Leptobrachium montanum Fischer, 1885

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Genus: Leptobrachium > Species: Leptobrachium montanum

Leptobrachium montanum Fischer, 1885, Arch. Naturgesch., 51: 44. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.5 (according to Inger, Stuebing, and Tan, 1995, Raffles Bull. Zool., 43: 125). Type locality: "Pramassan-Alai Gebirge", southeastern Borneo [Indonesia].

Leptobrachium montanumDring, 1982, in Anderson et al. (eds.), Gunung Mulu National Park: 293.

Leptobrachium (Leptobrachium) montanumInger, 1983, in Rhodin and Miyata (eds.), Adv. Herpetol. Evol. Biol.: 16. Dubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 25; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 12.

English Names

Mountain Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86).

Mountain Litter Frog (Das, 2007, Amph. Rept. Brunei: 34).

Distribution

Montane Sabah and Sarawak (Malaysia), Brunei (Labi), and Kalimantan (Indonesia), Borneo.

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Leptobrachium hasseltii by Dring, 1982, in Anderson et al. (eds.), Gunung Mulu National Park: 345. ., and Inger, 1983, in Rhodin and Miyata (eds.), Adv. Herpetol. Evol. Biol.: 16, where it had been placed by Boulenger, 1886, Zool. Rec., 22: 24; Boulenger, 1889, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 2, 7: 750. See discussion in Inger, Stuebing, and Tan, 1995, Raffles Bull. Zool., 43: 123-125, for discussion of nomenclatural assignment. See brief account and photo by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 72-73. Malkmus, Manthey, Vogel, Hoffmann, and Kosuch, 2002, Amph. Rept. Mount Kinabalu: 95-97, provided an account. Das, 2007, Amph. Rept. Brunei: 34, provided a photograph and a brief account. Matsui, Hamidy, Murphy, Khonsue, Yambun Imbun, Shimada, Ahmad, Belabut, and Jiang, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 56: 259-272, provided molecular evidence that nominal Leptobrachium montanum is a composed of more than one lineage. Hamidy, Matsui, Shimada, Nishikawa, Yambun Imbun, Sudin, Kusrini, and Kurniati, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 904-913, suggested that Leptobrachium is a complex of species interdigitated phylogenetically with other lineages currently assigned to Leptobrachium abbottii, Leptobrachium gunungense, Leptobrachium tagbanorum, and Leptobrachium mangyanorum. These are: (1) a population in southern Kalimantan (which takes the name Leptobrachium montanum); (2, 3) two lineages in Sarawak; (4) a lineage in eastern Kalimantan; (5) a lineage in Sabah.

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