Proceratophrys appendiculata (Günther, 1873)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Odontophrynidae > Genus: Proceratophrys > Species: Proceratophrys appendiculata

Ceratophrys appendiculata Günther, 1873, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 4, 11: 418. Holotype: BMNH according to Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 223, now lost according to Dias, Amaro, Carvalho-e-Silva, and Rodrigues, 2013, Zootaxa, 3682: 292. Type locality: "Brazil"; given as BMNH 027 by  Dias, Amaro, Carvalho-e-Silva, and Rodrigues, 2013, Zootaxa, 3682: 292.

Ceratophrys cafferi Camerano, 1879, Atti Accad. Sci. Torino, Cl. Sci. Fis. Mat. Nat., 14: 880. Holotype: MZUT An540, according to Gavetti and Andreone, 1993, Cat. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat., Torino, 10: 51. Type locality: "Brasile . . . . nelle foreste vergini dell Serra degli Organi" (= Organ Mountains, Brazil). Given as "Serra dos Órgaos, Terezópolis, Rio de Janeiro", Brazil by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 25. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 222.

Stombus appendiculatusMiranda-Ribeiro, 1920, Rev. Mus. Paulista, São Paulo, 12: 302.

Ceratophrys appendiculataNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 382; Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 223.

Stombus appendiculatus appendiculatusMiranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 125.

Stombus appendiculatus var. unicolor Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 125. Syntypes: MNRJ, by original designation. Recorded as MNRJ 0298 by Prado and Pombal, 2008, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 39: 32. Type locality: "Alto da Serra—S[ão]. Paulo—Santos", Brazil. Given as "Japuíba, Cachoeiras de Macacu, Rio de Janeiro" by Prado and Pombal, 2008, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 39: 32. 

Stombus appendiculatusReig and Limeses, 1963, Physis, Buenos Aires, 24: 114.

Stombus appendiculatus incolorBokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 92. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Proceratophrys appendiculataLynch, 1971, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 53: 134.

English Names

Guenther's Horned Frog (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 88).

Günther's Horned Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 91).

Gunther's Smooth Horned Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 84).

Distribution

Serra dos Órgãos in the Municipalities of Duque de Caxias, Cachoeiras de Macacu, Petrópolis, and Teresópolis in Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. 

Comment

See Izecksohn, Cruz, and Peixoto, 1999 "1998", Rev. Univ. Rural, Ser. Cienc. Vida, 20: 37-54, for discussion. See Prado and Pombal, 2008, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 39: 1-85 [32-38], for account. Populations in eastern Sao Paulo are now assigned to Proceratophrys belzebul. Dias, Amaro, Carvalho-e-Silva, and Rodrigues, 2013, Zootaxa, 3682: 277–304, provided an account and range map. Dias, Carvalho-e-Silva, and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2013, Zootaxa, 3683: 427–438, reported on the morphology of the larval chondrocranium. Dias, Hepp, Carvalho-e-Silva, and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2013, Zoologia, Curitiba, 30: 388-396, reported on the advertisement call and breeding biology. 

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