Indirana leithii (Boulenger, 1888)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranixalidae > Genus: Indirana > Species: Indirana leithii

Rana leithii Boulenger, 1888, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 2: 506. Holotype: BMNH, by original designation; given as BMNH 1869.8.28.50, by Modak, Padhye, and Dahanukar, 2014, Zootaxa, 3796: 73. Type locality: "Matheran, Bombay [= Mumbai]", India.

Rana (Discodeles) leithiiBoulenger, 1918, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 1: 238.

Indirana leithiiLaurent, 1986, in Grassé and Delsol (eds.), Traite de Zool., 14: 761.

Ranixalus leithiiDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 69.

Indirana leithiiDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 175-176, by implication.

Rana (Discodeles) leithiiDaniel and Sekar, 1989, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 86: 194.

English Names

Matheran Indian Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 99; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 85).

Leith's Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64).

Boulenger's Brown Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 119).

Leith's Leaping Frog (Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 197).

Matherana Leaping Frog (Garg and Biju, 2016, PLoS One, 11(11:e0166326): 18).


Endemic to the northern Western Ghats in the state of Maharashtra, north of the Goa Gap, between latitudes 16°N and 21°N in India. 


See account by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 116; and record by Daniel and Shull, 1964 "1963", J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 60: 743. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 15, noted that the range of the species does not include the type locality. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 119-120, provided a brief account (as Rana leithii). Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 123, provided range and a taxonomic bibliography. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 197-199, provided an account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 480. A very brief characterization, photograph, and dot map for the Western Ghats provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 109. Modak, Padhye, and Dahanukar, 2014, Zootaxa, 3796: 62-80, reported on the molecular phylogeography of the species and suggested that Indirana leithii is composed of at least two species, the northern one that retains the name, and a southern population that remains unnamed. These authors also corrected a substantial number of misidentifications in the literature and revised the range. See account by Dahanukar, Modak, Krutha, Nameer, Padhye, and Molur, 2016, J. Threatened Taxa, 8: 9246–9251, who placed this in their Indirana leithii group. See brief account by Garg and Biju, 2016, PLoS One, 11(11:e0166326): 18. Modak, Chunekar, and Padhye, 2018, J. Nat. Hist., London, 52: 27–28, reported on life history. 

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