Leptodactylus insularum Barbour, 1906

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Leptodactylus > Species: Leptodactylus insularum

Leptodactylus insularum Barbour, 1906, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 46: 228. Syntypes: MCZ 2424 (12 specimens), by original designation; Barbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 293, also considered as syntypes MCZ 6901-02 from San Miguel I., as well as MCZ 2444 (6 specimens) from Saboga I.; apparently some of the original 12 syntypes have been renumbered or exchanged and only one specimen remains with this number. MCZ 2424 designated lectotype by Heyer and de Sá, 2011, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 635: 38. Type locality: "Saboga Island", Bahía de Panamá, Panama. Barbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 293, recorded MCZ 2424 as being from "San Miguel Id., Bay of Panama", Panama.

Leptodactylus bolivianaus insularumGallardo, 1964, Physis, Buenos Aires, 24: 383. 

English Names

San Miguel Island Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 81).

Distribution

Colombian islands of Providencia and San Andres, the mainland Pacific versant of Costa Rica to lowland Panama, the Caribbean drainages of Colombia, Venezuela, and is widespread on the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. 

Comment

Heyer, 1974, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 253: 43, following Dunn, 1931, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 410, included Leptodactylus insularum as a possible synonym of Leptodactylus bolivianus; this conclusion was formalized by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 217–219, who provided an account and discussion of the taxonomic controversy. Leptodactylus insularum was resurrected by Heyer and de Sá, 2011, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 635: 1–58, subsequent to the synonymy with Leptodactylus bolivianus by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 218, following Heyer, 1974, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 253: 43, and Dunn, 1931, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 410. See account by Heyer and de Sá, 2011, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 635: 38–35, who included this in their Leptodactylus bolivianus complex. Murphy, 1997, Amph. Rept. Trinidad Tobago: 84-85, provided a brief account for Trinidad (as Leptodactylus bolivanus). Armesto, Esteban, and Torrado, 2009 "2008", Herpetotropicos, Mérida, 5: 57–63 provided a record for Norte de Santander, northeastern Colombia. Heyer and Heyer, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 126: 204–233, reported on the systematics, distribution, and literature of the species. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 276–281, provided a brief summary of natural history and identification key for the species of Leptodactylus in Central America and provided a range map and photograph for this species (as Leptodactylus bolivianus). In the Leptodactylus latrans species group of de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 1–123, and who provided a summary of relevant literature on pp. 67–69. Arias and Bolaños, 2014, Check List, 10: 870–877, found the species at 689 m elevation, otherwise common only below 400 m elevation. 

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