Hyperolius microps Günther, 1864

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Genus: Hyperolius > Species: Hyperolius microps

Hyperolius microps Günther, 1864, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1864: 311. Syntypes: BMNH. Type locality: "Rovuma Bay", extreme northern Mozambique; given as Unknown and "Zambesi Expedition" by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 127. 

Rappia microps — Günther, 1869 "1868", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1868: 481; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 127.

Hyperolius microps — Noble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 326.

Hyperolius acuticeps Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 282. Syntypes: ZMB (2 specimens) unnumbered according to the original publication; ZMB 36093 (2 specimens), according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 93. Type locality: "Konde-Nika, Deutsch-Ost-Afrika". Synonymy with Hyperolius nasutus by Loveridge, 1953, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 110: 329, 362; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 93 (considered a subspecies of Hyperolius nasutus). Formerly considered a junior synonym of Megalixalus brachycnemis by Loveridge, 1933, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 74: 346. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 29, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent). Synonymy by Ohler and Frétey, 2014, J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist., 103: 73. 

Hyperolius usaramoae Loveridge, 1932, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 45: 63. Holotype: MCZ 13363, by original designation. Type locality: "Mogogoni swamp, south of Dar es Salaam, Usaramo, Tanganyika Territory [Tanzania]". Synonymy with Hyperolius microps by Loveridge, 1932, in errata attached to reprint of orignal description; Loveridge, 1936, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 79: 372; Loveridge, 1938, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 51: 213-214; and Ohler and Frétey, 2014, J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist., 103: 87. 

Hyperolius nasutus acuticeps — Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 92.

English Names

Sharp-headed Long Reed Frog (Channing, Hillers, Lötters, Rödel, Schick, Conradie, Rödder, Mercurio, Wagner, Dehling, Du Preez, Kielgast, and Burger, 2013, Zootaxa, 3620: 310, as Hyperolis acuticeps). 

Long Reed Frog (Wager, 1965, Frogs S. Afr.: 207; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 7; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 252; Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 165-166 [as Hyperolius nasutus]).

Sharp-nosed Reed Frog (Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 7; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 252; Channing, Moyer, and Burger, 2002, Afr. Zool., 37: 95 [all as Hyperolius nasutus]).

Sharp-nosed Reed Frog (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 149; Bishop, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 136; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 240).

Long Reed Frog (Channing, Moyer, and Burger, 2002, Afr. Zool., 37: 96 [as Hyperolius nasutus]).

Green Long Reed Frog (Hyperolius nasutus: Broadley, 1973, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 10: 24 [as Hyperolius nasutus]).

Brown Long Reed Frog (Hyperolius granulatus: Broadley, 1973, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 10: 24 [as Hyperolius nasutus]).

Günther's Sharp-nosed Reed Frog (Lambiris, 1990 "1989", Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 10: 169 [as Hyperolius nasutus]).

Distribution

Presently only confirmed from northern Malawi on the Nyika Plateau and Chongoni and Kaningina Forest Reserves, and the type locality in extreme northern Mozambique; presumably extending into adjacent Zambia.  

Comment

Hyperolius poweri was removed from the synonymy of Hyperolius nasutus by Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 173, where it had been placed by Loveridge, 1953, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 110: 329, 362; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 93 (considered a subspecies of Hyperolius nasutus), and Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 192. Much of the literature of "Hyperolius nasutus" is therefore descriptive of Hyperolius acuticeps and Hyperolius poweri. Channing, Moyer, and Burger, 2002, Afr. Zool., 37: 91-99, redefined the species and provided a discussion of close relatives (Hyperolius viridis and Hyperolius nasutus); but Schiøtz, 2006, Alytes, 24: 61-71, for a discussion of the issues. See account (as Hyperolius nasutus) of Ethiopian population by Largen, 1998, Tropical Zool., 11: 61-82, and by Largen and Spawls, 2010, Amph. Rept. Ethiopia Eritrea: 115. In the Hyperolius nasutus group of Amiet, 2005, Rev. Suisse Zool., 112: 271-310, who (p. 293) noted that it might be synonymous with Hyperolius nasutus. Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 149-151, Schiøtz, 2006, Alytes, 24: 61-71, provided relevant discussion of the taxonomic difficulties surrounding this species. Segniagbeto, Bowessidjaou, Dubois, and Ohler, 2007, Alytes, 24: 76, did not list this species (as Hyperolius acuticeps) as occurring in Togo. Jacobsen, 2009, Afr. Herp News, 47: 2-20, reported this species from east-north-central Central African Republic, but this identification is necessarily suspect in this very difficult group. Mercurio, 2011, Amph. Malawi: 172-180, provided an account (as Hyperolius nasutus-complex) for this taxon in Malawi. Channing, Hillers, Lötters, Rödel, Schick, Conradie, Rödder, Mercurio, Wagner, Dehling, Du Preez, Kielgast, and Burger, 2013, Zootaxa, 3620: 310, provided an account and redelimitation of the species. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 204–205, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. Hyperolius microps was removed from the synonymy of Hyperolius pusillus by by Ohler and Frétey, 2014, J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist., 103: 73 (who regarded it as the senior name for former Hyperolius acuticeps and provided a discussion of a collection from northern Mozambique) where it had been placed by Loveridge, 1936, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 79: 372, and Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 191.

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.