"Hylarana" garoensis (Boulenger, 1920)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Species: "Hylarana" garoensis

Rana garoensis Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 170. Syntypes: ZSIC 188557 (2 syntypes) according to Chanda, Das, and Dubois, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 109. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 158, also regarded ZSIC 188558 as a syntype. Type locality: "Garo Hills, Assam, above Tura, at an altitude of 3,500 to 3,900 feet", India.

Rana (Hylorana) garoensisBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 127-130.

Rana danieli Pillai and Chanda, 1977, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 74: 136. Holotype: ZSI-E 6966 (formerly ZSI Shillong V/ERS 804) according to Chanda, Das, and Dubois, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 109. Type locality: "Mawphlang Forest (Alt. 1535 m), Khasi Hills", Assam, India. Synonymy by Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1123.

Rana (Hylarana) danieliDubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 242.

Rana (Hylarana) garoensisDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 42, by implication.

Rana (Sylvirana) garoensisDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 326.

Rana (Sylvirana) danieliDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 326.

Hylarana garoensisChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 237, by implication.

Hylarana danieliChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 237, by implication.

Sylvirana garoensisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 370. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 34. See comment under Ranidae record.

Sylvirana danieliFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 370. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 34. Undiscussed recognition. See comment under Ranidae record.

Hylarana garoensisChe, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 3, by implication.

"Hylarana" garoensis — Provisional treatment here (version 6.0) due to not being assigned to any of the hylaranine genera by Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 90: 176–192. See comment. 

English Names

Garo Hills Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 107; Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 66; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 75).

Boulenger's Garo Hill Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 107).

Swift Cascade Frog (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 79).

Mawphlang Frog (Sylvirana danieli [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 107).

Daniel's Frog (Sylvirana danieli [no longer recognized]: Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 66).

Distribution

Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, and Meghalaya, India; possibly into Nepal (see comment).

Comment

Prior to the revision of Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297, placed in the Section Hylarana, subsection Hydrophylax, subgenus Sylvirana of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 326. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 103-104, 108, provided brief accounts (as Rana garoensis and Rana danieli). Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1117-1125, provided a specific locality for Nagaland, northeastern India, and suggested that the species extends into Nepal although no specific locality was noted. Choudhury, Hussain, Buruah, Saikia, and Sengupta, 2002, Hamadryad, 26: 279, commented on the range (as Rana danieli) in Assam, India. Sarkar and Ray, 2006, In Alfred (ed.), Fauna of Arunachal Pradesh, Part 1: 295-296, provided a brief account (as Rana danieli) for Arunachal Pradesh, northeastern India. Devi and Shamungou, 2006, J. Exp. Zool. India, 9: 317-324, provided a record (as Rana danieli) for Manipur, northeastern India. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 79-80, provided a brief characterization and photograph and considered Nepal to be part of the range. Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 90: 188, noted that this species is likely in either in Hydrophylax or Indosylvirana, but pending genetic sampling declined to make any taxonomic changes; here it is formally removed from Hylarana, which these authors rendered a monophyletic group. 

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