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Necturus punctatus (Gibbes, 1850)
Menobranchus punctatus Gibbes, 1850, Proc. Am. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 1850: 159. Syntypes: 10 specimens, of which 1 was subsequently lost according to Gibbes, 1853, Boston J. Nat. Hist., 6: 367; USNM 11813 considered holotype (lectotype designation by implication) by Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 145, and Cope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 29. This specimen considered a syntype by Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 16. Dunn, 1918, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 62: 445-471, and Barbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 308, considered MCZ 1553 as a syntype. Type locality: "discovered by Mr. Augustus. Schoolbred [presumed by later authors to be from his plantation] on the South Santee River, a few miles from its mouth . . . . [and] from the same neighborhood, by Dr. A. Gadsden . . . . all discovered in cleaning rice-field ditches", South Carolina, USA; restricted to "Dr. Schoolbred's plantation on the South Santee River, a few miles from its mouth, South Carolina", USA, by XXXX.
Necturus punctatus punctatus — Neill, 1954, Publ. Res. Div. Ross Allen’s Rept. Inst., 1: 75–96; Hecht, 1958, Proc. Staten Island Inst. Arts Sci., 21: 13; Brode, 1970, Dissert. Abstr. Internatl., Ser. B, 30: 5288.
Necturus (Parvurus) punctatus — Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 147.
Gibbes' Proteus (Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 20).
Carolina Water Dog (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 46).
Dwarf Waterdog (Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 244; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 7; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 34; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 8; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 15; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 28).
Coastal plain from southeastern Virginia to central Georgia, USA.
See accounts by Dundee, 1998, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 663: 1–4 and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 429–431. See also Ashton, Braswell, and Guttman, 1981 "1980", Brimleyana, 4: 43–46. Guttman, Weigt, Moler, Ashton, Mansell, and Peavy, 1990, J. Herpetol., 24: 163–175, suggested that the nearest relative is Necturus lewisi. Dundee, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 871–873, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature.
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