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Mannophryne La Marca, 1992
Mannophryne La Marca, 1992, Cuad. Geograf., Mérida, 9: 32. Type species: Colostethus yustizi La Marca, 1989, by original designation.
Fingered Poison Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 50).
Andes, Cordillera de la Costa, and Peninsula de Paría in Venezuela; Trinidad and Tobago.
Mannophryne is equivalent to the former Colostethus trinitatis group (= Colostethus collaris group) (Group VII) of Rivero, 1990 "1988", Mem. Soc. Cienc. Nat. La Salle, 48: 3-32. Kaiser and Altig, 1994, J. Herpetol., 28: 374-376, disputed the reality of Mannophryne as based on unreliable characters. Grant, Humphrey, and Myers, 1997, Am. Mus. Novit., 3212: 29, suggested that Mannophryne might be monophyletic though insufficiently characterized. La Marca, 1995, Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 31: 40-77, provided a synopsis and phylogenetic analysis of the species in this taxon. La Marca, 1994, Inst. Geograf. Fac. Cienc. Forestal., Univ. Los Andes, An. Invest., 1991: 43-45, discussed biogeography. La Marca, 1994, Publ. Asoc. Amigos Doñana, 4: 5-75, provided accounts and diagnoses of the species. Vences, Kosuch, Boistel, Haddad, La Marca, and Lötters, 2003, Organisms Divers. Evol., 3: 219, suggested a phylogeny within Mannophryne. Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 1-268, reviewed the group, documented its monophyly, and proposed a phylogeny. Manzanilla, La Marca, and García-París, 2009, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 97: 185-199, provided a molecular phylogenetic analysis of the group and suggested that the species diversity was underestimated.
Contained taxa (19 sp.):
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