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Trademark Notice: "Amphibian Species of the World: An Online Reference" is a trademark of Darrel R. Frost and the American Museum of Natural History. Any other product or company names mentioned herein are the trademarks of their respective owners.

Copyright Notice: Copyright © 1998-2014 Darrel R. Frost and American Museum of Natural History. All Rights Reserved. Each document delivered from this server or web site may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that document. The following citation should be used in any published materials which reference the web site.

Citation: Frost, Darrel R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an online reference.  Version 6 (DATE OF ACCESS). Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. 

Restrictions on Use: Permission to use, copy and distribute documents delivered from this server is hereby granted under the following conditions:

1. The above copyright notice must appear in all copies;

2. Any use of the documents available from this server must be for informational purposes only and in no instance for commercial purposes;

3. Some data may be downloaded to files and altered in format for analytical purposes, however the data should still be referenced using the citation above;

4. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by Darrel Frost and the AMNH. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication or otherwise any license or right under any trademark of AMNH. No trademark owned by AMNH may be used in advertising or promotion pertaining to the distribution of documents delivered from this server without specific advance permission from General Counsel of the AMNH. Except as expressly provided above, nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right under any AMNH copyright.

Information Warranty Disclaimer: Although every attempt has been made to render a fair and accurate summary of the state of amphibian systematics, all documents provided by this server and any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server are provided "as is" without warranty as to the currentness, completeness, or accuracy of any specific data. Frost and the AMNH hereby disclaim all warranties and conditions with regard to any documents provided by this server or any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantibility, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. Frost or AMNH makes no representations about the suitability of the information delivered from this server or any other documents that are referenced to or linked to this server. In no event shall Frost or AMNH be liable for any special, indirect, incidental, consequential damages, or for damages of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information contained in any documents provided by this server or in any other documents which are referenced by or linked to this server, under any theory of liability used. Frost or AMNH may update or make changes to the documents provided by this server at any time without notice; however, Frost or AMNH makes no commitment to update the information contained herein.