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Raorchestes Biju, Shouche, Dubois, Dutta, and Bossuyt, 2010
Raorchestes Biju, Shouche, Dubois, Dutta, and Bossuyt, 2010, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 98: 1120. Type species: Ixalus glandulosus Jerdon, 1854, by original designation.
Southern India to Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, and Laos to southern China, Vietnam, Cambodia, and West Malaysia.
Raochestes was considered in the original publication (Biju, Shouche, Dubois, Dutta, and Bossuyt, 2010, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 98: 1120) to be the sister taxon of a restricted Pseudophilautus, which was considered to be restricted to Sri Lanka. Li, Che, Murphy, Zhao, Zhao, Rao, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 53: 509 -522, had considered Pseudophilautus to encompass all species including in Pseudophilautus and Raorchestes sensu Biju, Shouche, Dubois, Dutta, and Bossuyt, 2010, so the issue of reciprocal monophyly is critical to the concept of both genera. Li, Che, Murphy, Zhao, Zhao, Rao, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 53: 509 -522, and Yu, Rao, Zhang, and Yang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 50: 571-579, produced results consistent with the recognition of both Raoarchestes and Pseudophilautus. See comment under Pseudophilautus. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, provided a tree of examplar species as part of their study of Genbank sequences, confirmed the placement of a monophyletic Raorchestes as the sister taxon of Pseudophilautus, but employed an antiquated taxonomy that obscures this result. Li, Li, Klaus, Rao, Hillis, and Zhang, 2013, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 110: 3441–3446, suggested on the basis of a Bayesian analysis that Raorchestes is the sister taxon of Kurixalus. This makes for novel ideas of the evolution of direct-development (see comment under Pseudophilautus). Padhye, Sayyed, Jadhav, and Dahanukar, 2013, J. Threat. Taxa, 5: 4913–4931, provided a tree of the species based on 16s rRNA sequences.
Contained taxa (50 sp.):
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