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Gephyromantis Methuen, 1920

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Mantellidae > Subfamily: Mantellinae > Genus: Gephyromantis
41 species

Microphryne Methuen and Hewitt, 1913, Ann. Transvaal Mus., 4: 55. Type species: Microphryne malagasia Methuen and Hewitt, 1913, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Microphryne Peters, 1874. Synonymy with Laurentomantis by Dubois, 1980, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 2: 350.

Gephyromantis Methuen, 1920 "1919", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1919: 351. Type species: Gephyromantis boulengeri Methuen, 1920, by monotypy.

Trachymantis Methuen, 1920 "1919", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1919: 352. Replacement name for Microphryne Methuen and Hewitt, 1913. Preoccupied by Trachymantis Giglio-Tos, 1917.

Laurentomantis Dubois, 1980, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 2: 350. Replacement name for Trachymantis Methuen, 1920. Considered a subgenus of Mantidactylus (by reason of close relationship to Gephyromantis) by Glaw and Vences, 1994, Fieldguide Amph. Rept. Madagascar, Ed. 2: 403. Treated as a subgenus of Gephyromantis by Glaw and Vences, 2006, Organisms Divers. Evol., 6: 244.

Phylacomantis Glaw and Vences, 1994, Fieldguide Amph. Rept. Madagascar, Ed. 2: 401. Type species: Mantidactylus corvus Glaw and Vences, 1994, by original designation. Proposed as a subgenus of Mantidactylus. Treated as a subgenus of Gephyromantis by Glaw and Vences, 2006, Organisms Divers. Evol., 6: 244.

Duboimantis Glaw and Vences, 2006, Organisms Divers. Evol., 6: 244. Type species: Limnodytes granulatus Boettger, 1881, by original designation. Coined as a subgenus of Gephyromantis. Evidence of nonmonophyly suggested in the original publication.

GephyromantisGlaw and Vences, 2006, Organisms Divers. Evol., 6: 243. Treatment as a nominal subgenus of Gephyromantis.

Vatomantis Glaw and Vences, 2006, Organisms Divers. Evol., 6: 244. Type species: Rhacophorus webbi Grandison, 1953, by original designation. Coined as a subgenus of Gephyromantis.

English Names

Grainy Frogs (Laurentomantis [subgenus]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 99).

Distribution

Madagascar.

Comment

Gephyromantis was removed from the synonymy of Mantidactylus by Glaw and Vences, 2006, Organisms Divers. Evol., 6: 243, where it had been placed by Blommers-Schlösser, 1979, Beaufortia, 29: 1-77. Considered a subgenus of Mantidactylus by Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 311. Glaw and Vences, 2006, Organisms Divers. Evol., 6: 239, provided a reformuatlion of subgenera within Gephyromantis and provided molecular evidence that Duboimantis (new in this paper) is likley nonmonophyletic. They also recognized four other subgenera (Phylacomantis, Gephyromantis, Laurentomantis, and Vatomantis), judged to be monophyletic. Glaw and Vences, 2007, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Madagascar, Ed. 3: 210-227, provided accounts. Crottini, Glaw, Casiraghi, Jenkins, Mercurio, Randrianantoandro, Randrianirina, and Andreone, 2011, ZooKeys, 81: 51-71, discussed species of the subgenus Phylacomantis. Wollenberg, Vieites, Glaw, and Vences, 2011, BMC Evol. Biol., 11 (217) : 1-15. on the basis of a molecular analysis suggested Mantidactylus to be the sister taxon of Gephyromantis. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, confirmed this result in their molecular tree based on Genbank sequences. Kaffenberger, Wollenberg, Köhler, Glaw, Vieites, and Vences, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 62: 555-560, provided a molecular phylogeny and biogeography, confirming the polyphyly of Duboimantis suggested in the original publication, the association of Gephyromantis klemmeri with the subgenus Laurentomantis, rather than Gephryomantis (which is monophyletic once Gephyromantis klemmeri is excluded), and the monophyly of Phylacomantis, Laurentomantis, and Vatomantis. Wollenberg, Glaw, and Vences, 2012, Zootaxa, 3421: 32-60, reported on the molecular phylogenetics and taxonomy of the Gephyromantis decaryi complex.

Contained taxa (41 sp.):

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