Lithobates grylio (Stejneger, 1901)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Lithobates > Species: Lithobates grylio

Rana grylio Stejneger, 1901, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 212. Holotype: USNM 27443, by original designation. Type locality: "Bay St. Louis, [Hancock County,] Mississippi", USA.

Rana (Rana) grylioDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 41-42, by implication.

Rana (Aquarana) grylioDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 331; Yuan, Zhou, Chen, Poyarkov, Chen, Jang-Liaw, Chou, Matzke, Iizuka, Min, Kuzmin, Zhang, Cannatella, Hillis, and Che, 2016, Syst. Biol., 65: 835. 

Rana (Novirana, Aquarana) grylioHillis and Wilcox, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 34: 305. See Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 317–330, Hillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 331–338, and Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 390–402, for relevant discussion of nomenclature. Invalid name formulation under the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999) as discussed by Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 395.

Rana (Novirana) grylio — Hillis and Wilcox, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 34: 305. The nomenclatural act of Hillis and Wilcox, 2005, as interpreted by Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 416. 

Lithobates grylioFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 369; Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1–13; by implication.

Lithobates (Aquarana) grylioDubois, 2006, C. R. Biol., Paris, 329: 829; Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 325.

Rana (Lithobates) grylio — Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 416. 

English Names

Southern Bullfrog (Dickerson, 1906, The Frog Book: 226; Wright, 1932, Life Hist. Frogs Okefinokee Swamp, 2: 14; Carr, 1940, Univ. Florida Biol. Sci. Ser., 3: 66).

Southern Bull Frog (Wright and Wright, 1933, Handb. Frogs Toads U.S. Canada: xi).

Lagoon Frog (Viosca, 1949, Pop. Sci. Bull., Louisiana Acad. Sci., 1: 10).

Pig Frog (Viosca, 1949, Pop. Sci. Bull., Louisiana Acad. Sci., 1: 10; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 80; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 177; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 339; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 13; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 107; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 13; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 14; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 8; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 8; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 17; Frost, Lemmon, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 15).

Distribution

South Carolina to eastern Texas along the coastal plain as well as peninsular Florida, USA; introduced in China, and on Andros I. and New Providence I, Bahamas, as well as Puerto Rico.

Comment

In the Rana catesbeiana group of XXX. In the equivalent Rana clamitans group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 41, and in the equivalent subgenus Aquarana of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 331. Reviewed by Altig and Lohoefener, 1982, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 286: 1–2. See comment under Rana grunniens. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 308–309, provided a brief account and figure for the species in China. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 227, provided a brief account and illustration for the introduced Chinese population. Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 97, summarized the natural history literature of the introduced Antillean populations. Richter, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 555–557, Dodd, 2013, Frogs U.S. and Canada, 2 : 551–556, provided accounts that summarized relevant literature. Elliot, Gerhardt, and Davidson, 2009, Frogs and Toads of N. Am.: 194–195, provided an account, photos, and advertisement call. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 229–230, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. See account of biology and life history in southern Florida by Meshaka and Lane, 2015, Herpetol. Conserv. Biol., 10 (Monogr. 5): 78–81.

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