Amolops marmoratus (Blyth, 1855)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Amolops > Species: Amolops marmoratus

Polypedates (?) marmoratus Blyth, 1855, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 24: 187-188. Type(s): ZSIC (1 specimen) according to Anderson, 1871, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1871: 209, but presumed lost by Dever, Fuiten, Konu, and Wilkinson, 2012, Copeia, 2012: 66. CAS 240603 designated neotype by Dever, Fuiten, Konu, and Wilkinson, 2012, Copeia, 2012: 63. Type locality: "Schwe Gyen, Pegu [= Bago]", Myanmar, apparently in error according to Dever, Fuiten, Konu, and Wilkinson, 2012, Copeia, 2012: 66. Neotype from "Myanmar, Mon State, Thaton District, Kyaikhto Township, 10 Minutes Camp, along YeTakon Chaung, 17° 26′ 38.5″ N, 97° 5′ 57.3″ E".

Rana latopalmata Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 464. Syntypes: BMNH (at least 6 specimens), by original designation. Type locality: "Tenasserim", Myanmar. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 217. The revision by Dever, Fuiten, Konu, and Wilkinson, 2012, Copeia, 2012: 57-76, vitiates this synonymy but did not address it.

Ixalus argus Annandale, 1912, Rec. Indian Mus., 8: 16. Holotype: ZSIC 16950 according to Chanda, Das, and Dubois, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 111. Type locality: "Upper Renging, Abor country", Arunachal Pradesh, India (in area claimed by China). Synonymy (with Polypedates afghana) by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 217; and Dubois, 1974, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 213: 356-357. Synonymy with Amolops marmoratus by Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 340. The revision by Dever, Fuiten, Konu, and Wilkinson, 2012, Copeia, 2012: : 57-76, vitiates this synonymy but did not address it.

Rana (Hylorana) latopalmataBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 217.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) argusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 74.

Hylorana latopalmataDeckert, 1938, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1938: 144.

Philautus argus —Inger In Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 527. Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 178.

Rana senchalensis Chanda, 1987 "1986", J. Bengal Nat. Hist. Soc., N.S.,, 5: 146. Holotype: ZSIC A8474 (formerly ZSI KZ 982) according to Chanda, Das, and Dubois, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 111. Type locality: "Senchal Lake, Darjeeling district, West Bengal", India. Synonymy by Dubois, 2000, Dumerilia, 4D: 33-98 (source is Chanda, Das, and Dubois, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 111).

Amolops nepalicus Yang, 1991, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 63: 23. Holotype: UMMZ 132063, by original designation. Type locality: "Sabhaya, Kbota, Nepal"; data associated with the specimen are actually "2 km E of Barabise 2200 ft (Barabise is on Sabhaya Khola, tributary of Arun River, ca 3 km NE of Kandari", Nepal, according to G. Schneider (personal comm.). Synonymy by Dubois, 2000, in Miehe and Zhang (eds.), Environm. Changes in High Asia: 331, and Dubois, 2004, Alytes, 21: 176. The revision by Dever, Fuiten, Konu, and Wilkinson, 2012, Copeia, 2012: : 57-76, vitiates this synonymy but did not address it.

Amolops (Amolops) marmoratusDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 321.

Amolops senchalensisDas and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64.

English Names

Marbled Sucker Frog (Amolops marmoratus: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 97; Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 56).

Marbled Cascade Frog (Amolops marmoratus: Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 73).

Pegu Torrent Frog (Amolops marmoratus: Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 410).

Senchal Lake Frog (Rana senchalensis [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 109).

Afghan Frog (Amolops marmoratus: Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 56).

Senchal Stream Frog (Amolops senchalensis [no longer recognized]: Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64).

Senchal Frog (Rana senchalensis [no longer recognized]: Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 133).

Northern Cascade Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 106).

Nepal Sucker Frog (Amolops nepalicus [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 97).

Nepal Cascade Frog (Amolops nepalicus [no longer recognized]: Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 79).

Distribution

Known with certainty only from the Myanmar states of Mon, Shan, and likely Kayin and Kayah states and the northern Tanintharyi Division and in the province of Chang Mai, Thailand. Populations from the eastern Himalayan region of India (Himanchal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, West Bengal, Meghalaya, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Tripura), adjacent China (in southeastern Xizang and western Yunnan), eastern borderlands of Bangladesh, and Nepal, formerly assigned to this name have not been studied and although there are names available for these populations, their range(s) and status remains problematic.

Comment

See comment under Amolops kaulbacki. See Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 340, for a discussion of the nomenclature of this species although this is now currently far out of date. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 50-53 (as Amolops afghanus) and 133-134 (Rana senchalensis) provided brief accounts. See brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 107-108. Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 207-211, provided an account for the Nepal population. Sarkar, Biswas, and Ray, 1992, State Fauna Ser., 3: 77, 81, provided brief accounts (as Amolops afghanus and Rana senchalensis) for West Bengal, India, and Sarkar and Ray, 2006, In Alfred (ed.), Fauna of Arunachal Pradesh, Part 1: 293, reported on nominal Amolops afghanus in Arunachal Pradesh, India. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 108-109, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph, although the status of these populations is unclear. See comment under Amolops formosus. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 111-112, provided partial bibliography, systematic comments, and range. Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1117-1125, provided a specific locality for Nagaland, northeastern India. Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 214-216, provided an account for the Nepal population (as Amolops nepalicus). Devi and Shamungou, 2006, J. Exp. Zool. India, 9: 317-324, provided a record (as Amolops afghanus) for Manipur, northeastern India. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 92-93, provided a brief account (as Amolops afghanus) for Yunnan, China. Mehta, 2005, in Alfred (ed.), Fauna W. Himalaya, Part 2: 270, reported the species (as Amolops afghanus) in Himanchal Pradesh, India, without noting specific localities. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 73, provided a brief characterization and photographs. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1549-1552, provided an account, figures, and range map, and included the species in their Amolops chapaensis group. (Given that Amolops chapaensis is now in Odorrana, one must presume that the generic assignment of this species should be reevaluated—DRF.) Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 410, provided a brief account for China including photographs of specimens. Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 56, provided an account for Xizang, China. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 48 (as Amolops marmoratus), 50 (as Amolops nepalicus), for brief accounts for Nepal. Dever, Fuiten, Konu, and Wilkinson, 2012, Copeia, 2012: 57-76, most recently revised and delimited the species, effectively leaving the populations in India, Nepal, and Bangladesh without names. See comment under Amolops indoburmanensisFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 426, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China.

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