Nyctibatrachus karnatakaensis Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Manjunatha Reddy, and Gururaja, 2007

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Nyctibatrachidae > Genus: Nyctibatrachus > Species: Nyctibatrachus karnatakaensis

Nyctibatrachus hussaini Krishnamurthy, Manjunatha Reddy, and Gururaja, 2001, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 80: 887. Holotype: Not designated. Type locality: "Kudremukh National Park is located in the central Western Ghats (13° 10′—13° 26′ N and 75° 05′—75° 10′ E) . . . . torrential stream 'Kadambi Hole', flowing amidt the Kudremukh National Park (altitude: 850-1110 m msl)", Karnataka, India. Unavailable name due to the lack of a designated type as required by Article 16.4 of the ICZN, 1999, Internatl. Code Zool. Nomencl., Ed. 4, according to Das and Kunte, 2005, J. Herpetol., 39: 469. Synonymy by Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Manjunatha Reddy, and Gururaja, 2007, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 93: 246.

Nyctibatrachus karnatakaensis Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Manjunatha Reddy, and Gururaja, 2007, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 93: 246. Holotype: ZSI/WGFRS/V/A 579, by original designation. Type locality: "from a 3° perennial stream with big boulders amidst a shola forest in Manikyadhara Betta, Kudremukh National Park (13° 21.6′ N; 75° 07.9′ E, 900 m asl), Sringeri Taluk, Chikmagalur District, Karnataka, southwest India".

English Names

Giant Wrinkled Frog (Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 224 [as Nyctibatrachus hussaini]).

Giant Wrinkled Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 63; Biju, Van Bocxlaer, Mahony, Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Zachariah, Giri, and Bossuyt, 2011, Zootaxa, 3029: 45).

Large Wrinkled Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 63).

Distribution

Known only from the type locality in Kudremukh National Park in the Western Ghats of Karnataka, India.

Comment

Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 19, doubted the validity of this nominal taxon (as Nyctibatrachus hussaini) but did not state which species that he considered it synonymous. Das and Kunte, 2005, J. Herpetol., 39: 469, noted that the name Nyctibatrachus hussaini was not available under the Code for reason of lacking a designated type, although (I. Das, personal communication), they regarded the then formally unnamed population as a distinct species). Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 224-226, provided an account (as Nyctibatrachus hussaini). See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Nyctibatrachus hussaini) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 488. Biju, Van Bocxlaer, Mahony, Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Zachariah, Giri, and Bossuyt, 2011, Zootaxa, 3029: 45-46, provided an account. In the "northern clade", Nyctibatrachus sanctipalustris group, of Van Bocxlaer, Biju, Willaert, Giri, Shouche, and Bossuyt, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 62: 839-847. A very brief characterization, photograph, and dot map provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 90.

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