Megophrys palpebralespinosa Bourret, 1937

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Genus: Megophrys > Species: Megophrys palpebralespinosa

Megophrys palpebralespinosa Bourret, 1937, Annexe Bull. Gen. Instr. Publique, Hanoi, 1937: 16. Syntypes: Lab. Sci. Univ. Hanoi B. 34, 146-149, 201, by original designation; now MNHNP 48.114-116 according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 12). Type locality: "Chapa", Tonkin, Vietnam.

Megophrys (Megophrys) palpebralespinosaDubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 472. 

Panophrys palpebralespinosaRao and Yang, 1997, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 7: 98-99.

Megophrys (Xenophrys) palpebralespinosaDubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 14.

Xenophrys palpebralespinosaOhler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 23, by implication; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 17; Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2016, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 41.

Xenophrys (Xenophrys) palpebralespinosa — Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 694. 

Megophrys (Panophrys) palpebralespinosa — Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 755. 

English Names

Tonkin Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86; Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 15).

Rough-skinned Horned Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 120).


Border area of northern Vietnam and adjacent Yunnan and extreme western Guangxi, China, and Phongsaly Province, Laos.


See accounts by Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 204-205; Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 57; Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 58-60; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 120-121. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 15, provided specific localities for Vietnam and (p. 147) a photograph. In the Megophrys parva group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 82. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 474, provided the Laos record. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 29-30, provided a brief account for Yunnan, China. Mo, Zhou, Xie, and Chen, 2007, Herpetol. Sinica, 11: 15-18, reported the species in Guangxi, China. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 461-464, provided an account for China and spot map. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 204, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 232, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 694–695, provided an account, photogrphs, and dot map, as Xenophrys palpebralespinosa.  

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