Microhyla ornata (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Microhylinae > Genus: Microhyla > Species: Microhyla ornata

Engystoma ornatum Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 745. Holotype: MNHNP 5035, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 62. Type locality: "côte Malabar", India. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 8, noted the imprecision of this type locality.

Siphneus ornatumFitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 33.

Engystoma malabaricum Jerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 534. Types: Not stated, presumably originally in ZSIC; reported as lost by Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 67. Type locality: "Malabar", India. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 8, noted the imprecision of this type locality. Tentative synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 165.

Engystoma carnaticum Jerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 534. Types: Not stated, presumably originally in ZSIC; reported as lost by Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 67. Type locality: "the Carnatic", South India. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 165; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 524.

Diplopelma ornatumGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 50.

Diplopelma carnaticumStoliczka, 1870, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 39: 154; Anderson, 1879 "1878", Anat. Zool. Res.: 841.

Microhyla (Engystoma) carnaticaMason, 1882, Burma, Ed. 3: 292.

Microhyla ornataBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 165.

Microhyla (Diplopelma) ornataBourret, 1927, Fauna Indochine, Vert., 3: 263; Dubois, 1987, Alytes, 6: 4.

English Names

Ant Frog (Khan, 1979, Biologia, Lahore, 25: 40; Khan, 2002, Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc., 37: 159).

Ornate Narrow-mouthed Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 98; Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64; Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 60; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 55).

Ornate Narrowmouth Frog (Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 79).

Ornate Rice Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 90).

Ornate Ricefrog (Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 60).

Black-throated Frog (Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 188).

Ornamented Pigmy Frog (Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 33).

Distribution

A poorly documented area including Kashmir (Pakistan and India), Nepal, throughout India, including Andaman and Nicobar Is., Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh.

Comment

See accounts in Kirtisinghe, 1957, Amph. Ceylon: 88-90. See account by Dutta and Manamendra-Arachchi, 1996, Amph. Fauna Sri Lanka: 31. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 41-42, provided a brief account for the Indian population and Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 60-61, provided literature access. Ray, 1999, Mem. Zool. Surv. India, 18: 78-82, provided an account for India. See also brief account by. Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 188-193, provided an extensive account for Nepalese population. See account by Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 73-74. Sarkar, Biswas, and Ray, 1992, State Fauna Ser., 3: 72-73, provided a brief account for West Bengal, India. Matsui, Ito, Shimada, Ota, Saidapur, Khonsue, Tanaka-Ueno, and Wu, 2005, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 22: 489-495, on the basis of mtDNA sequence analysis suggested that Microhyla ornata is the sister taxon of Microhyla rubra, and not close to other species formerly considered to be closely related or synonymous (ie., Microhyla okivanensis and Microhyla fissipes) with Microhyla ornata. See comment under Microhyla fissipes. Khan, 2006, Amph. Rept. Pakistan: 54-55, provided a brief account for Pakistan. Devi and Shamungou, 2006, J. Exp. Zool. India, 9: 317-324, provided a record for Manipur, northeastern India. Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 33, provided a brief account for northeastern India. Mehta, 2005, in Alfred (ed.), Fauna W. Himalaya, Part 2: 270, reported the species in Himanchal Pradesh, India, without noting specific localities. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 67-66, provided a brief characterization and photographs. Sharma and Sharma, 2009, Cobra, Chennai, 3: 11-15, provided a record for central Rajasthan, India. Mahony, Hasan, Kabir, Ahmed, and Hossain, 2009, Hamadryad, 34: 80-94, discussed the vouchered range in Bangladesh. de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 79, provided a brief account and color photograph. Shi, 2011, Amph. Rept. Fauna Hainan: 54-55, provided an account for a related species in Hainan as Microhyla ornata. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 36, for brief account for Nepal. Hasan, Islam, Khan, Alam, Kurabayashi, Igawa, Kuramoto, and Sumida, 2012, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 29: 162-172, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that populations from near Chittagong, Bangladesh, are referrable to Microhyla fissipes and that samples from Mymensingh and Sylhet, Bangladesh, represents an unnamed species (subsequently named as Microhyla mukhlesuri and Microhyla mymensinghensis). See comment under Microhyla fissipes for discussion of Chinese populations referred to Microhyla ornata. Masroor, 2012, Contr. Herpetol. N. Pakistan: 50–52, provided an account for northern Pakistan.  Hasan, Islam, Kuramoto, Kurabayashi, and Sumida, 2014, Zootaxa, 3755: 408, imply that at least one more cryptic species remains to be named from Bangladesh. Zhou, Qiu, Fang, Yang, Zhao, Fang, Zheng, and Liu, 2014, Zool. Res., Kunming, 35: 42–50, reported on call characteristics in China. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 88–89, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala, India. Subba, Aravind, and Ravikanth, 2016, Check List, 13(1: 2033): 12, considered the presence of this species in Sikkim, India, to be doubtful.   

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