Uperodon anamalaiensis (Rao, 1937)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Microhylinae > Genus: Uperodon > Species: Uperodon anamalaiensis

Ramanella anamalaiensis Rao, 1937, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Ser. B, 6: 420. Holotype: CCB; lost according to Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 157; ZSI/WGRC/V/A 956 designated neotype by Garg, Senevirathne, Wijayathilaka, Phuge, Deuti, Manamendra-Arachchi, Meegaskumbura, and Biju, 2018, Zootaxa, 4384: 23. Type locality: "Base of Anamallai Hills, Coimbatore District", Tamil Nadu, South India. Neotype from "Sakleshpur, Karnataka state, India". 

Ramanella minor Rao, 1937, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Ser. B, 6: 417. Holotype: CCB; lost according to Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 157; ZSI/WGRC/V/A 957 designated neotype by Garg, Senevirathne, Wijayathilaka, Phuge, Deuti, Manamendra-Arachchi, Meegaskumbura, and Biju, 2018, Zootaxa, 4384: 23.  Type locality: "Saklespur, Hassan [District]", South India; neotype from "Saklespur", Karnataka, India. Synonymy by Garg, Senevirathne, Wijayathilaka, Phuge, Deuti, Manamendra-Arachchi, Meegaskumbura, and Biju, 2018, Zootaxa, 4384: 24. 

Uperodon minor — Peloso, Frost, Richards, Rodrigues, Donnellan, Matsui, Raxworthy, Biju, Lemmon, Lemmon, and Wheeler, 2016, Cladistics, 32: 140. 

Uperodon anamalaiensis — Peloso, Frost, Richards, Rodrigues, Donnellan, Matsui, Raxworthy, Biju, Lemmon, Lemmon, and Wheeler, 2016, Cladistics, 32: 140. 

English Names

Anamalai Dot Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 92).

Anamalai Ramanella (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 57).

Reddish-brown Microhylid Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 43).

Anamalai Globular Frog (Garg, Senevirathne, Wijayathilaka, Phuge, Deuti, Manamendra-Arachchi, Meegaskumbura, and Biju, 2018, Zootaxa, 4384: 23). 

Hassan Dot Frog (Uperodon minor [Nno longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 92).

Small Ramanella (Uperodon minor [no longer recognized]: Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 57).

Olive Banded Frog (Uperodon minor [no longer recognized]: Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 43).

Distribution

Known with assuredness only Kerala (Parambikulam, Chathankod, and Methooty) and Karnataka (Sakleshpur) although presumably extneding into the Anamalai region of Tamil Nadu, 100–650 m elevation. 

Comment

Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 63, and Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 9, noted that the status of this species is problematic as the type specimen is lost and not collected subsequently. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 43, provided a brief account and noted that the species is known only from the type, now lost. Reported for the first time in many years from Silent Valley National Park, Tamil Nadu, India (http://novataxa.blogspot.no/2011/07/5-lost-frogs-india-rediscoverd.html).  A very brief characterization, photograph, and dot map provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 71. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 92–93, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala, India, which showed records for the districts of Palakkad and Thrissur in Kerala, India. See account by Garg, Senevirathne, Wijayathilaka, Phuge, Deuti, Manamendra-Arachchi, Meegaskumbura, and Biju, 2018, Zootaxa, 4384: 23–27. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 63-64, and Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 9, regarded the status of Ramanella minor as problematic as the type is lost and not recollected since its original publication. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 43-44, provided a brief account as Ramanella minor. A very brief characterization, as Ramanella minor, photograph, and dot map provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 72. See account by Garg, Senevirathne, Wijayathilaka, Phuge, Deuti, Manamendra-Arachchi, Meegaskumbura, and Biju, 2018, Zootaxa, 4384: 23–27, who noted that earlier records of Uperodon triangularis from Ponmudi Hills and Thiruvananthapuram District, Kerala, apply to this species, and that a record from Munnar in Kerala, India, likely refers to Uperodon montanus.  

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.