Hydrophylax malabaricus (Tschudi, 1838)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Hydrophylax > Species: Hydrophylax malabaricus

English Names

Fungoid Frog (Chari, 1962, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 59: 71; Daniel and Selukar, 1964 "1963", J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 60: 743; Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 66; Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 233; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 77; Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 82).

Malabar Hills Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 108).

Malabar Fungoid Frog (Biju, Garg, Mahony, Wijayathilaka, Senevirathne, and Meegaskumbura, 2014, Contr. Zool., Amsterdam, 83: 325). 

Distribution

Western Ghats region of Indian in Kerala and Tamil Nadu, possibly extending into extreme southern Karnataka. 

Comment

Until 2015 all literature that dealt with Hydrophylax malabaricus also implicitly addressed the recently named Hydrophylax bahuvistara; Hydrophylax malabricus now restricted to Kerala and Tamil Nadu, and Hydrophylax bahavistara found in Karnataka, Goa, and Maharstra. See account by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 98. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 126-127, provided a brief account and provided the distribution. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 160-161, provided a range, systematic comments, and partial taxonomic bibliography. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 233-236, provided an account. Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 77, suggested the species to occur in Assam. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 82, provided a brief characterization and photograph. In the Hylarana malabarica group of Biju, Garg, Mahony, Wijayathilaka, Senevirathne, and Meegaskumbura, 2014, Contr. Zool., Amsterdam, 83: 269–335, who provided an account and restricted the range to the Western Ghats region. Padhye, Jadhav, Diwekar, and Dahanukar, 2012, J. Threatened Taxa, 4: 2343–2352, reported on genetic and morphometric variation, delimited at least four distinct clusters of populations that may be cryptic species. 

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