Nyctibatrachus deccanensis Dubois, 1984

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Nyctibatrachidae > Genus: Nyctibatrachus > Species: Nyctibatrachus deccanensis

Rana pygmaea Günther, 1876 "1875", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1875: 568. Syntypes: BMNH according to Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 114; including BMNH 1947.2.4.47, 1947.2.4.51, and 1947.2.4.57 according to Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 146; BMNH 1947.2.4.51 designted lectotype by Biju, Van Bocxlaer, Mahony, Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Zachariah, Giri, and Bossuyt, 2011, Zootaxa, 3029: 26. Type locality: "Malabar", South India; given as "Anamallays", South India by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 114. Preoccupied by Rana pygmaea Spix, 1824 (= Leptodactylus ocellatus), according to Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 355).

Nyctibatrachus pygmaeusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 113.

Nyctibatrachus deccanensis Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 161. Replacement name for Rana pygmaea Günther, 1875.

Nyctibatrachus sholai Radhakrishnan, Dinesh, and Ravichandran, 2007, Zootaxa, 1595: 32. Holotype: ZSI-WGFRS V/A 611, by original designation. Type locality: "Kolukkumalai shola forest (Eravikulam National Park, Idukki District, Kerala State, South India) . . . . . The locality is situated approximately 2200 m above sea level (100° 12′ N and 770° 02′ E)". Synonymy by Biju, Van Bocxlaer, Mahony, Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Zachariah, Giri, and Bossuyt, 2011, Zootaxa, 3029: 27.

English Names

Anamallai Night Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 102; Biju, Van Bocxlaer, Mahony, Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Zachariah, Giri, and Bossuyt, 2011, Zootaxa, 3029: 27).

Deccan Night Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 62).

Deccan Wrinkled Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 65).

Eravikulam Night Frog (Nyctibatrachus sholai [no longer recognizaed]Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 66).

Distribution

High elevations of the Western Ghats; known only from ‘Anamallaye’ and Grass Hills in Tamil Nadu state, Eravikulam in Anamudi summit, Hut shola, Bhimanoda, Kolukkumalai, and Poovar in Kerala, India, 500-2000 m elevation.

Comment

Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 16, commented on the range. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 75, provided a brief account (as Nyctibatrachus pygmaeus). Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 146, provided range, systematic comments, and partial taxonomic bibliography. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 487. Biju, Van Bocxlaer, Mahony, Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Zachariah, Giri, and Bossuyt, 2011, Zootaxa, 3029: 27-22, provided an account and redelimited the species diagnosis and its range. In the "southern clade", unassigned to species group, of Van Bocxlaer, Biju, Willaert, Giri, Shouche, and Bossuyt, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 62: 839-847. A very brief characterization, photograph, and dot map provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 83.

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