Phyllomedusa tarsius (Cope, 1868)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Phyllomedusidae > Genus: Phyllomedusa > Species: Phyllomedusa tarsius

Pithecopus tarsius Cope, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 20: 113. Type(s): Smithsonian Museum (USNM) 6652, by original designation; now lost, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 164. Type locality: "Río Napo, or Upper Amazon, below the mouth of the former", Departamento Loreto, Peru.

Phyllomedusa tarsiusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 428.

Phyllomedusa nicefori Barbour, 1926, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 191. Holotype: MCZ 11611, by original designation. Type locality: "Villavicencio, . . . . a town on the Rio Meta in the tropical lowlands east of Bogotá: altitude 452 meters. . . . ", Department of Meta, Colombia. Synonymy by Duellman, 1974, Herpetologica, 30: 108.

Phyllomedusa edentula Andersson, 1945, Ark. Zool., 37A(2): 84. Holotype: NHRM 1965, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 164. Type locality: "Rio Pastaza"", Ecuador. Synonymy by Duellman, 1974, Herpetologica, 30: 108.

Phyllomedusa niceforoiFunkhouser, 1957, Occas. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Stanford Univ., 5: 47. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Phyllomedusa orcesi Funkhouser, 1957, Occas. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Stanford Univ., 5: 48. Holotype: CAS-SU 1036, by original designation. Type locality: "Chicherota (Chichirota), a settlement on the west bank of the Bobonaza River, Napo-Pastaza Province [now Provincia Pastaza], eastern Ecuador (Lat. 2° 22′ S., Long. 76° 38′ W.); altitude approximately 280 meters". Synonymy by Duellman, 1974, Herpetologica, 30: 108.

Pithecopus niceforiLutz, 1966, Copeia, 1966: 236.

Pithecopus tarsiusLutz, 1966, Copeia, 1966: 236.

English Names

Brownbelly Leaf Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 62).

Distribution

Amazon Basin in southern Colombia, Ecuador, Peru (to, but not yet recorded in Bolivia), and Brazil, with seemingly isolated populations in the Cordillera Occidental of Colombia and along the lowlands on the eastern side of the Merida Andes in western Venezuela and central Guyana (see comment).

Comment

Closely related to Phyllomedusa trinitatis and Phyllomedusa venusta, according to Duellman, 1974, Herpetologica, 30: 105-112. In the Phyllomedusa tarsius group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 117-118 Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 45–46, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru. In the Phyllomedusa tarsius group of Barrio-Amorós, 2006, Zootaxa, 1309: 55-68. La Marca, 1996, Herpetol. Rev., 27: 149, reported the species from the states of Barinas and Bolívar, Venezuela, and commented on the range. Forlani, Bernardo, and Zaher, 2012, Check List, 8: 155-157, provided a record for Guyana and a spot map. Barrio-Amorós, 2009, Mem. Fund. La Salle Cienc. Nat., 171: 19-46, discussed the biology and range in Venezuela and transferred all previous records Phyllomedusa tarsius from Barinas Province, Guianan Venezuela, to Phyllomedusa trinitatis, suggesting that the Guyana record of   Phyllomedusa tarsius by Forlani, Bernardo, and Zaher (2012) might require reevaluation. Székely, Armijos-Ojeda, Ordóñez-Delgado, Székely, and Cogǎlniceanu, 2016, Check List, 12 (5: 1966): 1–5, provided a record for Zamora-Chinchipe, southern Ecuador on the Amazonian versant. 

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