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Dyscophinae Boulenger, 1882
Dyscophidae Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 179. Type genus: Dyscophus Grandidier, 1872.
Dyscophinae — Gadow, 1901, Amphibia and Reptiles: 139.
Dyscophiinae — Kuhn, 1965, Die Amphib.: 84.
Dyscophidae — Bossuyt and Roelants, 2009, in Hedges and Kumar (eds.), Timetree of Life: 358.
See comment under Asterophryinae. Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae, considered Dyscophinae (sensu lato, as including Calluella, now in Microhylinae) to be the stem-group from which the rest of Microhylidae (excluding Scaphiophryninae; by implication) was derived. The literature of this controversy was reviewed by Blommers-Schlösser, 1975, Beaufortia, 24: 7-26, who retained the African and Indo-Malayan genera together in this group. See Blommers-Schlösser, 1976, Genetics, 46: 199-210, for karyotypes. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 226, restricted Dyscophinae to Dyscophus and transferred Calluella to Microhylinae. Bossuyt and Roelants, 2009, in Hedges and Kumar (eds.), Timetree of Life: 358, considered this taxon a distinct family based on its ancient origin. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences, suggested that Dyscophinae is the sister of Microhylinae. @@@
Contained taxa (3 sp.):
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