"Hylarana" lateralis (Boulenger, 1887)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Species: "Hylarana" lateralis

Rana lateralis Boulenger, 1887, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 2, 5: 483. Holotype: MSNG 29324, according to Capocaccia, 1957, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 3, 69: 215. Type locality: "Kaw-ka-riet" (=Kokarit), east of Moulmein, Tenasserim, Myanmar.

Rana (Rana) lateralisBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 9. Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 42.

Rana nigrolineata Liu and Hu, 1960 "1959", Acta Zool. Sinica, 11: 516, 530. Holotype: CIB 571085. Type locality: "Meng-yang, Yunnan, 680 meters altitude", China. Synonymy by Ohler, 2007, Alytes, 25: 64.

Rana (Rana) nigrolineataDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 42.

Pelophylax nigrolineatusFei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 136. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 164; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 369; Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1-13; by implication.

Rana (Pelophylax) lateralisDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 332.

Rana (Pelophylax) nigrolineataDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 332.

Hylarana lateralisChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 237, by implication.

Hylarana nigrolineataChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 237, by implication.

Pelophylax lateralisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 369. Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1-13; by implication.

"Hylarana" lateralis — Provisional treatment here (version 6.0) due to not being assigned to any of the hylaranine genera by Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 90: 176–192. See comment. 

English Names

Kokarit Frog (Pelophylax lateralis: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 108).

Yellow Frog (Pelophylax lateralis: Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 142).

Meng-yang Frog (Pelophylax nigrolineatus [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 108).

Black-lined Pond Frog (Pelophylax nigrolineatus [no longer recognized]: Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 164).

Distribution

Southern Yunnan, China, on the Vietnam and Laotion borders; northern, western, and eastern Thailand; southern Myanmar; Cambodia, southern Laos and Vietnam (Ninh Binh, Dong Nai, Lam Dong, Dac Lac, and Gia Lai provinces).

Comment

See Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 443-446, and Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 302-304, for discussion. Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 89, commented on the range. Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 120, provided a brief characterization and photograph, which Ohler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 102, allocated to Limnonectes sp. Stuart, 1999, in Duckworth et al. (eds.), Wildlife in Lao PDR: 48, commented briefly on the Laos range. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 142-143, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 28, provided specific localities for Vietnam. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 478, provided specific localities for Laos. Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 175-177, Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 139-140, and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 164-166, provided brief accounts as Pelophylax nigrolineatus. In the Pelophylax pleuraden group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 111. See discussion by Ohler, 2007, Alytes, 25: 55-74. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 69-70, provided a brief account (as Rana nigrolineata). Stuart, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 46: 49-60, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that this species is imbedded within Hylarana, and far from Pelophylax, but did not make the taxonomic change. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1075-1080, provided an account (as Pelophylax nigrolineatus), figures, and map for China and included it in their Pelophylax nigromaculatus group. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 283 (as Pelophylax nigrolineatus), provided a brief account including photographs. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences confirmed the placement of this species in Hylarana although they obscured this result by employing an antiquated taxonomy. The morphological literature suggests that additional study is warranted. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 327, provided an account (as Pelophylax nigrolineatus), photographs, and a range map. Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 90: 188, noted that this species is likely in either in Hydrophylax or Indosylvirana, but pending genetic sampling declined to make any taxonomic changes; here it is formally removed from Hylarana, which these authors rendered a monophyletic group. See account, photograph, and map for Vietnam in Vassilieva, Galoyan, Poyarkov, and Geissler, 2016, Photograph. Field Guide Amph. Rept. Lowland S. Vietnam: 100–102. 

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