Crinia Tschudi, 1838

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Myobatrachoidea > Family: Myobatrachidae > Genus: Crinia
17 species

Crinia Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 38, 78. Type species: Crinia georgiana Tschudi, 1838, by monotypy.

Ranidella Girard, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 421. Type species: Crinia signifera Girard, 1853, by monotypy. Coined ambiguously either as a genus or as a subgenus of Crinia. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 264; Heyer, Daugherty, and Maxson, 1982, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 95: 423-427; Read, Keogh, Scott, Roberts, and Doughty, 2001, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 21: 294-308. Resurrected; without discussion, by Wells and Wellington, 1985, Aust. J. Herpetol., Suppl. Ser., 1: 4. See Tyler, 1985, Herpetol. Rev., 16: 69; Australian Society of Herpetologists, 1987, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 44: 116-121; Tyler, 1988, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 45: 152; Holthius, 1988, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 45 and decision by ICZN (Anonymous, 1991, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 48: 337-338).

Camariolius Peters, 1863, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1863: 236. Type species: Camariolius varius Peters, 1863, by monotypy. Synonymy by Günther, 1864, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1864: 47, and Günther, 1864, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 3, 14: 312; Cope, 1865, Nat. Hist. Rev., N.S., 5: 114; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 263.

Pterophrynus Lütken, 1864 "1863", Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., Ser. 2, 4: 302. Type species: Pterophrynus verrucosus Lütken, 1864 "1863", by monotypy. Synonymy by Günther, 1864, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 3, 14: 312; Cope, 1865, Nat. Hist. Rev., N.S., 5: 114; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 263.

PterophryneCope, 1865, Nat. Hist. Rev., N.S., 5: 114. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Australocrinia Heyer and Liem, 1976, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 233: 12. Type species: Pterophrynus tasmaniensis Günther, 1864, by original designation. Synonymy (with Ranidella) by Thompson, 1981, Aust. J. Zool., 29: 93. Synonymy (with Crinia) by Heyer, Daugherty, and Maxson, 1982, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 95: 424.

Littlejohnophryne Wells and Wellington, 1985, Aust. J. Herpetol., Suppl. Ser., 1: 3. Type species: Crinia riparia Littlejohn and Martin, 1965, by original designation. Synonymy by acclamation. See Tyler, 1985, Herpetol. Rev., 16: 69; Australian Society of Herpetologists, 1987, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 44: 116-121; Tyler, 1988, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 45: 152; Holthius, 1988, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 45 and decision by ICZN (Anonymous, 1991, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 48: 337-338).

Tylerdella Wells and Wellington, 1985, Aust. J. Herpetol., Suppl. Ser., 1: 4. Type species: Ranidella remota Tyler and Parker, 1974, by original designation. Synonymy by acclamation. See Tyler, 1985, Herpetol. Rev., 16: 69; Australian Society of Herpetologists, 1987, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 44: 116-121; Tyler, 1988, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 45: 152; Holthius, 1988, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 45 and decision by ICZN (Anonymous, 1991, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 48: 337-338).

Bryobatrachus Rounsevell, Ziegeler, Brown, Davies, and Littlejohn, 1994, Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust., 118: 173. Type species: Bryobatrachus nimbus Rounsevell, Ziegeler, Brown, Davies, and Littlejohn,1994, by original designation. Synonymy by Read, Keogh, Scott, Roberts, and Doughty, 2001, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 21: 294-308.

English Names

Australian Froglets (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 93).

Distribution

Australia and southern New Guinea.

Comment

Heyer, Daugherty, and Maxson, 1982, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 95: 423-427, reviewed the evolutionary relationship of this genus with Paracrinia and Geocrinia, and placed Ranidella in the synonymy of Crinia. Cogger, Cameron, and Cogger, 1983, Zool. Cat. Aust., Amph. Rept., 1: 13-31, retained the separate genera without discussion. See Barker, Grigg, and Tyler, 1995, Field Guide Aust. Frogs., Ed. 2, for keys and accounts. Read, Keogh, Scott, Roberts, and Doughty, 2001, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 21: 294-308, suggested on the basis of mtDNA evidence that Ranidella is not monophyletic and therefore placed it in the synonymy of Crinia; they also noted that recognition of Bryobatrachus rendered Crinia paraphyletic and therefore synonymized that taxon as well. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297, found their exemplar of Bryobatrachus to form the sister taxon of their exemplar of Crinia, and together as the sister taxon of Paracrinia + Assa + Geocrinia. Doughty, Anstis, and Price, 2009, Rec. W. Aust. Mus., 25: 127-144, provided a molecular phylogeny of Crinia that differed in some regards from that provided by Read, Keogh, Scott, Roberts, and Doughty, 2001, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 21: 294-308. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences, confirmed the monophyly of the group and provided a tree of their molecular exemplars.

Contained taxa (17 sp.):

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