Sylvirana cubitalis (Smith, 1917)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Sylvirana > Species: Sylvirana cubitalis

Rana cubitalis Smith, 1917, J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, 2: 277. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.2.35, according to Ohler, 2007, Alytes, 25: 67. Type locality: "Doi Nga Chang, N. Siam [Thailand]. . . . Collected on the banks of a small stream,. . . at about 500 metres elevation".

Rana (Hylorana) cubitalisBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 124.

Rana (Hylarana) cubitalisBourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 316-317; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 42, by implication.

Rana (Sylvirana) cubitalisDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 326.

Rana (Sylvirana) nigrotympanica Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 341. Holotype: Designated as specimen figured in fig. 4-1 in Liu and Hu, 1960 "1959", Acta Zool. Sinica, 11: 508-538; given as CIB 571162 by Ohler, 2007, Alytes, 25: 67. Type locality: Not designated beyond "Chine"; given as "Mengyan (21° 37′ N, 101° 22′ E), Xishuanbann Daizu Zizhizhou, Yunnan Sheng, China" by Ohler, 2007, Alytes, 25: 67, who made the synonymy.

Rana (Hylarana) nigrotympanicaFei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 172.

Hylarana cubitalisChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 237, by implication; Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 3, by implication.

Hylarana nigrotympanicaChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 237, by implication; Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 3, by implication.

Sylvirana cubitalisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 370; Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 34; Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 90: 191. 

Sylvirana nigrotympanicaFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 370; Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 34. Undiscussed recognition. See comment under Ranidae record.

Hylarana (Sylvirana) nigrotympanicaFei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1124.

English Names

Siam Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 107).

Yellow Stream Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 115).

Darkeared Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 130).

Black-eared Frog (Hylarana nigrotympanica [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 108; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 172).

Siamese Frog (Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 354). 

Distribution

Karen Hills of Myanmar into Thailand, also in southeastern Thailand on the Cambodia border; isolated populations in southern China from eastern Fujian northern Hunan, Hainan, southeastern Guangxi, and central southern Yunnan, China, to along the Myanmar and Laos border; northern Laos and into adjacent Vietnam.

Comment

Prior to the revision of Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297, placed in the Section Hylarana, subsection Hydrophylax, subgenus Sylvirana of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 326. See Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 424-427, and Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 316-317, for discussion. See identification table by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 84-86, to compare this species to other ranids of the Sunda Shelf region. Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 116, provided a brief characterization and photograph (which Ohler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 101, did not think identifiable beyond Limnonectes sp.). Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 130-131, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 132, regard the status of Rana nigrotympanica questionable, pending examination of specimens. Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 159-161, provided an account as Rana varians. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 172-173, provided a brief account, map, and figure as Hylarana nigrotympanica. Stuart, Heatwole, and Tan, 2006, Hamadryad, 30: 108-113, provided a record, as Rana nigrotympanica, for northern Laos and discussed the nomenclatural confusions with Rana varians. See discussion by Ohler, 2007, Alytes, 25: 55-74. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 67-68, provided a brief account (as Rana cubitalis) for Yunnan, China. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1124-1128, provided an account, figures, and map for China and placed it in their Hylarana (Sylvirana) nigrotympanica group. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 311 (as Hylarana cubitalis), 318 (as Hylarana nirotympanica) provided brief accounts. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 88, provided an account (as Rana varians) for Guangxi. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 74-75, provided a brief account (as Rana varians) for Yunnan, China. Shi, 2011, Amph. Rept. Fauna Hainan: 105-106, provided an account for Hainan as Rana nigrotympanicaFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 354, provided an account (as Sylvirana cubitalis: 354; and Sylvirana nigrotympanica: 358), photographs, and a revised range map for China. The synonymy of Rana nigrotympanica with Hylarana cubitalis rather than Sanguirana varians, with which it was previous confused is curious and warrants additional work (DRF).  Pham, Le, Nguyen, Ziegler, and Nguyen, 2014, Russ. J. Herpetol., 21: 195–200, reported records from Son La Province in northwestern Vietnam. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.