Scinax fuscomarginatus (Lutz, 1925)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Scinaxinae > Genus: Scinax > Species: Scinax fuscomarginatus

Hyla fuscomarginata Lutz, 1925, C. R. Mém. Hebd. Séances Soc. Biol. Filial., Paris, 93 (1925, vol. 2): 138. Syntypes: Not stated; AL-MNRJ 845-846, and USNM 96964, according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 54, and Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 57; AL-MN 845, designated lectotype by Woitovicz-Cardoso and Pombal, 2010, Amphibia-Reptilia, 31: XXX. Type locality: "S[ão]. Paulo et Bello Horizonte", Brazil; restricted to Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, by Lutz, 1973, Brazil. Spec. Hyla: 165, and by lectotype designation. Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 50, commented on problems with the type localities.

Hyla parkeri Gaige, 1929, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 207: 1. Holotype: UMMZ 67460, by original designation and according to Peters, 1952, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 539: 16. Type locality: "Buenavista, Dept. S[an]ta Cruz [de la Sierra], Bolivia". Synonymy by Lutz, 1973, Brazil. Spec. Hyla: 165, and Brusquetti, Jansen, Barrio-Amorós, Segalla, and Haddad, 2014, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 171: 783. 

Ololygon parkeri — Fouquette and Delahoussaye, 1977, J. Herpetol., 11: 393.

Ololygon fuscomarginata — Fouquette and Delahoussaye, 1977, J. Herpetol., 11: 393.

Ololygon trilineata Hoogmoed and Gorzula, 1979, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 54: 193. Holotype: RMNH 18257, by original designation. Type locality: "12 km SE El Manteco, Estado Bolívar, Venezuela". Synonymy by Martins, 1998, in Milliken and Ratter (eds.), Maracá: 294; Brusquetti, Jansen, Barrio-Amorós, Segalla, and Haddad, 2014, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 171: 783.

Scinax fuscomarginata — Duellman and Wiens, 1992, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 151: 22.

Scinax parkeri — Duellman and Wiens, 1992, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 151: 23; De la Riva, Márquez, and Bosch, 1997, Bonn. Zool. Beitr., 47: 175, 182.

Scinax trilineata — Duellman and Wiens, 1992, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 151: 23.

Scinax fuscomarginatusKöhler and Böhme, 1996, Rev. Fr. Aquar. Herpetol., 23: 139.

Scinax trilineatus — Köhler and Böhme, 1996, Rev. Fr. Aquar. Herpetol., 23: 139.

Scinax lutzorum Woitovicz-Cardoso and Pombal, 2010, Amphibia-Reptilia, 31: 412. Holotype: MNRJ 51438, by original designation.Type locality: "Municipality of Aragominas (7° 09′ 35″ S; 48° 31′ 39″ W), State of Tocantins, Brazil". Synonymy by Brusquetti, Jansen, Barrio-Amorós, Segalla, and Haddad, 2014, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 171: 783.

Scinax pusillus Pombal, Bilate, Gambale, Signorelli, and Bastos, 2011, Herpetologica, 67: 289. Holotype: MNRJ 51492, by original designation. Type locality: "Fazenda do Arsênio (17° 48′ 6.02″ S, 51° 05′ 21.9″ W; approximately 800 m above sea level; datum 5 WGS84), Municipality of Rio Verde, state of Goiás, Brazil". Synonymy by Brusquetti, Jansen, Barrio-Amorós, Segalla, and Haddad, 2014, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 171: 783.

English Names

Brown-bordered Snouted Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 64).

Distribution

Southern, central, and eastern Brazil (as far north as Piauí and Ceará, west to southern Amazonas), eastern Bolivia, Paraguay, and northwestern Argentina; scattered localities in the lowlands of eastern Venezuela and savannas of Guyana and southern Surinam, as well as adjacent Brazil.

Comment

For discussion see Lutz, 1973, Brazil. Spec. Hyla: 164. In the Scinax ruber clade of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 96. See Klappenbach and Langone, 1992, An. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, Ser. 2, 8: 183, for discussion of confusion surrounding the synonymy of Hyla lindneri. Langone, 1992, Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Argentina, 8: 5-6, discussed the status of Hyla madeira Bokermann, 1966, Hyla lindneri Müller and Hellmich, 1936, and Hyla parkeri Gaige, 1929 (all three now junior synonyms of Scinax fuscomarginatus); Scinax trilineatus (Hoogmoed and Gorzula, 1979); and Hyla robersimoni Donoso-Barros, 1966 (now a junior synonym of Scinax ruber). See comment under Scinax parkeri with which many records may be confused. See comment under Scinax trilineata, a possible synonym. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 11, briefly discussed the range in Paraguay. Leite, Sampaio, Silva-Leite, Toledo, Loebmann, and Leite, 2008, Check List, 4: 475-477, discussed the range and provided new records from northeastern Brazil. Annunziata, Castro, and Fontenele, 2009, Herpetol. Rev., 40: 110, provided a record from Piauí, northeastern Brazil. Hyla parkeri Gaige, 1929, had been removed from the synonymy of Scinax fuscomarginatus by Duellman and Wiens, 1992, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 151: 23, and De la Riva, Márquez, and Bosch, 1997, Bonn. Zool. Beitr., 47: 182, where it had been placed by Lutz, 1973, Brazil. Spec. Hyla: 165. In the Scinax ruber clade ofFaivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 96. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 28, suggested that this species likely occurs in Paraguay. Langone, 1992, Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Argentina, 8: 5-6, discussed the status of Hyla madeira Bokermann, 1966, Hyla lindneri Müller and Hellmich, 1936, and Hyla parkeri Gaige, 1929 (all three now junior synonyms of Scinax fuscomarginatus); Scinax trilineatus (Hoogmoed and Gorzula, 1979); and Hyla robertsimoni Donoso-Barros, 1966 (now a junior synonym of Scinax ruber). Martins, 1998, in Milliken and Ratter (eds.), Maracá: 294, suggested without discussion that Scinax trilineatus is a junior synonym of Scinax fuscomarginatus. See comments regarding Venezuelan population (as Scinax trilineatus) by Gorzula and Señaris, 1999 "1998", Scient. Guaianae, 8: 43. See account (as Scinax trilineatus) for Surinam population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 186-187. See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 417, for brief account (as Scinax trilineatus) and records for Guyana. Brusquetti, Jansen, Barrio-Amorós, Segalla, and Haddad, 2014, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 171: 783–821, revised the species and suggested a number of synonymies. Melo, Signorelli, Santos, Pinto, Fava, Bastos, and Nomura, 2014, Check List, 10: 965–967, provided a record (as Scinax pusillus) for Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Estupiñán, Ferrari, Gonçalves, Barbosa, Vallinoto, and Schneider, 2016, ZooKeys, 637: 89–106, suggested on the basis of COI barcodes that cryptic species are likely. 

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