Afrixalus stuhlmanni (Pfeffer, 1893)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Genus: Afrixalus > Species: Afrixalus stuhlmanni

Megalixalus stuhlmanni Pfeffer, 1893, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst., 10: 99. Syntypes: ZMH; destroyed during World War II. Ahl, 1930, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1930: 96, noted a ZMB specimen as "Type", so possibly a syntype persists in that collection. Type locality: "Sansibar Insel" (= Zanzibar Island), Tanzania; rendered as "Mozambique (Quellimane) bis Tanga, Sansibar" by Ahl, 1930, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1930: 96.

Hyperolius unicolor Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 406. Holotype: ZMB. Type locality: "Ipiana". Synonymy with Afrixalus brachycnemis by Loveridge, 1933, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 74: 346. Potential secondary homonym of Megalixalus fornasinii unicolor Boettger. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 122, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes of A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent). Considered a synonym of Megalixalus brachycnemis by Loveridge, 1933, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 74: 356. Tentatively placed in this synonymy on the basis that Afrixalus brachycnemis sensu Loveridge, 1933 = Afrixalus stuhlmanni of Pickersgill, 2005, Steenstrupia, 29: 13, 19, although this name was not noted by Pickersgill in any of his synonymies.

Hyperolius pygmaeus Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 273. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered according to the original publication; ZMB 36102, according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 66. Type locality: "Tanga", Tanzania. Junior homonym of Hyperolius pygmaeus Meyer, 1874 (= Litoria pygmaea). The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 22, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent). Synonymy by Pickersgill, 2005, Steenstrupia, 29: 13.

Afrixalus pygmaeusLaurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 66.

Afrixalus pygmaeus septentrionalis Schiøtz, 1974, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 137: 15. Holotype: NMK 1424 (Sample A938), by original designation. Type locality: "between Mtito Andei and Ngulia Hills, Kenya".

Afrixalus stuhlmanni —Laurent In Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 223; Pickersgill, 1996, Herptile, 21: 50.

Afrixalus septentrionalis septentrionalisDubois, 1986 "1985", Alytes, 4: 97-100.

Afrixalus stuhlmanni stuhlmanniPickersgill, 2005, Steenstrupia, 29: 17.

English Names

Lesser Banana Frog (Rose, 1950, Rep. Amph. S. Afr.: 113).

Stuhlmann's Banana Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 66).

Stuhlmann's Spiny Reed Frog (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 142).

Kenya Banana Frog (Afrixalus septentrionalis [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 66).

Northern Spiny Reed Frog (Afrixalus septentrionalis [no longer recognized]: Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 141).

Distribution

Grassland swamps on Zanzibar and adjacent coastal Tanzania and inland to the Kilmbero floodplain. 

Comment

Pickersgill, 2005, Steenstrupia, 29: 13-22, provided an account and summarized the extensive taxonomic confusion surrounding this species. Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 141-143, 142-143, provided an account. See account by Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 439-443 (as Afrixalus stuhlmanni stuhlmanni).Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 192, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. Harper, Measey, Patrick, Menegon, and Vonesh, 2010, Field Guide Amph. E. Arc Mts. Tanzania and Kenya: 170–171, provided a brief account and photograph. 

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