Hyperolius marmoratus Rapp, 1842

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Genus: Hyperolius > Species: Hyperolius marmoratus

Hyperolius marmoratus Rapp, 1842, Arch. Naturgesch., 8: 289. Type(s): Not designated or known to exist. Type locality: "Natal" (= KwaZulu-Natal), Rep. South Africa.

Hyperolius verrucosus Smith, 1849, Illust. Zool. S. Afr., 3 (Appendix): 26. Types: BMNH; thought to be lost, by Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: 144. Type locality: "Kaffirland to the eastward of the Cape Colony", Rep. South Africa. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Hewitt, 1937, Guide Vert. Fauna E. Cape Province, Rept. Amph. Fishes: 109. Considered distinct by FitzSimons, 1947, Ann. Natal Mus., 11: 119.

Hyperolius taeniatus Peters, 1854, Ber. Bekannt. Verhandl. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1854: 627. Holotype: ZMB 4531, according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 83. Type locality: "Boror", Mozambique. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 121–122; Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 34; and Wieczorek, Drewes, and Channing, 2001, Amphibia-Reptilia, 22: 159.

Hyperolius marmoratusGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 85; Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 347.

Hyperolius sugillatus Cope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 342. Holotype: ANSP 11319, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 353. Type locality: "Umvoti", KwaZulu-Natal, Rep. South Africa. Synonymy with Hyperolius microps by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 127. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus by Loveridge, 1941, Ann. Transvaal Mus., 20: 287; Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 383; Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 196.

Hyperolius citrinus Günther, 1864, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1864: 311. Syntypes: BMNH (2 specimens), according to XXX; BM 1947.2.9.63 recorded as holotype in museum records. Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: 145, referred to a "holotype" in the BMNH although two specimens are mentioned in the original publication. Type localities: "Senegal" and "Zambesi Expedition", Tanzania. Restricted to "Zambesi Expedition" by Loveridge, 1953, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 110: 354. Rendered as "Zambesi" by Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: 145. Synonymy with Hyperolius cinctiventris by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 126. Synonymy by Schiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 214; provisionally synonymized by Poynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 214. Considered a synonym of Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385; of Hyperolius marmoratus marmoratus by Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: 145.

Hyperolius granulosus Peters, 1867 "1866", Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1866: 891. Syntypes: ZMB 4811 (2 specimens) according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 44. Type locality: "Mossambique"; given as Capanga, east of Tete by XXX. Synonymy with Hyperolius cinctiventris by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 126. Tentative synonymy with Hyperolius concolor tuberlinguis by Loveridge, 1957, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 117: 332. Considered a synonym of Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus by Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 83.

Rappia taeniataGünther, 1869 "1868", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1868: 479.

Rappia insignisGünther, 1869 "1868", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1868: 479.

Rappia citrinaGünther, 1869 "1868", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1868: 481.

Hyperolius variegatus Peters, 1882, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1882: 8. Syntypes: ZMB 4530 (2 specimens), 10249 (4 specimens), according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 45. Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 67, suggested that one of the specimens under 10249 is actually a specimen of his Afrixalus fornasini fornasini. Type locality: "Moçambique (Cabaceira, Quelimane, Inhambane)". Synonymy with Hyperolius taeniatus by Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 329. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus vermiculatus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390. Considered a synonym of Hyperolius marmoratus marmoratus by Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: 145.

Hyperolius vermiculatus Peters, 1882, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1882: 8. Syntypes: ZMB 9408, 10050; ZMB 10050 designated lectotype by Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88. Type locality: "Malange [=Mlanje] (Angola)". Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88.

Hyperolius taeniatusPeters, 1882, Naturwiss. Reise Mossambique, Zool. 3: 166.

Rappia marmorataBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 121.

Rappia granulosaBoulenger, 1883, Zool. Rec., 19: 20, by implication.

Rappia marginataBoulenger, 1883, Zool. Rec., 19: 20, by implication.

Rappia taeniataBoulenger, 1883, Zool. Rec., 19: 20, by implication.

Rappia variegataBoulenger, 1883, Zool. Rec., 19: 20, by implication.

Rappia striolataBoulenger, 1883, Zool. Rec., 19: 20, by implication.

Rappia vermicularisBoulenger, 1883, Zool. Rec., 19: 20. by implication (and incorrect subsequent spelling of vermiculata).

Rappia marmorata var. parallelaBoettger, 1888, Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 1888: 96.

Rappia vermiculata Pfeffer, 1893, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst., 10: 98. Syntypes: ZMH 352 (2 specimens), destroyed, according to XXX. Type locality: "Sansibar" (= Zanzibar), Tanzania. Preoccupied by Rappia vermiculata Peters, 1882. Synonymy by XXX.

Rappia plicifera Bocage, 1893, J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, Ser. 2, 3: 118. Syntypes: MBL T.22-209 (2 specimens) according to Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27; destroyed in 1978 fire. NHMW 22895 (2 specimens) considered part of syntypic series by Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 29, and Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 34. Total of five specimens in original publication. Type localities: "Caconda" (4 specimens) and "Duque de Bragança" (1 specimen), Angola. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus vermiculatus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390. Synonymy with Hyperolius parallelus by Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27.

Rappia marmorata var. marginataBocage, 1895, Herpetol. Angola Congo: 164.

Rappia toulsoniiBocage, 1895, Herpetol. Angola Congo: 166.

Rappia vermiculataTornier, 1896, in Möbius (ed.), Deutsch Ost-Afr., 3: 139.

Rappia densereticulatae Tornier, 1896, in Möbius (ed.), Deutsch Ost-Afr., 3: 140. Nomen nudum. Synonymy with Hyperolius vermiculatus by XXX.

Rappia vermiculataTornier, 1896, in Möbius (ed.), Deutsch Ost-Afr., 3: 139.

Rappia rhodoscelis Boulenger, 1901, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 2: 4. Syntypes: MRAC and BMNH. Type locality: "Pweto", Dem. Rep. Congo. Synonymy with Rappia undulata by Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 67 (who documented sympatry with Hyperolius melanoleucus); Laurent, 1948 "1947", Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 11, 14: 290; Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 386; and Laurent, 1983, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 18: 1-93.

Hyperolius platyrhinusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 252.

Hyperolius pliciferusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 251, 328; Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 309.

Hyperolius vermiculatusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 251, 330.

Hyperolius symetricusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 252, 329.

Hyperolius marmoratusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 252, 326.

Hyperolius platyrhinusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 251, 328.

Hyperolius rhodoscelisNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 252, 328.

Hyperolius marmoratus marmoratusFitzSimons, 1930, Ann. Transvaal Mus., 14: 43.

Hyperolius marmoratus pondoensis FitzSimons, 1930, Ann. Transvaal Mus., 14: 43. Holotype: TMP 13689. Type locality: "Port St Johns, Pondoland Coast", Rep. South Africa. Considered synonymous with Hyperolius verrucosus by Loveridge, 1941, Ann. Transvaal Mus., 20: 289, with Hyperolius marmoratus verrucosus by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 384; Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 195.

Hyperolius nossibeensis Ahl, 1930, Zool. Anz., 90: 66. Syntypes: SMF (3 specimens), unnumbered in the original publication. Type locality: "Nossi-Bé" (= Nosy Bé), Madagascar; in error, according to Glaw and Vences, 1993, Salamandra, 29: 212–230, who correct it to "probably Ethiopian Africa". Synonymy by Glaw and Vences, 1992, Fieldguide Amph. Rept. Madagascar: 271 (only with the Hyperolius marmoratus complex), and Glaw and Vences, 1993, Salamandra, 29: 216.

Hyperolius albifrons Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 354. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; ZMB 36095, according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 71. Type locality: "Afrika (ohne genaueren Fundort)". Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 387. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 81, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius decoratus Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 352. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; MCZ 17632 (on exchange from ZMB, according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 127) is presumably a paratype; ZMB 36112 designated lectotype by Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 245. Type locality: "Longa", Upper Mimesera River, Loanda, Angola. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391;   Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 89; Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 245. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 78, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius dermatus Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 382. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; lost, according to R. Laurent IN Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 209. Type locality: "Cabayra, (Port. Ost-Afrika [= Mozambique])". The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 108, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent). Provisional synonym of Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus by R. Laurent IN Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 209.

Hyperolius vermicularis Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 24. Replacement name for Rappia vermiculata Pfeffer, 1893, a secondary homonym of Hyperolius vermiculata Peters, 1882, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1882: 8.

Hyperolius microstictus Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 353. Syntypes: ZMB (2 specimens) unnumbered, according to the original publication; ZMB 36100 (2 specimens), according to XXX. Type locality: "Longa, oberhalb Minescra", Angola. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus decoratus by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390;  Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 89; Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 245. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 80, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius breviceps Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 316. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; MCZ 17629 (on exchange from ZMB, according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 127) is a paratype. Type locality: "Tschimbo, Port. Ostafrika und Baringo-See, Britisch-Ostafrika". Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus striolatus by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 387. Possibly a synonym of Hyperolius rhodoscelis according to Loveridge, 1957, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 117: 329. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 54, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius rhodoscelisAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 327.

Hyperolius nyassae Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 339. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; MCZ 17642 considered 'cotype' (on exchange from ZMB) by Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 129, is a paratype. Type locality: "Langenburg", Tanzania. Controversy surrounding the location of the type locality discussed by Laurent, 1965, Breviora, 216: 1–9. Synonymy by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385. Placed in the synonymy of Hyperolius undulatus by Loveridge, 1936, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 79: 372. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 66, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius asper Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 310. Holotype: ZMB 36106, according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 84. Type locality: Nairobi, Kenya. Provisional synonymy with Hyperolius symetricus by Loveridge, 1933, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 74: 346. Placed in the synonymy of Hyperolius undulatus by Loveridge, 1936, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 79: 372. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 49, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius platyrhinusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 290.

Hyperolius fuelleborni Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 329. Syntypes: ZMB (originally 119 specimens) according to the original publication; MCZ 17636-37 (on exchange from ZMB) is a syntype according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 128). Type locality: "Nyassa-Gebiet . . . Neu-Helgoland, Langenburg, Rugwe, Miramba, S'ongwe". See comment under Hyperolius nyassae entry regarding the type locality. Synonymy by Laurent, 1965, Breviora, 216: 3. Synonymy (with Hyperolius mariae) by Loveridge, 1933, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 74: 346. Synonymy (with Hyperolius marmoratus nyassae) by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 75, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius guttolineatus Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 321. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication. Type locality: "Deutsch-Ostafrika (nähere Fundort unbekkant)". Synonymy by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 389. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 57, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius marungaensis Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 351. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication. Type locality: "Marunga (Angola)". Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by   Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 77, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent).

Hyperolius symetricusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 338.

Hyperolius marmoratus verrucosus Hewitt, 1937, Guide Vert. Fauna E. Cape Province, Rept. Amph. Fishes: 109.

Hyperolius latirostris Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 106. Holotype: MRAC 1394, by original designation. Type locality: "Kasai", Dem. Rep. Congo. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391.

Hyperolius lestagei Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 109. Holotype: MRAC 39679, by original designation. Type locality: "Luapula (près du Lac Bangwelo)", Dem. Rep. Congo. Synonymy by Schiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 216.

Hyperolius marmoratus kandoensis Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 113. Holotype: MRAC 12653, by original designation. Type locality: "Kando (pres de Tenke, Katanga  Province]", Dem. Rep. Congo.

Hyperolius fuliginosus Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 114. Holotype: MRAC 35166, by original designation. Type locality: "Kasenga (Katanga [Province])", Dem. Rep. Congo. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385. Synonymy by Schiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 179.

Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatusLaurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 34; Laurent, 1965, Breviora, 216: 2.

Hyperolius marmoratus insignisLaurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 39.

Hyperolius marmoratus campylogrammus Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 36. Holotype: MNHNP 1924.28, by original designation. Type locality: "Bura, alt. 1050 m", Teita Hills.

Hyperolius marmoratus aposematicus Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 35. Holotype: MNHNP 33.295, by original designation. Type locality: "Lealui s/Zambèze, Rhodesie", Zimbabwe; Laurent, 1965, Breviora, 216: 2.

Hyperolius marmoratus albifrons —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 387.

Hyperolius marmoratus straeleni —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390.

Hyperolius marmoratus latirostris —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391.

Hyperolius marmoratus lestagei —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 386.

Hyperolius marmoratus fuliginosus —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385.

Hyperolius marmoratus rhodoscelis —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 386; Laurent, 1983, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 18: 1-93; Poynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 224.

Hyperolius marmoratus guttatolineatus —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 389. Misspelling of the subspecies name.

Hyperolius marmoratus albolabris —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 389.

Hyperolius marmoratus vermiculatus —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88.

Hyperolius marmoratus marungaensis —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88.

Hyperolius marmoratus nyassae —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385. Laurent, 1965, Breviora, 216: 2; Poynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 226.

Hyperolius marmoratus decoratus —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 89; Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 245.

Hyperolius marmoratus epheboides Laurent, 1957, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 42: 21. Holotype: IRSNB 1.158 according to Lang, 1990, Doc. Trav., Inst. R. Sci. Nat. Belg., 59: 9. Type locality: "Mukana, marais près de Lusinga, 1. 810 m", Dem. Rep. Congo.

Hyperolius marmoratus mafianus  Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 71. Types: Unclear: in text Laurent refers to specimens from Mafia Island reported by Parker, 1936, a literature citation not mentioned in Laurent's Literature Cited. Type locality: "l'ile Mafia", Tanzania.

Hyperolius marmoratus alborufus Laurent, 1964, Publ. Cult. Companhia Diamantes Angola, 67: 153. Holotype: MD 5769, by original designation; reported as either in MRAC or IRSNB by Lang, 1990, Doc. Trav., Inst. R. Sci. Nat. Belg., 59: 9. Type locality: "Cazombo, Alto Zambeze, Moxico, Angola".

Hyperolius marmoratus verrucosusPoynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 195.

Hyperolius aposematicusPoynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 201; Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 402.

Hyperolius viridiflavus taeniatusStevens, 1974, Arnoldia, Zimbabwe, 6: 11.

Hyperolius parallelus alborufusSchiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 185.

Hyperolius viridiflavus nyassaeSchiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 213.

Hyperolius parallelus aposematicusSchiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 183.

Hyperolius viridiflavus rhodoscelisSchiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 211.

Hyperolius marginatus alborufusLaurent, 1976, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 213: 91.

Hyperolius marginatus aposematicusLaurent, 1976, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 213: 96.

Hyperolius marginatus rhodoscelisLaurent, 1976, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 213: 91.

Hyperolius marginatus nyassaeLaurent, 1976, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 213: 98.

Hyperolius parallelus toulsoniiPerret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27.

Hyperolius parallelus pliciferus — Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27.

Heterixalus nossibeensisDrewes, 1984, Occas. Pap. California Acad. Sci., 139: 50.

Hyperolius marmoratus alborufusPoynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 221.

Hyperolius marmoratus aposematicusPoynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 221.

Hyperolius fumosus Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 397. Holotype: LIVM 1998.46.67, by original designation. Type locality: "Beira, Mozambique". Stated to intergrade with Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus according to the original publication.

Hyperolius alborufusPickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 405.

English Names

Marbled Rush Frog (Hyperolius marmoratus: Rose, 1950, Rep. Amph. S. Afr.: 55; Rose, 1962, Rep. Amph. S. Afr., Ed. 2: 58; Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 168; Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 16Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 7).

Painted Reed Frog (Hyperolius marmoratus: Wager, 1965, Frogs S. Afr.: 208; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 7; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 254; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 250).

Marbled Reed Frog (Hyperolius marmoratus: Broadley, 1971, Puku, 6: 122; Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 16; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 67; Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 161).

Variegated Rush Frog (Hyperolius marmoratus: Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 73).

Black and White Striped Reed Frog (Hyperolius marmoratus: Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 73).

Striped Reed Frog (Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus: Lambiris, 1990 "1989", Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 10: 177).

Striped Rush Frog (Hyperolius marginatus taeniatus: Pienaar, 1963, Koedoe, 6: 81).

Aposematic Reed Frog (Hyperolius marmoratus aposematicus: Lambiris, 1990 "1989", Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 10: 182).

Spotted Tree Frog (Hyperolius marmoratus verrucosus: Hewitt, 1937, Guide Vert. Fauna E. Cape Province, Rept. Amph. Fishes: 109).

Ahl's African Reed Frog (Hyperolius albifrons [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 66).

White-lipped Reed Frog (Hyperolius albolabris [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 66).

Sangeve Reed Frog (Hyperolius erythromelanus [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 66).

Distribution

East African savannas south of the rainforest, embracing much of Tanzania and southern Kenya in East Africa south and west to northern Namibia and KwaZulu-Natal (and thence west to the vicinity of Cape Town), Rep. South Africa.

Comment

The status of Hyperolius parallelus Günther, 1859 "1858", is controversial according to R.C. Drewes in Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 213. Laurent, 1950, Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Miss. G.F. de Witte (1933–1935), 64: 81, considered it a synonym of Hyperolius marmoratus. Schiøtz, 1971, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 134: 28, considered Hyperolius parallelus to be a distinct species, and Hyperolius marmoratus to be a subspecies of Hyperolius viridiflavus. Laurent, 1976, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 213: 90, considered Hyperolius parallelus to be a subspecies of Hyperolius marginatus. Drewes, 1984, Occas. Pap. California Acad. Sci., 139: 52, regarded Hyperolius parallelus as a distinct species; without discussion. According to Poynton, 1985, S. Afr. J. Sci., 81: 179–181, all southern African forms treated variously in the literature as subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus, Hyperolius viridiflavus, Hyperolius marginatus, and Hyperolius parallelus, are subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus. Laurent, 1983, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 18: 1–93, recognized three species in the Hyperolius viridiflavus superspecies: Hyperolius viridiflavus (in northern savannas), Hyperolius marmoratus (in southern savannas), and Hyperolius tuberculatus (in the rainforest). See comments under Hyperolius protchei and Hyperolius maestus. Poynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 212–227, recognized 15 subspecies of which they provided accounts. Hess, Channing, and Hendricks, 1996 "1995", Madoqua, Windhoek, 19: 33–36, compared Hyperolius marmoratus broadleyi and Hyperolius marmoratus verrucosus in South Africa and found restriction site data to suggest species recognition of these taxa, and which confirmed the specific status of Hyperolius angolensisWieczorek and Channing, 1997, Afr. J. Herpetol., 46: 110–116, presented evidence for the species distinctiveness of Hyperolius marmoratus broadleyi from Hyperolius marmoratus marmoratus, Hyperolius marmoratus verrucosus, Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus. A. Schiøtz (pers. comm.) suggests that Hyperolius angolensis, Hyperolius parallelus, Hyperolius marginatus, Hyperolius viridiflavus, and Hyperolius reesi, likely all deserve recognition as binominals. Bishop, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 141–143, provided an account for Rep. South Africa. Pauwels and Rödel, 2007, Herpetozoa, Wien, 19: 135–148, recorded the species in Gabon, apparently in error or due to subscription an alternative taxonomic arrangement. Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 386–388, 390–391 (marmoratus), 392–394 (verrucosus), 394–397 (taeniatus ), 397–399 (fumosus), 399–400 (broadleyi [retained in this catalog as Hyperolius swynnertoni]), 401–402 (swynnertoni [retained in this catalog as Hyperolius swynnertoni]), 403 (pyrrhodictyon [retained in this catalog as Hyperolius pyrrhodictyon]), 405-406 (alborufus), 407-408 (marginatus [Retained in this catalog as Hyperolius marginatus), 409–410 (albofasciatus [retained in this catalog as Hyperolius marginatus]), 410–414 (nyassae), 415–416 (goetzei [retained in this catalog as Hyperolius glandicolor]), 417 (ommatostictus [retained in this catalog as a synonym of Hyperolius glandicolor), 418–419 (mwanzae etained in this catalog as a synonym of Hyperolius viridiflavus), 419 (sheldricki: retained in this catalog as a distinct species), 420 (ferniquei [retained in this catalog as a synonym of Hyperolius glandicolor]), 421 (pantherinus: retained in this catalog as a synonym of Hyperolius glandicolor), 422 (variabilis: retained in this catalog as a synonym of Hyperolius viridiflavus), 423 (pitmaniretained in this catalog as a synonym of Hyperolius glandicolor), 425 (bayoniretained in this catalog as a synonym of Hyperolius viridiflavus), 425–426 (mariaeretained in this catalog as Hyperolius mariae), and 427 (renschiretained in this catalog as a synonym of Hyperolius mariae) discussed the ambiguities of the Hyperolius marmoratus/Hyperolius viridiflavus complex. He reported that Hyperolius marmoratus marmoratus intergrades with Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus on the northern part of its range and Hyperolius marmoratus verrucosus on the southern part of its range. Broadley, 2007, Afr. J. Herpetol., 56: 175–177, commented on the status of Hyperolius fumosus. Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 250–251, provided a brief account for southern Africa. Mercurio, 2011, Amph. Malawi: 166–167 (as Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus) and page 206–211 (as Hyperolius viridiflavus nyassae) provided accounts for Malawi. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 214, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. See general discussion of the Hyperolius viridiflavus–parallelus–marginatus group by Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 206–228, and specifically (p. 206) of the form he treats under the vernaculars as Rhodoscelis, Nyassae, Taeniatus, Marmoratus, Verrucosus, Alborufus, Epheboides, and Aposematicus). Portik, Mulungu, Sequeira, and McEntee, 2013, Herpetol. Rev., 44: 395, provided a record for Zambézia Province, Mozambique. Ohler and Frétey, 2014, J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist., 103: 85–86, provided a brief discussion of a collection from northern Mozambique. 

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