Kaloula baleata (Müller, 1836)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Microhylinae > Genus: Kaloula > Species: Kaloula baleata

Bombinator baleatus Müller in Van Oort and Müller, 1836, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Wetensch., 16: 96. Type(s): Not stated; possibly including RMNH 2218 according to M.S. Hoogmoed inFrost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 384; Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 89, suggested that BMNH 44.2.22.93 (2 specimens formerly of the RMNH) might be syntypes. Gassó Miracle, van den Hoek Ostende, and Arntzen, 2007, Zootaxa, 1482: 31, noted that RMNH 221i8 could not be located. Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 51, reported, apparently in error, that ZSIC A.100069 as a typel. Type locality: "Krawang", Java, Indonesia.

Hyladactylus baleatusTschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 85.

Hylaedactylus baleatusDuméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 734.

Hylaedactylus balteatusLichtenstein and Martens, 1856, Nomencl. Rept. Amph. Mus. Zool. Berol.: 42. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Hylaedactylus balteatus var. concatenata Lichtenstein and Martens, 1856, Nomencl. Rept. Amph. Mus. Zool. Berol.: 42. Types: ZMB, not noted by any recent author. Type locality: Unknown.

Hylaedactylus lividus Bleeker, 1857, Natuurkd. Tijdschr. Nederl. Indie, 14: 239. Types: Not designated. Type locality: Java. Nomen nudum. Synonymy by Van Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 148; Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 88; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 491.

Bombinator (Hylaedactylus) balteatusSchlegel, 1858, Handl. Dierkd., 2: 58. Incorrect subsequent spelling of the species name.

Hylaedactylus celebensis Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 122. Syntypes: BMNH (2 specimens); including BMNH 1848.8.19.23 according to Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 89. Type locality: "India", apparently in error. Synonymy by Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 88; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 491.

Kaloula baleataGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 122.

Callula baleataCope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 192; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 169.

Calohyla celebensisPeters, 1872, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 585.

Plectropus baleatusKnauer, 1878, Naturgesch. Lurche: 112.

Kaloula baleataBarbour, 1909, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 61: 405; Barbour, 1912, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 40: fig. 6; Van Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 148.

Kaloula baleata baleataInger, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 33: 427.

Kaloula baleata ghoshi Cherchi, 1954, Doriana, Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, 1 (47): 1. Syntypes: MSNG (2 specimens), by original designation. Type locality: "Piccole Andamane, fiume Tciongarè", Andaman Islands.

English Names

Muller's Narrowmouth Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 90; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 51).

Flower Pot Toad (Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 55).

Brown Bullfrog (Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 55; Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64; Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 98; Grismer, 2012, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Seribuat Arch.: 54).

Brown bullfrog (Kaloula baleata ghoshi: Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64).

Black Bullfrog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 162).

Black Burrowing Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 162).

Gong Frog (McKay, 2006, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Bali: 33).

Javanese Bullfrog (McKay, 2006, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Bali: 33).

Distribution

Provisionally (see comment) southern peninsular Malaysia; Greater and Lesser Sundas, including Sulawesi, Sumatra, Java, and isolated records in Maylaysian and Indonesian Borneo (possibly to be found in Brunei), as well as Palawan I., Philippines; Andaman Islands.

Comment

For accounts see Mertens, 1930, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 42: 232-235; Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 113-114; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 491-493; and Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 55-56, who implied that the Philippine Kaloula kalingensis could be recognized as distinct from Kaloula baleata. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 34-35, 208, provided a brief account for the Andaman Is. population. See brief account and photo by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 55-56. Pauwels, Ohler, Dubois, and Nabhitabhata, 2000, Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc., 47: 261-263, provided the record for Thailand. Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 99, provided the record for Vietnam without reference to voucher specimens; that this is so far out of the range renders it questionable. Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 162, provided a brief characterization and photograph. Malkmus, Manthey, Vogel, Hoffmann, and Kosuch, 2002, Amph. Rept. Mount Kinabalu: 125, provided an account. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 98-99, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Teynié, David, Ohler, and Luanglath, 2004, Hamadryad, 29: 35, commented on its distribution in Laos. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 43, provided specific localities for Vietnam. McKay, 2006, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Bali: 33-34, provided a brief account and photograph. Das and Kraus, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 214-215, provided the first record for Brunei. Wanger, Motzke, Saleh, and Iskandar, 2011, Salamandra, 47: 17-29, reported the species from central Sulawesi, Indonesia. See brief account by Grismer, 2012, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Seribuat Arch.: 54-55, for the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia.  Chan, Blackburn, Murphy, Stuart, Emmett, Ho, and Brown, 2013, Herpetologica, 69: 329-341, referred the southern Vietnam records of Kaloula indochinensis and suggested that populations from Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Sulawesi, and Palawan Island (Philippines) may not be conspecific with Kaloula baleata sensu stricto. Chan, Grismer, and Brown, 2014, Zootaxa, 3900: 569–580, provided molecular evidence that nominal Kaloula baleata is a species complex of which they named the northern Peninsular Malaysia population as Kaloula latidisca, but implied that the populations from a) southern Peninsular Malaysia; b) Borneo; c) Palawan; and d) Sulawesi may be distinct, with Kaloula baleata sensu stricto restricted to Java. 

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