Microhyla nilphamariensis Howlader, Nair, Gopalan, and Merilä, 2015

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Microhylinae > Genus: Microhyla > Species: Microhyla nilphamariensis

Microhyla nilphamariensis Howlader, Nair, Gopalan, and Merilä, 2015, PLoS One, 10(3): e0119825: 5. Holotype: "grass-field (25° 48′ 06.12″ N, 88° 53′ 59.21″ E), Koya Golahut, Saidpur, Nilphamari, Bangladesh". urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:11E1D35F-7FC1–43C1–8318–747F9FC0C882 

Distribution

Know from the type locality (Koya Golahut, Saidpur, Nilphamari, Bangladesh), central and eastern Nepal, in India in northwestern Uttar Pradesh, likely northern Rajasthan to Kashmir (possibly into Bangladesh), and Assam; Western Ghats region of Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Kerala.  

Comment

The sister taxon of Microhyla ornata according to the original publication. Khatiwada, Shu, Wang, Thapa, Wang, and Jiang, 2017, Zootaxa, 4254: 221–239, provided localities for Nepal. See also brief account by Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 188-193 (as Microhyla ornata), who provided an extensive account for Nepalese population. See account by Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 73-74 (as Microhyla ornata). See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 36, for brief account for Nepal (as Microhyla ornata). Mehta, 2005, in Alfred (ed.), Fauna W. Himalaya, Part 2: 270, reported Microhyla ornata (likely Microhyla nilphamariensis) in Himanchal Pradesh, India, without noting specific localities. Sharma and Sharma, 2009, Cobra, Chennai, 3: 11-15, provided a record for central Rajasthan, India (as Microhyla ornata but likely applying to Microhyla nilphamariensis). The following accounts presumably mix samples of what is now called Microhyla nilphamariensis and Microhyla mymensinghensis as Microhyla ornata: 1) Devi and Shamungou, 2006, J. Exp. Zool. India, 9: 317-324, provided a record for Manipur, northeastern India; 2) Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 33, provided a brief account for northeastern India; 3) Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 67-66, provided a brief characterization and photographs. Garg, Das, Kamei, and Biju, 2018, MtDNA, Part B, 3: 856–861, addressed the Microhyla ornata complex via DNA barcodes, and provided generalized range maps. 

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