdés-Orellana, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 41–49, who reported an apparently introduced population of Eleutherodactylus planirostris (Eleutherodactylidae) from Isla Guanaja, Honduras. 

21 July 2014: Added citation to Menin, Pegorini, Carvalho, Rojas-Zamora, and Gordo, 2014, Zootaxa, 3826: 393–396, who reported on the larval morphology of Amazophrynella manaos (Bufonidae). 

21 July 2014: Added citation to Pinheiro, Taucce, Leite, and Garcia, 2014, Zootaxa, 3815: 147–150, who reported on the advertisement call of Bokermannohyla martinsi (Hylidae). 

21 July 2014: Added Megophrys lini and Megophrys cheni from China, both named by, respectively, Wang and Yang, and Wang and Liu in Wang, Zhao, Yang, Zhou, Chen, and Liu, 2014, PLoS One, 9(4)(e93075) : 1–15, in the genus Xenophrys although this taxon had been placed in the synonymy of Megophrys by Mahony, Teeling, and Biju, 2013, Zootaxa, 3722: 144. Aside from the minor nomenclatural issue (which likely will be resolved in the authors' favor once the problematic and unwieldy Megophrys is divided into monophyletic taxa), this paper is a model of good species-level taxonomy. 

21 July 2014: Added Leptolalax laui (Megophryidae), named by Sung, Yang, and Wang, 2014, Asian Herpetol. Res., 5: 80–90. This taxon from Hong Kong and the adjacent mainland in Guangdong, China, was previous confused with Leptolalax liui

20 July 2014: Added five new species of Microhyla (Microhyla pineticola, Microhyla pulchella, Microhyla minuta, Microhyla darevskii, and Microhyla arboricola) all from from Vietnam and named by Poyarkov, Vassilieva, Orlov, Galoyan, Tran, Le, Kretova, and Geissler, 2014, Russ. J. Herpetol., 21: 89–148. The authors also provided a key to the species of Microhyla in Vietnam, provided extensive taxonomic comments and doubted the distinctiveness of Microhyla fowleri from Microhyla berdmorei but did not make the synonymy. 

20 July 2014: Added Scinax satermawe (Hylidae), named from Brazil by Sturaro and Peloso, 2014, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 54: 9–23. 

20 July 2014: Added range extension for Nymphagus buenaventura (Centrolenidae) and Gastrotheca lateonota (Hemiphractidae) for El Oro Province, Ecuador, published by  Yánez-Muñoz, Sánchez-L., López, Rea-S., Meza-Ramos, Oyagata-C., and Guerrero, 2014, Avanc. Cienc. Ingen., Quito, Secc. B,, 6: 2–5. 

19 July 2014: Added citations for range extensions to Ha Giang Province, Vietnam, for Hyla annectans (Hylidae), Babina chapaensis, Odorrana cf. jingdongensis, Odorrana junlianensis (Ranidae), Gracixalus cf. jinxiuensis,  Rhacophorus duboisi, Rhacophorus feae, and Rhacophorus robertingeri by Ziegler, Tran, Nguyen, Perl, Wirk, Kulisch, Lehmann, Rauhaus, Nguyen, Lê, and Vu, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 185–201. 

19 July 2014: Added Pristimantis tinajillas and Pristimantis gualacenio (Craugastoridae) from Morona-Santiago, Ecuador, named by Urgilés, Sánchez-Nivicela, Nieves, and Yánez-Muñoz, 2014, Avanc. Cienc. Ingen., Quito, Secc. B,, 6: 51–59. 

19 July 2014: Added Phrynopus chaparroi Craugastoridae) from Provincia Concepción, Departamento Junín, Peru, by Mamani and Malqui, 2014, Zootaxa, 3838: 207–214. 

19 July 2014: Added citations to first records for Gracilxalus supercornutus and Rhacophorus maximus (Rhacophoridae) from Laos by Luu, Calame, Nguyen, Ohler, Bonkowski, and Ziegler, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 419–423. 

19 July 2014: Added citations to first records of Babina chapaensis (Ranidae), Kurixalus bisacculus (Rhacophoridae), Rhacophorus feae (Rhacophoridae), Rhacophorus kio (Rhacophoridae), Theloderma asperum (Rhacophoridae), and Tylototriton asperrimus (Salamandridae) from Thuong Tien Nature Reserve, Hoa Binh Province, in northern Vietnam, reported by Luu, Le, Do, Hoang, Nguyen, Bonkowski, and Ziegler, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 51–58. 

19 July 2014: Added citation to the report on advertisement call of Adelophryne maranguapensis (Eleutherodactylidae) by Lima, Borges-Nojosa, and Cechin, 2014, Zootaxa, 3835: 299–300. 

19 July 2014: Added Liophryne miniafia Microhylidae, Asterophryinae) named by Kraus, 2014, J. Herpetol., 48: 255–261. 

19 July 2014: Added citations to Kozak, Weisrock, and Larson, 2006, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. B, Biol. Sci., 273: 539–546, a study on the phylogenetics of eastern Plethodon, which documented a rapid accumulation of distinct lineages. Don't know how I failed to include this important piece of literature 8 years ago. 

19 July 2014: Added to the Hyperolius laurenti (Hyperoliidae) record citation to the work by Kouamé, Adepo-Gourène, Konan, Emmrich, Penner, and Rödel, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 59–65, who provided a second record for southeastern Ivory Coast and observations on variability, calls, and habitat. 

19 July 2014: Added comments relevant to the study of García-R., Mendoza, Ospina, Cardenas, and Castro-Herrera, 2014, J. Herpetol., 48: 220–227, who compared Pristimantis jubatus, Pristimantis kelephas and Pristimantis calcaratus (Craugastoridae) of Colombia, both with molecular evidence and morphometrics. 

19 July 2014: Added range extension to Vitreorana eurygnatha (Centrolenidae) by Cintra, Silva, and Silva, 2013, Herpetol. Notes, 6: 587–590, from the municipality of Luziânia, Goiás, Brazil. 

19 July 2014: Added comment under Ambystoma regarding the geography of genotype distributions of unisexual populations in Massachusetts, USA, reported by Charney, Ireland, and Bettencourt, 2014, J. Herpetol., 48: 210–219. 

19 July 2014: Added Ecnomiohyla bailarina and Ecnomiohyla veraguensis, two species from Panama named by Batista, Hertz, Mebert, Köhler, Lotzkat, Ponce, and Vesely, 2014, Zootaxa, 3826: 449–474. The authors also presented a tree based on the mtDNA 16S gene. 

19 July 2014: Added comment under Nobella lochites (Craugastoridae) regarding the description of the advertisemental call by Batallas-R. and Brito-M., 2014, Avanc. Cienc. Ingen., Quito, Secc. B,, 6: 6–8. 

17 July 2014: Added Hyloscirtus condor (Hylidae) from the southern part of the Cordillera del Condor in Zamora Chinchipe Province, Ecuador. This species of the Hyloscirtus larinopygion group was named by Almendáriz C., Brito-M., Batallas-R., and Ron, 2014, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 54: 33–49. 

17 July 2014: Added Polypedates pseudotilophus (named by Matsui, Hamidy, and Kuraishi, 2014, Spec. Diversity, 19: 1–7), which was formerly recognized as the Sumatran and Javan populations of Polypedates otilophus

9 July 2014: Completed adding relevant citations to Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 1–132, and Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3827: 599–600 (corrigenda), which provided a revision of Brachycephaloidea (Eleutherodactylidae and Craugastoridae) with reference to methodological issues in phylogenetic inference. Ceuthomantidae was placed in synonymy of Craugastoridae as a subfamily and the various species series and species group were redelimited to render a monophyletic taxonomy. 

27 June 2014: Beginning to add changes extending from the brachycephaloid monograph by Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 1–132, and of course the first thing I noticed is a nomenclatural error that I should have caught months ago, that Ceuthomantinae is the senior name for what we refer to as Pristimantinae. Oh well huh. That is corrected in this catalog and in a  published corrigendum in the near future. 

16 June to 12 August: Added relevant citations to Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept., 1(Amph.). As I went through it I found both errors of mine and of theirs; fortunately the rate in either direction was not huge, although I think they made more errors than what they corrected of mine. But, regardless, these are big projects and errors will propagate and this volume has presented me with the opportunity to find and correct a number of errors in ASW, so I thank the authors for that. However, inasmuch as 95% of this book was more-or-less downloaded directly from ASW, it couldn't have been much of a chore to check what I have put together over the last 34 years. For the differences that remain, well, those are cited in the comments. The authors largely adopted Dubois' heterodox view of both nomenclature and systematics, which will be new for most North Americans should they notice and (particularly in Bufonidae) if they are prepared to accept Dubois' concept of genus which requires substantial paraphyly. They also seem to adopt different species concepts for different groups, for instance they consider Cryptobranchus bishopi to be a subspecies of C. alleganiensis even though substantial evidence points to both bishopi and alleganiensis being species complexes, while in the Desmognathus marmoratus complex they adopt an aggressively phylogenetic concept, while in their taxonomic treatment of Necturus of the Gulf Coast they adopt a nominalist concept and their statements throughout expose substantial misunderstandings of much of current thought in systematics (see their treatment of Pseudotriton montanus for a particularly egregious example). Readers should also understand that this volume ("7th edition") has no formal connection to the previous six editions other than the authors apparently liked the gravitas of the title and hoped it would help drive some level of acceptance of the taxonomy promoted therein. My undertstanding is that the 1st (Stejneger and Barbour, 1917, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept.), 2nd (Stejneger and Barbour, 1923, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 2), 3rd (Stejneger and Barbour, 1933, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 3), 4th (Stejneger and Barbour, 1939, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 4), and 5th (Stejneger and Barbour, 1943, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 93) editions were all done under the auspices of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, with the 6th (Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6) being done under the auspices of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists which holds the copyright on the title. That these volumes were decreasingly relevant to the development of herpetology in the United States should be of no surprise to anyone (and a measure of success of the 1st edition) and this volume is certainly an extreme data point on the trend. Indeed, this volume is the kind of effort whose time is long past, as indeed, so was the 6th edition. This volume may be of interest to professional systematists, but I see little information here that is not available freely and more currently online from ASW, the SSAR/HL/ASIH standard common names list, the IUCN Redlist, and AmphibiaWeb. Print is simply dead for these kind of compendia. 

16 June 2014: Added relevant citations to Fouquet, Cassini, Haddad, Pech, and Rodrigues, 2014, J. Biogeograph., 41: 855–870, who reported on the biogeography and molecular phylogenetics of Adenomera (Leptodactylidae). 

15 June 2014: Added relevant citation to Guarnizo and Cannatella, 2014, J. Heredity, 20: 216–225, who reported on gene flow in Dendropsophus luddecki and Dendropsophus labialis (Hylidae). 

13 June 2014: Added relevant citations to Wielstra and Arntzen, 2014, Zootaxa, 3802: 381–388, who refined understanding of the hybrid population status of nominal Triturus arntzeni between Triturus ivanbureschi and Triturus macedonicus, as well as refining understanding of the phylogenetics of Triturus

12 June 2014: Relevant citations added referencing Maddock, Day, Nussbaum, Wilkinson, and Gower, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 75: 194–201, who reported on the molecular geographic variation in Tachycnemis seychellensis (Hyperoliidae). 

11 June 2014: Relevant citations added referencing Vassilieva, Galoyan, Gogoleva, and Poyarkov, 2014, Zootaxa, 3796: 401–434, who reported on the molecular phylogenetics of Kalophrynus (Microhylidae) from Indochina and named two species, Kalophrynus honbaensis and Kalophrynus cryptophonus from the Annamite region of Vietnam. 

11 June 2014: Relevant citations added referencing Hertwig, Min, Haas, and Das, 2014, Zootaxa, 3814: 419–431, who named Ansonia vidua (Bufonidae) and noted another unnamed species closely related to this one.  

11 June 2014: Relevant citations added referencing Altig and Rowley, 2014, Zootaxa, 3811: 381–386, who reported on the larval morphology of Glyphoglossus molossus and Calluella guttulata (Microhylidae). 

6 June 2014: Relevant citations added referencing Vences, Sanchez, Hauswaldt, Eikelmann, Rodriguez, Carranza, Donaire-Barroso, Gehara, Helfer, Lötters, Werner, Schulz, and Steinfartz, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 73: 208–216, who reported on the molecular phylogenetics of Salamandra (Salamandridae). 

4 June 2014: Relevant citations added referencing Modak, Padhye, and Dahanukar, 2014, Zootaxa, 3796: 62–80, who reported on the molecular phylogeography of Indirana leithii (Ranixalidae) and note that the name also covers an unnamed species. 

4 June 2014: Relevant citations added referencing Gururaja, Dinesh, Priti, and Ravikanth, 2014, Zootaxa, 3796: 33–46, who reported on the molecular phylogenetics of Nyctibatrachus (Nyctibatrachidae) and named Nyctibatrachus kumbara

3 June 2014: Relevant citations added referencing Hoskin, 2014, Zootaxa, 3786: 499–500, who reported on the advertisement call of Litoria andiirrmalin (Hylidae). 

1 June 2014: Relevant citations added referencing Veiga-Menoncello, Lourenço, Strüssmann, Rossa-Feres, Andrade, Giaretta, and Recco-Pimentel, 2014, Zool. Scripta, 43: 261–272, who reported on the molecular phylogenetics of Pseudopaludicola (Leptodactylidae). 

18 May 2014: Relevant citations added referencing Chan, Brown, Lim, Ahmad, and Grismer, 2014, Herpetologica, 70: 228–240, who noted a new species, Hylarana centropeninsularis, which was previous confused with Hylarana siberu and constituting the Peninsular Malaysia records formerly assigned to that species. 

18 May 2014: Relevant citations added referencing Raselimanana, Raxworthy, Andreone, Glaw, and Vences, 2014, Vert. Zool., Dresden, 64: 95–102, who named a unique species Scaphiophyrne matsoko (Microhylidae). 

18 May 2014: Relevant citations added referencing Günther, Richards, and Dahl, 2014, Vert. Zool., Dresden, 64: 59–94, who named 9 new species of asterophryine microhylid frogs from Papua New Guinea: Austrochaperina alexanderi, Austrochaperina laurae, Cophixalus annanoreenae, Cophixalus lennarti, Cophixalus viridis, Hylophorbus sigridae, Oreophryne albomaculata, Oreophryne curator, and Xenorhina tillacki. 

17 May 2014: Relevant citations added referencing Li, Jin, Zhao, Liu, Wang, and Pang, 2014, Zootaxa, 3795: 449–471, who named Megophrys obesa and Megophrys acuta from Heishiding Nature Reserve, Fengkai County, Guangdong Province, China. 

12 May 2014: Relevant citations added referencing McCranie and Rovito, 2014, Zootaxa, 3795: 61–70, who named Cryptotriton necopinus from Honduras and placed Cryptotriton wakei into the synonymy of Cryptotriton nasalis

11 May 2014: Relevant citations and records added referencing Biju, Garg, Gururaja, Shouche, and Walujkar, 2014, Ceylon J. Sci., Biol. Sci., 43: 1–87, who named 14 new species and resurrected one, of Micrixalus, defined five species groups, and redelimited more-or-less all of the ranges of previously named Micrixalus due to the recognition of the new species. These are: Micrixalus elegans group (Micrixalus candidus sp. nov., Micrixalus elegans,  Micrixalus kurichiyari sp. nov., Micrixalus niluvasei sp. nov.,  Micrixalus sairandhri sp. nov., Micrixalus spelunca sp. nov., and Micrixalus uttaraghati sp. nov.); (2) Micrixalus fuscus group (Micrixalus adonis sp. nov., Micrixalus fuscus Micrixalus herrei (resurrected), Micrixalus mallani sp.nov.,  Micrixalus nelliyampathi sp. nov. and Micrixalus kodayari sp. nov.); (3) Micrixalus nudis group (Micrixalus gadgili, Micrixalus nudis, Micrixalus sali sp. nov. and Micrixalus thampii); (4) Micrixalus saxicola group (Micrixalus kottigeharensis,  Micrixalus saxicola, and Micrixalus specca sp. nov.); and (5) Micrixalus silvaticus group (Micrixalus frigidus sp. nov., Micrixalus nigraventris sp. nov., Micrixalus phyllophilus, and Micrixalus silvaticus).

2 May 2014: Relevant citations added referencing Mângia, Santana, Cruz, and Feio, 2014, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 531: 1–33, who named four new species previously confused with Proceratophrys melanopogon (Proceratophrys mantiqueiraProceratophrys gladius, Proceratophrys pombali, and Proceratophrys itamari), and redelimit Proceratophrys melanopogon

24 April 2014: Addition of Thorius hankeni (Plethodontidae) from the Sierra Madre del Sur of Guerrero, Mexico, by Campbell, Brodie, Flores-Villela, and Smith, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9: 46–51. 

15 April 2014: Addition of Amolops chayuensis (Ranidae) from Xizang, China, named by Sun, Luo, Sun, and Zhang, 2013, Forestry Construct., 20: 14–16. 

12 April 2014: Addition of Eurycea subluvicola Steffen, Irwin, Blair, and Bonett, 2014, Zootaxa, 3786: 423–442 (Plethodontidae), from Arkansas, USA. 

10 April 2014: Completed inputting citations where appropriate to Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.  

7 April 2014:  Streicher, García-Vázquez, Ponce-Campos, Flores-Villela, Campbell, and Smith, 2014, Syst. Biodivers., 12: 1–22, provided a revision of the Craugastor rhodopis species group, into which they transferred Craugastor occidentalis.  

3 April 2014: Conradie, 2014, Zootaxa, 3785: 438–452, named Cacosternum thorini (Pyxicephalidae) from the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. 

2 April 2014: Relevant citation added referencing Caram, Luna-Dias, Hepp, and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2014, Zootaxa, 3784: 294–296, who reported on the advertisement call of Dendropsophus pseudomeridianus

2 April 2014: Relevant citation added referencing Oliveira, Ruas, Mendes, and Solé, 2014, Zootaxa, 3784: 97–98, who reported on the advertisement call of Rhinella crucifer

2 April 2014: Relevant citations added referencing Costa, Laranjeiras, Röhr, Magalhães, Juncá, and Garda, 2014, Zootaxa, 3784: 94–96, who provided data on the advertisement call of Haddadus aramunha (Craugastoridae). 

2 April 2014: Relevant citations added referencing Rosset and Baldo, 2014, Zootaxa, 3784: 79–83, who provided data on advertisement call and range, including a spot map, for Odontophrynus lavillai (Odontophrynidae). 

1 April 2014: Addition of Tylototriton liuyangensis (Salamandridae), named by Yang, Jiang, Shen, and Fei, 2014, Asian Herpetol. Res., 5: 1–11. 

1 April 2014: Sunny, Monroy-Vilchis, Fajardo, and Aguilera-Reyes, 2014, Conserv. Genet., 15: 49–59, report on genetic diversity and status of the endangered Ambystoma leorae (Ambystomatidae). 

30 March 2014: Addition of Chiasmocleis haddadi, Chiasmocleis papachibe, and Chiasmocleis royi, as well the synonymy of Chiasmocleis jimi with Chiasmocleis hudsoni as well as revisionary comments from Peloso, Sturaro, Forlani, Gaucher, Motta, and Wheeler, 2014, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 386: 1–112. 

21 March 2014: Naming of Pristimantis munozi (Craugastoridae) from Ecuador by Rojas-Runjaic, Delgado C., and Guayasamin, 2014, Zootaxa, 3780: 36–50. 

21 March 2014:  Huang, Duan, and Ji, 2014, Zootaxa, 3779: 497–500, report on larval morphology of Nanorana quadranus (Dicroglossidae) (as Feirana quadranus, Ranidae). The recognition of Feirana is novel, given its phylogenetic placement. But, even more surprising is the assignment to Ranidae because to accomplish this nomenclatural result requires the synonymy of Dicroglossidae, Rhacophoridae, and Mantellidae with Ranidae.   

21 March 2014: Synonymy of Caecilita Wake and Donnelly, 2010, with Microcaecilia (Siphonopidae) by Wilkinson, Kok, Ahmed, and Gower, 2014, Zootaxa, 3779: 383–388. 

21 March 2014: Ernst, Nienguesso, Lautenschläger, Barej, Schmitz, and Hölting, 2014, Zootaxa, 3779: 297–300, reported a population (likely a new species) of nominal Trichobatrachus robustus (Arthroleptidae) from the Serra do Pingano, Uíge province, northern Angola. 

15 March 2014: Transfer of Ericabatrachus to Petropedetidae by Siu-Ting, Gower, Pisani, Kassahun, Gebresenbet, Menegon, Mengistu, Saber, de Sá, Wilkinson, and Loader, 2014, BMC Evol. Biol., 14(44): 1–26. 

14 March 2014: Added comments with regard to the paper by Ostroshabov, Orlov, and Nguyen, 2013, Russ. J. Herpetol., 20: 301–324, where the species similar to Rhacophorus hoanglienensis and Rhacophorus orlovi in northern Vietnam were discussed, along with the naming to two species, Rhacophorus larissae and Rhacophorus viridimaculatus.

14 March 2014: Addition of relevant comments to accounts from Barrow, Ralicki, Emme, and Lemmon, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 75: 78–90, to the systematics of Pseudacris and providing a proof-of-concept for a new sequencing method.  

13 March 2014: Addition of Liuixalus calcarius and Philautus catbaensis (Rhacophoridae) by Milto, Poyarkov, Orlov, and Nguyen, 2013, Russ. J. Herpetol., 20: 287–300. 

12 March 2014: Addition of relevant citations to Conlon, Kolodziejek, Mechkarska, Coquet, Leprince, Jouenne, Vaudry, Nielsen, Nowotny, and King, 2014, Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part D, 9: 49–57, who discussed some ranid phylogenetic relationships based on peptide structure.  

10 March 2014: Addition of citation to Vieira, Arzabe, and Vieira, 2006, Check List, 2: 55–56, who provided a range extension of Leptodactylus caatingae to Paraíba, Brazil. 

9 March 2014: Addition of citation to Meng, Tao, Murphy, and Li, 2013, Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 38: 679–686, who discussed the biogeography of Chinese amphibians with respect to plate tectonics. 

9 March 2014: Addition of the new species Liuixalus catbaensis (Rhacophoridae), named by Nguyen, Matsui, and Yoshikawa, 2014, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 33: 29–37. This turns out to be a junior synonym of Liuixalus calcarius fide T.T. Nguyen, personal communication. 

9 March 2014: Addition of the species  Leptobrachium kantonishikawai (Megophryidae) from Sarawak, Malaysia, named by Hamidy and Matsui, 2014, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 33: 57–67. 

8 March 2014: Addition of citation to Cruz, Marciano, and Napoli, 2014, Zootaxa, 3774: 97–102, who reported on advertisement and courtship calls of Phyllodytes wuchereri (Hylidae). 

5 March 2014: Addition of the new species Amazophrynella manaos (Bufonidae) named by Rojas-Zamora, Carvalho, Gordo, Ávila, Farias, and Hrbek, 2014, Zootaxa, 3753: 79–95, who also discussed the phylogenetics of the group. 

5 March 2014: Addition of the new species, Trachycephalus helio (Hylidae) from Brazil by Nunes, Suárez, Gordo, and Pombal, 2013, Copeia, 2013: 634–640. 

3 March 2014: Addition of citations to Tominaga, Matsui, and Nakata, 2014, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 31: 64–70, who reported on the genetic diversification within and among populations of Babina holsti (Ranidae).

2 March 2014: Addition of reports on vocal repertoire of Physalaemus cuvieri (Leptodactylidae) by Gambale and Bastos, 2014, Herpetol. J., 24: 31–39.

2 March 2014: Addition of citation to account of Hyperolius discodactylus (Hyperoliidae) with discussion of types, morphology, and range by Liedtke, Hügli, Dehling, Pupin, Menegon, Plumptre, Kujirakwinja, and Loader, 2014, Zootaxa, 3768: 253–290. 

1 March 2014: Addition of range extension and discussion of distribution of Leptodactylus chaquensis (Leptodactylidae) by Oda, Santos, Gambale, Campos, Batista, and Affonso, 2014, Herpetozoa, Wien, 26: 195–200. 

28 Feb 2014: Addition of range extension of Adelphobates castaneoticus (Dendrobatidae) by Camera and Krinski, 2014, Check List, 10: 244–245. 

28 Feb 2014: Addition of citation to and synonymies by Oliver, Rittmeyer, Kraus, Richards, and Austin, 2013, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 67: 600–607, who reported on the molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of Mantophryne, including a reassignment of Pherohapsis menziesi to Mantophryne and Mantophryne infulata to Hylophorbus (Microhylidae). 

27 Feb 2014: Addition of citations to Sabino-Pinto, Mayerl, Meilink, Grasso, Raaijmakers, Russo, Segal, Stegen, Clegg, Srikanthan, Glaw, and Vences, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 67–73, who reported on the advertisement call of Gephyromantis webbi, G. rivicola, and G. silvanus (Mantellidae). 

27 Feb 2014: Addition of citation to Zank, Colombo, Adams, Borba, and Borges-Martins, 2013, Herpetol. Notes, 6: 555–557, first records of Melanophryniscus sanmartini (Microhylidae) from Brazil. 

27 Feb 2014: Jablonski, Balej, Jůna, and Homolka, 2013, Herpetol. Notes, 6: 563–566, discuss low elevation (below 200 m) records of Salamandra salamandra (Salamandridae) in Slovenia, Croatia, and Bulgaria.  

26 Feb 2014: Addition of three species of Oreophryne (O. cameroni, O. parkopanorum, O. gagneorum; Microhylidae) from Papua New Guinea, by Kraus, 2013, Zookeys, 333: 93–121. 

25 Feb 2014: Addition of citations to Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 1–246, in all relevant accounts. 

24 Feb 2014: Addition of citations to Mapouyat, Hirschfeld, Rödel, Liedtke, Loader, Gonwouo, Dahmen, Doherty-Bone, and Barej, 2014, Zootaxa, 3765: 29–53, who reported on larval morphology of nine species of Leptodactylodon (Arthroleptidae). 

24 Feb 2014: Addition of Gastrotheca aguaruna and G. aratia, redelimitation of G. monticola, and resurrection of G. lojana (Hemiphractidae) by Duellman, Barley, and Venegas, 2014, Zootaxa, 3768: 159–177. 

23 Feb 2014: Addition of Pseudopaludicola pocoto (Leptodactylidae) a new species from northeastern Brazil: Magalhães, Loebmann, Kokubum, Haddad, and Garda, 2014, Herpetologica, 70: 77–88. 

23 Feb 2014: Leptopelis anebos, a new species from the Democratic Republic of Congo, by Portillo and Greenbaum, 2014, Herpetologica, 70: 100–119. 

22 Feb 2014: Naming of new West African frog family, Odontobatrachidae by Barej, Schmitz, Günther, Loader, Mahlow, and Rödel, 2014, Frontiers Zool., 11(8): 1–27. 

22 Feb 2014: Rediscovery of Pseudophilautus hypomelas; Wickramasinghe, Vidanapathirana, Rajeev, and Wickramasinghe, 2013, J. Threatened Taxa, 5: 5181–5193. 

20 Feb 2014: Confirmation of synonymy of Hyperolius alticola with H. discodactylus by Liedtke, Hügli, Dehling, Pupin, Menegon, Plumptre, Kujirakwinja, and Loader, 2014, Zootaxa, 3768: 253–290, as well as substantial discussion of H. discodactylus

15 Feb 2014: Naming of Ansonia lumut in Chan, Wood, Anuar, Muin, Quah, Sumarli, and Grismer, 2014, Zootaxa, 3764: 427–440. 

14 Feb 2014: Resurrection of Amolops tuberodepressus and discussion of systematics of the Amolops mantzorum complex in  Lu, Bi, and Fu, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 73: 40–52. 

10 Feb 2014: Resurrection of Nyctimystes (Hylidae: Pelodryadinae) and addition of four new species: Kraus, 2013, Mem. Queensland Mus., 56: 581–587, and Menzies, 2014, Alytes, 30: 42–68. This was a tough decision to allow paraphyly back into Pelodraydinae. Recognition of Nyctimystes clearly requires the paraphyly of Litoria but this does not seem to trouble the people working on the groups. 

25 Jan 2014: Addition of Microhyla mymensinghensis and M. mukhlesuri (Microhylidae), both named by Hasan, Islam, Kuramoto, Kurabayashi, and Sumida, 2014, Zootaxa, 3755: 401–418. 

24 Jan 2014: Addition of citations in records to Arteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo and naming of Pristimantis mindo. This publication clearly includes many previous unpublished range extensions but because they did not include province boundaries in their maps, it was rarely clear to me what were new records.  

24 Jan 2014: Added comments extending from the paper by Elmer, Bonett, Wake, and Lougheed, 2013, BMC Evol. Biol., 13(59): 1–16, who reported on the phylogenetics of South American species of Bolitoglossa (Plethodontidae), discussed biogeography, and detected considerable numbers of unnamed species diversity.

23 Jan 2014: Addition of citations to Kurabayashi and Sumida, 2013, BMC Genomics, 14 (633): 1–17, regarding the phylogenomics and phylogenetics of frogs. 

23 Jan 2014: Addition of citations to Dodd, 2013, Frogs U.S. and Canada, 1&2 (North American frogs).

23 Jan 2014: Addition of citations to Freilich, Tollis, and Boissinot, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 71 : 157–169 (Ethiopian highland Ptychadena). 

18 Jan 2014: Addition of Rhinella yunga (in the Rhinella margaritifera group, Bufonidae) and modifications of comments required by the recognition of the Rhinella festae group of Moravec, Lehr, Cusi, Córdova, and Gvoždík, 2014, ZooKeys, 371: 35–56. 

18 Jan 2014: Addition of new species (Hypsiboas almendarizae, H. maculateralis, H. alfaroi, and H. tetete, the resurrection of H. steinbachi and redelimitation of H. fasciatus and H. calcaratus (Hylidae) required by these changes; all from Caminer and Ron, 2014, ZooKeys, 370 : 1–63. 

17 Jan 2014: addition of Chiromantis inexpectatus (Rhacophoridae) and relevant comments from Matsui, Shimada, and Sudin, 2014, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 31: 45–51. 

17 Jan 2014: Changes made relevant to Barej, Rödel, Loader, Menegon, Gonwouo, Penner, Gvoždík, Günther, Bell, Nagel, and Schmitz, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 71 : 261–273, involving the resurrection of Arthroleptides, restriction of Petropedetes, and naming of Odontobatrachus n. gen., of uncertain position. 

17 January 2014: Version 6.0 went live.