Basic Search [?]

Guided Search [?]

Proteus Laurenti, 1768

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Proteidae > Genus: Proteus
1 species

Proteus Laurenti, 1768, Spec. Med. Exhib. Synops. Rept.: 35. Type species: Proteus anguinus Laurenti, 1768, by subsequent designation of Stejneger, 1936, Copeia, 1936: 135.

ProtaeusOppel, 1811, Ordn. Fam. Gatt. Rept.: 74. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Larvarius Rafinesque, 1815, Analyse Nat.: 78. Substitute name for Proteus Laurenti, 1768. Synonymy by Gray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 65.

Platyrhynchus Leuckart, 1816, Dissert. Inaug. Equo Bisulco Molinie: viii. Substitute name for Proteus Laurenti, 1768. Synonymy by Gray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 65.

Hypochthon Merrem, 1820, Tent. Syst. Amph.: 188. Type species: Hypochthon laurentii Merrem, 1820, by monotypy. Synonymy by Schinz, 1822, Thierr. Naturgesch., 2: 187; Wagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 209; Cuvier, 1831, Animal Kingdom (M'Murtrie), 2: 89; Wiegmann, 1832, in Wiegmann and Ruthe (eds.), Handbuch der Zool., Amph.: 204; and Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 97 (with Proteus under Hypochthon); Leunis, 1860, Synops. Drei Naturr., Zool., Ed. 2: 148; Gray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 65; Duméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854, Erp. Gen., 9: 183; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 84.

Caledon Goldfuss, 1820, Handb. Zool., 2: 127. Substitute name for Proteus Laurenti, 1768. Synonymy by Duméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854, Erp. Gen., 9: 183.

Apneumona Fleming, 1822, Philos. Zool., 2: 303. Substitute name for Proteus Laurenti, 1768.

Cordylus Wagler, 1828, Isis von Oken, 21: 859. Replacement name for Proteus. Junior homonym of Cordylus Laurenti, 1768.

HypochtonCuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 119. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

HydochthonGray, 1831, in Cuvier, Animal Kingdom (Griffith), 9—Appendix: 108. Lapsus for Hypochthon.

Hemitriton Van der Hoeven, 1833, Handb. Dierkd., 2: 305. Type species: Proteus anguinus Laurenti, 1758, by subsequent designation of Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 51. Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept., 1(Amph.): 61, subsequently considered Hemitriton Van der Hoeven to be a replacement name for a taxon composed of Hypochthon Merrem, Menobranchus Harlan, and Siredon Wagler, apparently in error as this was as was treated in ASW prior to 2009. 

CatedonDuméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854, Erp. Gen., 9: 185. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Caledon Goldfuss, 1820.

English Names

Olms (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 34).

Distribution

Adriatic seaboard, as far north as Istrian region and as far south as Montenegro; isolated population in northeastern Italy.

Comment

See discussion of relevant literature and distribution by Durand, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 50-51.

Contained taxa (1 sp.):

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.