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Callulops Boulenger, 1888
Callulops Boulenger, 1888, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 1: 345. Type species: Callulops doriae Boulenger, 1888, by monotypy.
Gnathophryne Méhely, 1901, Termés. Füzetek, 24: 177, 225. Type species: Mantophryne robusta Boulenger, 1989, by subsequent designation of Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 58. Synonymy (with Asterophrys) by Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 58.
Pomatops Barbour, 1910, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 23: 89-90. Type species: Pomatops valvifera Barbour, 1910, by monotypy. Synonymy (with Asterophrys) by Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 58; synonymy (with Callulops) by Loveridge, 1948, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 101: 417; Dubois, 1988, Alytes, 7: 3.
Callulops Frogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 88).
New Guinea region, from Talaud Islands and Moluccas to the easternmost islands of the Louisiade Archipelago; Sulawesi.
See comment under Mantophryne. As noted by Dubois, 1988, Alytes, 7: 1-5, the formerly widely used name Phrynomantis Peters, 1867, applies to frogs in the subfamily Phrynomerinae. Köhler and Günther, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 47: 353-365, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that Callulops is polyphyletic, with one part (including Callulops eurydactylus) being paraphyletic with respect to Asterophrys, and the other part (including Callulops robustus) being the sister taxon of Hylophorbus. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences corroborated this result. This paraphyly was remedied by the naming of Metamagnusia and Pseudocallulops by Günther, 2009, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 85: 171-187, who suggested that a monophyletic Callulops (exemplar being Callulops cf. robustus) is the sister taxon of Hylophorbus. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences, confirmed this relationship. Günther, Stelbrink, and von Rintelen, 2010, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 86: 245-256, revised this view and considered the Callulops robustus complex to form the sister taxon of Mantophryne + Hylophorbus. Wanger, Motzke, Saleh, and Iskandar, 2011, Salamandra, 47: 17-29, reported "Callulops sp." species from central Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Contained taxa (24 sp.):
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