Nyctimystes Stejneger, 1916

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Pelodryadidae > Subfamily: Pelodryadinae > Genus: Nyctimystes
36 species

Nyctimystes Stejneger, 1916, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 29: 85. Type species: Nyctimantis papua Boulenger, 1897, by monotypy. 

Sandyrana Wells and Wellington, 1985, Aust. J. Herpetol., Suppl. Ser., 1: 6. Type species: Hyla infrafrenata Günther, 1867, by original designation. Synonymy with Litoria by acclamation. See Tyler, 1985, Herpetol. Rev., 16: 69; Australian Society of Herpetologists, 1987, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 44: 116-121; Tyler, 1988, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 45: 152; Holthius, 1988, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 45 and decision by ICZN (Anonymous, 1991, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 48: 337-338). Synonymy with Nyctimystes by Duellman, Marion, and Hedges, 2016, Zootaxa, 4104: 39. 

English Names

Big-eyed Treefrogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 60).

Distribution

New Guinea and associated islands

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Litoria (rendering that genus paraphyletic) by Kraus, 2013, Mem. Queensland Mus., 56: 581–587, where it had been placed by Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 205, in order to render Litoria monophyletic. See comment under Litoria for access to relevant literature. Menzies, 2014, Alytes, 30: 42-68, discussed the Nyctimystes cheesmani group and argued that the name should be rendered as cheesmanae. Menzies, 2014, Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust., 138: 135–143, reported on the Nyctimystes narinosus group. Menzies, 2014, Alytes, 31: 59-76, discussed the Nyctimystes papua species group. Redelimited by Duellman, Marion, and Hedges, 2016, Zootaxa, 4104: 39. See also Zweifel, 1983, Am. Mus. Novit., 2759: 1-21, for accounts of former Nyctimystes. See Czechura, Ingram, and Liem, 1987, Rec. Aust. Mus., 39: 338, for systematics of Australian populations of former Nyctimystes.Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 205, considered Cyclorana as a monophyletic subgenus of Litoria, and placed Nyctimystes into the synonymy of Litoria because of the former's polyphyly and the latter's paraphyly (see below). Menzies, Richards, and Tyler, 2008, Aust. J. Zool., 56: 257-280, revised the Litoria bicolor group, and noted that populations previous assigned to Litoria bicolor (e.g., from the Aru Islands of Indonesia) represent unnamed species. Kraus, 2012, Herpetologica, 68: 541-550, suggested that (then) Litoria dayi (now in Dryopsophus) is not a member of Nyctimystes, rendering Nyctimystes monophyletic. 

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Contained taxa (36 sp.):

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