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Phyllomedusa Wagler, 1830
Phyllomedusa Wagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 201. Type species: Rana bicolor Boddaert, 1772, by monotypy.
Pithecopus Cope, 1866, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 86. Type species: Phyllomedusa azurea Cope, 1862 (= Hyla hypocondrialis Daudin, 1802), by original designation. Synonymy by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 83, and Duellman, 1968, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 18: 6.
Bradymedusa Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 104. Type species: Bradymedusa moschata Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926 (= Phyllomedusa rohdei), by subsequent designation of Funkhouser, 1957, Occas. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Stanford Univ., 5: 18. Synonymy by Mertens, 1926, Senckenb. Biol., 8: 137-155.
Monkey Frogs (Kok and Kalamandeen, 2008, Intr. Taxon. Amph. Kaieteur Natl. Park: 190).
Panama, Pacific slopes of Colombia, and South America east of the Andes, including Trinidad, southward to northern Argentina and Uruguay.
Although species groups have not been defined for all species, Cannatella, 1982, Copeia, 1982: 501-513, discussed and defined the Phyllomedusa perinesos group. Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 117-118, defined four species groups (noted in the species records), but left several species unassigned. Caramaschi, 2006, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 64: 159-179, discussed and delimited the Phyllomedusa hypochondrialis group. Barrio-Amorós, 2006, Zootaxa, 1309: 55-68, formalized the Phyllomedusa tarsius group, previous recognized informally by De la Riva, 1999, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 13: 123-131. Paiva, Nascimento, Silva, Bernarde, and Ananias, 2010, Ital. J. Zool., 77: 116-121, reported on karyological variation within Phyllomedusa. Brunes, Sequeira, Haddad, and Alexandrino, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 57: 1120-1133, reported on the molecular phylogenetics of the Phyllomedusa burmeisteri group. Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 317-578, provided identification keys and accounts for the species in Guyana. Ron, Almendáriz, and Cannatella, 2013, Zootaxa, 3741: 289–294, reported on the molecular phylogenetics of a redelimited Phyllomedusa perinosus group.
Contained taxa (31 sp.):
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