Proceratophrys boiei (Wied-Neuwied, 1824)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Odontophrynidae > Genus: Proceratophrys > Species: Proceratophrys boiei

Ceratophrys boiei Wied-Neuwied, 1824, Isis von Oken, 14: 673. Types: Not designated, although presumably including animal figured by Wied-Neuwied, 1829, Abbild. Naturgesch. Brasil., Heft 13: pl. 47, fig. 1-2. Wied-Neuwied, 1825, Beitr. Naturgesch. Brasil., 1: 592, noted 2 specimens, of which RMNH 24109 is considered to be a surviving syntype and this specimen was designated lectotype by Hoogmoed, 1990, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 63: 267-273. Type locality: "Brasilien"; given as "Bahia" and "Rio de Janeiro", Brazil by Wied-Neuwied, 1825, Beitr. Naturgesch. Brasil., 1: 592. Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 25, restricted the type locality to "Rio de Janeiro, Guanabara [now Rio de Janeiro]", Brazil, but this restriction has no nomenclatural status and the lectotype is from Bahia, Brazil.

Stombus bojeiGravenhorst, 1829, Delic. Mus. Zool. Vratislav., 1: 50. Sturm, 1828, Deutschl. Fauna, Amph.: 309.

Ceratophris granosa Cuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 107. Holotype: Not stated; stated to be specimen figured on plate 26, number 2, in Guérin-Méneville, 1838, Icon. Regne Animal, 3, by XXX. By museum records, MNHNP 0.691 is a syntype. Type locality: not stated; given as "l'Amérique méridional" by Guérin-Méneville, 1838, Icon. Regne Animal, 3: 16. Synonymy by Wagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 204; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 437; Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 24; Steindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 28; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 223.

Rana (Ceratophris) granosaGuérin-Méneville, 1838, Icon. Regne Animal, 3: 16.

Stombus granosusFitzinger, 1861 "1860", Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Phys. Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 42: 415.

Ceratophrys bojeiReinhardt and Lütken, 1862 "1861", Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., Ser. 2, 3: 157. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Ceratophrys fryi Günther, 1873, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 4, 11: 417. Holotype: BMNH, by original designation. Noted as BMNH 29 by Prado and Pombal, 2008, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 39: 32, who figured the specimen. Type locality: "Serra da Mantiqueira, Minas Geraes", Brazil. Synonymy by Prado and Pombal, 2008, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 39: 27, 32.

Ceratophrys dorsata boieiGadow, 1901, Amphibia and Reptiles: 215.

Ceratophrys intermedia Barbour, 1908, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 51: 323. Holotype: MCZ 2254, by original designation. Type locality: "Santa Katarina, Brazil". Synonymy by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 26; Hoogmoed, 1990, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 63: 270.

Stombus fryiMiranda-Ribeiro, 1920, Rev. Mus. Paulista, São Paulo, 12: 302. Reig and Limeses, 1963, Physis, Buenos Aires, 24: 114.

Ceratophrys boieiMiranda-Ribeiro, 1920, Rev. Mus. Paulista, São Paulo, 12: 292.

Stombus boieiMiranda-Ribeiro, 1920, Rev. Mus. Paulista, São Paulo, 12: 302. Reig and Limeses, 1963, Physis, Buenos Aires, 24: 114.

Stombus intermediusMiranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 123.

Stombus boieiLutz, 1954, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 52: 227.

Proceratophrys boieiLynch, 1971, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 53: 134.

Proceratophrys fryiLynch, 1971, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 53: 134.

English Names

Bioe's Frog (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 89; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 91).

White-faced Horned Frog (Griffith IN Cuvier, 1831, Animal Kingdom (Griffith), 9: pl. facing page 395).

Bahia Smooth Horned Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 84).

Fry's Smooth Horned Frog (Proceratophrys fryi [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 84).

Distribution

Southern Espírito Santo, southern Minas Gerais and western state of Rio de Janeiro through southern São Paulo, and eastern Parana, to eastern Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Comment

See account by Heyer, Rand, Cruz, Peixoto, and Nelson, 1990, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 31: 317-318. Izecksohn and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2001, Anf. Municipio Rio de Janeiro: 87, provided a brief account and photo. Canelas and Bertoluci, 2007, Iheringia, Zool., 97: 21-26, provided a record for the Serra do Caraça, southern end of the Serra do Espinhaço, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 23, suggested that Paraguayan records of this species are based on misidentified Proceratophrys avelinoi. See account (as Ceratophrys fryi) by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 230-232. See discussion in revision by Prado and Pombal, 2008, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 39: 1-85. Carnaval and Bates, 2007, Evolution, 61: 2942-2957, discussed molecular phylogeography. Amaro, Rodrigues, Yonenaga-Yassuda, and Carnaval, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 62: 880-888, also discussed molecular phylogeography, suggested that two morphologically indistinguishable lineages can be detected via molecular markers. Dias, Carvalho-e-Silva, and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2013, Zootaxa, 3683: 427–438, reported on the morphology of the larval chondrocranium. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.