Microhyla fissipes Boulenger, 1884

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Microhylinae > Genus: Microhyla > Species: Microhyla fissipes

Microhyla fissipes Boulenger, 1884, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 5, 13: 397. Holotype: BMNH 84.3.11.6 according to Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 141, now BM 1947.2.11.85, according to museum records. Type locality: Taiwan foo [= Tainan], S. Formosa [Taiwan, China].

Microhyla eremita Barbour, 1920, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 76: 3. Holotype: MCZ 5114, by original designation. Type locality: "Nanking [Nanjing Shi, Jaingsu Province], China". Synonymy with Microhyla ornata by Parker, 1928, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 10, 2: 494. Synonymy with Microhyla fissipes implied by Matsui, Ito, Shimada, Ota, Saidapur, Khonsue, Tanaka-Ueno, and Wu, 2005, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 22: 489-495.

English Names

Ornamented Pygmy Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 294 [as Microhyla ornata]).

Ornata Microhylid Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 41 [as Microhyla ornata]).

Malayan Bullfrog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 98 [as Microhyla ornata]).

Ornate Narrow-mouthed Frog (Maeda and Matsui, 1990, Frogs Toads Japan, Ed. 2: 177 [as Microhyla ornata]).

Ornate Narrowmouth Frog (Goris and Maeda, 2004, Guide Amph. Rept. Japan: 127 [as Microhyla ornata]).

Ornate Pigmy Frog (Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 37 [as Microhyla ornata]).

Ornate Chorus Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 104 [as Microhyla ornata]).

Distribution

Southern and central China (including Taiwan and Hainan) from southern Yunnan northward and east to Shanxi and Shaanxi; Thailand and Indochina, and southeast through the Malay Peninsula to Singapore; possibly to Bangladesh (see comment).

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Microhyla ornata by Matsui, Ito, Shimada, Ota, Saidapur, Khonsue, Tanaka-Ueno, and Wu, 2005, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 22: 489-495, where it had been placed by Parker, 1928, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 10, 2: 493. Matsui, Ito, Shimada, Ota, Saidapur, Khonsue, Tanaka-Ueno, and Wu, 2005, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 22: 489-495, provided discussion for phylogenetic placement of this species (noting it to be the sister taxon of Microhyla okinavensis) but noted that the distribution is poorly documented. See accounts (as Microhyla ornata) by Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 598; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 524-527; Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 248-252; Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 123-124; Chang, 1947, Trans. Chinese Assoc. Adv. Sci., 9: 98; Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 92-93; Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 243-245; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 344; Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 139-140; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 294-295; Fan, Guo, and Liu, 1998, Amph. Rept. Shanxi Prov.: 76-78 (for Shanxi); and Yang and Zhao, 2005, Sichuan J. Zool., 24: 309-311. Recorded for Thailand (as Microhyla ornata) by Khonsue and Thirakhupt, 2001, Nat. Hist. J. Chulalongkorn Univ., 1: 80. Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 37, provided a very brief account, as Microhyla ornata. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 145, provided an account (as Microhyla ornata)for Guangxi. Reported for southwestern Cambodia (as Microhyla ornata) by Ohler, Swan, and Daltry, 2002, Raffles Bull. Zool., 50: 465-481. Stuart, 1999, in Duckworth et al. (eds.), Wildlife in Lao PDR: 50, commented on the range in Laos (as Microhyla ornata). Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 104-105, provided a very brief account (as Microhyla ornata), map for Thailand, and photograph. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 45, provided specific localities (as Microhyla ornata) for Vietnam. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 224, provided a brief account (as Microhyla ornata) and illustration. See brief account (as Microhyla ornata) and photo by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 64-65. Lim, Yeo, and Chan, 2006, Herpetol. Rev., 37: 101, provided the Singapore record. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 476, provided specific localities for Laos. Kuramoto and Joshy, 2006, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 25: 15-27, compared the morphology and calls of this species with Microhyla fissipes and Microhyla okinavensis. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 123-126, provided an account (as Microhyla ornata). Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 126-127, provided a brief account (as Microhyla ornata) for Yunnan, China. The species reported as Microhyla ornata by Huang, 1983, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 2 (4): 66, from the Paracels/Xisha Islands, presumably refers to this species. Hasan, Islam, Khan, Alam, Kurabayashi, Igawa, Kuramoto, and Sumida, 2012, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 29: 162-172, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that populations assigned to Microhyla ornata from the vicinity of Chittagong, Bangladesh, are referrable to Microhyla fissipesFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 572-573, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. The status of all populations of former Microhyla ornata in China has not been completely resolved: Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 904-910, provided an account, spot map for China, of nominal Microhyla ornata, although it is very unlikely that this is the same as the Indian subcontinental species. Similarly, Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 486-487, provided a brief account for China of nominal Microhyla ornata including photographs of specimens and habitat. This was followed by Wei, Zhou, and Lin, 2013, Zool. Res., Kunming, 34: 14-20, reported on advertisement call of nominal Microhyla ornata in China and its geographic variation.  Hasan, Islam, Kuramoto, Kurabayashi, and Sumida, 2014, Zootaxa, 3755: 405, suggested on molecular grounds that this is a species complex of which populations from Vientiane, Laos, and Kanchanburi, Thailand, represent unnamed species. This suggest that Microhyla fissipes sensu stricto is restricted to Taiwan and at least some part of mainland China. Manthey and Denzer, 2014, Sauria, Berlin, 36: 3–21, provided some morphology and color notes. Sumarli, Grismer, Anuar, Muin, and Quah, 2015, Check List, 11(4, Art. 1679): 10, reported specimens from Lata Belatan, Terregganu, West Malaysia, and briefly reported on their morphology and habitat. See account, photograph, and map for Vietnam in Vassilieva, Galoyan, Poyarkov, and Geissler, 2016, Photograph. Field Guide Amph. Rept. Lowland S. Vietnam: 74–77. Pham, An, Herbst, Bonkowski, Ziegler, and Nguyen, 2017, Bonn Zool. Bull., 66: 37–53, provided records for Cao Bang Province, Vietnam, along with observatons on morphology and natural history.  

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