Rana dybowskii Günther, 1876

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Rana > Species: Rana dybowskii

Rana dybowskii Günther, 1876, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 4, 17: 387. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.1.79 according to Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 219. Type locality: "Abrek Bay, near Wladiwostok [= Vladivostock], in lat. 43° N.", Russia.

Rana semiplicata Nikolskii, 1918, Fauna Rossii, Zemnovodnye: 85. Syntypes: ZISP 2665 (given as 2668 by Vedmederya, Zinenko, and Barabanov, 2009, Russ. J. Herpetol., 16: 206) and MNKNU 26971, according to Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 212, and Vedmederya, Zinenko, and Barabanov, 2009, Russ. J. Herpetol., 16: 206. Type locality: Poltawka [Village] (gub. Primorsk) [Ussuriisk Distict, Primorye Region, Russia]. Synonymy with Rana chensinensis by Orlova, Bakharev, and Borkin, 1977, Trudy Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Leningrad, 74: 81–103. Synonymy with Rana dybowskii by Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 355.

Rana zografi Terentjev, 1922, Copeia, 108: 51–52. Syntypes: ZMM A-3087 (2 specimens), according to Dunayev and Orlova, 1994, Russ. J. Herpetol., 1: 64. Type locality: "Yevsyeyevka [=Village Evseevka], Coast Province [Primorsk region (25 km SE of Spassk-Dal'nii)], East Siberia", Russia. Synonymy with Rana chensinensis by Borkin in Dunayev and Orlova, 1994, Russ. J. Herpetol., 1: 64. Synonymy with Rana dybowskii by Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 355.

Rana japonica zografiTerentjev, 1923, Proc. First Congr. Russ. Zool. Anat. Hist. Petrograd: 35.

Rana tsuschimensis semiplicataTerentjev, 1923, Proc. First Congr. Russ. Zool. Anat. Hist. Petrograd: 35. Incorrect spelling of Rana tsushimensis.

Rana temporaria dybowskiiShannon, 1956, Herpetologica, 12: 38.

Rana (Rana) temporaria dysbowskiiNakamura and Ueno, 1963, Japan. Rept. Amph. Color: 42.

Rana chensinensis dybowskiiUeno and Shibata, 1970, Mem. Nat. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, 3: 194.

Rana dybowskiiSengoku, 1979, Japan. Rept. Amph. Color: 144.

Rana (Rana) dybowskiiDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 41–42, by implication; Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 333; Yuan, Zhou, Chen, Poyarkov, Chen, Jang-Liaw, Chou, Matzke, Iizuka, Min, Kuzmin, Zhang, Cannatella, Hillis, and Che, 2016, Syst. Biol., 65: 835.

Rana chensinensis changbaishanensis Wei and Chen, 1990, Acta Zool. Sinica, 36: 78. Types: Not stated, but NWUX 860014, according to Wei, Chen, Xu, and Li, 1991, Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 16: 382. Type locality: Baihe, Jinlin Province, China, 970 m elevation. Synonymy by Xie, Ye, Fei, Jiang, Zeng, and Matsui, 1999, Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 24: 224–231. Redescribed as new by Wei, Chen, Xu, and Li, 1991, Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 16: 378.

Rana chensinensis semiplicataGreen and Borkin, 1993, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 109: 1–25. Based on specimens of Rana dybowskii according to Matsui, Tanaka-Ueno, Paik, Yang, and Takenaka, 1998, Japan. J. Herpetol., 17: 147.

Rana zographiDunayev and Orlova, 1994, Russ. J. Herpetol., 1: 64. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Rana (Laurasiarana) dybowskiiHillis and Wilcox, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 34: 311, by implication; see Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 317–330, and Hillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 331–338, for discussion.

English Names

Dybowski's Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 107; Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 355).

Dybowski's Brown Frog (Maeda and Matsui, 1990, Frogs Toads Japan, Ed. 2: 83; Yang, Kim, Min, and Suh, 2001, Monogr. Korean Amph.: 62; Goris and Maeda, 2004, Guide Amph. Rept. Japan: 64).

Dybovski's Frog (Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 209).

Northeast China Brown Frog (Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 302). 

Distribution

Russian Far East (excluding Sakhalin and the Kuriles) north to 63°; eastern Mongolia and northeastern China south to southern Liaoning. 

Comment

In the Rana chensinensis group, subgenus Rana of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 333. In the Rana chensinensis group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 107. Discussed (as Rana temporaria) by Shannon, 1956, Herpetologica, 12: 38–39. See Rana chensinensis. Genetic relationships with other members of Rana temporaria group examined by Kawamura, Nishioka, and Ueda, 1981, Sci. Rep. Lab. Amph. Biol. Hiroshima Univ., 5: 196–323. See comment under Rana chensinensis with which it has been confused. See Tanaka-Ueno, Matsui, Sato, Takenaka, and Takenaka, 1998, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 15: 289–294, for complicated taxonomic history. Matsui, Tanaka-Ueno, Paik, Yang, and Takenaka, 1998, Japan. J. Herpetol., 17: 145–151, noted serious errors in previous literature, and suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that the Korean and Far Eastern Russian populations represented different species, with the Russian population bearing the name Rana dybowskii, although even the application of this name requires further investigation according to these authors; see the recently named Rana uenoi which is the Japanese and Korean component. Lee, Yang, and Lee, 2000, Korean J. Biol. Sci., 4: 31–37, on the basis of molecular evidence suggested that at least two species were masquerading under the name "Rana dybowskii" in South Korea. One of this was identified later as Rana huanrenensis by Yang, Kim, Min, Suh, Kang, Matsui, and Fei, 2000, Korean J. Biol. Sci., 4: 45–50. See comment under Rana pirica, with which this species was formerly confused. Tanaka-Ueno, Matsui, Sato, Takenaka, and Takenaka, 1998, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 15: 289–294, noted that the population on Tshushima I., now named as Rana uenoi, is genetically distinct from Japanese mainland populations. Kim, Min, Yang, and Matsui, 2002, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 19: 369–382, reported on evolutionary relationships of this species with other Asian brown frogs. Sumida, Ueda, and Nishioka, 2003, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 20: 567–580, reported on molecular phylogenetic relationships and reproductive incompatability of this species with other brown frogs in East Asia. Yang, Kim, Min, and Suh, 2001, Monogr. Korean Amph.: 62–63, provided a brief account, figure, and map for South Korea. Goris and Maeda, 2004, Guide Amph. Rept. Japan: 64–65, provided an account for Japan, map, and photograph. Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 209–260, provided an extensive account for the populations in the Russian Far East, with a detailed discussion of the history of confusion between Rana amurensis, Rana asiatica, Rana chensinensis, Rana dybowskii, and Rana temporaria, and noted that nominal Rana dybowskii probably still covers more than one species. Li, Lu, and Li, 2005, Sichuan J. Zool., 24: 268–270, provided a distribution map for China. Li, Lu, Wang, Wang, Fang, and Li, 2005, Herpetol. Sinica, 10: 63–67, compared this species in northeastern China with Rana zhenhaiensis, Rana chensinensis, Rana amurensis, Rana huanrenensis, and Rana kukunoris. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1010–1018, provided an account for China and included it in their Rana asiatica group. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 268–269, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 302–303, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. See Rana uenoi, which likely applies to the records from the Korean peninsula formerly assigned to Rana dybowski.  Yang, Zhou, Min, Matsui, Dong, Li, and Fong, 2017, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 112: 148–157, reported on the molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of this species within the Rana dybowskii species complex. 

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