Uperodon systoma (Schneider, 1799)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Microhylinae > Genus: Uperodon > Species: Uperodon systoma

Rana systoma Schneider, 1799, Hist. Amph. Nat.: 144. Type(s): "Museum Blochianum" (to ZMB); ZMB 3551 (2 specimens) are syntypes according to Peters, 1863, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1863: 82. Type locality: "India orientali". Given as "Eastern India" by Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 75.

Bombinator systomaMerrem, 1820, Tent. Syst. Amph.: 178.

Engystoma marmoratum Cuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 112. Syntypes: Not stated; MNHNP 5040-41, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 62. Type locality: "l'Inde". Nomen nudum. Tentative synonymy by Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 749; synonymy by Peters, 1863, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1863: 82; Steindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 36; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 174. Nomen oblitum under Art. 23.9 (International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, 1999; see Engystoma marmoratum (Hemisotidae), a nomen protectum).

Bufo (Engystoma) marmoratus Cuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 111. by implication, an alternative original combination.

Bufo (Breviceps) marmoratus Cuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 112. by implication, an alternative original combination.

Systoma leschenaultii Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 49, 86. Type(s): MNHNP (with jar label of "Breviceps leschenaultii"). Type locality: Not designated. Attributed to "Bibr.". Synonymy by Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 749; Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 49; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 174.

Engystoma marmoratumGuérin-Méneville, 1838, Icon. Regne Animal, 3: 17, pl. 27, fig. 3.

Rana (Breviceps) marmoratumGuérin-Méneville, 1838, Icon. Regne Animal, 3: 17.

Uperodon marmoratumDuméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 749.

Hyperodon marmoratumJerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 533.

Cacopus systomaGünther, 1864, Rept. Brit. India: 415. Boulenger, 1890, Fauna Brit. India, Rept. Batr.: 496; Bourret, 1927, Fauna Indochine, Vert., 3: 263.

Systoma marmoratumSteindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 36; Cope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 194.

Pachybatrachus Petersii Keferstein, 1868, Arch. Naturgesch., 34: 274. Also described as new by by Keferstein, 1868, Nachr. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen, 1868: 326. Holotype: ZFMK 28388, according to Böhme and Bischoff, 1984, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 19: 183. Type locality: "Neu-Süd-Wales", Australia [apparently in error]. Tentative synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 174, followed by Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 75. This synonymy disputed by Böhme and Bischoff, 1984, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 19: 183, but supported by Zweifel, 1985, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 182: 273-274, and Tyler, 1986, Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust., 110: 91-92.

Uperodon systomaParker, 1931, Arch. Zool. Ital. Torino, 16: 1243.

Uperodon systomus — Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 199. Incorrect treatment of a noun as an adjective.

English Names

Indistinct Frog (Shaw, 1802, Gen. Zool., 3(1): 171).

Globular Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 93).

Marbled Balloon Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 102; Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64; Khan, 2002, Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc., 37: 159; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 60).

Lesser Balloon Frog (Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 139).

Balloon Frog (de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 86).

Distribution

Southern and eastern India as far north as the valley of the Ganges and Himanchal Pradesh, with an apparently isolated population in Gujarat in western India; Sri Lanka; presumably to be found in western Bangladesh; reported from the foot of the Shakarparian Hills, Islamabad, Pakistan; reported for 15 km east of Mahendranagar, Nepal.

Comment

See accounts by Kirtisinghe, 1957, Amph. Ceylon: 85-87, and Dutta and Manamendra-Arachchi, 1996, Amph. Fauna Sri Lanka: 53-57. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 49-50, provided a brief account. Ray, 1999, Mem. Zool. Surv. India, 18: 83-86, provided an account. Khan, 2002, Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc., 37: 160, provided the Pakistan record. Saxena, 2001, J. Adv. Zool., Gorakhpur, 22: 74-76, discussed range in Rajasthan, India. Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 198-200, provided an extensive account for the Nepal population. Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 79, provided the Nepal record. See account by Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 76. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 65, provided relevant literature, discussion of misidentifications in the literature, range, and an implication that the Sri Lankan and Indian populations may not be conspecific. Khan, 2006, Amph. Rept. Pakistan: 55-56, provided a brief account for Pakistan. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 139-141, provided an account for peninsular India. Sharma, 2005, Cobra, Chennai, 59: 1-4, discussed the records for Gujarat. Mehta, 2005, in Alfred (ed.), Fauna W. Himalaya, Part 2: 270, reported the species in Himanchal Pradesh, India, without noting specific localities. Sharma and Sharma, 2009, Cobra, Chennai, 3: 11-15, provided a record for central Rajasthan, India. de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 86, provided a brief account and color photograph for Sri Lanka. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 40, for brief account for Nepal. Masroor, 2012, Contr. Herpetol. N. Pakistan: 53–54, provided an account for northern Pakistan. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 100–101, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala, India. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.