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Salamandra Garsault, 1764

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Salamandrinae > Genus: Salamandra
7 species

Salamandra Garsault, 1764, Fig. Plantes et Animaux: pl. 673. Type species: Not designated. Salamandra terrestris Bonnaterre, 1789 (= Salamandra salamandra), designated type species by Dubois and Bour, 2010, Zootaxa, 2447: 29.

Salamandra Laurenti, 1768, Spec. Med. Exhib. Synops. Rept.: 41. Type species: Salamandra maculosa Laurenti, 1768, by subsequent designation of Fitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 33.

Dehmiella Herre and Lunau, 1950, Neues Jarhb. Mineral. Geol. Palaeont., 1950: 248. Type species: Dehmiella schindewolfi Herre and Lunau, 1950, by monotypy. Fossil taxon. Synonymy by XXX.

Algiandra Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 60. Type species: Salamandra maculosa var. algira Bedriaga, 1883, by original designation. Coined as a subgenus of Salamandra.

Alpandra Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 62. Type species: Salamandra atra Laurenti, 1768, by original designation. Coined as a subgenus of Salamandra.

Corsandra Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 62. Type species: Salamandra corsica Savi, 1838, by original designation. Coined as a subgenus of Salamandra.

Mimandra Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 62. Type species: Salamandra lanzai Nascetti, Andreone, Capula, and Bullini, 1988, by original designation. Coined as a subgenus of Salamandra.

Oriandra Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 63. Type species: Salamandra maculosa var. infraimmaculata Martens, 1885, by original designation. Coined as a subgenus of Salamandra.

English Names

Fire Salamanders (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 35).

Distribution

Middle and southern Europe, northwest Africa, and western Asia.

Comment

See comments under Mertensiella and Lyciasalamandra. Veith, 1996, Amphibia-Reptilia, 17: 174-177, provided a summary of recent phylogenetic work in this taxon. Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 161-190, provided accounts for the species. Steinfartz, 2003, in Grossenbacher and Thiesmeier (eds.), Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., 4(IIB): 969-973, provided a general account. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, on the basis of a study of legacy DNA sequences suggested a tree of the species. Vences, Sanchez, Hauswaldt, Eikelmann, Rodriguez, Carranza, Donaire-Barroso, Gehara, Helfer, Lötters, Werner, Schulz, and Steinfartz, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 73: 208–216, provided a Bayesian tree of molecular evidence for the phylogeny of the group, resulting in a preferred phylogeny of Salamandra lanzai + ((Salamandra atra + Salamandra corsica) + (Salamandra infraimmaculata + (Salamandra algira + Salamandra salamandra [including Salamandra longirostris]))), although resolution around the basal stems is weak.  

Contained taxa (7 sp.):

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