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Agalychnis Cope, 1864

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Phyllomedusinae > Genus: Agalychnis
15 species

Agalychnis Cope, 1864, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 16: 181. Type species: Hyla callidryas Cope, 1862, by original designation. Designation of Agalychnis moreletii as the type species of Agalychnis by Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 801, and the comments by Duellman, 1970, Monogr. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas: 87, are in error; see Cope, 1864, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 16: 181, and Taylor, 1955, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 37: 525.

Hylomantis Peters, 1873 "1872", Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 772. Type species: Hylomantis aspera Peters, 1873 "1872", by monotypy. Synonymy by Faivovich, Haddad, Baêta, Jungfer, Álvares, Brandão, Sheil, Barrientos, Barrio-Amorós, Cruz, and Wheeler, 2010, Cladistics, 26: 258.

Pachymedusa Duellman, 1968, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 18: 5. Type species: Phyllomedusa dacnicolor Cope, 1864, by original designation. Synonymy by Faivovich, Haddad, Baêta, Jungfer, Álvares, Brandão, Sheil, Barrientos, Barrio-Amorós, Cruz, and Wheeler, 2010, Cladistics, 26: 258.

English Names

Leaf Frogs (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 16; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 51; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 7).

Mexican Giant Tree Frogs (Pachymedusa [no longer recognized]: Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 66).

Mexican Leaf Frogs (Pachymedusa [no longer recognized]: Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 25; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 19).

Rough Leaf Frogs (Hylomantis [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 58).

Distribution

Pacific lowlands of Mexico from southern Sonora south, including the Balsas Depression to the state of Mexico, to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec; tropical southern Mexico, Central America, Pacific lowlands of Colombia and northwestern Ecuador; Upper Amazon Basin and lower Andean slopes in Colombia, Venezuela, and northeastern Peru, likely into eastern Ecuador; Atlantic coastal forests of Bahia and Pernambuco, Brazil.

Comment

For discussion see Duellman, 1970, Monogr. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas: 81-128. Faivovich, Haddad, Baêta, Jungfer, Álvares, Brandão, Sheil, Barrientos, Barrio-Amorós, Cruz, and Wheeler, 2010, Cladistics, 26: 227-261, recently revised the genus within a larger treatment of the subfamily. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences, confirmed the results of Faivovich et al., 2010, but retained a paraphyletic Hylomantis and did not accept the synonymy of Pachymedusa and HylomantisKöhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 198–201, provided a key to the species of Central America and provided a map and photograph of the species.

Contained taxa (15 sp.):

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