Litoria bicolor (Gray, 1842)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Pelodryadidae > Subfamily: Litoriinae > Genus: Litoria > Species: Litoria bicolor

Hyla bicolorOken, 1816, Lehrb. Naturgesch., 3(2): 223. Van Kampen, 1906, Nova Guinea, 5: 176; Van Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 173; Straughan, 1969, Proc. R. Soc. Queensland, 80: 43. Secondary homonym of Rana bicolor Boddaert, 1792, in Hyla (= Phyllomedusa bicolor).

Eucnemis bicolor Gray, 1842, Zool. Misc., Part 2: 57. Holotype: Not designated, but BMNH 1947.2.22.59 (formerly 42.1.24.22) according to Condit, 1964, J. Ohio Herpetol. Soc., 4: 88. Type locality: "North coast of Australia; Port Essington", Northern Territory, Australia.

Hyperolius bicolorGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 89. Keferstein, 1868, Arch. Naturgesch., 34: 275.

Rappia (Hyperolius) bicolorParker, 1881, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, 3: 158.

Hylella bicolorBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 421.

Hyla bicolor bicolorCopland, 1957, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 82: 14.

Litoria bicolorTyler, 1971, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 19: 352.

Dryomantis bicolorWells and Wellington, 1985, Aust. J. Herpetol., Suppl. Ser., 1: 5.

English Names

Northern Dwarf Tree Frog (Cogger, 1975, Rept. Amph. Australia: 89; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 61; Barker, Grigg, and Tyler, 1995, Field Guide Aust. Frogs., Ed. 2: 118; Reynolds, 2007, N. Terr. Nat., 19: 62; Tyler and Doughty, 2009, Field Guide Frogs W. Aust., 4th ed.: 69; Tyler and Knight, 2009, Field Guide Frogs Aust.: 52).

Dwarf Tree Frog (Moore, 1961, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 121: 251).

Northern Sedgefrog (Ingram, Nattrass, and Czechura, 1993, Mem. Queensland Mus., 33: 222; Reynolds, 2007, N. Terr. Nat., 19: 62).

Northern Dwarf Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 59; Reynolds, 2007, N. Terr. Nat., 19: 62).

Green Reed Frog (Barker, Grigg, and Tyler, 1995, Field Guide Aust. Frogs., Ed. 2: 118; Reynolds, 2007, N. Terr. Nat., 19: 62).

Lined Grass Frog (Reynolds, 2007, N. Terr. Nat., 19: 62).

Pandan Frog (Reynolds, 2007, N. Terr. Nat., 19: 62).

Bicolored Grass Frog (Reynolds, 2007, N. Terr. Nat., 19: 62).

Distribution

Coastal Australia from the Kimberley region of northern Western Australia through the Northern Territory to the western coast of the Gulf of Carpentaria; from the east coast of the Gulf of Carpenteria to northeastern Queensland.

Comment

In the Litoria bicolor group of Barker, Grigg, and Tyler, 1995, Field Guide Aust. Frogs., Ed. 2: 108. For discussion see Straughan, 1969, Proc. R. Soc. Queensland, 80: 43-54. Menzies, 2006, Frogs New Guinea & Solomon Is.: 109, provided a brief account for this species in New Guinea, which he included in his Litoria bicolor complex, but doubted if they were conspecific with frogs of this name from Australia, instead represented several unnamed species in New Guinea and the Moluccas which he characterized. Menzies, Richards, and Tyler, 2008, Aust. J. Zool., 56: 257-280, suggested that populations of Litoria bicolor in the Northern Territory and Queensland represent distinct species, with the Queensland population currently unnamed, and regarded populations of nominal Litoria bicolor from New Guinea and the Aru Islands to be referrable to other species in the complex. See account by Tyler and Doughty, 2009, Field Guide Frogs W. Aust., 4th ed.: 69. See brief account by Tyler and Knight, 2009, Field Guide Frogs Aust.: 52-53.

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