Leptodactylus mystacinus (Burmeister, 1861)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Leptodactylus > Species: Leptodactylus mystacinus

Cystignathus mystacinus Burmeister, 1861, Reise La Plata-Staaten, 2: 532. Type(s): Not designated; MLU unnumbered, according to Heyer, 1978, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 29: 68. Type locality: "Rozario", Argentina.

Cystignathus labialis Cope, 1877, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 17: 90. Syntypes: USNM 31300-31305 considered syntypes by Kellogg, 1932, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 160: 84. Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 40, however considered USNM 31302 the holotype and the other specimens paratypes, a lectotype designation by implication. Type locality: "at present uncertain. It is probably a part of Sumichrast's Mexican collection" made chiefly in southeastern Mexico, Veracruz, Oaxaca, and Chiapas; restricted in error by Smith and Taylor, 1950, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 33: 350, to "Potrero Viejo", Veracruz; rendered as "probably Tehuantepec, Oaxaca, Mexico" by Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 40. Previous guesses and restrictions of type locality in error according to Heyer, 2002, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 115: 321, who made the synonymy, following Heyer, 1978, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 29: 84.  de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 41, suggested on the basis of comments in the original publication of Cope that the syntypes were actually collected in Argentina.

Leptodactylus labialisBrocchi, 1881, Miss. Scient. Mex. Amer. Centr., Rech. Zool., 3(2, livr. 1): 20. Dubois and Heyer, 1992, Copeia, 1992: 584-585.

Leptodactylus mystacinusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 244.

Leptodactylus (Cavicola) mystacinusLutz, 1930, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 23: 22.

Leptodactylus mystaceus labialisShreve, 1957, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 116: 246. Based on specimens of Leptodactylus fragilis.

English Names

Moustached Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 82).

White-lipped Frog (Wright and Wright, 1933, Handb. Frogs Toads U.S. Canada: xi [as Leptodactylus albilabris]).

Distribution

Eastern Bolivia and eastern Brazil through Uruguay and Paraguay to central Argentina.

Comment

In the Leptodactylus fuscus group of Heyer, 1978, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 29: 1-85. See account by Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 336-338. Klappenbach and Langone, 1992, An. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, Ser. 2, 8: 191, suggested that a suspicious amount of geographic variation was present in this species. See comment under Leptodactylus fragilis. See account by Heyer, Heyer, Spear, and de Sá, 2003, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 767: 1-11. Achaval and Olmos, 2003, Anf. Rept. Uruguay, ed. 2: 24, provided for the Uruguayan population a brief account and photograph. Sanabria, Quiroga, and Acosta, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 332-333, briefly discussed range in Argentina. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 14, briefly discussed the range in Paraguay. Jansen, Bloch, Schulze, and Pfenninger, 2011, Zool. Scripta, 40: 567-583, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence a cryptic unnamed species in Bolivia. In the Leptodactylus fuscus species group of de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 1–123, and who provided a summary of relevant literature on pp. 41–42.

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