Leptodactylus mystaceus (Spix, 1824)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Leptodactylus > Species: Leptodactylus mystaceus

Rana mystacea Spix, 1824, Animal. Nova Spec. Nov. Test. Ran. Brasil.: 27. Syntypes: Not specifically stated, but including animals figured on pl. 3, figs. 1 and 3 in the original publication; ZSM 2504/0 and 2505/0 (lost after 1955 according to Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 357); specimen figured in pl. 3, fig. 1 designated lectotype by implication of Peters, 1872, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 196-227; Méhely, 1904, Ann. Hist. Nat. Mus. Natl. Hungarici, 2: 219, designated ZSM 2504/0 lectotype. Type locality: "ad Bahiam [now Salvador, Bahia] in aqua fluviatili; differt ab illa prope flumen Solimoens", Brazil; restricted to Solimões [Brazil] by lectotype designation of Méhely, 1904, Ann. Hist. Nat. Mus. Natl. Hungarici, 2: 219; restricted in error to "Salvador, Bahia", Brazil, by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 90.

Leptodactylus mystaceusFitzinger, 1826, Neue Class. Rept.: 64; Méhely, 1904, Ann. Hist. Nat. Mus. Natl. Hungarici, 2: 219.

Cystignathus mystaceusWagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 203; Hensel, 1867, Arch. Naturgesch., 33: 125.

Leptodactylus (Cavicola) mystaceusLutz, 1930, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 23: 22.

Leptodactylus amazonicus Heyer, 1978, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 29: 38. Holotype: LACM 92111, by original designation. Type locality: "Ecuador; Napo Province, Limoncocha, 0°24′S, 76°37′W, elevation 260 m". Synonymy by Heyer, 1983, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 96: 270.

English Names

Basin White-lipped Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 82).

Amazonian White-lipped Frog (Kok and Kalamandeen, 2008, Intr. Taxon. Amph. Kaieteur Natl. Park: 222).

Distribution

Amazon basin from its southern limit in Brazil to Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, and the Guianas. Isolated records from northeastern Brazil south to northern Paraná. 

Comment

In the Leptodactylus fuscus group of Heyer, 1978, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 29: 1-85. Heyer, 1983, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 96: 270, placed Leptodactylus amazonicus Heyer, 1978, in synonymy. Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 357, discussed the history of the types and provided a synonymy, noting that the Peters lectotype (figure) and the Mehely lectotype (ZSM 2504/0) represent different species, the true figured lectotype probably not corresponding to the species that bears its name but to Leptodactylus spixi. See comments under Leptodactylus didymus and Rana elenae. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 67–68, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru. Lescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 238-239, provided a photo and brief account for French Guiana. Gorzula and Señaris, 1999 "1998", Scient. Guaianae, 8: 63, commented on distribution in Venezuela. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 23, suggested that Paraguayan records of this species are referrable to Leptodactylus elenae. Kok and Kalamandeen, 2008, Intr. Taxon. Amph. Kaieteur Natl. Park: 222-223, provided an account. Affonso, Delariva, and Navarro, 2011, Check List, 7: 198-199, provided a range extension to Paraná state, Brazil, and mapped the species range. Jansen, Bloch, Schulze, and Pfenninger, 2011, Zool. Scripta, 40: 567-583, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence a cryptic unnamed species in Bolivia. See account for Surinam population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 248-249.See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 425, for brief account and records for Guyana. In the Leptodactylus fuscus species group, Leptodactylus mystaceus complex, of de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 1–123, who provided a summary of the relevant literature of this species on p. 40–41. Morais, Márquez, Siqueira, and Bastos, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 763-765, provided a peripheral record from Silvânia National Forest, Silvânia County, Goiás state, Brazil, and provided a range map. 

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