Leptodactylus bolivianus Boulenger, 1898

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Leptodactylus > Species: Leptodactylus bolivianus

Rana ocellata Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, 1: 211. Type(s): Including NHRM 150; by implication of Linnaeus, 1764, Mus. Adophi Friderici, 2: 39, and as discussed by Andersson, 1900, Bih. K. Svenska Vetensk. Akad. Handl., 26: 24. Type locality: "in America"; restricted to "Brasilia" by Linnaeus, 1764, Mus. Adophi Friderici, 2: 39. See discussion by Lavilla, Langone, Caramaschi, Heyer, and de Sá, 2010, Zootaxa, 2346: 1-16. Heyer, Caramaschi, and de Sá, 2006, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 63: 184-186, noted that the type of this taxon represents what is currently known as Leptodactylus bolivianus; they suggested that to conserve application of the name, pending action by the ICZN, that a neotype be designated (MNRJ 30733; with a locality of "Vale dos Agriões, Teresópolis, 22° 25′S, 42° 58′ W, approx. 900 m above sea level, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil").

Cystignathus ocellatusWagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 203; Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 78; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 396.

Leptodactylus ocellatusGirard, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 420.

Gnathophysa ocellataCope, 1866, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 73.

Leptognathus ocellatusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 247. Boettger, 1892, Kat. Batr. Samml. Mus. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges.: 31.

Leptodactylus bolivianus Boulenger, 1898, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 2, 19: 131. Syntypes: BMNH, MZUT An488 and An506 (according to Gavetti and Andreone, 1993, Cat. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat., Torino, 10: 52); MSNG; MSNG 28875A designated lectotype by Capocaccia, 1957, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 3, 69: 214. Type locality: "Barraca", Río Madidi, and "Misiones Mosetenes", Bolivia; restricted to Barraca, Río Madidi, Bolivia, by lectotype designation.

Leptodactylus (Pachypus) bolivianusLutz, 1930, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 23: 1, 21.

Leptodactylus (Pachypus) ocellatusLutz, 1930, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 23: 1, 21.

Leptodactylus romani Melin, 1941, Göteborgs K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., Ser. B, 1: 54. Syntypes: NHMG (5 specimens); NHMG 499 designated lectotype by Heyer, 1969, Herpetologica, 25: 6. Type locality: "Taracuá, Rio Uaupés, [Amazonas,] Brazil". Synonymy by Heyer, 1969, Herpetologica, 25: 6.

Leptodactylos ocellatus ocellatusCei, 1950, Acta Zool. Lilloana, 9: 408.

English Names

Bolivian White-lipped Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 81).


Central and western portions of the Amazon basin in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela.


Lynch, 2005, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 29: 581-588, provided a specific locality for the vicinity of Leticia, Colombia. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 66, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru. See account by Heyer and de Sá, 2011, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 635: 31-35, who included this in their Leptodactylus bolivianus complex. See records for Leptodactylus guianensis and Leptodactylus insularum, both of which have long been confused with this species. See account for Surinam population (as Leptodactylus ocellatus) by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 250-253. In the Leptodactylus latrans species group of de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 1–123, and who provided a summary of relevant literature on pp. 64–65. Salas, Zavattieri, di Tada, Martino, and Bridarolli, 1998, Cuad. Herpetol., 12: 37–48, and  Zimmerman, 1983, Herpetologica, 39: 235–246, discussed the call (as Leptodactylus ocellatus). 

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