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Xenopus epitropicalis Fischberg, Colombelli, and Picard, 1982

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Pipidae > Genus: Xenopus > Species: Xenopus epitropicalis

Xenopus epitropicalis Fischberg, Colombelli, and Picard, 1982, Alytes, 1: 53. Holotype: BMNH 1982.462, by original designation. Type locality: "confluent de la Funa et de la Kemi, à 8 km au sud du centre de Kinshasa (Zaïre); altitude 350 m; 4° 18′ S, 15° 18′ E".

Silurana epitropicalisCannatella and Trueb, 1988, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 94: 1-38.

Xenopus (Silurana) epitropicalisKobel, Loumont, and Tinsley, 1996, in Tinsley and Kobel (eds.), Biol. Xenopus: 21. Kobel, Barandun, and Thiebaud, 1998, Herpetol. J., 8: 13.

English Names

Cameroon Clawed Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 96).

Southern Tropical Platanna (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 239).

Gabon Clawed Frog (Mechkarska, Ahmed, Coquet, Leprince, Jouenne, Vaudry, King, Takada, and Conlon, 2011, Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part D,, xxx: xxx [referring to "Silurana paratropicalis").

Distribution

Cameroon south and east through the Congo Basin (Gabon and western Dem. Rep. Congo and eastward to Garamba) to extreme northeastern Angola (see comment).

Comment

Xenopus epitropicalis is tetraploid (2n=40) with respect to Xenopus tropicalis (see Fischberg, Colombelli, and Picard, 1982, Alytes, 1: 53); although morphologically difficult to distinguish, these species also differ in mating call characteristics (Loumont, 1983, Rev. Suisse Zool., 90: 174). See account by Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 239-240. Frétey and Blanc, 2001, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 126: 379, included this species in their list of species from Gabon. Evans, 2008, Frontiers Biosci., 13: 4687-4706, provided a detailed discussion of phylogenetics and reticulate evolution.

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