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Ctenophryne Mocquard, 1904

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Gastrophryninae > Genus: Ctenophryne
6 species

Glossostoma Günther, 1901, Biol. Centr. Amer., Rept. Batr., Part 166: 210. Type species: Glossostoma aterrimum Günther, 1900, by monotypy. Junior homonym of Glossostoma LeConte, 1851 (Turbellaria). Synonymy with Ctenophryne by de Sá, Streicher, Sekonyela, Forlani, Loader, Greenbaum, Richards, and Haddad, 2012, BMC Evol. Biol., 12(241): 1-21.

Ctenophryne Mocquard, 1904, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, 10: 308. Type species: Ctenophryne geayi Mocquard, 1904, by monotypy.

Nelsonophryne Frost, 1987, Copeia, 1987: 1025. Replacement name for Glossostoma Günther, 1900.

Melanophryne Lehr and Trueb, 2007, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 149: 585. Type species: Phrynopus carpish Lehr, Rodríguez, and Córdova, 2002, by original designation. Synonymy with Ctenophryne by de Sá, Streicher, Sekonyela, Forlani, Loader, Greenbaum, Richards, and Haddad, 2012, BMC Evol. Biol., 12(241): 1-21.

English Names

Egg Frogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 89).

Nelson Frogs (Nelsonophryne [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 91).

Distribution

Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, and Ecuador, as well Guianian and Amazonian South America; northwestern Colombia.

Comment

Probably derived from Stereocyclops according to Carvalho, 1954, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 555: 4. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences, suggested that Ctenophryne is the sister taxon of Nelsonophryne. Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 143, 146, included former Nelsonophryne species in Microhyla; Carvalho, 1954, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 555: 11, resurrected Glossostoma. This action was supported by karyotypic evidence provided by Bogart and Nelson, 1976, Herpetologica, 32: 204. de Sá, Streicher, Sekonyela, Forlani, Loader, Greenbaum, Richards, and Haddad, 2012, BMC Evol. Biol., 12(241): 1-21, placed Nelsonophryne into the synonymy of Ctenophryne.

Contained taxa (6 sp.):

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