Pelodytidae Bonaparte, 1850
Pelodytina Bonaparte, 1850, Conspect. Syst. Herpetol. Amph.: 1 p. Type genus: Pelodytes Bonaparte, 1838.
Pelodytides — Bruch, 1862, Würzb. Naturwiss. Z., 3: 221.
Pelodytidae — Cope, 1866, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 68; Taylor, 1941, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 27: 61.
Pelodytinae — Fejérváry, 1923, Ann. Hist. Nat. Mus. Natl. Hungarici, 20: 181.
Parsley Frogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 96).
Southwestern Europe and the Caucasus.
Savage, 1973, in Vial (ed.), Evol. Biol. Anurans: 351–445, considered Pelodytidae to be a subfamily (Pelodytinae) of Pelobatidae, as did Dubois, 2005, Alytes, 23: 8. See comment under Pelobatidae. Maglia, 1998, Sci. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas, 10: 1–19, suggested a relationship of (((Pelobatidae) (Pelodytidae)) Megophryidae). Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297, suggested Pelodytidae to be the sister taxon of Scaphiopodidae. Veith, Fromhage, Kosuch, and Vences, 2006, Contrib. Zool., Amsterdam, 75: 109–120, reported on biogeography and phylogeny in western populations. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543–583, confirmed the placement of Pelodytidae as the sister taxon of Pelobatidae + Megophryidae. Blackburn and Wake, 2011, In Zhang (ed.), Zootaxa, 3148: 39-55, briefly reviewed the taxonomic history of this taxon. Vitt and Caldwell, 2013, Herpetology, 4th Ed., provided a summary of life history, diagnosis, and taxonomy.
Contained taxa (5 sp.):
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