Xenopus tropicalis (Gray, 1864)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Pipidae > Genus: Xenopus > Species: Xenopus tropicalis

Silurana tropicalis Gray, 1864, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 3, 14: 316. Type(s): Not stated, but BMNH 1947.2.24.83-86 (formerly 1864.9.22.1-4) recorded as types in museum records. BMNH 1947.2.24.83, designated lectotype by  Evans, Carter, Greenbaum, Gvoždík, Kelley, McLaughlin, Pauwels, Portik, Stanley, Tinsley, Tobias, and Blackburn, 2015, PLoS One, 10(12): e0142823: 21. Type locality: "West Africa, Lagos", Nigeria.

Silurana intertropicalisGünther, 1865, Zool. Rec., 1: 127. Misspelling.

Xenopus tropicalisMüller, 1910, Abh. Math. Physik. Cl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss., 24: 625; Pauly, Hillis, and Cannatella, 2009, Herpetologica, 65: 126.

Silurana tropicalisCannatella and Trueb, 1988, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 94: 1-38.

Xenopus (Silurana) tropicalisKobel, Loumont, and Tinsley, 1996, in Tinsley and Kobel (eds.), Biol. Xenopus: 21; Kobel, Barandun, and Thiebaud, 1998, Herpetol. J., 8: 13.

English Names

Tropical Clawed Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 96; Evans, Carter, Greenbaum, Gvoždík, Kelley, McLaughlin, Pauwels, Portik, Stanley, Tinsley, Tobias, and Blackburn, 2015, PLoS One, 10(12): e0142823: 28).

Forest Clawed Frog (Barnett, Emms, and Santoni, 2001, Herpetol. Bull., London, 77: 8).

Distribution

Forested West Africa from Sierra Leone Senegal at least to western Cameroon.

Comment

 Evans, Carter, Greenbaum, Gvoždík, Kelley, McLaughlin, Pauwels, Portik, Stanley, Tinsley, Tobias, and Blackburn, 2015, PLoS One, 10(12): e0142823: 21–22, provided an account within a larger revision of the genus that redelimited the species and therefore rendered all previous literature, following, of arguable assignment to species. Loumont, 1983, Rev. Suisse Zool., 90: 176, restricted Xenopus tropicalis to the west of tropical Africa only, and considered that records to the south and east (including the Congo Basin) belong to Xenopus epitropicalis. Synonymy includes Xenopus calcaratus. Most primitive of the Xenopus species, set apart from the rest of the genus by chromosome number (2n=20) (Tymowska, 1973, Cytogenet. Cell Genet., 12: 298), osteology (Estes, 1975, Herpetologica, 31: 269), serum albumins (Bisbee, Baker, Wilson, Hadji-Azimi, and Fischberg, 1977, Science, 195: 785-787), and other characters (Tinsley, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 140). Rödel, 2000, Herpetofauna W. Afr., 1: 36-41, provided an account. Rödel and Branch, 2002, Salamandra, 38: 251, reported the species in Ivory Coast. Schiøtz, 1963, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 125: 14, provided records for Nigeria. Emms, Jambang, Bah, Mankali, Rödel, and Barnett, 2005, Herpetol. Bull., London, 94: 6-16, provided records for Gambia. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 290, provided information on comparative larval morphology (as Silurana tropicalis).

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.